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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 42

Introduction

1David's zeal to serve God in the temple.
5He encourages his soul to trust in God.

Verse 1

As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
A. M. 2983. B.C. 1021. (Title.) {Maschil,} or a Psalm giving instruction, of the sons, etc. Or, "An instructive Psalm," or didactic ode, "for the sons of Korah." It is generally supposed to have been written by David when driven from Jerusalem and beyond Jordan, by Absalom's rebellion
the sons
44:1; 45:1; 46:1; 47:1; 48:1; 49:1; 84:1; 85:1; *titles; Numbers 16:1,32; 26:11; 1 Chronicles 6:33-37; 25:1-5
panteth
Heb. brayeth. so panteth.
63:1,2; 84:2; 143:6,7; Isaiah 26:8,9
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto; 1 Samuel 26:19 - they have driven; 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; 2 Samuel 23:15 - longed; 1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 9:19 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 11:17 - of the water; Job 6:5 - loweth; Psalm 38:10 - heart; Psalm 73:25 - none upon; Psalm 119:20 - soul; Psalm 119:81 - fainteth; Psalm 119:131 - opened; Proverbs 13:12 - Hope; Proverbs 25:25 - cold; Ecclesiastes 1:5 - hasteth; Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay; Song of Solomon 5:8 - I am; Song of Solomon 8:6 - love; Isaiah 38:22 - What; Isaiah 55:1 - every; Matthew 5:6 - are; Luke 6:21 - ye that hunger; Romans 8:26 - with; 2 Corinthians 7:11 - vehement; Philippians 3:12 - I follow

Verse 2

My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
thirsteth
36:8,9; 63:1; John 7:37; Revelation 22:1
living
Job 23:3; Jeremiah 2:13; 10:10; John 5:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
when
27:4; 84:4,10
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto; Deuteronomy 5:26 - living; 1 Samuel 26:19 - they have driven; 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; 2 Samuel 23:15 - longed; 2 Kings 2:14 - Where is; 1 Chronicles 11:17 - of the water; Psalm 73:25 - none upon; Psalm 84:2 - soul; Psalm 119:81 - fainteth; Psalm 143:6 - my soul; Proverbs 25:25 - cold; Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay; Song of Solomon 8:6 - love; Isaiah 38:22 - What; Isaiah 41:17 - seek; Isaiah 55:1 - every; Zephaniah 3:18 - sorrowful; Matthew 5:6 - are; Matthew 16:16 - the living; Luke 6:21 - ye that hunger; 2 Corinthians 3:3 - the living; 1 Timothy 3:15 - the living; Hebrews 12:22 - of the; Revelation 7:16 - hunger

Verse 3

My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?
tears
80:5; 102:9; 2 Samuel 16:12; *marg:
while
10; 3:2; 22:8; 79:10,12; 115:2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:18 - when he made; 1 Samuel 7:6 - drew water; 2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up; Psalm 6:6 - I water; Psalm 22:2 - I cry; Psalm 88:9 - Mine; Ecclesiastes 4:1 - the tears; Isaiah 36:4 - What; Jeremiah 9:1 - weep; Micah 7:10 - Where; Luke 6:21 - ye that weep

Verse 4

When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
When
Ruth 1:21; Job 29:2-25; 30:1-31; Lamentations 4:1; Luke 16:25
I pour
62:8; 1 Samuel 1:15,16; Job 30:16
for I
1 Chronicles 15:15-28; 16:1-43
with the voice
81:1-3; 122:1; Deuteronomy 16:11,14,15; 2 Chronicles 7:10; 30:23-26; Isaiah 30:29; Nahum 1:15
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 12:40 - General; Psalm 9:14 - in the gates; Psalm 26:8 - Lord; Psalm 55:14 - We took sweet counsel together; Psalm 84:5 - in whose; Psalm 100:2 - come; Psalm 102:1 - poureth; Psalm 122:8 - General; Psalm 137:1 - we wept; Psalm 142:2 - poured out; Psalm 147:1 - and praise; Song of Solomon 1:4 - remember; Isaiah 26:16 - in trouble; Isaiah 58:13 - call; Lamentations 1:7 - remembered; Ezekiel 46:10 - General; Luke 2:44 - in; Acts 4:23 - they; Romans 5:4 - and experience; 1 Corinthians 5:8 - feast; Philippians 3:1 - rejoice; Colossians 2:16 - of an

Verse 5

Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.
Why art thou cast down
Heb. Why art thou bowed down.
11; 35:14; 43:5; 55:4,5; 61:2; 142:2,3; 143:3,4; 1 Samuel 30:6; Mark 14:33,34
hope
27:13,14; 37:7; 56:3,11; 71:14; Job 13:15; Isaiah 50:10; Lamentations 3:24-26; Romans 4:18-20; Hebrews 10:36,37
praise him
or, give thanks. for the help, etc. or, his presence is salvation.
44:3; 91:15,16; Numbers 6:26; Matthew 1:23; 28:20
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - O my soul; Psalm 4:6 - lift; Psalm 6:3 - My; Psalm 11:7 - his; Psalm 38:6 - bowed; Psalm 62:5 - soul; Psalm 131:2 - quieted; Psalm 145:14 - raiseth up; Isaiah 36:7 - We trust; Jeremiah 4:19 - O my; Lamentations 3:20 - humbled; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; Luke 13:11 - bowed; John 14:1 - not; Acts 2:28 - make; Romans 5:4 - and experience; 2 Corinthians 4:9 - cast; 1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope; Hebrews 6:19 - both; 1 Peter 1:21 - your

Verse 6

O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
my God
22:1; 43:4; 88:1-3; Matthew 26:39; 27:46
therefore
77:6-11; Jonah 2:7
from the
61:2; 2 Samuel 17:22,27
Hermonites
Deuteronomy 3:8,9; 4:47,48
the hill Mizar
or, the little hill.
133:3
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague; Psalm 55:5 - horror; Psalm 57:6 - my soul; Psalm 69:20 - I am; Psalm 102:4 - heart; Psalm 143:5 - remember; Jeremiah 4:19 - O my; Lamentations 3:20 - humbled; John 14:1 - not

Verse 7

Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Deep calleth
Job 1:14-19; 10:17; Jeremiah 4:20; Ezekiel 7:26
water-spouts
A water-spout is a large tube formed of clouds by means of the electric fluid, the base being uppermost, and the point let down perpendicularly form the clouds. It has a particular kind of circular motion at the point; and, being hollow within, attracts vast quantities of water, which it frequently pours down in torrents upon the earth. These spouts are frequent on the coast of Syria; and no doubt the Psalmist had often seen them, and the ravages which they made.
all thy
69:14,15; 88:7,15-17; Lamentations 3:53-55; Jonah 2:3
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:6 - was greatly; Job 9:17 - For he; Job 16:14 - runneth; Job 22:11 - abundance; Job 27:20 - Terrors; Psalm 25:17 - General; Psalm 32:6 - in the floods; Psalm 88:17 - They; Psalm 124:4 - the waters; Psalm 130:1 - Out of; Ecclesiastes 12:2 - nor; Song of Solomon 3:2 - I sought; Jeremiah 12:5 - swelling; Jeremiah 45:3 - added; Jeremiah 51:42 - General

Verse 8

Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life.
command
44:4; 133:3; Leviticus 25:21; Deuteronomy 28:8; Matthew 8:8
in the night
32:7; 63:6; 149:5; Job 35:10; Isaiah 30:29; Acts 16:25
the God
27:1; Colossians 3:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 16:7 - in the; Psalm 68:28 - commanded; Psalm 77:6 - my song; Psalm 92:2 - every night; Psalm 119:50 - This; Psalm 119:55 - night; Psalm 119:62 - midnight; Psalm 119:147 - I prevented; Psalm 143:8 - to hear; Lamentations 2:19 - cry out; John 14:1 - not

Verse 9

I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
God
18:2; 28:1; 62:2,6,7; 78:35
Why hast
13:1; 22:1,2; 44:23,24; 77:9; Isaiah 40:27; 49:15
why go
38:6; 43:2; 88:9; Job 30:26-31
because
55:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; Lamentations 5:1-16
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:2 - General; 2 Samuel 23:3 - the Rock; 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague; Job 30:28 - General; Psalm 18:46 - blessed; Psalm 74:1 - O God; Daniel 10:2 - I Daniel; Mark 15:34 - why

Verse 10

As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God?
As with
3; Proverbs 12:18; Luke 2:35
sword
or, killing. while.
3; Joel 2:17; Micah 7:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - mocking; 1 Samuel 4:18 - when he made; 2 Kings 2:14 - Where is; 2 Chronicles 32:11 - The Lord our God; Job 19:2 - vex; Psalm 3:2 - no; Psalm 13:2 - exalted; Psalm 14:6 - Ye; Psalm 22:8 - let him; Psalm 55:22 - Cast; Psalm 69:20 - Reproach; Psalm 71:11 - God; Psalm 79:10 - Wherefore; Psalm 115:2 - General; Psalm 119:22 - Remove; Psalm 119:42 - So shall; Proverbs 18:14 - but; Proverbs 24:17 - General; Isaiah 36:4 - What; Isaiah 36:7 - We trust; Matthew 27:43 - trusted

Verse 11

Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
cast down
5; 43:5
the health
Jeremiah 30:17; 33:6; Matthew 9:12 Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - O my soul; 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague; Job 21:4 - if it were; Psalm 6:3 - My; Psalm 44:3 - light; Psalm 55:22 - Cast; Psalm 62:5 - soul; Psalm 63:1 - thou; Psalm 71:5 - For thou; Psalm 73:1 - Truly; Psalm 74:1 - O God; Psalm 119:50 - This; Psalm 131:2 - quieted; Proverbs 12:25 - Heaviness; Proverbs 18:14 - but; Isaiah 36:7 - We trust; Isaiah 50:10 - let; Lamentations 3:20 - humbled; Lamentations 3:24 - therefore; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; 1 Corinthians 13:13 - hope; 2 Corinthians 4:9 - cast; 1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope; Hebrews 6:19 - both; Hebrews 11:1 - is the

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 42". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-42.html.