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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Isaiah 54

 

 

Verses 1-17

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.

Isaiah 54:1 — "for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife" - Comments- Clement of Rome says, "[He means] that our people seemed to be outcast from God, but now, through believing, have become more numerous than those who are reckoned to possess God."(The Second Epistle of Clement 2) 76] That Isaiah , the Gentile believers are becoming more numerous than Jewish believers.

76] Clement of Rome, The Second Epistle of Clement, trans. John Keith, in The Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol 9, ed. Allan Menzies (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1906), 251.

Isaiah 54:9 For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.

Isaiah 54:9Comments- The flood waters of judgment upon the wickedness in Noah's time, promised never to be used again, is compared here to God's use of Israel's enemy nations. These nations were used of God to bring judgment upon Israel ( Genesis 9:11).

Genesis 9:11, "And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth."

Isaiah 54:10 For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.

Isaiah 54:10Comments- The new covenant will be an everlasting covenant. It will be established through Christ Jesus at His First Coming to usher in the Kingdom of God. The Church will be grafted into the vine of Israel at this time. At His Second Coming, Israel's redemption will be fulfilled as Jesus Christ rules and reigns from Jerusalem during the thousand-year Millennial Reign. The nation of Israel will be redeemed and God's peace will never be removed from her midst again.

Isaiah 54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.

Isaiah 54:12 And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.

Isaiah 54:11-12 — "O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted" - Comments- The description of Israel's affliction in Isaiah 54:11 refers to God's judgment of His people.

"behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires. And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones" - Comments- The building made of precious stones described in Isaiah 54:11-12 is reflective of the glorious, heavenly temple, and is figurative of God building a house of righteous here on earth, which means establishing a righteous people. This will be fulfilled initially in the establishment of the Kingdom of God as Christ's First Coming, and completed at His Second Coming when Israel's redemption is complete.

Isaiah 54:13 And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD and great shall be the peace of thy children.

Isaiah 54:13 — "And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD" - Comments- Jesus quotes Isaiah 54:13 in John 6:45 within the context of His testimony as the bread of life sent from the Father, just as God sent manna to Israel in the wilderness. Jesus told the Jews that those who hear and receive His testimony, and who know the Father, will come to Jesus also and learn of Him by partaking of His blood and body. Note how God gives children to the desolate earlier in this passage in Isaiah 54:1-3. The desolate would refer to someone who longs for redemption.

Isaiah 54:13 — "and great shall be the peace of thy children" - Comments- This peace comes because Israel's cities are fortified from the enemy. Israel will be walking in dominion and authority, being taught by the Holy Spirit ( John 6:45). This prophecy is initially fulfilled in the Church, which is grafted into the vine of Israel, and completed in its fulfillment at Christ's Second Coming to establish His throne in Jerusalem.

John 6:45, "It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me."

Isaiah 54:14 In righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee.

Isaiah 54:14 — "In righteousness shalt thou be established" - Comments- That Isaiah , by walking in the divine laws of righteousness, which are the divine laws of faith and love, they will be established and dwell in peace. They will also be established by walking in the authority of God's Word through faith in the name of Jesus.

Isaiah 54:14 — "thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee" - Comments- Kenneth Copeland said that terrorism is a planned form of fear that comes against God's people. 77]

77] Kenneth Copeland, Believer's Voice of Victory (Kenneth Copeland Ministries, Fort Worth, Texas), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California), television program.

Isaiah 54:15 Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by me: whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake.

Isaiah 54:15 — "Behold, they shall surely gather together" - Comments- That Isaiah , oppression, fear and terror will join forces together and operate in the lives of those who are bound by the laws of sin and death.

"but not by me" - Comments- After the resurrection of Christ Jesus God will be working to redeem mankind under the laws of love. It is the curses that are working in the lives of those who reject the Gospel of Christ Jesus, but not because God wants man cursed; for Jesus, His Beloved Song of Solomon , has now become the curse for mankind.

Isaiah 54:16 Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.

Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the LORD.

Isaiah 54:17 — "No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn" - Comments- Notice that Isaiah 54:17 does not say that no weapon will be formed against us; rather, it declares that when this takes place, it will not prosper against us. Therefore, we must learn how to stand against the wiles of the enemy ( Ephesians 6:10-18).

Isaiah 54:17"their righteousness is of me" - Scripture Reference- See:

Romans 5:1, "Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:"

Isaiah 54:16-17Comments- The most powerful weapons of this period of ancient history were metallic weapons, made of iron and bronze. Thus, all other weapons of wood and stone were inferior. This passage says that the most powerful weapons of the enemy shall not prosper against God's children who will stand in righteousness and judge the enemy.


Verses 1-24

Israel's Redemption- The chapters that follow the prophecy of Christ's sufferings in Isaiah 53:1-12 tell the children of God to rejoice; for Christ has given them the victory over sin, death and the grave. However, these chapters speak of Christ's redemption from the perspective of the nation of Israel rather than from the perspective of the Gentiles; for the book of Isaiah contains prophecies of the future destiny of Israel. Later in redemptive history, the Church will be grafted into these prophecies as members of the Kingdom of Heaven.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 54:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/isaiah-54.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, August 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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