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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 20

Overview

Luke 20:1, Christ avouches his authority by a question of John’s baptism; Luke 20:9, The parable of the vineyard; Luke 20:19, Of giving tribute to Caesar; Luke 20:27, He convinces the Sadducees, that denied the resurrection; Luke 20:41, How Christ is the Son of David; Luke 20:45, He warns his disciples to beware of the scribes.

Verse 1

that: Luke 19:47, Luke 19:48, Mark 11:27, John 18:20

the chief: 1 Chronicles 24:1-31

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand Haggai 2:7 - I will fill Matthew 4:23 - the gospel Matthew 21:15 - when Matthew 21:23 - when Mark 12:35 - while Mark 14:49 - was John 2:18 - seeing Acts 4:5 - rulers

Verse 2

Tell: Luke 19:35-40, Luke 19:45, Luke 19:46, Matthew 21:23-27, Mark 11:28-33

who: Exodus 2:14, John 2:18, John 5:22-27, Acts 4:7-10, Acts 7:27, Acts 7:35-39, Acts 7:51

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 32:3 - Wherefore Matthew 21:10 - Who Mark 14:49 - was

Verse 3

I will: Luke 22:68, Matthew 15:2, Matthew 15:3, Colossians 4:6

Reciprocal: Mark 11:29 - I will

Verse 4

baptism: Luke 7:28-35, Matthew 11:7-19, Matthew 17:11, Matthew 17:12, Matthew 21:25-32, John 1:6, John 1:19-28

from: Luke 15:18, Daniel 4:25, Daniel 4:26

Reciprocal: Luke 14:18 - all

Verse 5

Why: John 1:15-18, John 1:30, John 1:34, John 3:26, John 3:36, John 3:26, John 3:36, John 5:33-35, Acts 13:25

Reciprocal: Matthew 21:25 - Why Mark 8:16 - General Luke 14:18 - all Luke 20:14 - reasoned

Verse 6

all: Matthew 21:26, Matthew 21:46, Matthew 26:5, Mark 12:12, Acts 5:26

for: Luke 1:76, Luke 7:26-29, Matthew 14:5, Matthew 21:26, John 10:41

Reciprocal: Numbers 12:6 - a prophet Mark 11:32 - for Mark 14:2 - lest Acts 4:21 - how

Verse 7

that: Isaiah 6:9, Isaiah 6:10, Isaiah 26:11, Isaiah 29:9-12, Isaiah 29:14, Isaiah 41:28, Isaiah 42:19, Isaiah 42:20, Isaiah 44:18, Jeremiah 8:7-9, Zechariah 11:15, Zechariah 11:17, Malachi 2:7-9, John 3:19, John 3:20, John 9:39, 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12, 2 Timothy 3:8, 2 Timothy 3:9, 2 Peter 3:3

Reciprocal: Matthew 21:27 - We cannot tell Mark 11:33 - Neither

Verse 8

Luke 22:68, Job 5:12, Job 5:13, Proverbs 26:4, Proverbs 26:5, Matthew 15:14, Matthew 16:4, Matthew 21:27, Mark 11:33

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 14:3 - should Matthew 7:29 - and not

Verse 9

this: Matthew 21:33-46, Mark 12:1-12

planted: Psalms 80:8-14, Isaiah 5:1-7, Jeremiah 2:21, John 15:1-8, 1 Corinthians 3:6-9

and let: Song of Solomon 8:11, Song of Solomon 8:12

husbandmen: Deuteronomy 1:15-18, Deuteronomy 16:18, Deuteronomy 17:8-15

went: Luke 19:12

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:19 - Yet he sent Isaiah 27:2 - A vineyard Jeremiah 12:10 - my vineyard Ezekiel 15:2 - What Matthew 13:31 - put Matthew 25:5 - the Matthew 25:14 - as Luke 16:7 - An hundred

Verse 10

the season: Psalms 1:3, Jeremiah 5:24, Matthew 21:34-36, Mark 12:2-5

sent: Judges 6:8-10, 2 Kings 17:13, 2 Chronicles 36:15, 2 Chronicles 36:16, Nehemiah 9:30, Jeremiah 25:3-7, Jeremiah 26:2-6, Jeremiah 35:15, Jeremiah 44:4, Jeremiah 44:5, Hosea 6:4-6, Zechariah 1:3-6, Zechariah 7:9-13, John 15:16, Romans 7:4

beat: Luke 11:47-50, Luke 13:34, 1 Kings 22:24, 2 Chronicles 16:10, 2 Chronicles 24:19-21, Nehemiah 9:26, Jeremiah 2:30, Jeremiah 20:2, Jeremiah 26:20-24, Jeremiah 29:26, Jeremiah 29:27, Jeremiah 37:15, Jeremiah 37:16, Jeremiah 38:4-6

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:4 - sent them Isaiah 5:2 - he looked Jeremiah 7:25 - sent Jeremiah 11:19 - destroy Daniel 9:6 - have we Mark 12:3 - and sent Luke 13:6 - and he came Acts 5:40 - beaten

Verse 11

entreated: Matthew 23:30-37, Acts 7:52, 1 Thessalonians 2:2, Hebrews 11:36, Hebrews 11:37

and sent: Hosea 10:1

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:4 - sent them Jeremiah 37:15 - the princes Matthew 23:37 - thou

Verse 12

Reciprocal: Luke 16:7 - An hundred

Verse 13

What: Isaiah 5:4, Hosea 6:4, Hosea 11:8

I will: Luke 9:35, Matthew 3:17, Matthew 17:5, John 1:34, John 3:16, John 3:17, John 3:35, John 3:36, Romans 8:3, Galatians 4:4, 1 John 4:9-15

it may: Jeremiah 36:3, Jeremiah 36:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:13 - come Ezekiel 12:3 - it may Matthew 21:37 - last John 1:11 - and Acts 4:27 - the people

Verse 14

reasoned: Luke 20:5, Matthew 16:7, Matthew 21:25

the heir: Psalms 2:1-6, Psalms 2:8, Psalms 89:27, Matthew 2:2-16, Romans 8:17, Hebrews 1:2

let: Luke 20:19, Luke 19:47, Luke 22:2, Genesis 37:18-20, Matthew 27:21-25, John 11:47-50, Acts 2:23, Acts 3:15

Reciprocal: Matthew 21:38 - This

Verse 15

they: Hebrews 13:12

What: Matthew 21:37-40, Mark 12:6-9

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:18 - conspired Isaiah 5:3 - judge Matthew 21:40 - what Mark 12:8 - cast Mark 12:9 - he will Luke 6:22 - separate

Verse 16

destroy: Luke 19:27, Psalms 2:8, Psalms 2:9, Psalms 21:8-10, Matthew 21:41, Matthew 22:7, Acts 13:46

shall give: Nehemiah 9:36, Nehemiah 9:37

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:2 - God forbid Psalms 80:12 - broken Isaiah 5:3 - judge Hosea 4:6 - I will also reject Zechariah 13:8 - two Matthew 21:40 - what Mark 12:9 - he will Acts 2:35 - thy foes Acts 4:11 - the stone Romans 3:4 - God forbid 1 Corinthians 6:15 - God Revelation 2:5 - else

Verse 17

beheld: Luke 19:41, Luke 22:61, Mark 3:5, Mark 10:23

What: Luke 22:37, Luke 24:44, John 15:25

The stone: Psalms 118:22, Isaiah 28:16, Zechariah 3:9, Matthew 21:42, Mark 12:10, Acts 4:11, 1 Peter 2:7, 1 Peter 2:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:8 - reign over us Genesis 49:24 - the stone Isaiah 8:15 - stumble Zechariah 4:7 - headstone John 12:48 - rejecteth Acts 13:9 - set Ephesians 2:20 - Jesus 1 Peter 2:4 - disallowed

Verse 18

shall fall: This is an allusion to the Jewish mode of stoning. "The place of stoning was twice as high as a man. From the top of this one of the witnesses struck the culprit on the loins, and felled him to the ground: if he died of this, well; if not, the other witness threw a stone upon his heart," etc. Our Lord seems to refer not only to the dreadful crushing of the Jews by the Romans, but also to their general dispersion to the present day. Isaiah 8:14, Isaiah 8:15, Daniel 2:34, Daniel 2:35, Daniel 2:44, Daniel 2:45, Zechariah 12:3, Matthew 21:34, 1 Thessalonians 2:16

Reciprocal: Psalms 45:5 - sharp Isaiah 28:16 - Behold Matthew 21:42 - The stone Matthew 21:44 - whosoever Mark 12:10 - The stone Ephesians 2:20 - Jesus 1 Peter 2:4 - disallowed

Verse 19

the same: Luke 20:14, Luke 19:47, Luke 19:48, Matthew 21:45, Matthew 21:46, Matthew 26:3, Matthew 26:4, Mark 12:12

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 18:16 - all Israel Nehemiah 6:2 - they thought Psalms 38:12 - lay snares Psalms 45:5 - sharp Psalms 119:110 - yet I erred Jeremiah 6:10 - the word Micah 2:1 - to Matthew 2:4 - scribes Matthew 21:26 - we fear Mark 3:6 - Pharisees Mark 11:32 - they Luke 22:2 - General John 7:30 - they John 8:20 - and no John 18:30 - If Acts 4:21 - how Acts 5:26 - they Acts 5:33 - they 2 Timothy 4:3 - they will

Verse 20

they watched: Psalms 37:32, Psalms 37:33, Psalms 38:12, Isaiah 29:20, Isaiah 29:21, Jeremiah 11:19, Jeremiah 18:18, Jeremiah 20:10, Matthew 22:15, Matthew 22:18, Mark 12:13, Mark 12:15

feign: 2 Samuel 14:2, 1 Kings 14:2-6, Psalms 66:3, Psalms 81:15, *marg. 2 Peter 2:3

they might deliver: Matthew 27:2, John 18:28-32

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:9 - Ye are spies 1 Kings 14:6 - why feignest Psalms 27:11 - mine enemies Psalms 41:6 - speaketh Psalms 55:21 - The words Psalms 56:6 - mark Psalms 62:4 - bless Psalms 83:3 - They Psalms 140:5 - The proud Psalms 141:9 - from the snares Proverbs 10:18 - that hideth Proverbs 26:28 - a flattering Proverbs 29:5 - spreadeth Daniel 6:4 - sought Matthew 2:8 - that Mark 3:2 - General Mark 3:6 - Pharisees Luke 6:7 - that Luke 7:40 - Master Luke 11:53 - to speak Luke 14:1 - they Luke 16:15 - Ye Luke 19:48 - could Luke 20:23 - Why Luke 20:26 - they could Luke 23:2 - forbidding John 8:6 - tempting John 18:19 - asked Colossians 4:6 - how

Verse 21

Master: Psalms 12:2, Psalms 55:21, Jeremiah 42:2, Jeremiah 42:3, Matthew 22:16, Matthew 26:49, Matthew 26:50, Mark 12:14, John 3:2

sayest: 2 Corinthians 2:17, Galatians 1:10, 1 Thessalonians 2:4, 1 Thessalonians 2:5

acceptest: 2 Chronicles 19:7, Job 34:19, Acts 10:34, Acts 10:35, Galatians 2:6

truly: or, of a truth

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:17 - shall not Psalms 38:12 - speak Proverbs 10:18 - that hideth Proverbs 26:28 - a flattering Proverbs 29:5 - spreadeth Malachi 2:6 - law Matthew 2:8 - that Luke 7:40 - Master Acts 16:17 - the way Romans 2:11 - General Romans 13:6 - pay Colossians 3:25 - and 1 Timothy 5:21 - without preferring

Verse 22

Deuteronomy 17:15, Ezra 4:13, Ezra 4:19-22, Ezra 9:7, Nehemiah 5:4, Nehemiah 9:37, Matthew 22:17-21, Mark 12:14-17, Acts 5:37

Reciprocal: Psalms 38:12 - speak Matthew 12:10 - Is it Luke 20:24 - Caesar's

Verse 23

he: Luke 5:22, Luke 6:8, Luke 11:17, John 2:24, John 2:25, 1 Corinthians 3:19, Hebrews 4:13

Why: Luke 20:20, Luke 11:16, Luke 11:53, Luke 11:54, Psalms 95:9, Matthew 16:1, Matthew 22:18, 1 Corinthians 10:9

Reciprocal: Mark 12:15 - knowing

Verse 24

a penny: Matthew 18:28, Matthew 20:2

image: This was the head of the emperor; the superscription his titles. Julius Cesar was the first who caused his image to be struck on the Roman coin; and Tiberius was emperor at this time. This therefore was a denarius of Cesar, דינרא קיסר אנה, as it is termed in the Talmud; and consequently this was respecting the tribute required by the Roman government.

Caesar's: Luke 20:22, Luke 2:1, Luke 3:1, Luke 23:2, Acts 11:28, Acts 25:8-12, Acts 26:32, Philippians 4:22

Reciprocal: Numbers 24:24 - and shall afflict Eber Matthew 22:20 - superscription Mark 12:16 - image

Verse 25

Render: Proverbs 24:21, Matthew 17:27, Matthew 22:21, Mark 12:17, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7, 1 Peter 2:13-17

unto God: Acts 4:19, Acts 4:20, Acts 5:29, 1 Corinthians 10:31, 1 Peter 4:11

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 8:5 - keepeth Malachi 3:8 - a man Matthew 22:22 - they marvelled

Verse 26

they could: Luke 20:20, Luke 20:39, Luke 20:40, Job 5:12, Job 5:13, Proverbs 26:4, Proverbs 26:5, 2 Timothy 3:8, 2 Timothy 3:9

and they marvelled: Luke 13:17, Matthew 22:12, Matthew 22:22, Matthew 22:34, Romans 3:19, Titus 1:10

Reciprocal: Luke 14:6 - General

Verse 27

the Sadducees: Matthew 16:1, Matthew 16:6, Matthew 16:12, Matthew 22:23-33, Mark 12:18-27, Acts 4:1, Acts 4:2, Acts 5:17, Acts 23:6-8, 1 Corinthians 15:12, 2 Timothy 2:17, 2 Timothy 2:18

Reciprocal: Luke 11:53 - to speak Acts 23:8 - General

Verse 28

Genesis 38:8, Genesis 38:11, Genesis 38:26, Deuteronomy 25:5-10, Ruth 1:11, Ruth 1:12

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:9 - Moses Ruth 4:5 - to raise up Matthew 22:24 - Moses

Verse 29

and died: Leviticus 20:20, Jeremiah 22:30

Reciprocal: Matthew 22:25 - General Mark 12:20 - General

Verse 32

died: Judges 2:10, Ecclesiastes 1:4, Ecclesiastes 9:5, Hebrews 9:27

Verse 33

Matthew 22:24-28, Mark 12:19-23

Verse 34

The children: Luke 16:8

marry: Luke 17:27, 1 Corinthians 7:2-16, Ephesians 5:31, Hebrews 13:4

Reciprocal: Matthew 22:30 - in the

Verse 35

accounted: Luke 21:36, Acts 5:41, 2 Thessalonians 1:5, Revelation 3:4

to: Daniel 12:2, Daniel 12:3, John 5:29, Acts 24:15, Hebrews 11:35

neither: Matthew 22:29, Mark 12:24

Reciprocal: Zechariah 3:7 - I will Matthew 10:37 - not Matthew 22:8 - but Mark 12:25 - but Luke 7:4 - worthy Luke 14:14 - the resurrection 1 Corinthians 15:42 - it is Philippians 3:11 - attain

Verse 36

can: Isaiah 25:8, Hosea 13:14, 1 Corinthians 15:26, 1 Corinthians 15:42, 1 Corinthians 15:53, 1 Corinthians 15:54, Philippians 3:21, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-17, Revelation 20:6, Revelation 21:4, Revelation 22:2-5

they are: Zechariah 3:7, Matthew 22:30, Mark 12:25, 1 Corinthians 15:49, 1 Corinthians 15:52, Revelation 5:6-14, Revelation 7:9-12, Revelation 22:9

the children of God: Romans 8:17-23, 1 John 3:2

Reciprocal: Matthew 5:9 - for Luke 14:14 - the resurrection Romans 8:23 - waiting Philippians 3:11 - attain Hebrews 11:35 - that they

Verse 37

even: Exodus 3:2-6, Deuteronomy 33:16, Acts 7:30-32

when: There is a remarkable passage in Josephus, which proves that the best informed among the Jews believed in the immateriality and immortality of the soul, and that the souls of righteous men were in the presence of God in a state of happiness. "They who lose their lives for the sake of God, live unto God, as do Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the rest of the patriarchs." Not less remarkable is a passage in Shemoth Rabba, "Why doth Moses say - Exodus 32:13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? R. Abin saith, The Lord said unto Moses, I look for ten men from thee, as I looked for that number in Sodom. Find me out ten righteous persons among the people, and I will not destroy thy people. Then saith Moses, Behold, here am I, and Aaron, Eleazar, and Ithamar, Phinehas, and Caleb, and Joshua; but, saith God, there are but seven: where are the other three? When Moses knew not what to do, he saith, O Eternal God, חיים הם המתים, do those live who are dead? Yes, saith God. Then saith Moses, If those that are dead do live, remember Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." Genesis 17:7, Genesis 28:13, Genesis 28:21, Genesis 32:9, Matthew 22:3-33, Mark 12:26, Mark 12:27

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:6 - I am Matthew 22:32 - God is Hebrews 6:12 - inherit Hebrews 11:16 - to be

Verse 38

a God: Psalms 16:5-11, Psalms 22:23-26, Psalms 145:1, Psalms 145:2, Hebrews 11:16

for all: John 6:57, John 11:25, John 11:26, John 14:19, Romans 6:10, Romans 6:11, Romans 6:22, Romans 6:23, Romans 14:7-9, 2 Corinthians 6:16, 2 Corinthians 13:4, Colossians 3:3, Colossians 3:4, Revelation 7:15-17, Revelation 22:1

Reciprocal: Psalms 91:2 - my God Matthew 22:32 - God is Acts 17:28 - in him Hebrews 6:12 - inherit

Verse 39

thou: Matthew 22:34-40, Mark 12:28-34, Acts 23:9

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 1:12 - Thou hast Matthew 22:33 - they Luke 20:26 - they could

Verse 40

Proverbs 26:5, Matthew 22:46, Mark 12:34

Reciprocal: Matthew 22:33 - they Luke 13:17 - all his Luke 14:6 - General Luke 20:26 - they could Titus 1:11 - mouths

Verse 41

How: Matthew 22:41, Matthew 22:42, Mark 12:35-37

Christ: Luke 18:38, Luke 18:39, Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 9:7, Isaiah 11:1, Isaiah 11:2, Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6, Jeremiah 33:15, Jeremiah 33:16, Jeremiah 33:21, Matthew 1:1, John 7:42, Acts 2:30, Romans 1:3, Romans 1:4, Revelation 22:16

Reciprocal: Psalms 89:4 - General Matthew 9:27 - Thou Luke 2:11 - which Luke 22:68 - General

Verse 42

himself: Luke 24:44, 2 Samuel 23:1, 2 Samuel 23:2, Matthew 22:43, Mark 12:36, Mark 12:37, Acts 1:20, Acts 13:33-35, Hebrews 3:7

the Lord: Psalms 110:1, Matthew 22:44, Matthew 22:45, Acts 2:34, Acts 2:35, 1 Corinthians 15:25, Hebrews 1:13

Reciprocal: Joshua 5:14 - my lord Luke 1:43 - my Luke 2:11 - which Luke 4:17 - the book Philippians 3:8 - my Colossians 3:1 - where Hebrews 1:3 - sat Hebrews 4:7 - saying 1 Peter 3:22 - is on

Verse 43

Luke 19:27, Psalms 2:1-9, Psalms 21:8-12, Psalms 72:9, Psalms 109:4-20, Psalms 110:5, Psalms 110:6, Revelation 19:14-21

Reciprocal: Acts 2:34 - The Lord 1 Corinthians 15:25 - General Hebrews 1:3 - sat Hebrews 10:13 - General

Verse 44

how: Luke 1:31-35, Luke 2:11, Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:23, Romans 9:5, Galatians 4:4, 1 Timothy 3:16, Revelation 22:16

Verse 45

Matthew 15:10, Matthew 23:1, Mark 8:34, Mark 12:38, 1 Timothy 5:20

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:27 - Hearken Malachi 2:9 - before Mark 7:14 - when

Verse 46

Beware: Luke 12:1, Matthew 16:6, Mark 8:15, 2 Timothy 4:15

which: Luke 11:43, Luke 14:7, Proverbs 29:23, Matthew 23:5-7, Mark 12:38, Mark 12:39, Romans 12:10, Philippians 2:3-5, 3 John 1:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:15 - goodly raiment 2 Chronicles 18:27 - Hearken Ezekiel 34:2 - Woe Matthew 5:20 - exceed Matthew 6:2 - in the synagogues Matthew 7:29 - and not Matthew 23:2 - General Matthew 23:6 - General

Verse 47

devour: Isaiah 10:2, Jeremiah 7:6-10, Ezekiel 22:7, Amos 2:7, Amos 8:4-6, Micah 2:2, Micah 2:8, Micah 3:2, Matthew 23:14, Mark 12:40, 2 Timothy 3:6

for: Luke 12:1, Ezekiel 33:31, Matthew 23:26-28, 1 Thessalonians 2:5, 2 Timothy 3:2-5, Titus 1:16

the same: Luke 10:12-14, Luke 12:47, Luke 12:48, Matthew 11:22-24, James 3:1

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 21:9 - Proclaim a fast Isaiah 58:4 - ye fast Ezekiel 22:25 - they have devoured Ezekiel 34:2 - Woe Micah 2:9 - cast Matthew 5:20 - exceed Matthew 6:5 - thou shalt not Matthew 7:29 - and not Matthew 23:5 - all Matthew 23:6 - General Luke 5:33 - and make Luke 16:14 - who Luke 16:15 - Ye Luke 18:11 - as Romans 13:2 - receive Galatians 6:12 - as desire

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 20". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/luke-20.html.