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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 91

Introduction

1The state of the godly.
3Their safety.
9Their habitation.
11Their servants.
14Their friend; with the effects of them all.

Verse 1

He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
(Title
&) This Psalm is supposed by some to have been composed by Moses on the same occasion as the preceding; but others think it was written by David, after his advice to his son Solomon.
1 Chronicles 28:1-21
dwelleth
27:5; 31:20; 32:7; 52:8; 61:3,4; 90:1; Isaiah 8:14; Ezekiel 11:16; Hosea 14:5,6; 1 John 4:15,16
abide
Heb. lodge.
25:13; *marg:
under
17:8; 36:7; 57:1; Judges 9:15; Song of Solomon 2:3; Isaiah 4:5,6; Lamentations 4:20

Verse 2

I will say of the LORD, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.
I will
9; 18:2; 46:1; 71:3; 142:5; Deuteronomy 32:30,31; 33:27-29; Proverbs 18:10
my God
43:4; 48:14; 67:6,7; Genesis 17:7; Deuteronomy 26:17-19; Jeremiah 31:1; Luke 20:38; Hebrews 11:16
in him
62:5-8; Isaiah 12:2; 26:3,4
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:17 - shall not; 2 Samuel 22:2 - General; 2 Samuel 22:51 - the tower; 2 Kings 19:14 - spread it; Psalm 9:9 - The Lord; Psalm 16:2 - thou hast; Psalm 18:32 - girdeth; Psalm 21:7 - For the; Psalm 63:1 - thou; Psalm 89:18 - the Lord is; Psalm 119:114 - my hiding; Psalm 140:6 - I said unto; Proverbs 30:5 - pure; Jeremiah 16:19 - my strength; Joel 3:16 - hope; Nahum 1:7 - strong hold; 2 Timothy 3:11 - but; Hebrews 2:13 - I will

Verse 3

Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence.
snare
124:7; 141:9; Proverbs 7:23; Ecclesiastes 9:12; Hosea 9:8; Amos 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:9; 2 Timothy 2:26
and from
6; Numbers 14:37,38; 16:46-48; 2 Samuel 24:15; Job 5:10-22
Reciprocal: Job 5:19 - deliver thee; Psalm 33:19 - To deliver; Psalm 41:2 - preserve; Proverbs 3:26 - Lord; Isaiah 43:2 - passest; Ezekiel 14:19 - if I; Daniel 3:25 - they have no hurt

Verse 4

He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler.
cover
17:8; 57:1; 61:4; Deuteronomy 32:11; Ruth 2:12; Matthew 23:37
his truth
89:23,24; 138:2; Genesis 15:1; Isaiah 43:1,2; Mark 13:31; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:17,18
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:22 - cover thee; Exodus 34:6 - truth; Deuteronomy 33:12 - cover him; 2 Samuel 22:31 - a buckler; Psalm 18:2 - buckler; Psalm 28:7 - shield; Psalm 36:7 - put their; Isaiah 11:10 - his rest; Isaiah 18:1 - shadowing; Isaiah 26:20 - enter; Isaiah 31:5 - birds; Luke 13:34 - as; 1 Timothy 5:5 - trusteth

Verse 5

Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day;
Thou
3:6; 27:1-3; 46:2; 112:7; Job 5:19-27; Proverbs 28:1; Isaiah 43:2; Matthew 8:26; Hebrews 13:6
terror
3:5; 2 Kings 7:6; Job 4:13-15; 24:14-16; Proverbs 3:23-25; Isaiah 21:4; Luke 12:20,39
nor
Job 6:4; Lamentations 3:12,13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 13:14 - cried; Job 5:21 - neither; Psalm 121:6 - the sun; Proverbs 3:25 - Be; Ezekiel 5:16 - the evil; John 14:27 - afraid

Verse 6

Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday.
pestilence
121:5,6; Exodus 12:29,30; 2 Kings 19:35
destruction
Numbers 16:48; 2 Samuel 24:15; Matthew 24:6,7; 1 Corinthians 10:3-10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:3 - for all the men; 2 Samuel 24:13 - three days'; 1 Chronicles 21:12 - even the pestilence; Psalm 91:3 - and from; Ezekiel 14:19 - if I; Zephaniah 2:4 - at

Verse 7

A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee.
32:6; Genesis 7:23; Exodus 12:12,13; Numbers 14:37,38; Joshua 14:10
Reciprocal: Job 5:19 - no evil

Verse 8

Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked.
Only
37:34; 58:10,11; 92:11; Proverbs 3:25,26; Malachi 1:5
reward
Isaiah 3:11; Hebrews 2:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:30 - saw; Deuteronomy 6:22 - before; Psalm 54:7 - and mine; Psalm 59:10 - let; Psalm 112:8 - until he; Proverbs 29:16 - but; Jeremiah 39:16 - before thee; Revelation 14:10 - in the

Verse 9

Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation;
Because
2; 142:4,5; 146:5,6
most high
1; 71:3; 90:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:23 - and Noah; Deuteronomy 33:27 - refuge; 1 Samuel 30:19 - General; Ezra 8:31 - the hand; Psalm 21:7 - For the; Psalm 31:2 - an house; Psalm 57:1 - shadow; Psalm 91:14 - set; Psalm 121:7 - preserve; Proverbs 3:26 - Lord; Jeremiah 39:16 - before thee; Ezekiel 11:16 - as a; John 6:56 - dwelleth; Acts 7:48 - the most High

Verse 10

There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling.
There
121:7; Proverbs 12:21; Romans 8:25
neither
Deuteronomy 7:15; Job 5:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:23 - and Noah; Leviticus 14:35 - a plague; 1 Samuel 30:19 - General; Psalm 21:7 - For the; Psalm 33:19 - To deliver; Psalm 142:5 - Thou art; Proverbs 3:26 - Lord; Proverbs 3:33 - he blesseth; 1 Timothy 4:8 - having

Verse 11

For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
For
34:7; 71:3; 2 Kings 6:16,17; Matthew 4:6; Luke 4:10,11; Hebrews 1:14
in all
Proverbs 3:6; Isaiah 31:1; Jeremiah 2:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 8:16 - General; Genesis 24:40 - will; Genesis 32:1 - angels; Exodus 6:13 - General; Exodus 23:20 - Angel; Numbers 6:24 - keep thee; 1 Samuel 2:9 - will keep; Proverbs 3:23 - General; Proverbs 4:12 - thou shalt; Daniel 6:22 - hath shut; Matthew 18:10 - their; Luke 16:22 - was carried; Luke 22:43 - an; Acts 27:31 - Except

Verse 12

They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
They
Isaiah 46:3; 63:9
lest
37:24; Job 5:23; Proverbs 3:23
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:9 - will keep; Psalm 34:20 - General; Psalm 71:3 - thou hast; Psalm 121:3 - will not; Proverbs 4:12 - thou shalt; Matthew 4:6 - He shall; Luke 4:10 - He; Luke 16:22 - was carried; Luke 22:43 - an; Acts 27:31 - Except; Hebrews 1:14 - minister

Verse 13

Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
tread
Judges 14:5,6; Job 5:23; 1 Samuel 17:37; Daniel 6:22; 2 Timothy 4:17
adder
or, asp.
58:4; Mark 16:18; Acts 28:3-6; Romans 3:13; 16:20
the dragon
Isaiah 27:1; Revelation 12:9; 20:1,2
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:4 - put forth; Joshua 10:24 - put your feet; 1 Samuel 17:35 - smote him; Psalm 44:5 - tread; Psalm 58:6 - young; Malachi 4:3 - tread down; Luke 10:19 - I give; Acts 28:5 - felt; Ephesians 1:22 - put; Hebrews 10:29 - trodden; Hebrews 11:33 - stopped

Verse 14

Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name.
set
9; 1 Chronicles 29:3; John 14:23; 16:27; Romans 8:28; James 1:12; 2:5
I will set
59:1; *marg:; 89:16,17; Isaiah 33:16; Philippians 2:9-11
known
9:10; John 17:3; Galatians 4:9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:1 - will set; Judges 5:31 - them that; 1 Samuel 2:30 - I will honour; 2 Chronicles 32:20 - prayed; Job 5:11 - set up; Job 22:29 - men; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 20:1 - defend; Psalm 22:8 - let him; Psalm 25:10 - the paths; Psalm 62:10 - set; Psalm 69:29 - let thy; Psalm 69:36 - they; Psalm 78:7 - set; Psalm 81:7 - calledst; Psalm 89:24 - in my; Psalm 97:10 - Ye that; Proverbs 8:17 - I love; Proverbs 18:10 - safe; Proverbs 29:25 - safe; Jeremiah 9:24 - knoweth; Jeremiah 39:17 - I will; Daniel 3:30 - the king; Daniel 6:16 - Thy God; Romans 7:24 - who; Colossians 3:2 - Set; 2 Timothy 3:11 - but; 1 John 2:13 - because

Verse 15

He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him.
He shall
10:17; 18:3,4,15; Isaiah 58:9; 65:24; Jeremiah 29:12,13; 33:3; Romans 10:12,13; Hebrews 5:7
I will be
23:4; 138:7; Isaiah 41:10; 43:1,2; Matthew 28:20; John 16:32; Acts 18:9,10; 2 Timothy 4:17
deliver
37:40; 2 Corinthians 1:9,10
honour
1 Samuel 2:30; John 5:44; 12:26,43; 1 Peter 1:21; 3:22; 5:4; Revelation 3:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:17 - heard; Genesis 25:21 - entreated; Genesis 32:9 - Jacob; Genesis 35:1 - God said; Genesis 35:3 - who answered; Genesis 39:2 - the Lord; Exodus 3:8 - I am; Exodus 15:25 - cried; Numbers 21:3 - hearkened; Deuteronomy 33:27 - refuge; Judges 16:28 - called; 1 Samuel 1:10 - prayed; 1 Samuel 30:8 - he answered him; 2 Samuel 15:32 - he worshipped; 2 Samuel 21:1 - of the Lord; 1 Kings 8:38 - prayer; 1 Kings 22:32 - Jehoshaphat; 2 Kings 6:17 - prayed; 1 Chronicles 21:26 - and called; 2 Chronicles 6:29 - what prayer; 2 Chronicles 14:11 - cried unto; 2 Chronicles 32:20 - prayed; Job 12:4 - calleth; Job 22:27 - make thy; Job 33:26 - pray; Psalm 3:4 - I cried; Psalm 4:3 - the Lord; Psalm 20:1 - hear; Psalm 27:5 - For in; Psalm 34:17 - cry; Psalm 37:39 - strength; Psalm 42:5 - for the help; Psalm 50:15 - call; Psalm 55:16 - General; Psalm 69:13 - my prayer; Psalm 81:7 - calledst; Psalm 86:7 - General; Psalm 107:6 - Then; Psalm 143:11 - bring; Psalm 145:19 - he also will; Isaiah 26:16 - in trouble; Isaiah 33:2 - our salvation; Isaiah 37:3 - General; Isaiah 37:21 - Whereas; Isaiah 38:2 - turned; Jeremiah 14:8 - in time; Jeremiah 39:17 - I will; Daniel 2:18 - they would; Joel 1:19 - to thee; Jonah 2:1 - prayed; Nahum 1:7 - in the; Habakkuk 3:16 - that I; Zechariah 13:9 - they shall call; Luke 5:12 - besought; Acts 16:25 - prayed; Romans 7:24 - who; James 5:13 - any among

Verse 16

With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.
With long life
Heb. With length of days.
21:4; Genesis 25:8; Job 5:26; Proverbs 3:2,16; 22:4; Isaiah 65:20-22
shew
16:11; 50:23; Isaiah 45:17; Luke 2:30; 3:6 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:14 - I will lengthen; 2 Chronicles 24:15 - and was full of days; Job 29:18 - multiply; Job 42:17 - General; Psalm 34:12 - What; Psalm 35:3 - say; Psalm 42:5 - for the help; Psalm 85:7 - General; Psalm 143:11 - bring; Proverbs 10:27 - fear; Proverbs 19:23 - shall abide

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 91". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-91.html.