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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 82

Introduction

1The psalmist, having exhorted the judges,
5and reproved their negligence,
8prays God to judge.

Verse 1

God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.
A. M. 3108. B.C. 896. (Title.) A Psalm. Some refer this psalm to the time of David, and others to that of Hezekiah; but it is more probable that it was composed when Jehoshaphat reformed the courts throughout his kingdom
2 Chronicles 19:6,7
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
God, etc
Or, "God standeth in the assembly of God, ail, he judgeth among the judges." Elohim: God is among His own people; and presides especially in those courts of justice which Himself has established.
Exodus 18:21; 2 Chronicles 19:6,7; Ecclesiastes 5:8
the gods
6,7; 138:1; Exodus 21:6; 22:28; John 10:35
Reciprocal: Exodus 12:12 - gods; Exodus 22:8 - the judges; Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert; Joshua 22:22 - Lord God; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; Nehemiah 5:7 - I rebuked; Nehemiah 13:17 - I contended; Job 36:6 - giveth; Psalm 2:10 - be instructed; Psalm 7:8 - The Lord; Psalm 58:1 - O congregation; Psalm 94:20 - throne; Psalm 136:2 - the God; Ezekiel 34:7 - General; Daniel 2:47 - a Lord; Daniel 3:3 - the princes; Micah 3:1 - Is it; Habakkuk 1:4 - for; John 10:34 - I said; Acts 10:34 - Of a; Acts 16:37 - They have; Acts 23:3 - for; Acts 24:25 - righteousness

Verse 2

How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.
How
62:3; Exodus 10:3; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 17:17
judge
58:1,2; Exodus 23:6,7; Leviticus 19:15; Micah 3:1-3,9-12
accept
Deuteronomy 1:17; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 34:19; Proverbs 18:5; Galatians 2:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:3 - General; Deuteronomy 16:18 - Judges; Deuteronomy 25:1 - General; Deuteronomy 27:19 - General; 2 Samuel 19:29 - Thou; Nehemiah 13:17 - I contended; Job 13:10 - reprove; Job 29:12 - I delivered; Psalm 75:4 - I said; Psalm 76:9 - When; Proverbs 24:23 - It; Proverbs 29:14 - king; Ecclesiastes 3:16 - General; Isaiah 11:4 - But with; Isaiah 32:7 - deviseth; Isaiah 59:14 - General; Jeremiah 5:28 - judge; Jeremiah 21:12 - Execute; Ezekiel 45:9 - remove; Amos 5:15 - establish; Zechariah 7:9 - saying; John 7:24 - General; Acts 9:2 - desired; Acts 10:34 - Of a; Acts 16:37 - They have; Acts 23:3 - for; Romans 13:4 - he is; Philippians 4:8 - are just; James 2:4 - judges

Verse 3

Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.
Defend
Heb. Judge.
10:18; Deuteronomy 10:18; Isaiah 1:17,23
do
Jeremiah 5:28; 22:3,16; James 1:27
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:3 - General; Exodus 23:6 - General; Deuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear; Deuteronomy 16:18 - Judges; 1 Samuel 7:16 - in circuit; 2 Samuel 23:3 - must be just; 2 Kings 8:3 - General; Job 6:27 - the fatherless; Psalm 68:5 - A father; Psalm 72:2 - thy poor; Psalm 72:12 - For; Proverbs 29:14 - king; Proverbs 31:8 - Open; Isaiah 16:3 - execute; Jeremiah 7:6 - oppress; Jeremiah 49:11 - thy fatherless

Verse 4

Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.
Deliver
72:12-14; Job 29:12,16,17; Proverbs 24:11,12
rid
140:12; Nehemiah 5:1-13; Job 5:15,16
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:6 - General; Deuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear; 1 Samuel 7:16 - in circuit; 2 Samuel 23:3 - must be just; 2 Kings 8:3 - General; Psalm 68:5 - A father; Psalm 72:2 - thy poor; Proverbs 31:8 - Open; Isaiah 1:17 - seek; Isaiah 16:3 - execute; Jeremiah 7:6 - oppress; Jeremiah 21:12 - deliver; Jeremiah 22:16 - judged

Verse 5

They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
They
That is, the judges know not.
know not
53:4; Proverbs 1:29; Micah 3:1; Romans 1:28
walk
Proverbs 2:13; 4:19; Ecclesiastes 2:14; John 3:19; 12:35; 1 John 2:11
all the, etc
All the civil institutions of the land totter.
11:3; 75:3; Ecclesiastes 3:16; Isaiah 5:7; 2 Timothy 2:19
out of course
Heb. moved.
Reciprocal: Psalm 14:2 - any; Psalm 99:1 - earth; Proverbs 9:18 - he; John 10:6 - they understood not; John 19:13 - and sat; 1 John 1:6 - walk; 1 John 2:9 - is in

Verse 6

I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.
1; Exodus 22:9,28; John 10:34-36
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:2 - the sons; Exodus 4:16 - General; Exodus 7:1 - a god; Exodus 12:12 - gods; Deuteronomy 14:1 - the children; Deuteronomy 32:8 - Most; Deuteronomy 32:19 - of his sons; 1 Samuel 28:13 - gods ascending; 2 Chronicles 24:23 - princes; Psalm 9:20 - may; Psalm 58:1 - O ye; Psalm 67:4 - govern; Psalm 92:1 - most; Psalm 138:1 - before; Ecclesiastes 6:10 - and it; Isaiah 14:10 - Art thou also; Isaiah 36:13 - cried; Isaiah 43:28 - princes; Daniel 8:8 - when; Matthew 5:9 - for; John 10:33 - makest

Verse 7

But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.
But
49:12; Job 21:32; Ezekiel 31:14
like men
Or, "like Adam," ke├Ądam.
and fall, etc
Or, "as fall as one of them, O ye princes."
83:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:2 - the sons; Deuteronomy 14:1 - the children; Deuteronomy 32:19 - of his sons; 1 Samuel 28:13 - gods ascending; 2 Chronicles 24:23 - princes; Psalm 9:20 - may; Psalm 58:1 - O ye; Psalm 82:1 - the gods; Ecclesiastes 6:10 - and it; Isaiah 14:10 - Art thou also; Isaiah 36:13 - cried; Isaiah 43:28 - princes; Ezekiel 28:9 - thou shalt; Daniel 8:8 - when; Matthew 5:9 - for; John 10:34 - I said

Verse 8

Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.
Arise
7:6; 44:26; 96:13; 102:13; Isaiah 51:9; Micah 7:2,7; Zephaniah 3:8
thou
2:8; 22:28; Revelation 11:15 Reciprocal: Judges 11:27 - the Judge; Isaiah 2:4 - And he; Isaiah 66:18 - that I; Micah 4:3 - he shall judge; Zechariah 2:12 - inherit

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 82". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-82.html.