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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 43

Introduction

1David, praying to be restored to the temple, promises to serve God joyfully.
5He encourages his soul to trust in God.

Verse 1

Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
A. M. 2983. B.C. 1021. (Title.) This Psalm is evidently a continuation of the preceding, and had the same author; and they are written as one in forty-six MSS. The sameness of subject, similarity of composition, and return of the same burden in both, are sufficient evidence of this opinion
Judge
7:8; 26:1; 35:24; 75:7; 1 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Peter 2:23
plead
35:1; 1 Samuel 24:15; Proverbs 22:23; 23:11; Micah 7:9
ungodly
or, unmerciful. the deceitful. Heb. a man of deceit and iniquity.
71:4; 2 Samuel 15:31; 16:20-23; 17:1-4
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:5 - the Lord; Genesis 30:6 - God; Genesis 32:11 - Deliver; 1 Samuel 24:12 - Lord judge; 2 Samuel 15:12 - the people; 2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up; 2 Samuel 18:8 - General; 2 Chronicles 20:12 - wilt; Job 23:4 - order; Psalm 5:6 - the bloody; Psalm 17:1 - Hear; Psalm 22:1 - my God; Psalm 31:1 - deliver; Psalm 44:24 - Wherefore; Psalm 54:1 - judge; Psalm 71:2 - in thy; Psalm 119:43 - for I have; Psalm 119:154 - Plead; Psalm 140:1 - Deliver; Jeremiah 11:20 - revealed; Jeremiah 50:34 - plead; Lamentations 3:59 - judge

Verse 2

For thou art the God of my strength: why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
the God
28:7; 140:7; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 40:31; 45:24; Zechariah 10:12; Ephesians 6:10; Philippians 4:13
why dost
71:9; 77:7; 94:14; 1 Chronicles 28:9
why go
42:9
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:12 - the people; 2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up; 1 Chronicles 16:27 - strength; Job 29:5 - the Almighty; Job 30:28 - General; Job 35:9 - they make; Psalm 27:1 - strength; Psalm 38:6 - mourning; Psalm 44:9 - General; Psalm 51:11 - Cast; Psalm 54:1 - judge; Psalm 55:2 - I mourn; Psalm 88:14 - Lord; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Psalm 94:19 - General; Song of Solomon 3:2 - I sought; Daniel 10:2 - I Daniel

Verse 3

O send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me; let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles.
send
40:11; 57:3; 97:11; 119:105; 2 Samuel 15:20; Micah 7:8,20; John 1:4,17
lead
25:4,5; 143:10; Proverbs 3:5,6
thy holy
2:6; 3:4; 68:15,16; 78:68; 132:13,14
tabernacles
1 Chronicles 16:1,39; 21:29
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; Psalm 15:1 - holy; Psalm 27:6 - therefore; Psalm 31:3 - lead; Psalm 61:7 - prepare; Psalm 84:7 - in Zion; Psalm 84:10 - For; Proverbs 6:22 - General; Zephaniah 3:18 - sorrowful; John 20:13 - why

Verse 4

Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God my exceeding joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my God.
Then
66:13-15; 116:12-19
my exceeding joy
Heb. the gladness of my joy.
71:23; Isaiah 61:10; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Romans 5:11
upon
57:8; 71:22; 81:2; 2 Samuel 6:5; Revelation 5:8
O God
42:6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:8 - am not; 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; Job 27:10 - delight; Psalm 4:7 - put; Psalm 7:1 - O; Psalm 9:2 - I will be; Psalm 13:5 - my heart; Psalm 15:1 - holy; Psalm 25:5 - Lead; Psalm 26:6 - so will; Psalm 27:6 - therefore; Psalm 37:4 - Delight; Psalm 63:5 - with joyful; Psalm 68:3 - exceedingly rejoice; Psalm 73:25 - Whom; Psalm 84:10 - For; Psalm 89:26 - God; Psalm 91:2 - my God; Song of Solomon 7:12 - there will I give thee; Joel 1:16 - joy; John 17:13 - that; John 20:17 - your God; Ephesians 3:19 - that ye; Revelation 14:2 - harpers

Verse 5

Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
42:5,11
health
Yeshüôth, "salvations." or deliverances see Ps 44:4. Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - O my soul; 2 Samuel 15:30 - and wept as he went up; Job 11:18 - because; Psalm 13:5 - my heart; Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 61:2 - my heart; Psalm 62:5 - soul; Psalm 67:2 - saving; Psalm 71:14 - But; Psalm 131:2 - quieted; Lamentations 3:20 - humbled; Lamentations 3:24 - therefore; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; John 14:1 - not; 1 Corinthians 13:13 - hope; 1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope; Hebrews 6:19 - both

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 43". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-43.html.