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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 81

Introduction

1An exhortation to a solemn praising of God.
4God challenges that duty by reason of his benefits.
8God, exhorting to obedience, complains of their disobedience, which proves their own hurt.

Verse 1

Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.
A. M. 3489. B.C. 515. (Title.) Gittith
8:1; *title
A Psalm
Some suppose this Psalm to have been composed to be sung at the feast of Trumpets, before the time of David; and others think it was written at the removal of the ark to Mount Zion; but the most probable opinion is, that it was sung at the dedication of the second temple.
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
Sing
67:4; Jeremiah 31:7
our strength
18:1,2; 28:7; 52:7; Philippians 4:13
make
33:1-3; 46:1-7; 66:1; 100:1,2
the God
46:11; Genesis 50:17; Matthew 22:32
Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:24 - In the seventh; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 15:16 - lifting up; 1 Chronicles 15:21 - harps; 1 Chronicles 23:31 - in the sabbaths; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; 2 Chronicles 15:14 - trumpets; 2 Chronicles 20:19 - a loud; 2 Chronicles 31:3 - for the new moons; Nehemiah 12:27 - thanksgivings; Nehemiah 12:42 - sang loud; Psalm 27:6 - I will; Psalm 42:4 - with the voice; Psalm 95:1 - sing; Psalm 144:9 - upon; Isaiah 30:29 - in the night; Isaiah 30:32 - every place; Daniel 3:10 - the cornet; Zephaniah 3:14 - shout; Matthew 26:30 - when

Verse 2

Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
92:3; 95:1,2; 149:1-3; Mark 14:26; Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16; James 5:13
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:20 - all the; 1 Chronicles 15:21 - harps; 1 Chronicles 25:1 - harps; Psalm 33:2 - Praise; Psalm 43:4 - upon; Psalm 98:6 - trumpets; Psalm 108:2 - Awake; Psalm 137:2 - we hanged; Psalm 149:3 - with the timbrel; Psalm 150:3 - with the sound; Isaiah 30:32 - every place; Revelation 5:8 - having

Verse 3

Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Blow
98:6; Numbers 10:1-9; 1 Chronicles 15:24; 16:6,42; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 13:12,14
new
Leviticus 23:24,25; Numbers 10:10; 28:11; 2 Kings 4:23; Colossians 2:16
solemn
Numbers 15:3; Deuteronomy 16:15; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 8:13; Lamentations 2:6; Nahum 1:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - and let; Numbers 10:2 - the calling; Numbers 28:2 - General; Numbers 29:1 - blowing; Judges 21:19 - a feast; 1 Samuel 20:5 - the new moon; 2 Chronicles 29:26 - the priests; Psalm 33:2 - Praise; Psalm 47:5 - sound; Psalm 92:3 - instrument; Psalm 150:3 - with the sound; Isaiah 27:13 - the great; Isaiah 66:23 - that from; Amos 8:5 - When; Matthew 24:31 - with

Verse 5

This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.
in Joseph
77:15; 80:1,2; Amos 6:6
for a
78:6; Exodus 13:8,9,14-16; Deuteronomy 4:45; Ezekiel 20:20
through
or, against.
Exodus 12:12,27,29
where
114:1; Deuteronomy 28:49; Isaiah 28:11; Jeremiah 5:15; 1 Corinthians 14:21,22
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 5:6 - brought; Psalm 78:5 - For he; Ezekiel 3:5 - of a strange speech and of an hard language

Verse 6

I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
I removed
Exodus 1:14; 6:6; Isaiah 9:4; 10:27; Matthew 11:29
were delivered
Heb. passed away. from the pots.
68:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:15 - bowed; Exodus 1:11 - burdens; Exodus 2:23 - cry; Exodus 6:7 - from under; Leviticus 26:13 - General; 1 Chronicles 4:23 - General

Verse 7

Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah.
calledst
50:15; 91:14,15; Exodus 2:23; 14:10,30,31; 17:2-7
secret
Exodus 14:24; 19:19; 20:18-21
proved
Exodus 17:6,7; Numbers 20:13,24; Deuteronomy 33:8
Meribah
or, strife.
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:25 - proved; Exodus 18:8 - how the Lord; Exodus 19:20 - the Lord came; Deuteronomy 8:2 - prove thee; Deuteronomy 13:3 - proveth; Psalm 18:11 - secret; Psalm 106:32 - angered; Ezekiel 47:19 - strife; Matthew 17:5 - a voice

Verse 8

Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me;
Hear
50:7; Deuteronomy 32:46; Isaiah 55:3,4; John 3:11,32,33; Acts 20:21; 1 John 5:9
if thou wilt
13; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 5:27; Isaiah 1:19
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:13 - testified; Nehemiah 9:16 - hearkened; Isaiah 46:3 - Hearken; Micah 6:3 - O my; Zechariah 7:13 - as; Malachi 3:5 - a swift; Matthew 23:37 - how

Verse 9

There shall no strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god.
There shall
Exodus 20:3-5; 1 Corinthians 8:5,6
strange
Deuteronomy 6:14; 32:12; Isaiah 43:12; Malachi 2:11
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:13 - testified; Ezekiel 20:19 - the Lord; Hosea 13:4 - I am

Verse 10

I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.
I am
Exodus 20:2; Jeremiah 11:4; 31:31-33
open
37:3,4; John 7:37; 15:7; 16:23; Ephesians 3:19,20; Revelation 21:6; 22:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:7 - God; 2 Kings 4:3 - borrow not a few; 2 Kings 21:9 - they hearkened; Psalm 50:7 - O my; Song of Solomon 5:2 - Open; Isaiah 43:12 - no strange; Ezekiel 20:19 - the Lord; Hosea 8:3 - cast; Hosea 12:9 - I that; Hosea 13:4 - I am; Matthew 7:8 - General; Matthew 22:3 - and they would not; Luke 13:34 - how; 2 Corinthians 6:13 - be

Verse 11

But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.
people
106:12,13; Jeremiah 2:11-13; 7:23,24; Zechariah 7:11
would none
Exodus 32:1; Deuteronomy 32:15,18; Proverbs 1:30; Hebrews 10:29
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:12 - General; Numbers 14:25 - turn you; 1 Samuel 8:7 - Hearken; 1 Samuel 8:19 - refused to obey; 2 Kings 21:8 - only if they; 2 Chronicles 25:20 - it came of God; Nehemiah 9:16 - hearkened; Proverbs 1:25 - would; Proverbs 8:33 - refuse; Proverbs 17:16 - seeing; Isaiah 28:12 - yet; Isaiah 44:1 - now; Jeremiah 2:13 - For my; Jeremiah 13:11 - but; Jeremiah 44:5 - they; Ezekiel 14:9 - if the; Hosea 8:3 - cast; Hosea 9:17 - because; Hosea 11:7 - are bent; Malachi 2:2 - ye will not hear; Matthew 11:20 - upbraid; Matthew 12:44 - he findeth; Matthew 21:32 - repented; Luke 11:25 - he findeth; Luke 13:34 - and ye; John 5:40 - ye will not; Acts 7:42 - and gave; Acts 28:26 - Hearing; Romans 1:24 - God; 2 Thessalonians 2:11 - for; Hebrews 3:7 - hear; Revelation 3:15 - I would

Verse 12

So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
I gave
Genesis 6:3; Acts 7:42; 14:16; Romans 1:24,26,27; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11
their own hearts' lust
or, the hardness of their hearts, or imaginations. they walked.
Exodus 11:9; Isaiah 30:1; Jeremiah 7:24; 44:16,17
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:6 - sinning; Exodus 9:12 - General; Leviticus 26:3 - General; Numbers 22:20 - If the men; Numbers 22:35 - Go; Deuteronomy 32:28 - General; 1 Samuel 8:7 - Hearken; 1 Samuel 12:14 - If ye will; 1 Kings 14:16 - he shall give Israel; 2 Chronicles 25:20 - it came of God; Psalm 1:1 - walketh; Psalm 69:27 - Add; Psalm 106:43 - with their; Proverbs 2:19 - None; Proverbs 5:23 - in the; Proverbs 8:33 - refuse; Proverbs 22:14 - abhorred; Ecclesiastes 11:9 - walk; Isaiah 44:18 - for he hath; Isaiah 65:2 - after; Isaiah 66:4 - will choose; Jeremiah 16:13 - and; Ezekiel 14:9 - if the; Ezekiel 20:25 - I gave; Ezekiel 20:39 - Go ye; Hosea 4:17 - let; Hosea 9:10 - and their; Amos 4:5 - for; Malachi 2:2 - ye will not hear; Matthew 12:44 - he findeth; Matthew 21:32 - repented; Mark 8:13 - General; Luke 11:25 - he findeth; Luke 11:34 - but; Acts 28:26 - Hearing; Romans 1:21 - but became; 2 Thessalonians 2:11 - for; Revelation 22:11 - that is unjust

Verse 13

Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!
Oh that
Deuteronomy 5:29; 10:12,13; 32:29; Isaiah 48:18; Matthew 23:37; Luke 19:41,42
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:6 - grieved; Exodus 16:28 - General; 1 Chronicles 15:24 - the priests; Psalm 81:8 - if thou wilt; Psalm 107:8 - Oh that men; Psalm 128:1 - walketh; Proverbs 1:33 - whoso; Jeremiah 25:3 - rising; Jeremiah 42:6 - that it; Ezekiel 12:3 - it may; Micah 6:3 - O my; Luke 13:34 - how; Ephesians 2:10 - walk; Hebrews 3:7 - hear

Verse 14

I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries.
I should
Numbers 14:9,45; Joshua 23:13; Judges 2:20-23
turned
Amos 1:8; Zechariah 13:7
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:28 - General; Leviticus 26:8 - General; Judges 4:23 - General; Psalm 47:3 - subdue; Jeremiah 2:3 - all that

Verse 15

The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured for ever.
The haters
18:45; 83:2-18; Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 7:10; John 15:22,23; Romans 1:30; 8:7
submitted themselves
or yielded feigned obedience. Heb. lied.
18:44; 63:3; *marg:
time
102:28; Isaiah 65:22; Joel 3:20
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:8 - General; Deuteronomy 33:29 - found liars; 2 Samuel 19:18 - fell down; 2 Samuel 22:45 - submit themselves; Psalm 66:3 - through; Jeremiah 2:3 - all that; Luke 20:20 - feign; John 15:24 - hated; 2 Timothy 1:5 - unfeigned; 2 Peter 2:3 - with

Verse 16

He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
fed
147:14; Deuteronomy 32:13,14; Joel 2:24
finest of the wheat
Heb. fat of wheat. honey.
Judges 14:8,9,18; 1 Samuel 14:25,26; Job 29:6 Reciprocal: Genesis 45:18 - the fat; Deuteronomy 8:8 - wheat; Job 20:17 - of honey; Ezekiel 16:13 - thou didst; Matthew 7:8 - General; John 6:9 - barley

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 81". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-81.html.