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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 42

Introduction

Overview

Psalms 42:1, David’s zeal to serve God in the temple; Psalms 42:5, He encourages his soul to trust in God.

Verse 1

am 2983, bc 1021 (Title), Maschil, or a Psalm giving instruction, of the sons, etc. Or, "An instructive Psalm," or didactic ode, "for the sons of Korah." It is generally supposed to have been written by David when driven from Jerusalem and beyond Jordan, by Absalom's rebellion.

the sons: Psalms 44:1, Psalms 45:1, Psalms 46:1, Psalms 47:1, Psalms 48:1, Psalms 49:1, Psalms 84:1, Psalms 85:1,*titles Numbers 16:1, Numbers 16:32, Numbers 26:11, 1 Chronicles 6:33-37, 1 Chronicles 25:1-5

panteth: Heb. brayeth

so panteth: Psalms 63:1, Psalms 63:2, Psalms 84:2, Psalms 143:6, Psalms 143:7, Isaiah 26:8, Isaiah 26:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto 1 Samuel 26:19 - they have driven 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring 2 Samuel 23:15 - longed 1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah 1 Chronicles 9:19 - Korah 1 Chronicles 11:17 - of the water Job 6:5 - loweth Psalms 38:10 - heart Psalms 73:25 - none upon Psalms 119:20 - soul Psalms 119:81 - fainteth Psalms 119:131 - opened Proverbs 13:12 - Hope Proverbs 25:25 - cold Ecclesiastes 1:5 - hasteth Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay Song of Solomon 5:8 - I am Song of Solomon 8:6 - love Isaiah 38:22 - What Isaiah 55:1 - every Matthew 5:6 - are Luke 6:21 - ye that hunger Romans 8:26 - with 2 Corinthians 7:11 - vehement Philippians 3:12 - I follow

Verse 2

thirsteth: Psalms 36:8, Psalms 36:9, Psalms 63:1, John 7:37, Revelation 22:1

living: Job 23:3, Jeremiah 2:13, Jeremiah 10:10, John 5:26, 1 Thessalonians 1:9

when: Psalms 27:4, Psalms 84:4, Psalms 84:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - Unto Deuteronomy 5:26 - living 1 Samuel 26:19 - they have driven 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring 2 Samuel 23:15 - longed 2 Kings 2:14 - Where is 1 Chronicles 11:17 - of the water Psalms 73:25 - none upon Psalms 84:2 - soul Psalms 119:81 - fainteth Psalms 143:6 - my soul Proverbs 25:25 - cold Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay Song of Solomon 8:6 - love Isaiah 38:22 - What Isaiah 41:17 - seek Isaiah 55:1 - every Zephaniah 3:18 - sorrowful Matthew 5:6 - are Matthew 16:16 - the living Luke 6:21 - ye that hunger 2 Corinthians 3:3 - the living 1 Timothy 3:15 - the living Hebrews 12:22 - of the Revelation 7:16 - hunger

Verse 3

tears: Psalms 80:5, Psalms 102:9, 2 Samuel 16:12, *marg.

while: Psalms 42:10, Psalms 3:2, Psalms 22:8, Psalms 79:10, Psalms 79:12, Psalms 115:2

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:18 - when he made 1 Samuel 7:6 - drew water 2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up Psalms 6:6 - I water Psalms 22:2 - I cry Psalms 88:9 - Mine Ecclesiastes 4:1 - the tears Isaiah 36:4 - What Jeremiah 9:1 - weep Micah 7:10 - Where Luke 6:21 - ye that weep

Verse 4

When: Ruth 1:21, Job 29:2-25, Job 30:1-31, Lamentations 4:1, Luke 16:25

I pour: Psalms 62:8, 1 Samuel 1:15, 1 Samuel 1:16, Job 30:16

for I: 1 Chronicles 15:15-28, 1 Chronicles 16:1-43

with the voice: Psalms 81:1-3, Psalms 122:1, Deuteronomy 16:11, Deuteronomy 16:14, Deuteronomy 16:15, 2 Chronicles 7:10, 2 Chronicles 30:23-26, Isaiah 30:29, Nahum 1:15

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 12:40 - General Psalms 9:14 - in the gates Psalms 26:8 - Lord Psalms 55:14 - We took sweet counsel together Psalms 84:5 - in whose Psalms 100:2 - come Psalms 102:1 - poureth Psalms 122:8 - General Psalms 137:1 - we wept Psalms 142:2 - poured out Psalms 147:1 - and praise Song of Solomon 1:4 - remember Isaiah 26:16 - in trouble Isaiah 58:13 - call Lamentations 1:7 - remembered Ezekiel 46:10 - General Luke 2:44 - in Acts 4:23 - they Romans 5:4 - and experience 1 Corinthians 5:8 - feast Philippians 3:1 - rejoice Colossians 2:16 - of an

Verse 5

Why art thou cast down: Heb. Why art thou bowed down, Psalms 42:11, Psalms 35:14, Psalms 43:5, Psalms 55:4, Psalms 55:5, Psalms 61:2, Psalms 142:2, Psalms 142:3, Psalms 143:3, Psalms 143:4, 1 Samuel 30:6, Mark 14:33, Mark 14:34

hope: Psalms 27:13, Psalms 27:14, Psalms 37:7, Psalms 56:3, Psalms 56:11, Psalms 71:14, Job 13:15, Isaiah 50:10, Lamentations 3:24-26, Romans 4:18-20, Hebrews 10:36, Hebrews 10:37

praise him: or, give thanks

for the help: etc. or, his presence is salvation, Psalms 44:3, Psalms 91:15, Psalms 91:16, Numbers 6:26, Matthew 1:23, Matthew 28:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - O my soul Psalms 4:6 - lift Psalms 6:3 - My Psalms 11:7 - his Psalms 38:6 - bowed Psalms 62:5 - soul Psalms 131:2 - quieted Psalms 145:14 - raiseth up Isaiah 36:7 - We trust Jeremiah 4:19 - O my Lamentations 3:20 - humbled Jonah 2:7 - I remembered Luke 13:11 - bowed John 14:1 - not Acts 2:28 - make Romans 5:4 - and experience 2 Corinthians 4:9 - cast 1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope Hebrews 6:19 - both 1 Peter 1:21 - your

Verse 6

my God: Psalms 22:1, Psalms 43:4, Psalms 88:1-3, Matthew 26:39, Matthew 27:46

therefore: Psalms 77:6-11, Jonah 2:7

from the: Psalms 61:2, 2 Samuel 17:22, 2 Samuel 17:27

Hermonites: Deuteronomy 3:8, Deuteronomy 3:9, Deuteronomy 4:47, Deuteronomy 4:48

the hill Mizar: or, the little hill, Psalms 133:3

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague Psalms 55:5 - horror Psalms 57:6 - my soul Psalms 69:20 - I am Psalms 102:4 - heart Psalms 143:5 - remember Jeremiah 4:19 - O my Lamentations 3:20 - humbled John 14:1 - not

Verse 7

Deep calleth: Job 1:14-19, Job 10:17, Jeremiah 4:20, Ezekiel 7:26

waterspouts: A water-spout is a large tube formed of clouds by means of the electric fluid, the base being uppermost, and the point let down perpendicularly form the clouds. It has a particular kind of circular motion at the point; and, being hollow within, attracts vast quantities of water, which it frequently pours down in torrents upon the earth. These spouts are frequent on the coast of Syria; and no doubt the Psalmist had often seen them, and the ravages which they made.

all thy: Psalms 69:14, Psalms 69:15, Psalms 88:7, Psalms 88:15-17, Lamentations 3:53-55, Jonah 2:3

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:6 - was greatly Job 9:17 - For he Job 16:14 - runneth Job 22:11 - abundance Job 27:20 - Terrors Psalms 25:17 - General Psalms 32:6 - in the floods Psalms 88:17 - They Psalms 124:4 - the waters Psalms 130:1 - Out of Ecclesiastes 12:2 - nor Song of Solomon 3:2 - I sought Jeremiah 12:5 - swelling Jeremiah 45:3 - added Jeremiah 51:42 - General

Verse 8

command: Psalms 44:4, Psalms 133:3, Leviticus 25:21, Deuteronomy 28:8, Matthew 8:8

in the night: Psalms 32:7, Psalms 63:6, Psalms 149:5, Job 35:10, Isaiah 30:29, Acts 16:25

the God: Psalms 27:1, Colossians 3:3

Reciprocal: Psalms 16:7 - in the Psalms 68:28 - commanded Psalms 77:6 - my song Psalms 92:2 - every night Psalms 119:50 - This Psalms 119:55 - night Psalms 119:62 - midnight Psalms 119:147 - I prevented Psalms 143:8 - to hear Lamentations 2:19 - cry out John 14:1 - not

Verse 9

God: Psalms 18:2, Psalms 28:1, Psalms 62:2, Psalms 62:6, Psalms 62:7, Psalms 78:35

Why hast: Psalms 13:1, Psalms 22:1, Psalms 22:2, Psalms 44:23, Psalms 44:24, Psalms 77:9, Isaiah 40:27, Isaiah 49:15

why go: Psalms 38:6, Psalms 43:2, Psalms 88:9, Job 30:26-31

because: Psalms 55:3, Ecclesiastes 4:1, Lamentations 5:1-16

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:2 - General 2 Samuel 23:3 - the Rock 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague Job 30:28 - General Psalms 18:46 - blessed Psalms 74:1 - O God Daniel 10:2 - I Daniel Mark 15:34 - why

Verse 10

As with: Psalms 42:3, Proverbs 12:18, Luke 2:35

sword: or, killing

while: Psalms 42:3, Joel 2:17, Micah 7:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - mocking 1 Samuel 4:18 - when he made 2 Kings 2:14 - Where is 2 Chronicles 32:11 - The Lord our God Job 19:2 - vex Psalms 3:2 - no Psalms 13:2 - exalted Psalms 14:6 - Ye Psalms 22:8 - let him Psalms 55:22 - Cast Psalms 69:20 - Reproach Psalms 71:11 - God Psalms 79:10 - Wherefore Psalms 115:2 - General Psalms 119:22 - Remove Psalms 119:42 - So shall Proverbs 18:14 - but Proverbs 24:17 - General Isaiah 36:4 - What Isaiah 36:7 - We trust Matthew 27:43 - trusted

Verse 11

cast down: Psalms 42:5, Psalms 43:5

the health: Jeremiah 30:17, Jeremiah 33:6, Matthew 9:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - O my soul 1 Samuel 30:6 - David 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague Job 21:4 - if it were Psalms 6:3 - My Psalms 44:3 - light Psalms 55:22 - Cast Psalms 62:5 - soul Psalms 63:1 - thou Psalms 71:5 - For thou Psalms 73:1 - Truly Psalms 74:1 - O God Psalms 119:50 - This Psalms 131:2 - quieted Proverbs 12:25 - Heaviness Proverbs 18:14 - but Isaiah 36:7 - We trust Isaiah 50:10 - let Lamentations 3:20 - humbled Lamentations 3:24 - therefore Jonah 2:7 - I remembered 1 Corinthians 13:13 - hope 2 Corinthians 4:9 - cast 1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope Hebrews 6:19 - both Hebrews 11:1 - is the

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 42". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-42.html.