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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Chronicles 12

 

 

Introduction
1Rehoboam, forsaking the Lord, is punished by Shishak.
5He and the princes, repenting at the preaching of Shemaiah, are delivered from destruction, but not from spoil.
13The reign and death of Rehoboam.

Verse 1
And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
A. M. 3032. B.C. 972. when Rehoboam
13; 11:17
he forsook
26:13-16; Deuteronomy 6:10-12; 8:10-14; 32:15,18; 1 Kings 9:9; Jeremiah 2:31; Hosea 13:1; Hosea 13:6-8
all Israel
11:3; 1 Kings 12:17; 14:22-24; 2 Kings 17:19; Hosea 5:10,11; Micah 6:16

Verse 2
And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD,
A. M. 3034. B.C. 970. Shishak
1 Kings 11:40; 14:24-26
because
7:19,20; 36:14-19; Judges 2:13-15; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Nehemiah 9:26,27; Psalms 106:43,44; Isaiah 63:10; Jeremiah 2:19; 44:22,23; Lamentations 5:15

Verse 3
With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
twelve hundred
Judges 4:13; 1 Samuel 13:5; 2 Samuel 10:18
without number
14:9; Judges 6:5; Revelation 9:16
Lubims
Lubim, apparently the same with Lehabim (Ge 10:13,) were probably the ancient inhabitants of Lybia, (called Lubi in the Syriac version, Ac 2:10,) a district of Africa, adjoining to Egypt, and extending along the shore of the Mediterranean as far as the city of Cyrene.
16:8; Ezekiel 30:5; Nahum 3:9
the Sukkiims
The Sukkiim, (from sachach, "to cover,") are supposed to have been the Troglodites, as the LXX. and Vulgate render, a people of Egypt, on the west of the Red Sea, so called because they dwelt [en troglais] in caves.
Ethiopians
These Cushim were probably the inhabitants of Ethiopia, south of Egypt.
14:12; 16:8; Isaiah 43:3; Daniel 11:43; Nahum 3:9
Cushim
Heb.
Genesis 10:6-8

Verse 4
And he took the fenced cities which pertained to Judah, and came to Jerusalem.
the fenced
11:5-12; Isaiah 36:1; Jeremiah 5:10
came
2 Kings 18:17; Isaiah 8:8; 10:11

Verse 5
Then came Shemaiah the prophet to Rehoboam, and to the princes of Judah, that were gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, Ye have forsaken me, and therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak.
Shemaiah
11:2; 1 Kings 12:22
Ye have forsaken me
1,2; 15:2; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Judges 10:9-14; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 2:19; 4:18; 5:19; Jeremiah 23:33
left you
2 Samuel 24:14; Psalms 37:33

Verse 6
Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves; and they said, The LORD is righteous.
humbled
32:26; 33:12,19,23; Exodus 10:3; Leviticus 26:40,41; 1 Kings 8:37-39; Psalms 78:34,35; Jeremiah 13:15,18; 44:10; Daniel 5:22; Hosea 5:15; Luke 18:14; James 4:6,10
the Lord
Exodus 9:27; Judges 1:7; Job 33:27; Psalms 129:4; Lamentations 1:18; Daniel 9:14; Romans 10:3

Verse 7
And when the LORD saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah, saying, They have humbled themselves; therefore I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance; and my wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak.
the Lord
Judges 10:15,16; 1 Kings 21:28,29; Jeremiah 3:13; Luke 15:18-21
therefore
Leviticus 26:41,42
some
or, a little while.
2 Kings 13:4-7,23; Amos 7:6-8
and my wrath
34:21,25; Psalms 79:6; Isaiah 42:25; Jeremiah 7:20; Revelation 14:10; 16:2-17

Verse 8
Nevertheless they shall be his servants; that they may know my service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.
Nevertheless
Nehemiah 9:36; Isaiah 26:13
that they may
Deuteronomy 28:47; Judges 3:1; Jeremiah 10:24; Hosea 8:10

Verse 9
So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made.
Shishak
1 Kings 14:25,26
took away
1 Kings 15:18; 2 Kings 16:8; 18:15,16; Lamentations 1:10
the shields
9:15,16; 1 Kings 10:16,17

Verse 10
Instead of which king Rehoboam made shields of brass, and committed them to the hands of the chief of the guard, that kept the entrance of the king's house.
shields of brass
1 Kings 14:27; Lamentations 4:1
the chief
2 Samuel 8:18; 23:23; 1 Chronicles 11:25; Song of Solomon 3:7,8

Verse 12
And when he humbled himself, the wrath of the LORD turned from him, that he would not destroy him altogether: and also in Judah things went well.
when
6,7; 33:12,13; Isaiah 57:15; Lamentations 3:22,33,42; 1 Peter 5:6
also in Judah things went well
or, yet in Judah there were good things.
19:3; Genesis 18:24; 1 Kings 14:13; Isaiah 6:13

Verse 13
So king Rehoboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and reigned: for Rehoboam was one and forty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.
A. M. 3029-3046. B.C. 975-958. for Rehoboam
13:7; 1 Kings 14:21
the city
6:6; Psalms 48:1-3; 78:68,69
to put
Exodus 20:24; Deuteronomy 12:5,11; Ezekiel 48:35
an Ammonitess
Deuteronomy 23:3; 1 Kings 11:1; Nehemiah 13:1,26

Verse 14
And he did evil, because he prepared not his heart to seek the LORD.
he prepared
Heb. he fixed.
11:16; 19:3; 30:19; 1 Samuel 7:3; 1 Chronicles 29:18; Psalms 57:7; 78:8,37; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 1 Corinthians 16:13
to seek
Deuteronomy 5:29; Psalms 105:3,4; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Ezekiel 33:31; Matthew 7:7

Verse 15
Now the acts of Rehoboam, first and last, are they not written in the book of Shemaiah the prophet, and of Iddo the seer concerning genealogies? And there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
first and last
9:29
book
Heb. words. Shemaiah.
5; 1 Kings 12:22
Iddo
9:29; 13:22
wars
1 Kings 14:30

Verse 16
And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David: and Abijah his son reigned in his stead.
slept
1 Kings 14:29-31
Abijah
13:1; 1 Kings 14:31
Abijam
1 Chronicles 3:10; Matthew 1:7
Abia

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-chronicles-12.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 12th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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