Recommended!
If you haven't seen it already, I would recommend "The Chosen"! The first episode of Season 2 can be viewed by clicking here!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 90

Introduction

1Moses, setting forth God's providence.
3complains of human fragility,
7divine chastisements,
10and brevity of life.
12He prays for the knowledge and sensible experience of God's good providence.

Verse 1

Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
A. M. 2514. B.C. 1490. (Title.) A Prayer, or, A prayer, being a Psalm of Moses. This Psalm is supposed to have been composed by Moses, when all the generation of the Israelites who had offended God, were sentenced to fail in the wilderness, at the age of seventy or eighty years, except Moses, Caleb, and Joshua
Numbers 13:1-14
the man
Exodus 33:14-19; Deuteronomy 33:1; 1 Kings 13:1; 1 Timothy 6:11
Lord
71:3; 91:1,9; Deuteronomy 33:27; Isaiah 8:14; Ezekiel 11:16; John 6:56; 1 John 4:16
all generations
Heb. generation and generation.
89:1; *marg:
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:4 - the generations; Exodus 25:22 - between; Leviticus 26:5 - dwell; Joshua 14:6 - the man; 1 Chronicles 23:14 - the man; Psalm 31:2 - an house; Psalm 36:1 - servant; Psalm 55:19 - even; Psalm 61:4 - abide; Psalm 84:3 - sparrow; Psalm 102:12 - thou; Psalm 102:24 - thy years; Isaiah 33:16 - shall dwell; Jeremiah 50:6 - have forgotten; Jeremiah 50:7 - the habitation; Daniel 4:34 - is from; Habakkuk 3:1 - prayer; John 14:23 - make; 1 Corinthians 10:5 - General; 2 Corinthians 6:16 - I will dwell

Verse 2

Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.
Before
Job 38:4-6,28,29; Proverbs 8:25,26
or ever
33:9; 146:6; Genesis 1:1
even from
93:2; 102:24-27; 103:17; Isaiah 44:6; 57:15; Micah 5:2; Habakkuk 1:12; 1 Timothy 6:15,16; Hebrews 1:10-12; 13:8; Revelation 1:8
thou
Isaiah 45:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:4 - the generations; Genesis 21:33 - everlasting; Exodus 3:14 - I AM hath; Deuteronomy 33:27 - eternal; Job 10:5 - General; Job 15:7 - or wast thou; Job 36:26 - neither; Psalm 9:7 - But; Psalm 55:19 - even; Psalm 102:12 - thou; Isaiah 43:13 - before; Lamentations 5:19 - remainest; Daniel 4:34 - him; Daniel 7:9 - the Ancient; Habakkuk 3:6 - his; John 5:26 - hath life; Romans 1:20 - even his; 1 Timothy 1:17 - the King; Hebrews 1:11 - thou; 1 John 2:13 - him that; Revelation 1:4 - him

Verse 3

Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
Thou
104:29; 146:4; Genesis 3:19; 6:6,7; Numbers 14:35; Job 12:10; 34:14,15; Ecclesiastes 12:7
Return ye children of men
Rather, "Return ye children of Adam;" i.e., to that dust out of which ye were originally formed.
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:18 - herb; Genesis 47:9 - an hundred; Numbers 26:65 - They shall; Deuteronomy 2:14 - until all the generation; 2 Samuel 14:14 - we must; 2 Samuel 19:32 - fourscore; Job 10:9 - into dust again; Job 15:20 - the number; 1 Corinthians 15:56 - sting

Verse 4

For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
For
2 Peter 3:8
is past
or, when he hath passed them. and as.
Matthew 14:25; 24:43; Luke 12:38
Reciprocal: Job 8:9 - we are but; Job 15:20 - the number; Psalm 39:5 - Behold; Psalm 90:9 - a tale; Psalm 102:27 - years; Hebrews 1:12 - and thy; Hebrews 13:8 - General; Revelation 20:3 - the thousand

Verse 5

Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.
Thou
Job 9:26; 22:16; 27:20,21; Isaiah 8:7,8; Jeremiah 46:7,8
as a sleep
73:20; Isaiah 29:7,8
morning
103:15,16; Isaiah 40:6; James 1:10,11; 1 Peter 1:24
groweth up
or, is changed.
Reciprocal: Job 4:19 - crushed; Job 6:11 - What; Job 7:6 - swifter; Job 14:2 - like; Job 14:4 - Who can bring; Job 20:8 - fly away; Psalm 37:2 - General; Psalm 39:5 - Behold; Psalm 92:7 - wicked; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - concerning; Isaiah 37:27 - as the grass of; Isaiah 51:12 - man which; Isaiah 64:6 - we all; Jonah 4:7 - it withered; Matthew 6:30 - clothe; Luke 8:42 - and she; 1 Corinthians 7:29 - the time; James 4:14 - a vapour

Verse 6

In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
92:7; Job 14:2; Matthew 6:30
Reciprocal: Job 7:6 - swifter; Psalm 32:4 - moisture; Psalm 37:2 - General; Psalm 89:15 - know; Psalm 103:15 - his days; Isaiah 37:27 - as the grass of; Isaiah 40:6 - All flesh; Isaiah 51:12 - man which; Isaiah 64:6 - we all; Jonah 4:7 - it withered; James 1:10 - because

Verse 7

For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.
For we
9,11; 39:11; 59:13; Numbers 17:12,13; Deuteronomy 2:14-16; Hebrews 3:10,11,17-19; Hebrews 4:1,2
are we
Exodus 14:24; Romans 2:8,9
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:17 - in sorrow; Deuteronomy 2:15 - the hand of the; Deuteronomy 6:15 - lest; 1 Kings 11:9 - angry; 2 Chronicles 19:2 - is wrath; Job 5:6 - trouble; Job 19:11 - kindled; Job 21:17 - distributeth; Psalm 32:4 - moisture; Psalm 38:3 - because; Psalm 78:33 - days; Psalm 80:16 - perish; Psalm 88:7 - Thy wrath; Psalm 88:16 - fierce; Psalm 102:10 - Because; Proverbs 15:15 - All; Ecclesiastes 2:23 - all; Ecclesiastes 5:17 - much; Ecclesiastes 6:5 - this; Ecclesiastes 11:10 - sorrow; Isaiah 64:5 - thou art wroth; Jeremiah 30:14 - because; Lamentations 1:5 - for; Matthew 11:28 - all; Mark 2:5 - sins; Luke 5:20 - Man; Luke 7:21 - plagues; 1 Corinthians 10:5 - General

Verse 8

Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.
Thou
10:11; 50:21; 139:1-4; Job 34:21; Jeremiah 9:13-16; 16:17; 23:24; Ezekiel 8:12; Revelation 20:12
our
19:12; Proverbs 5:21; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Luke 12:1,2; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:12,13; 1 John 3:20
in the
80:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:21 - see; Numbers 14:28 - As truly; Numbers 32:23 - be sure your sin; 2 Samuel 12:9 - to do evil; 1 Kings 11:9 - angry; 2 Chronicles 19:2 - is wrath; Job 5:7 - man; Job 7:8 - thine eyes; Psalm 38:3 - because; Psalm 109:15 - before; Jeremiah 2:22 - yet thine iniquity; Jeremiah 30:14 - because; Lamentations 1:5 - for; Hosea 7:2 - are before; Luke 5:20 - Man; 1 Corinthians 10:5 - General

Verse 9

For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told.
For
78:33
passed
Heb. turned. we spend. The Vulgate has, Anni nostri sicut aranea mediatabuntur, "Our years pass away like those of the spider." Our plans and operations are like the spider's web. Life is as frail, and the thread of it as brittle, as one of those which constitute the well-wrought and curious, but fragile habitation of that insect. All the Versions have the word spider, but it is not found in any Hebrew MSS., or edition yet collated. The Hebrew might be rendered, "We consume our lives with a groan," kemo hegeh.
a tale
Heb. a meditation.
4; 39:5
Reciprocal: Numbers 14:28 - As truly; Deuteronomy 2:14 - until all the generation; 1 Chronicles 29:15 - our days; Job 5:7 - man; Job 7:8 - thine eyes; Job 9:25 - they flee away; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Ecclesiastes 1:4 - One generation; Ecclesiastes 2:3 - all; Ecclesiastes 12:3 - strong; 1 John 2:17 - the world

Verse 10

The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
The days, etc
Heb. As for the days of our years, in them are seventy years.
Genesis 47:9; Deuteronomy 34:7
yet
2 Samuel 19:35; 1 Kings 1:1; Ecclesiastes 12:2-7
for
78:39; Job 14:10; *marg:; Job 24:24; Isaiah 38:12; Luke 12:20; James 4:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:5 - nine; Genesis 9:29 - nine; Genesis 42:38 - bring; Genesis 47:28 - the whole age; Exodus 7:7 - General; Exodus 23:26 - the number; Leviticus 27:7 - from; Deuteronomy 31:2 - I am an; Joshua 14:11 - General; 1 Samuel 3:2 - his eyes; 1 Samuel 4:15 - ninety; 2 Samuel 14:14 - we must; 1 Kings 14:4 - for his eyes; 1 Kings 15:23 - in the time; 2 Chronicles 24:15 - an hundred; Job 9:25 - they flee away; Job 42:16 - an; Psalm 39:5 - Behold; Psalm 71:9 - when; Ecclesiastes 1:4 - One generation; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - the days of his vain life; Ecclesiastes 12:1 - while; Ecclesiastes 12:3 - strong; Jeremiah 20:18 - to see; Jeremiah 28:3 - two full years; Zechariah 1:5 - General

Verse 11

Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, so is thy wrath.
Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Deuteronomy 28:59; 29:20-29; Isaiah 33:14; Nahum 1:6; Luke 12:5; 2 Corinthians 5:11; Revelation 6:17
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:11 - fearful; Exodus 22:24 - my wrath; Numbers 25:3 - the anger; Deuteronomy 6:15 - lest; Deuteronomy 31:17 - my anger; 1 Chronicles 21:30 - he was afraid; Ezra 8:22 - his power and his wrath; Job 9:34 - let not; Psalm 76:7 - who; Psalm 88:16 - fierce; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Proverbs 24:22 - who; Isaiah 2:10 - for fear; Jeremiah 10:10 - the nations; Zechariah 14:12 - Their flesh; Romans 2:8 - indignation; Romans 9:22 - willing; Hebrews 10:31 - to fall

Verse 12

So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.
So
39:4; Deuteronomy 32:29; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Luke 12:35-40; John 9:4; Ephesians 5:16,17
that
Job 28:28; Proverbs 2:2-6; 3:13-18; 4:5,7; 7:1-4; 8:32-36; 16:16; 18:1,2; Proverbs 22:17; 23:12,23
apply our hearts
Heb. cause our hearts to come.
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:28 - the whole age; Job 15:20 - the number; Psalm 119:84 - How; Proverbs 4:20 - General; Proverbs 19:20 - be; Lamentations 3:27 - bear; Colossians 4:5 - Walk

Verse 13

Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
Return
6:4; 80:14; Jeremiah 12:15; Joel 2:13,14; Zechariah 1:16
how
89:46
let it
106:45; 135:14; Exodus 32:14; Deuteronomy 32:36; Hosea 11:8; Amos 7:3,6; Jonah 3:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:14 - I will; Exodus 32:12 - repent; Numbers 10:36 - O Lord; Judges 2:18 - it repented; 2 Samuel 24:16 - repented; 1 Chronicles 21:15 - It is enough; Psalm 6:3 - how; Psalm 60:1 - O turn; Psalm 86:16 - turn; Psalm 119:82 - When wilt; Isaiah 6:11 - Lord; Isaiah 63:17 - Return; Jeremiah 18:8 - I will; Jonah 4:2 - and of; Micah 7:19 - turn; Habakkuk 3:2 - O Lord

Verse 14

O satisfy us early with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.
satisfy
36:7,8; 63:3-5; 65:4; 103:3-5; Jeremiah 31:15; Zechariah 9:17
that we
23:6; 85:6; 86:4; 149:2; Philippians 4:4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:23 - O; Psalm 13:1 - How; Proverbs 19:20 - be; Proverbs 19:23 - shall abide; Micah 7:19 - turn

Verse 15

Make us glad according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years wherein we have seen evil.
Make
30:5; 126:5,6; Isaiah 12:1; 40:1,2; 61:3; 65:18,19; Jeremiah 31:12,13; Matthew 5:4; John 16:20; Revelation 7:14-17
the years
Deuteronomy 2:14-16
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:3 - Return; Judges 3:15 - cried unto; Ecclesiastes 2:23 - all; Isaiah 33:2 - our salvation

Verse 16

Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children.
Let
44:1; Numbers 14:15-24; Habakkuk 3:2
and
Numbers 14:30,31; Deuteronomy 1:39; Joshua 4:22-24; 23:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:12 - I pray; Exodus 28:2 - glory; Job 40:10 - glory; Psalm 69:36 - The seed; Psalm 78:6 - who; Psalm 102:28 - their seed; Psalm 103:17 - unto children's; Isaiah 28:5 - for a diadem; Jeremiah 30:20 - children; Zechariah 10:7 - yea; John 11:40 - see; Romans 9:4 - and the glory; 2 Corinthians 4:6 - the light

Verse 17

And let the beauty of the LORD our God be upon us: and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.
And let
27:4; 50:2; 80:3,7; 110:3; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 1 John 3:2
establish
68:28; 118:25; Job 22:28; Proverbs 16:3; Isaiah 26:12; 1 Corinthians 3:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17; 2 Thessalonians 3:1 Reciprocal: Genesis 24:12 - I pray; Genesis 24:42 - prosper; Exodus 28:2 - glory; Deuteronomy 2:7 - blessed; Deuteronomy 26:15 - bless thy; 1 Chronicles 17:24 - and let; 2 Chronicles 20:21 - the beauty; Job 1:10 - thou hast blessed; Job 40:10 - glory; Psalm 29:2 - the beauty of holiness; Psalm 69:36 - The seed; Psalm 102:28 - their seed; Psalm 149:4 - beautify; Song of Solomon 1:5 - comely; Isaiah 28:5 - for a diadem; Jeremiah 30:20 - children; Zechariah 9:17 - how great is his beauty; Zechariah 11:10 - Beauty

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 90". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-90.html.