Recommended!
If you haven't seen it already, I would recommend "The Chosen"! The first episode of Season 2 can be viewed by clicking here!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 41

Introduction

1The recompence of the charitable.
4David complains of his enemies' treachery.
10He flees to God for succour.

Verse 1

Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
(Title
&) This Psalm is supposed to have been written on the same occasion as the three former; and to relate to David's affliction, and the evil treatment he received from his enemies during its continuance.
Blessed
112:9; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Job 29:12-16; 31:16-20; Proverbs 14:21; 19:17; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 58:7-11; Mark 14:7; Luke 14:13,14; 2 Corinthians 9:8-14; Galatians 2:10
the poor
or, the weak, or sick.
Matthew 25:34-39; Acts 20:35; 1 Thessalonians 5:14
Lord
34:19; 37:26,39,40; Hebrews 6:10; James 2:13
time of trouble
Heb. the day of evil.
37:19; Proverbs 16:14; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Revelation 3:10

Verse 2

The LORD will preserve him, and keep him alive; and he shall be blessed upon the earth: and thou wilt not deliver him unto the will of his enemies.
preserve
33:19; 91:3-7; Jeremiah 45:4,5
blessed
128:1-6; 1 Timothy 4:8
thou wilt not
or, do not thou.
27:12; 37:32,33; 140:8,9
Reciprocal: Exodus 1:20 - God; Deuteronomy 6:24 - he might; Deuteronomy 15:10 - because; Psalm 102:1 - Hear; Psalm 121:7 - he shall; Proverbs 14:21 - he that hath; Ecclesiastes 11:1 - for; Jeremiah 39:17 - I will; Luke 6:38 - with; Acts 12:11 - and hath; 2 Corinthians 9:14 - by

Verse 3

The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.
strengthen
73:26; 2 Kings 1:6,16; 20:5,6; 2 Corinthians 4:16,17; Philippians 2:26,27
make
Heb. turn.
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:2 - strengthened; Exodus 15:26 - for I am; Psalm 6:2 - for I; Psalm 103:3 - healeth

Verse 4

I said, LORD, be merciful unto me: heal my soul; for I have sinned against thee.
Lord
32:5; 51:1-3
heal
6:2-4; 103:3; 147:3; 2 Chronicles 30:18-20; Hosea 6:1; James 5:15,16
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:26 - for I am; Matthew 9:12 - They that be whole; Luke 18:13 - God; John 12:40 - heal

Verse 5

Mine enemies speak evil of me, When shall he die, and his name perish?
Mine
22:6-8; 102:8
his name
Job 18:17; 20:7; Proverbs 10:7

Verse 6

And if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; when he goeth abroad, he telleth it.
speaketh
12:2; Proverbs 26:24,25; Nehemiah 6:1-14; Proverbs 26:24-26; Daniel 11:27; Micah 7:5-7; Luke 11:53,54; 20:20-23; 2 Corinthians 11:26
when
Jeremiah 20:10
Reciprocal: Psalm 10:7 - vanity; Psalm 144:8 - mouth; Proverbs 12:5 - counsels; Matthew 22:15 - how; Mark 7:20 - General; Luke 6:45 - and an; Luke 14:1 - they

Verse 7

All that hate me whisper together against me: against me do they devise my hurt.
whisper
Proverbs 16:28; 26:20; *marg:; Romans 1:29; 2 Corinthians 12:20
against
31:13; 56:5,6; Matthew 22:15; 26:3,4
my hurt
Heb. evil to me.
Reciprocal: Psalm 71:11 - God; Psalm 138:7 - Though I walk; Proverbs 12:5 - counsels; Luke 6:45 - and an

Verse 8

An evil disease, say they, cleaveth fast unto him: and now that he lieth he shall rise up no more.
An evil disease
Heb. A thing of Belial.
38:3-7; Job 2:7,8; Luke 13:16
and
3:2; 71:11; Matthew 27:41-46,63,64
Reciprocal: Job 33:26 - pray; Psalm 31:11 - especially; Psalm 35:15 - in mine; Psalm 38:7 - my loins; Psalm 103:3 - healeth; Psalm 138:7 - Though I walk; Lamentations 2:16 - we have seen

Verse 9

Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.
Yea
55:12-14,20-22; 2 Samuel 15:12; Job 19:19; Jeremiah 20:10
mine own familiar friend
Heb. the man of my peace. which.
Deuteronomy 32:15; Obadiah 1:7; John 13:18,26,27
lifted up
Heb. magnified.
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 9:7 - eat bread; 2 Samuel 15:31 - Ahithophel; Job 6:15 - My brethren; Psalm 31:11 - especially; Jeremiah 38:22 - Thy friends; Jeremiah 41:1 - they did; Daniel 11:26 - that feed; Micah 7:6 - a man's; Matthew 10:36 - General; Matthew 26:23 - He that; Matthew 26:50 - Friend; Mark 14:10 - one; Mark 14:18 - One; Luke 12:52 - General; Luke 22:3 - being; Luke 22:21 - General; John 6:71 - being; Acts 1:16 - spake; 1 John 2:19 - went out

Verse 10

But thou, O LORD, be merciful unto me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.
be merciful
57:1; 109:21
that
18:37-42; 21:8-10; 69:22-28; 109:6-20; Luke 19:27
Reciprocal: Psalm 86:17 - Show; Micah 7:8 - when I fall; Matthew 5:43 - and hate

Verse 11

By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me.
because
13:4; 31:8; 35:25; 86:17; 124:6; Jeremiah 20:13; Colossians 2:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:10 - I have seen; Job 19:5 - magnify; Psalm 25:2 - let not; Psalm 27:12 - will; Psalm 30:1 - hast not

Verse 12

And as for me, thou upholdest me in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face for ever.
thou
25:21; 94:18
settest
16:11; 17:15; 34:15; 73:23,24; Job 36:7; John 17:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:18 - before; Deuteronomy 30:2 - with all thine heart; 1 Samuel 25:32 - General; Job 2:3 - holdeth; Psalm 4:1 - O; Psalm 7:8 - to mine; Psalm 37:17 - Lord; Psalm 61:7 - abide; Psalm 119:116 - Uphold; Isaiah 41:10 - I will uphold

Verse 13

Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
Blessed
72:18,19; 89:52; 106:48; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Ephesians 1:3; Revelation 4:8; 5:9-14; 7:12; Revelation 11:17
Amen
The LXX. and Vulgate render [Genoito, genoito] Fiat, fiat. So be it! So be it! With this psalm ends the first of the five books into which the Hebrews have divided the Psalms.
Numbers 5:22; Deuteronomy 27:15-26; 1 Kings 1:36; 1 Chronicles 16:36; Jeremiah 28:6; Matthew 6:13; 1 Corinthians 14:16; Revelation 22:20 Reciprocal: Exodus 18:10 - General; 1 Samuel 25:32 - General; 1 Kings 1:48 - Blessed; 1 Kings 8:15 - Blessed; 1 Kings 8:26 - And now; 2 Chronicles 6:4 - Blessed; Nehemiah 8:6 - blessed; Psalm 68:8 - the God; Psalm 113:2 - General; Daniel 2:20 - Blessed; Daniel 9:16 - Jerusalem; Luke 1:68 - Blessed; Romans 9:5 - Amen; 2 Corinthians 11:31 - which; Galatians 1:5 - whom; Ephesians 2:7 - in the; 1 Timothy 1:17 - be; 1 Peter 1:3 - Blessed; Revelation 19:4 - Amen

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 41". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-41.html.