Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 54

Introduction

1David, complaining of the Ziphims, prays for salvation.
4Upon his confidence in God's help he promises sacrifice.

Verse 1

Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.
A. M. 2943. B.C. 1061. (Title.) Ziphims
1 Samuel 23:19,20; 26:1; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21
by the name
20:1; 48:10; 79:9; Exodus 3:14,15; 23:21; 34:5,6; Proverbs 18:10; Isaiah 30:27; Matthew 1:21,23; Acts 4:12
judge
26:1; 43:1,2; 99:4; Proverbs 23:11; Jeremiah 50:34
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:24 - Ziph;  1 Samuel 23:19 - the Ziphites;  1 Samuel 26:1 - Doth not;  2 Chronicles 11:8 - Ziph;  Psalm 12:1 - Help;  Psalm 108:6 - save;  Habakkuk 3:19 - stringed instruments;  Luke 18:7 - avenge

Verse 2

Hear my prayer, O God; give ear to the words of my mouth.
5:1-3; 13:3; 55:1,2; 130:2; 143:7

Verse 3

For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.
strangers
69:8; 86:14; Job 19:13-15
oppressors
22:16; 59:3-5; Matthew 27:20-23
they have
16:8; 36:1; 53:4; John 16:3
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:14 - Saul;  1 Samuel 23:19 - the Ziphites;  1 Samuel 23:20 - our part;  Psalm 55:3 - oppression;  Psalm 59:5 - the heathen;  Psalm 63:7 - Because;  Psalm 143:3 - the enemy;  Psalm 144:7 - the hand

Verse 4

Behold, God is mine helper: the Lord is with them that uphold my soul.
118:6,7,13; 1 Chronicles 12:18; Isaiah 41:10; 42:1; 50:7-9; Romans 8:31; Hebrews 13:6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:14 - Saul;  1 Samuel 23:19 - the Ziphites;  Psalm 30:10 - be thou;  Psalm 40:17 - help;  Psalm 63:7 - Because;  Psalm 124:1 - The Lord

Verse 5

He shall reward evil unto mine enemies: cut them off in thy truth.
reward
31:23; 137:8; 2 Timothy 4:14; Revelation 18:6
mine enemies
Heb. those that observe me.
5:8; 27:11; *marg:
cut
89:49; 143:1,12
Reciprocal: Job 21:19 - he rewardeth;  Psalm 56:2 - enemies;  Psalm 59:10 - enemies;  Daniel 6:24 - the lions

Verse 6

I will freely sacrifice unto thee: I will praise thy name, O LORD; for it is good.
freely
66:13-16; 107:22; 116:17; Deuteronomy 12:6,7
praise
7:17; 21:13; 140:13
for it
52:9; 92:1; 147:1
Reciprocal: Lamentations 3:26 - good

Verse 7

For he hath delivered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.
For he
34:19; Genesis 48:16; 1 Samuel 26:24; 2 Samuel 4:9; 2 Timothy 4:18
and mine
37:34; 58:10,11; 59:10; 91:8; 92:11; 112:8 Reciprocal: Psalm 35:21 - Aha;  Psalm 118:7 - therefore;  Jeremiah 20:12 - let me;  Obadiah 1:12 - looked

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 54". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-54.html.