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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 56

Introduction

1David, praying to God in confidence of his word, complains of his enemies.
9He professes his confidence in God's word, and promises to praise him.

Verse 1

Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) upon {Jonath-elem- rechokim.} Or, as it may be rendered, "concerning the dumb dove, (or oppressed band) in distant places," i.e., David, or his companions; though some consider it as the name of a tune, and others a musical instrument
Michtam
or, a golden Psalm.
16:1; 57:1; 58:1; 59:1; 60:1; *titles
when
1 Samuel 21:11-15; 29:4
Be
31:9; 57:1-3; 59:10; 69:13-16; 136:10,15,17-20; 143:12
swallow
21:9; 27:2; 35:25; 57:3; 106:17; 124:3; Proverbs 1:12; Lamentations 2:2,5,16; Hosea 8:8; 1 Corinthians 15:54
Reciprocal: Job 35:9 - they make; Psalm 4:1 - have mercy upon me; Psalm 25:2 - let not; Psalm 31:13 - fear; Psalm 38:19 - But; Psalm 86:3 - Be merciful; Psalm 118:13 - General; Psalm 119:134 - General; Psalm 123:3 - Have mercy; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Isaiah 49:19 - they that; Jeremiah 18:19 - Give; Amos 8:4 - swallow; Habakkuk 1:13 - the wicked; 2 Corinthians 2:7 - swallowed

Verse 2

Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight against me, O thou most High.
enemies
Heb. observers.
54:5
many
3:1; 118:10-12; Acts 4:25-27; Revelation 16:14
most
9:2; 91:1; 92:1,8; 93:4; Isaiah 57:15; Daniel 5:18; Micah 6:6
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:16 - be swallowed; Ezra 3:3 - for fear; Job 35:9 - they make; Psalm 21:9 - the Lord; Psalm 25:19 - Consider; Psalm 27:1 - of whom; Psalm 35:25 - We have; Psalm 38:19 - But; Psalm 57:2 - God most; Psalm 57:3 - from the reproach of him; Psalm 59:10 - enemies; Psalm 64:1 - preserve; Psalm 119:134 - General; Psalm 119:157 - Many; Psalm 123:3 - Have mercy; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Proverbs 1:12 - swallow; Isaiah 49:19 - they that; Lamentations 2:16 - We have swallowed; Habakkuk 1:13 - the wicked; 2 Corinthians 2:7 - swallowed; 2 Corinthians 4:8 - yet

Verse 3

What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee.
34:4; 55:4,5; 1 Samuel 21:10,12; 30:6; 2 Chronicles 20:3; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 7:5,6
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 6:9 - Now therefore; Psalm 9:2 - O thou; Psalm 27:13 - fainted; Psalm 28:7 - heart; Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 42:5 - hope; Psalm 112:7 - shall not; Proverbs 18:10 - the righteous; John 14:27 - afraid; 2 Corinthians 4:8 - yet; Ephesians 6:16 - the shield; 1 Peter 5:7 - Casting

Verse 4

In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.
In God I will
10,11; 12:6; 19:7,8; 119:89,90,160; 138:2; John 10:35
in God I have
27:1; 46:1,2; 118:6; Isaiah 31:3; 41:10; Luke 12:4,5; Romans 8:31-39; Hebrews 13:6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; 2 Chronicles 20:3 - feared; Psalm 28:7 - heart; Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 60:6 - rejoice; Psalm 71:22 - even; Psalm 112:7 - shall not; Psalm 119:42 - for I trust; Psalm 119:58 - be merciful; Psalm 119:147 - hoped; Proverbs 18:10 - the righteous; Ephesians 6:16 - the shield; Hebrews 11:23 - and they; 1 Peter 5:7 - Casting

Verse 5

Every day they wrest my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil.
they
Isaiah 29:20,21; Matthew 22:15; 26:61; Luke 11:54; John 2:19; 2 Peter 3:16
all
1 Samuel 18:17,21,29; 20:7,33; Jeremiah 18:18; Luke 22:3-6
Reciprocal: Genesis 50:20 - ye thought; Psalm 27:11 - mine enemies; Psalm 41:7 - against; Psalm 89:51 - footsteps; Jeremiah 18:22 - and hid; Amos 7:11 - Jeroboam; Matthew 26:57 - General; Mark 12:13 - they send; Acts 6:13 - set

Verse 6

They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul.
gather
2:1-3; 59:3; 71:10; 140:2; Matthew 26:3,4,57; 27:1; Acts 4:5,6; 23:12-14
hide
10:8-10; 64:2-6; Daniel 6:4
mark
37:32; 57:6; 89:51; Job 14:16; 31:4; Jeremiah 20:10; Luke 20:20
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 4:11 - They shall not; Psalm 27:11 - mine enemies; Psalm 41:7 - against; Psalm 49:5 - heels; Psalm 59:10 - enemies; Psalm 83:3 - They; Psalm 142:3 - In the way; Proverbs 1:11 - let us lay; Proverbs 24:15 - Lay; Daniel 6:6 - assembled together; Mark 12:13 - they send; Luke 11:54 - seeking

Verse 7

Shall they escape by iniquity? in thine anger cast down the people, O God.
escape
94:20,21; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Isaiah 28:15; Jeremiah 7:10; Habakkuk 1:13
in thine
55:9,15,23; Jeremiah 10:25; 18:19-23
Reciprocal: Psalm 49:5 - heels; Romans 2:3 - that thou shalt

Verse 8

Thou tellest my wanderings: put thou my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?
tellest
105:13,14; 121:8; Numbers 33:2-56; 1 Samuel 19:18; 22:1-5; 27:1; Isaiah 63:9; 2 Corinthians 11:26; Hebrews 11:8,13,38
put
39:12; 126:5,6; 2 Kings 20:5; Job 16:20; Revelation 7:17
are they
139:16; Malachi 3:16; Matthew 10:30; Revelation 20:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:32 - blot me; 2 Samuel 15:20 - go up and down; Psalm 6:8 - for; Psalm 30:5 - weeping; Psalm 139:2 - knowest; Isaiah 38:5 - I have seen; Isaiah 65:6 - it is; Daniel 12:1 - written

Verse 9

When I cry unto thee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God is for me.
When
118:11-13; Exodus 17:9-11; Jeremiah 33:3
then
18:38-42; 27:2; John 18:6
for
46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; Romans 8:31
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:11 - General; 2 Samuel 22:4 - so; 2 Samuel 22:18 - delivered; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 21:12 - Therefore; Psalm 118:6 - The Lord; Psalm 124:1 - The Lord; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Psalm 143:9 - flee unto thee; Daniel 11:17 - upright ones; 2 Corinthians 5:1 - we know; 2 Timothy 1:12 - for I

Verse 10

In God will I praise his word: in the LORD will I praise his word.
4; 60:6; Genesis 32:11; Matthew 24:35; Hebrews 6:18; 2 Peter 1:4
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:42 - for I trust; Psalm 119:58 - be merciful; Psalm 138:2 - for thou hast; Ephesians 6:16 - the shield

Verse 11

In God have I put my trust: I will not be afraid what man can do unto me.
I will not
27:1; 112:7,8; Isaiah 51:7,8,12,13
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; Psalm 11:1 - In the; Psalm 42:5 - hope; Psalm 56:4 - In God I will; Psalm 118:6 - The Lord; Psalm 119:42 - for I trust; John 14:27 - afraid; Romans 8:31 - If; Ephesians 6:16 - the shield; Hebrews 13:6 - I will

Verse 12

Thy vows are upon me, O God: I will render praises unto thee.
Thy
66:13,14; 76:11; 116:14-19; 119:106; Genesis 28:20-22; 35:1-3; Numbers 30:2-16; 1 Samuel 1:11,24-28; Ecclesiastes 5:4-6
I will
9:1-3; 21:13; 59:16,17; Isaiah 12:1
Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:18 - vows; Numbers 21:2 - vowed; Numbers 30:6 - she vowed; Deuteronomy 23:21 - General; 2 Samuel 15:8 - thy servant; Job 22:27 - pay thy; Psalm 22:25 - I will; Psalm 50:14 - pay; Psalm 61:5 - hast heard; Psalm 65:1 - unto; Psalm 132:2 - he sware; Hebrews 13:6 - I will

Verse 13

For thou hast delivered my soul from death: wilt not thou deliver my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of the living?
For
86:12,13; 116:8; 2 Corinthians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; Hebrews 2:15; James 5:20
wilt
17:5; 94:18; 145:14; 1 Samuel 2:9
walk
116:9; Genesis 17:1; Isaiah 2:5; 38:3
the light
Job 33:30; John 8:12; 12:35,36; Ephesians 5:8-14; Revelation 21:23,24 Reciprocal: Genesis 5:22 - General; Numbers 21:2 - vowed; Psalm 9:13 - thou; Psalm 27:13 - in the; Psalm 30:3 - brought; Psalm 49:15 - God; Psalm 49:19 - never; Psalm 103:4 - redeemeth; Psalm 107:20 - delivered; Psalm 119:134 - General; Psalm 142:5 - in the land; Ecclesiastes 11:7 - the light; 1 John 1:7 - If we

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 56". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-56.html.