Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 19

Introduction

1Of Zacchaeus a publican.
11The ten pieces of money.
28Christ rides into Jerusalem with triumph;
41weeps over it;
45drives the buyers and sellers out of the temple;
47teaching daily in it. The rulers seek to destroy him, but fear the people.

Verse 1

And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
Jericho
Joshua 2:1; 6:1-25,26,27; 1 Kings 16:34; 2 Kings 2:18-22
Reciprocal: Joshua 18:21 - Jericho;  2 Kings 2:4 - Jericho

Verse 2

And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
the chief
[architelones (a¹rxitelwñnhv)] rather, "a chief publican," or tax gatherer. Probably Zacchaeus, who appears from his name to have been a Jew, farmed the revenue of the district around Jericho, having others under him, who either rented of him smaller portions, or were employed as servants to collect the taxes.
and he
18:24-27; 2 Chronicles 17:5,6
Reciprocal: Matthew 5:46 - publicans;  Matthew 9:9 - named;  Matthew 18:17 - a publican;  John 12:21 - we would;  1 Timothy 6:17 - rich

Verse 3

And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
he sought
9:7-9; 23:8; John 12:21
because
12:25
Reciprocal: Matthew 18:17 - a publican;  Mark 5:24 - and thronged;  Acts 24:24 - he sent

Verse 4

And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
climbed
5:19
a sycamore
1 Kings 10:27; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Isaiah 9:10; Amos 7:14
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:27 - the sycamore;  1 Corinthians 13:7 - hopeth

Verse 5

And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.
he looked
Psalms 139:1-3; Ezekiel 16:6; John 1:48; 4:7-10
Zacchaeus
Ecclesiastes 9:10; 2 Corinthians 6:1
for
10; Genesis 18:3-5; 19:1-3; Psalms 101:2,3; John 14:23; Ephesians 3:17; Hebrews 13:2; Revelation 3:20
Reciprocal: Luke 22:11 - Where is;  John 1:38 - turned;  John 4:40 - he abode;  Romans 2:4 - goodness

Verse 6

And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
he
2:16; Genesis 18:6,7; Psalms 119:59,60; Galatians 1:15,16
joyfully
5:29; Isaiah 64:5; Acts 2:41; 16:15,34
Reciprocal: Matthew 13:44 - for joy;  Luke 8:40 - the people;  Acts 28:7 - who

Verse 7

And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
they all
5:30; 7:34,39; 15:2; 18:9-14; Matthew 9:11; 21:28-31
Reciprocal: Matthew 5:46 - publicans;  Matthew 10:11 - inquire;  Matthew 11:19 - a friend;  Matthew 20:4 - Go;  Matthew 20:11 - they murmured;  Mark 2:16 - How;  Luke 7:37 - which;  John 6:41 - murmured;  John 9:24 - a sinner;  1 Corinthians 10:27 - bid;  1 Timothy 1:16 - for a

Verse 8

And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
Behold
3:8-13; 11:41; 12:33; 16:9; 18:22,23; Psalms 41:1; Acts 2:44-46; 4:34,35; 2 Corinthians 8:7,8; 1 Timothy 6:17,18; James 1:10,11
by false
3:14; Exodus 20:16
I restore
Exodus 22:1-4; Leviticus 6:1-6; 1 Samuel 12:3; 2 Samuel 12:6; Proverbs 6:31
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:1 - an unrighteous witness;  Leviticus 5:16 - make;  Leviticus 6:5 - restore;  Numbers 5:7 - with the principal;  Nehemiah 5:12 - We will restore;  Job 20:10 - his hands;  Ecclesiastes 5:13 - riches;  Isaiah 33:15 - despiseth;  Isaiah 58:7 - to deal;  Ezekiel 18:17 - hath taken;  Ezekiel 22:12 - greedily;  Ezekiel 33:15 - give;  Matthew 5:23 - rememberest;  Luke 3:11 - He that hath two;  Luke 3:13 - Exact;  Acts 2:45 - sold;  Acts 26:20 - and do;  1 Corinthians 13:3 - though I bestow;  Ephesians 4:28 - steal no more

Verse 9

And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
unto him
Rather, as Elsner renders [pros autou
This day
2:30; 13:30; John 4:38-42; Acts 16:30-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; 1 Peter 2:10
forsomuch
13:16; Romans 4:11,12,16; Galatians 3:7,14,29
Reciprocal: Joshua 2:18 - thy father;  Jeremiah 23:6 - Judah;  Matthew 21:31 - the publicans;  Luke 10:5 - GeneralLuke 15:5 - when;  John 4:53 - and himself;  Acts 16:33 - and was;  Acts 26:20 - and do;  1 Timothy 6:17 - rich

Verse 10

For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
5:31,32; 15:4-7,32; Ezekiel 34:16; Matthew 1:21; 9:12,13; 10:6; 15:24; 18:11; Romans 5:6; 1 Timothy 1:13-16; Hebrews 7:25; 1 John 4:9-14
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:16 - seek;  Psalm 119:176 - seek;  Isaiah 62:12 - Sought out;  Jeremiah 23:6 - Judah;  Ezekiel 34:11 - search;  Micah 4:6 - and I;  Matthew 21:31 - the publicans;  Mark 2:16 - How;  Mark 2:17 - I came;  Luke 9:56 - the Son;  Luke 15:8 - and seek;  Luke 15:24 - he;  Luke 19:5 - for;  Luke 23:43 - To day;  John 1:43 - and findeth;  John 3:15 - not;  John 3:17 - but;  John 4:34 - My meat;  John 5:34 - that;  John 10:10 - I am;  John 12:47 - for;  John 21:16 - my sheep;  Acts 11:14 - all;  1 Timothy 1:15 - that;  1 Timothy 6:17 - rich

Verse 11

And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.
they thought
17:20; Acts 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3
Reciprocal: Daniel 7:14 - given;  Matthew 6:10 - Thy kingdom;  Matthew 13:31 - put;  Matthew 20:21 - in thy;  John 11:35 - GeneralActs 3:20 - General

Verse 12

He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
A certain
Matthew 25:14-30; Mark 13:34-37
a far
20:9; 24:51; Matthew 21:38; Mark 12:1; 16:19; Acts 1:9,10
to
Matthew 28:18; John 18:37; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-11; 1 Peter 3:22
and
Acts 1:11; 17:31; Hebrews 9:28; Revelation 1:7
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:19 - shall destroy;  Psalm 99:1 - Lord;  Song of Solomon 8:14 - Make haste;  Daniel 7:14 - given;  Matthew 18:23 - which;  Matthew 21:33 - went;  1 Timothy 4:14 - Neglect;  2 Timothy 4:1 - his kingdom

Verses 12-27

He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
A certain
Matthew 25:14-30; Mark 13:34-37
a far
20:9; 24:51; Matthew 21:38; Mark 12:1; 16:19; Acts 1:9,10
to
Matthew 28:18; John 18:37; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-11; 1 Peter 3:22
and
Acts 1:11; 17:31; Hebrews 9:28; Revelation 1:7

Verse 13

And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
his
Matthew 25:14; John 12:26; Galatians 1:10; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1
delivered
Matthew 25:15; Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:7-11,28,29; 1 Peter 4:9-11
pounds
"Mina, here translated a pound, is 12® oz., which, according to 5s. the ounce, is 3£. 2s. 6d."
Reciprocal: Daniel 6:2 - and the;  Luke 16:12 - in;  Luke 19:20 - Lord;  1 Corinthians 4:7 - and what;  2 Timothy 1:6 - that;  1 Peter 4:10 - every

Verse 14

But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
27; 1 Samuel 8:7; Psalms 2:1-3; Isaiah 49:7; Zechariah 11:8; John 1:11; 15:18,23,24; Acts 3:14,15; 4:27,28; 7:51,52
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:8 - reign over us;  Exodus 2:14 - Who;  Numbers 16:13 - thou make;  Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries;  2 Samuel 20:1 - We have;  2 Samuel 22:41 - 1might;  2 Samuel 23:7 - and they shall;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  2 Chronicles 13:8 - the kingdom;  Psalm 2:3 - GeneralPsalm 18:17 - them;  Psalm 21:8 - GeneralPsalm 34:21 - they;  Psalm 69:14 - let me;  Psalm 89:23 - plague;  Psalm 99:1 - Lord;  Jeremiah 5:5 - but these;  Jeremiah 44:16 - we;  Ezekiel 3:7 - Israel will;  Micah 3:2 - hate;  Matthew 23:37 - and ye;  Matthew 25:15 - talents;  Luke 6:49 - that heareth;  Acts 7:35 - Moses;  2 Peter 2:10 - despise

Verse 15

And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
having
Psalms 2:4-6
money
Gr. silver, and so.
that he
12:48; 16:2-13; Matthew 18:23-35; 25:19; Romans 14:10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:1-5
Reciprocal: Luke 12:42 - Who;  Colossians 4:1 - ye;  2 Timothy 4:1 - his kingdom

Verse 16

Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.
Lord
1 Chronicles 29:14-16; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Colossians 1:28,29; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; James 2:18-26
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:42 - a gold chain;  1 Chronicles 29:16 - all this store;  Matthew 25:20 - behold;  2 Corinthians 9:6 - He which soweth sparingly

Verse 17

And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
Well
Genesis 39:4; 1 Samuel 2:30; Matthew 25:21; Romans 2:29; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 1:7; 5:4
been
16:10; 22:30; Matthew 25:21; Revelation 2:26-29
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:6 - he left;  Matthew 24:45 - is;  Matthew 24:47 - That;  Matthew 25:20 - behold;  Luke 12:17 - shall;  Luke 12:44 - that he will;  Luke 22:29 - GeneralJohn 5:44 - and;  John 12:43 - the praise of God;  1 Corinthians 7:31 - use;  1 Timothy 3:13 - they

Verse 18

And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.
thy
Matthew 13:23; Mark 4:20; 2 Corinthians 8:12
Reciprocal: Matthew 25:22 - I have

Verse 19

And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
Be
Isaiah 3:10; 1 Corinthians 3:8; 15:41,42,58; 2 Corinthians 9:6; 2 John 1:8
Reciprocal: Matthew 25:22 - I have

Verse 20

And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
Lord
13; 3:9; 6:46; Proverbs 26:13-16; Matthew 25:24; James 4:17
Reciprocal: Matthew 25:18 - and hid;  Luke 16:1 - wasted;  Luke 19:37 - at

Verse 21

For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.
I feared
Exodus 20:19,20; 1 Samuel 12:20; Matthew 25:24,25; Romans 8:15; 2 Timothy 1:7; James 2:10; 1 John 4:18
because
1 Samuel 6:19-21; 2 Samuel 6:9-11; Job 21:14,15; Ezekiel 18:25-29; Malachi 3:14,15; Romans 8:7; Jude 1:15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:27 - The Lord hated us;  Ezekiel 33:17 - GeneralLuke 15:29 - yet;  Luke 16:2 - for;  John 4:37 - One

Verse 22

And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
Out
2 Samuel 1:16; Job 15:5,6; Matthew 12:37; 22:12; Romans 3:19
Thou knewest
Matthew 25:26,27
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:17 - Because;  Joshua 24:22 - Ye are witnesses;  1 Samuel 15:14 - What meaneth;  1 Kings 2:23 - spoken;  1 Kings 2:42 - Did I not;  1 Kings 20:40 - So shall thy judgment be;  Job 35:2 - Thinkest;  Psalm 64:8 - tongue;  Ecclesiastes 10:12 - but;  Jeremiah 23:36 - for every;  Ezekiel 33:17 - GeneralHosea 5:5 - testify;  Matthew 12:27 - they;  Matthew 15:18 - GeneralMatthew 18:32 - O thou;  Matthew 21:31 - The first;  Matthew 23:31 - witnesses;  Matthew 24:48 - if;  Luke 11:19 - shall;  Luke 15:31 - GeneralRomans 2:1 - whosoever;  Romans 2:21 - therefore;  Titus 3:11 - being

Verse 23

Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
Wherefore
Romans 2:4,5
usury
Exodus 22:25-27; Deuteronomy 23:19,20
Reciprocal: Matthew 25:27 - oughtest;  Luke 15:31 - GeneralLuke 19:15 - money

Verse 24

And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds.
Take
12:20; 16:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 23:11 - in the;  Matthew 13:12 - For whosoever;  Matthew 25:28 - GeneralMark 4:25 - General

Verse 25

(And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)
Lord
16:2; 2 Samuel 7:19; Isaiah 55:8,9
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 46:17 - to the year;  Matthew 25:29 - unto

Verse 26

For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
That unto
8:18; Matthew 13:12; 25:28,29; Mark 4:25; John 5:1-3
and from
That is, the poor man, who possesses but little.
16:3; 1 Samuel 2:30; 15:28; 2 Samuel 7:15; Psalms 109:8; Ezekiel 44:12-16; Matthew 21:43; Acts 1:20; 2 John 1:8; Revelation 2:3; 3:11
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 46:17 - to the year;  Mark 8:38 - ashamed;  John 16:22 - and your;  Acts 18:26 - expounded

Verse 27

But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
14,42-44; 21:22,24; Numbers 14:36,37; 16:30-35; Psalms 2:3-5,9; 21:8,9; Psalms 69:22-28; Isaiah 66:6,14; Nahum 1:2,8; Matthew 21:37-41; 22:7; 23:34-36; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Hebrews 10:13
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:14 - Who;  Numbers 24:19 - shall destroy;  Deuteronomy 20:13 - thou shalt smite;  Deuteronomy 32:43 - avenge;  Deuteronomy 33:7 - and be thou;  Joshua 1:18 - that doth rebel;  Joshua 10:28 - them;  1 Samuel 2:10 - adversaries;  1 Samuel 8:7 - they have not;  1 Samuel 11:12 - Who is he;  2 Samuel 20:1 - We have;  2 Samuel 22:41 - 1might;  2 Samuel 23:7 - and they shall;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  2 Chronicles 13:8 - the kingdom;  Psalm 2:5 - Then;  Psalm 34:21 - they;  Psalm 41:10 - that;  Psalm 45:4 - right;  Psalm 69:14 - let me;  Psalm 72:9 - his enemies;  Psalm 89:23 - plague;  Psalm 92:9 - For;  Psalm 99:1 - people;  Psalm 109:20 - Let this;  Psalm 149:2 - let the;  Proverbs 17:11 - GeneralIsaiah 45:24 - and all;  Isaiah 59:18 - fury;  Isaiah 60:12 - GeneralJeremiah 12:17 - if;  Jeremiah 44:16 - we;  Micah 5:9 - hand;  Matthew 22:3 - and they would not;  Matthew 22:44 - till;  Mark 12:9 - he will;  Luke 6:49 - that heareth;  Luke 20:16 - destroy;  Luke 20:43 - GeneralLuke 21:23 - great;  Acts 2:35 - thy foes;  Hebrews 1:13 - until;  Hebrews 10:27 - which;  James 4:4 - is the

Verse 28

And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
he went
9:51; 12:50; 18:31; Psalms 40:6-8; Mark 10:32-34; John 18:11; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 4:1
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:1 - when

Verses 28-38

And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
he went
9:51; 12:50; 18:31; Psalms 40:6-8; Mark 10:32-34; John 18:11; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 4:1

Verse 29

And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
when
Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; John 12:12-16
Bethany
37; 21:37; 22:39; 24:50; Zechariah 14:4; Acts 1:12
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:30 - the ascent;  2 Samuel 15:32 - the top;  Luke 22:10 - GeneralJohn 12:14 - Jesus

Verse 30

Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.
32; 22:8-13; 1 Samuel 10:2-9; John 14:29
Reciprocal: Zechariah 9:9 - lowly;  Matthew 21:2 - GeneralMark 11:2 - GeneralMark 14:13 - Go

Verse 31

And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
the Lord
Psalms 24:1; 50:10-12; Matthew 21:2,3; Mark 11:3-6; Acts 10:36
Reciprocal: Mark 11:2 - GeneralLuke 22:11 - The Master;  John 4:1 - the Lord

Verse 34

And they said, The Lord hath need of him.
Zechariah 9:9; John 10:35; 12:16; 2 Corinthians 8:9
Reciprocal: Luke 22:11 - The Master;  John 4:1 - the Lord

Verse 35

And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
they cast
2 Kings 9:13; Matthew 21:7; Mark 11:7,8; John 12:14; Galatians 4:15,16
Reciprocal: Luke 20:2 - Tell;  John 12:13 - Hosanna

Verse 36

And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
Matthew 21:8
Reciprocal: Mark 11:7 - and cast

Verse 37

And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;
at
20; Mark 13:3; 14:26
the whole
7:16; Exodus 15:1-18; Judges 5:1-31; 2 Samuel 6:2-6; 1 Kings 8:55,56; 1 Chronicles 15:28; 1 Chronicles 16:4-7; 2 Chronicles 29:28-30,36; Ezra 3:10-13; Psalms 106:12,13; John 12:12,13
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:21 - the shout;  2 Samuel 15:30 - the ascent;  1 Kings 1:40 - rejoiced;  2 Kings 11:14 - all the people;  1 Chronicles 12:40 - there was joy;  Ezra 3:13 - shouted;  Psalm 26:7 - tell;  Psalm 27:6 - joy;  Psalm 47:1 - shout;  Psalm 100:1 - Make;  Psalm 138:5 - they shall;  Psalm 148:12 - young men;  Proverbs 28:12 - righteous;  Ecclesiastes 3:7 - and a time to speak;  Isaiah 12:6 - Cry out;  Zechariah 9:9 - behold;  Matthew 21:1 - the mount;  Matthew 21:9 - Blessed;  Mark 11:9 - Hosanna;  Luke 2:20 - GeneralLuke 8:40 - the people;  Luke 13:17 - and all;  Luke 19:29 - Bethany;  Luke 21:37 - mount;  John 8:1 - GeneralJohn 15:24 - If;  Acts 5:13 - but

Verse 38

Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Blessed
13:35; Psalms 72:17-19; 118:22-26; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:9; Mark 11:9,10
peace
2:10-14; Romans 5:1; Ephesians 2:14-18; Colossians 1:20
glory
Ephesians 1:6,12; 3:10,21; 1 Timothy 1:17; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 5:9-14; 19:1-6
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:21 - the shout;  1 Kings 1:25 - God save king Adonijah;  1 Kings 1:47 - God;  1 Chronicles 12:40 - there was joy;  Psalm 27:6 - joy;  Psalm 118:26 - Blessed;  Psalm 138:5 - they shall;  Psalm 149:2 - let the;  Proverbs 28:12 - righteous;  Zechariah 14:16 - the King;  Matthew 2:2 - born;  Matthew 6:10 - Thy kingdom;  Matthew 11:3 - he that;  Matthew 25:34 - the King;  Matthew 27:42 - the King;  Luke 1:42 - blessed is;  Luke 2:14 - Glory;  Luke 2:20 - GeneralLuke 8:40 - the people;  Luke 23:3 - the King;  John 1:49 - the King;  John 6:15 - take;  John 16:33 - in me;  John 18:33 - the king;  Acts 5:13 - but;  Romans 11:36 - to whom

Verse 39

And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
rebuke
Isaiah 26:11; Matthew 23:13; John 11:47,48; 12:10,19; Acts 4:1,2,16-18; James 4:5
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:15 - when;  Matthew 21:16 - Hearest;  Luke 11:52 - for;  Luke 12:49 - and;  Luke 18:39 - rebuked;  1 Corinthians 1:27 - GeneralHebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 40

And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
Psalms 96:11; 98:7-9; 114:1-8; Isaiah 55:12; Habakkuk 2:11; Matthew 3:9; 21:15,16; Matthew 27:45,51-54; 2 Peter 2:6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:28 - call heaven;  Joshua 4:3 - twelve stones;  Joshua 24:27 - it hath;  1 Kings 13:2 - O altar;  Psalm 30:12 - and;  Ecclesiastes 10:20 - thought;  Micah 6:1 - contend;  Mark 3:5 - grieved;  Luke 3:8 - of these;  Luke 11:52 - for;  Luke 12:49 - and;  1 Corinthians 1:27 - GeneralHebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 41

And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
and wept
Psalms 119:53,136,158; Jeremiah 9:1; 13:17; 17:16; Hosea 11:8; John 11:35; Romans 9:2,3
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:6 - grieved;  Genesis 42:24 - wept;  Deuteronomy 32:29 - O that;  Judges 10:16 - his soul;  Judges 21:6 - repented them;  1 Samuel 15:11 - it grieved;  2 Samuel 3:32 - lifted;  2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up;  2 Kings 8:11 - wept;  2 Kings 22:19 - wept;  2 Chronicles 36:15 - because;  Ezra 10:1 - weeping;  Esther 8:6 - For how;  Job 30:25 - Did not I;  Psalm 34:21 - they;  Psalm 35:14 - I behaved;  Psalm 59:10 - let;  Psalm 81:13 - Oh that;  Psalm 137:1 - we wept;  Psalm 139:21 - and am not;  Isaiah 15:5 - My heart;  Isaiah 28:21 - his strange;  Isaiah 42:22 - a people;  Isaiah 48:18 - that thou;  Isaiah 53:3 - a man;  Isaiah 65:2 - spread;  Jeremiah 4:19 - My bowels;  Jeremiah 8:21 - the hurt;  Jeremiah 9:18 - our eyes;  Jeremiah 30:5 - a voice;  Lamentations 1:16 - I weep;  Lamentations 3:51 - eye;  Ezekiel 19:14 - This is;  Ezekiel 32:18 - wail;  Daniel 7:15 - was grieved;  Hosea 6:4 - what;  Joel 1:15 - the day of;  Obadiah 1:12 - rejoiced;  Jonah 4:5 - till;  Zechariah 11:1 - that;  Zechariah 11:4 - Feed;  Zechariah 13:8 - two;  Malachi 4:6 - lest;  Matthew 12:45 - Even;  Matthew 14:14 - and was;  Matthew 18:31 - they;  Matthew 21:41 - He will;  Mark 7:34 - he sighed;  Mark 8:12 - he sighed;  Mark 10:21 - loved;  Mark 11:11 - Jesus;  Mark 12:9 - he will;  Mark 13:2 - there;  Luke 13:34 - Jerusalem;  Luke 20:17 - beheld;  John 5:34 - that;  John 11:48 - and the;  Acts 20:19 - many;  Acts 26:29 - that not;  1 Corinthians 13:6 - Rejoiceth not;  2 Corinthians 2:4 - out;  Philippians 3:18 - even

Verse 42

Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
If
Deuteronomy 5:29; 32:29; Psalms 81:13; Isaiah 48:18; Ezekiel 18:31,32; 33:11
in this
44; Psalms 32:6; 95:7,8; Isaiah 55:6; John 12:35,36; 2 Corinthians 6:1,2
the things
1:77-79; 2:10-14; 10:5,6; Acts 10:36; 13:46; Hebrews 3:7,13,15; 10:26-29; Hebrews 12:24-26
but
Isaiah 6:9,10; 29:10-14; 44:18; Matthew 13:14,15; John 12:38-41; Acts 28:25-27; Romans 11:7-10; 2 Corinthians 3:14-16; 4:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:6 - grieved;  Genesis 37:14 - see whether it be well with;  Genesis 41:16 - peace;  Deuteronomy 31:29 - and evil;  Judges 21:6 - repented them;  2 Samuel 3:32 - lifted;  1 Chronicles 4:10 - Oh that;  Esther 8:6 - For how;  Job 18:20 - his day;  Psalm 35:14 - I behaved;  Psalm 45:5 - sharp;  Psalm 119:53 - horror;  Psalm 147:13 - blessed;  Proverbs 1:22 - ye simple;  Ecclesiastes 8:6 - therefore;  Ecclesiastes 9:12 - man;  Song of Solomon 2:13 - Arise;  Isaiah 27:5 - let him;  Isaiah 48:22 - GeneralIsaiah 49:5 - Israel;  Isaiah 65:2 - spread;  Jeremiah 4:19 - My bowels;  Jeremiah 13:17 - my soul;  Ezekiel 4:2 - lay;  Hosea 6:4 - what;  Hosea 7:1 - I would;  Hosea 11:8 - How shall I give;  Zephaniah 3:7 - Surely;  Zechariah 7:13 - as;  Matthew 21:19 - Let;  Matthew 22:7 - he was;  Luke 4:19 - GeneralLuke 12:56 - that;  Luke 13:3 - ye shall;  Luke 13:34 - Jerusalem;  Luke 19:27 - GeneralJohn 5:34 - that;  Acts 13:41 - for;  Acts 26:29 - that not;  Romans 2:10 - and peace;  Romans 5:1 - we have;  1 Corinthians 13:6 - Rejoiceth not;  1 Thessalonians 2:16 - for

Verse 43

For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
the days
21:20-24; Deuteronomy 28:49-58; Psalms 37:12,13; Daniel 9:26,27; Matthew 22:7; 23:37-39; Mark 13:14-20; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
cast
Or, "cast a bank" or rampart [ ()] This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by Titus; who surrounded it with a wall of circumvallation in three days, though not less than 39 furlongs in circumference; and when this was effected, the Jews were so enclosed on every side, that no person could escape from the city, and no provision could be brought in.
Isaiah 29:1-4; Jeremiah 6:3-6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:52 - GeneralDeuteronomy 32:43 - avenge;  1 Samuel 17:20 - trench;  1 Samuel 23:7 - he is shut;  2 Samuel 20:15 - cast up;  1 Kings 16:17 - besieged Tirzah;  2 Kings 19:32 - cast a bank;  2 Kings 25:1 - pitched;  Psalm 2:5 - Then;  Psalm 40:15 - desolate;  Isaiah 1:8 - besieged;  Isaiah 24:10 - city;  Isaiah 27:10 - the defenced;  Isaiah 29:3 - GeneralIsaiah 37:33 - cast;  Jeremiah 4:17 - keepers;  Jeremiah 6:25 - the sword;  Jeremiah 30:3 - the days;  Jeremiah 52:4 - pitched;  Lamentations 1:17 - commanded;  Hosea 2:6 - I will;  Micah 5:1 - he hath;  Zechariah 11:6 - I will no;  Zechariah 14:2 - the city;  Malachi 4:1 - the day;  Matthew 23:38 - GeneralMatthew 24:15 - ye;  Matthew 24:21 - GeneralLuke 21:23 - great;  Revelation 20:9 - and compassed

Verse 44

And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
lay
1 Kings 9:7,8; Micah 3:12
thy children
13:34,35; Matthew 23:37,38
leave
21:6; Matthew 24:2; Mark 13:2
because
42; 1:68,78; Lamentations 1:8; Daniel 9:24; John 3:18-21; 1 Peter 2:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:1 - visited;  Exodus 3:16 - visited;  Deuteronomy 28:49 - bring a nation;  Deuteronomy 28:50 - shall not;  Deuteronomy 28:52 - GeneralDeuteronomy 32:43 - avenge;  Ruth 1:6 - visited;  1 Samuel 23:7 - he is shut;  1 Kings 16:17 - besieged Tirzah;  2 Kings 19:32 - cast a bank;  2 Kings 25:1 - pitched;  Job 18:20 - his day;  Psalm 2:5 - Then;  Psalm 8:4 - visitest;  Psalm 40:15 - desolate;  Song of Solomon 8:8 - in the day;  Isaiah 1:8 - besieged;  Isaiah 3:26 - shall sit;  Isaiah 5:13 - because;  Isaiah 10:3 - the day;  Isaiah 27:10 - the defenced;  Isaiah 29:3 - GeneralIsaiah 37:33 - cast;  Jeremiah 4:17 - keepers;  Jeremiah 8:20 - GeneralJeremiah 11:23 - the year;  Lamentations 1:17 - commanded;  Daniel 9:26 - the prince;  Amos 6:11 - he will;  Micah 5:1 - he hath;  Zechariah 11:6 - I will no;  Zechariah 14:2 - the city;  Matthew 24:21 - GeneralMatthew 24:39 - GeneralLuke 7:16 - God;  Galatians 4:25 - her

Verse 45

And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought;
went
Matthew 21:12,13; Mark 11:15-17; John 2:13-17
sold
Deuteronomy 14:25,26
Reciprocal: Psalm 26:8 - Lord;  Jeremiah 7:11 - this;  Ezekiel 28:16 - the multitude;  Luke 20:2 - Tell;  John 2:14 - GeneralJohn 18:20 - I spake;  Acts 5:33 - they

Verses 45-48

And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought;
went
Matthew 21:12,13; Mark 11:15-17; John 2:13-17
sold
Deuteronomy 14:25,26

Verse 46

Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
Psalms 93:5; Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11; Ezekiel 43:12; Hosea 12:7; Matthew 23:14
Reciprocal: Isaiah 1:23 - companions;  Ezekiel 28:16 - the multitude;  Matthew 21:12 - and cast;  Matthew 21:13 - ye;  Mark 11:17 - Is it;  Luke 18:10 - into;  Luke 20:2 - Tell;  John 2:14 - General

Verse 47

And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
taught
21:37,38; Matthew 21:23; Mark 11:27-33; John 18:20
the chief priests
Matthew 26:3,4; Mark 11:18; 12:12; 14:1; John 7:19,44; 8:37-40; 10:39; John 11:53-57
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 8:13 - the second;  Psalm 37:32 - watcheth;  Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand;  Haggai 2:7 - I will fill;  Malachi 3:1 - and;  Mark 12:35 - while;  Mark 14:49 - was;  Luke 20:1 - that;  Luke 20:14 - let;  Luke 20:19 - the same;  Luke 22:2 - GeneralJohn 7:14 - the temple;  John 7:30 - they;  John 12:19 - Perceive;  Acts 4:21 - how

Verse 48

And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
could
20:19,20; 22:2-4; Matthew 22:15,16
were very attentive to hear him
or, hanged on him. [Kremannumi autou
Nehemiah 8:3; John 7:46-49; Acts 16:14 Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 18:16 - all Israel;  Nehemiah 8:13 - the second;  Psalm 37:32 - watcheth;  Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand;  Zechariah 11:11 - so;  Matthew 7:28 - the people;  Matthew 21:23 - when;  Mark 2:13 - and all;  Mark 12:37 - And the;  Mark 14:49 - was;  Luke 4:20 - And the;  Luke 8:40 - the people;  Luke 13:17 - and all;  John 7:30 - they;  John 12:19 - Perceive;  Acts 2:47 - having;  Acts 4:21 - how;  Acts 5:13 - but;  James 1:19 - let

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/luke-19.html.