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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 55

Introduction

1David in his prayer complains of his fearful case.
9He prays against his enemies, of whose wickedness and treachery he complains.
16He comforts himself in God's preservation of him, and confusion of his enemies.

Verse 1

Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication.
A. M. 2983. B.C. 1021. (Title.) Neginoth
6:1; 54:1; *titles
Give
5:1; 17:1; 64:1; 80:1; 84:8; 1 Peter 3:12
hide
28:1; 80:4; 143:7; Lamentations 3:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 54:2 - General; Psalm 61:1 - Hear; Psalm 102:1 - Hear; Psalm 130:2 - let thine ears; Psalm 140:4 - Keep me; Psalm 140:6 - hear; Isaiah 1:15 - I will; Lamentations 3:56 - hide; Habakkuk 3:19 - stringed instruments; Romans 8:26 - with

Verse 2

Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;
I mourn
13:1,2; 32:3; 38:6; 43:2; 102:9,10; Isaiah 38:14
Reciprocal: Job 35:9 - they make; Psalm 5:1 - Give; Psalm 17:1 - attend; Psalm 54:2 - General; Psalm 61:1 - Hear; Psalm 64:1 - Hear; Psalm 119:149 - Hear; Psalm 130:2 - let thine ears; Psalm 140:6 - hear; Romans 8:26 - with

Verse 3

Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
oppression
12:5; 54:3; 73:8; Lamentations 3:34-36
for they
27:12; 35:11; 2 Samuel 15:3; 16:7,8; 19:19; Matthew 26:59
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:14 - he came; Genesis 39:17 - General; 2 Samuel 15:14 - and smite; 2 Chronicles 18:7 - I hate him; Job 35:9 - they make; Psalm 17:1 - attend; Psalm 42:9 - because; Psalm 102:8 - Mine; Proverbs 18:14 - but

Verse 4

My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.
My
6:3; 69:20; 88:3; 102:3-5; Matthew 26:37,38; Mark 14:33,34; John 12:27; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10
terrors
18:4,5; 116:3; Isaiah 38:10-13; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:7 - greatly; Job 18:14 - the king; Psalm 42:5 - Why art thou cast down; Psalm 56:3 - General; Psalm 77:3 - spirit; Psalm 102:4 - heart; Ezekiel 7:18 - and horror; Hebrews 2:15 - through

Verse 5

Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.
Fearfulness
119:120; 2 Samuel 15:14; Job 6:4; 23:15,16
horror
42:6; 61:2; 88:15,16; Luke 22:44
overwhelmed
Heb. covered.
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:33 - trembled very exceedingly; Genesis 32:7 - greatly; Job 3:17 - the wicked; Psalm 42:5 - Why art thou cast down; Psalm 56:3 - General; Psalm 77:3 - spirit; Psalm 102:4 - heart; Psalm 143:4 - is my spirit; Proverbs 18:14 - but; Isaiah 24:5 - broken; Ezekiel 7:18 - and horror

Verse 6

And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away, and be at rest.
11:1; 139:9; Revelation 12:14
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:38 - General; Proverbs 21:19 - better; Ecclesiastes 4:3 - who; Jeremiah 9:2 - that I had; Jeremiah 48:9 - wings; Jeremiah 48:28 - like

Verse 7

Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Selah.
1 Samuel 27:1; 2 Samuel 15:14; 17:21,22; Proverbs 6:4,5; Jeremiah 9:2; 37:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 11:1 - Flee; Proverbs 21:19 - better; Jeremiah 48:28 - like

Verse 8

I would hasten my escape from the windy storm and tempest.
the windy storm
From the sweeping wind and tempest,--Absalom and his rebellious party.
18:4; Isaiah 17:12,13; Matthew 7:25-27
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:16 - but speedily; Job 40:23 - hasteth

Verse 9

Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.
divide
That is, "Distract their counsels; and let their devices be confounded;"--and the prayer was heard; See the Parallel Passages.
Genesis 11:7-9; 2 Samuel 15:31; 17:1-14; John 7:45-53; Acts 23:6-10
I have
Jeremiah 6:7; 23:14; Matthew 23:37,38
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:11 - filled; 2 Samuel 22:3 - thou savest; Psalm 26:10 - In; Psalm 56:7 - in thine; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - thou seest; Habakkuk 1:3 - General; Acts 2:3 - cloven; Acts 21:35 - for; Acts 23:7 - there

Verse 10

Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it.
Day
59:6,14,15; 1 Samuel 19:11; 2 Samuel 17:1,2; Hosea 7:6; Micah 2:1,2; John 18:3,28; Acts 9:24
mischief
2 Samuel 16:21,22; Isaiah 59:6-15; Ezekiel 9:4; Zephaniah 3:1-3
Reciprocal: Psalm 31:13 - I have

Verse 11

Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.
Wickedness
Ezekiel 22:1-12; Acts 7:51,52
deceit
109:2,3; Isaiah 59:7; Jeremiah 5:26,27; 9:3-5; Matthew 26:4
Reciprocal: Psalm 34:13 - speaking; Jeremiah 9:4 - ye heed; Matthew 2:8 - that; Revelation 14:5 - in

Verse 12

For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him:
For
41:9
magnify
35:26; 38:16; Isaiah 10:15
then I
Matthew 26:21-23; John 13:18; 18:2,3
Reciprocal: Judges 14:20 - his friend; 1 Samuel 20:5 - that 1may; 2 Samuel 15:12 - David's; 2 Samuel 15:31 - Ahithophel; Job 6:15 - My brethren; Job 19:5 - magnify; Job 19:14 - familiar; Job 19:19 - my inward friends; Psalm 50:19 - tongue; Psalm 109:5 - hatred; Proverbs 11:9 - An hypocrite; Proverbs 17:13 - General; Jeremiah 9:4 - ye heed; Obadiah 1:7 - the men of; Micah 7:6 - a man's; Zechariah 12:7 - do; Mark 14:10 - one; Luke 22:3 - being; Luke 22:22 - but; Acts 1:16 - spake

Verse 13

But it was thou, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance.
a man mine equal
Heb. a man according to my rank. my guide.
2 Samuel 15:12; 16:23; Jeremiah 9:4; Micah 7:5
mine acquaintance
John 19:13; Matthew 26:47-50; Mark 14:44,45; Luke 22:21,47,48
Reciprocal: Judges 14:20 - his friend; 1 Chronicles 27:33 - companion; Psalm 62:9 - of high; Jeremiah 20:10 - All my familiars; Obadiah 1:7 - the men of; Matthew 10:36 - General; Matthew 26:50 - Friend; Mark 14:18 - One; John 6:71 - being; Philippians 2:20 - I have

Verse 14

We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company.
We took sweet counsel together
Heb. Who sweetened counsel. walked.
42:4; 122:1; Isaiah 2:3; Ezekiel 33:31
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:31 - Ahithophel; Psalm 62:9 - of high; Psalm 84:5 - in whose; Jeremiah 20:10 - All my familiars; Matthew 26:50 - Friend; Mark 14:18 - One; John 6:71 - being

Verse 15

Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.
Let death, etc
Or, rather, "Death shall seize on them; they shall descend quickly into the grave;" which is a prediction of the sudden destruction which befell the ringleaders of this unnatural rebellion.
59:13; 69:22-28; 109:6-20; 2 Samuel 17:23; 18:9,14; Matthew 27:5; Acts 1:18-20
them
Numbers 16:30-34; Matthew 26:24; Acts 1:25
hell
or, the grave.
9:17
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:31 - O Lord; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 56:7 - in thine; Psalm 59:5 - be not; Psalm 63:9 - go; Isaiah 5:14 - he that rejoiceth; Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring; Ezekiel 32:21 - gone; Mark 14:21 - but; Luke 6:12 - that

Verse 16

As for me, I will call upon God; and the LORD shall save me.
50:15; 73:28; 91:15; 109:4; Luke 6:11,12
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:39 - in the morning; 2 Samuel 22:4 - so; 1 Chronicles 4:10 - called; Nehemiah 4:9 - Nevertheless; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 5:7 - But; Psalm 17:6 - I have; Psalm 18:3 - I will; Psalm 22:2 - I cry; Psalm 69:13 - my prayer; Psalm 77:1 - I cried; Psalm 86:7 - General; Psalm 116:2 - therefore; Jeremiah 18:19 - Give; Micah 7:7 - I will look; Luke 18:1 - that; Acts 4:24 - they; Romans 12:12 - continuing; Colossians 4:2 - Continue

Verse 17

Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
Evening
5:2,3; 119:62,147,148; Daniel 6:10,13; Mark 1:35; 6:46,48; Luke 18:1-7; Acts 3:1; 10:3,9,30; Ephesians 6:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:17
cry
Job 19:7; Lamentations 3:8; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:39 - in the morning; 1 Samuel 1:19 - they rose; Nehemiah 1:6 - day and night; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 22:2 - I cry; Psalm 69:13 - my prayer; Psalm 77:1 - I cried; Psalm 86:3 - for I; Psalm 88:9 - called; Psalm 109:4 - but I; Psalm 116:2 - therefore; Psalm 119:164 - Seven times; Jeremiah 18:19 - Give; Micah 7:7 - I will look; Matthew 6:5 - when; Acts 10:2 - and prayed; Romans 12:12 - continuing; Philippians 4:6 - in; Colossians 4:2 - Continue

Verse 18

He hath delivered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.
He hath
3:6,7; 27:1-3; 57:3; 118:10-12; 2 Samuel 18:28; 22:1; Acts 2:33-36
there
2 Kings 6:16; 2 Chronicles 32:7,8; Matthew 26:53; 1 John 4:4
Reciprocal: Psalm 118:7 - taketh

Verse 19

God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
hear
65:5; 143:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Revelation 6:10,11
even
90:1,2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Micah 5:2; Colossians 1:17
Because, etc
or, With whom also there be no changes, yet they fear not God. no changes.
73:5,6; Proverbs 1:32; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Isaiah 36:20; Jeremiah 48:11; Zephaniah 1:12
Reciprocal: Job 10:17 - changes

Verse 20

He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
put
1 Samuel 22:17; 24:10; 2 Samuel 18:12; Acts 12:1
at peace
7:4; 109:5; 120:6,7
broken
Heb. profaned.
89:28,34,38; 2 Samuel 2:4; 5:3; 14:32,33; 15:10-12; Ecclesiastes 8:2; Ezekiel 17:16-19
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:14 - broken; Numbers 30:2 - break; Job 19:19 - my inward friends; Psalm 41:9 - Yea; Psalm 89:31 - break; Proverbs 3:29 - Devise not evil; Proverbs 11:9 - An hypocrite; Micah 2:8 - securely; Matthew 26:48 - Whomsoever; Mark 14:44 - Whomsoever

Verse 21

The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.
The words
28:3; 57:4; 62:4; 64:3; Proverbs 5:3,4; 12:18; 26:24-26,28; Matthew 26:25; Luke 20:20,21
war
John 13:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:8 - talked; 1 Samuel 18:17 - her will I give; 1 Samuel 18:22 - commanded; 2 Samuel 11:8 - there followed him; 2 Samuel 13:24 - let the king; 2 Samuel 13:26 - let my brother; 2 Samuel 15:5 - took him; 2 Samuel 16:19 - should I not serve; 2 Samuel 20:9 - Art thou; Job 5:21 - be hid; Job 19:2 - break me; Job 41:3 - General; Psalm 10:7 - and deceit; Psalm 36:3 - The words; Psalm 50:19 - tongue; Psalm 59:7 - swords; Proverbs 10:18 - that hideth; Proverbs 11:9 - An hypocrite; Proverbs 23:7 - Eat; Proverbs 25:18 - General; Proverbs 26:26 - Whose hatred is covered by deceit; Jeremiah 9:8 - one; Daniel 11:21 - by flatteries; Matthew 2:7 - General; Matthew 22:16 - we know; Matthew 26:48 - Whomsoever; Mark 12:14 - Master; Mark 14:44 - Whomsoever; Luke 22:48 - betrayest; Romans 12:9 - love; James 3:8 - an unruly

Verse 22

Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
Cast
27:14; 37:5; *marg:; 42:10,11; 62:8; 63:8; Isaiah 50:10; Matthew 6:25,31-34; 11:28; Luke 12:22; Philippians 4:6,7; 1 Peter 5:7
burden
or, gift. suffer.
16:8; 37:24; 62:2,6; 121:3; 1 Samuel 2:9; John 10:27-30; 1 Peter 1:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:25 - had respect; Ruth 4:15 - a nourisher; Psalm 10:14 - the poor; Psalm 13:4 - when; Psalm 15:5 - He that doeth; Psalm 22:8 - He trusted; Proverbs 16:3 - thy works; Isaiah 26:4 - Trust; 1 Corinthians 7:32 - I would; 1 Corinthians 15:58 - be ye

Verse 23

But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
O God
7:15,16; 58:9; 59:12,13
pit
Proverbs 15:11; 27:20; Isaiah 38:17
bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days
Heb. men of bloods and deceit shall not halve their days.
5:6; 2 Samuel 3:27; 20:9,10; 1 Kings 2:5,6; 2 Samuel 3:27; 20:9,10; 1 Kings 2:5,6; Job 15:32; Proverbs 10:27; Ecclesiastes 7:17; Matthew 27:4,5 Reciprocal: Genesis 38:7 - and the; Exodus 23:26 - the number; Numbers 16:33 - into the; 2 Samuel 4:12 - slew them; 2 Samuel 17:23 - and hanged; 2 Samuel 20:12 - General; 2 Kings 15:13 - a full month; 2 Chronicles 23:15 - they slew her there; 2 Chronicles 33:24 - General; Job 21:21 - the number; Job 22:16 - cut down; Job 31:3 - destruction; Job 33:28 - will deliver; Job 36:6 - preserveth; Job 36:14 - They die; Psalm 26:9 - bloody men; Psalm 36:12 - There; Psalm 37:9 - evildoers; Psalm 51:14 - Deliver; Psalm 52:5 - God; Psalm 56:7 - in thine; Psalm 59:2 - save; Psalm 63:9 - go; Psalm 68:21 - the hairy; Psalm 73:18 - thou castedst; Psalm 88:11 - in destruction; Psalm 94:13 - until the pit; Psalm 94:23 - And he; Psalm 109:8 - his days; Psalm 139:19 - Surely; Psalm 140:10 - into deep; Psalm 143:12 - of thy mercy; Psalm 147:6 - he casteth; Proverbs 1:18 - General; Ecclesiastes 8:13 - neither; Jeremiah 17:11 - shall leave; Jeremiah 41:7 - slew; Ezekiel 17:15 - or shall; Daniel 11:7 - and shall prevail; Jonah 2:6 - corruption; Habakkuk 2:17 - because; Matthew 26:24 - but; Matthew 26:52 - they; Acts 1:18 - and falling

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 55". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-55.html.