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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Samuel 5



1The tribes come to Hebron and anoint David over Israel.
4David's age.
6He taking Zion from the Jebusites, dwells in it.
11Hiram sends to David.
13Eleven sons are born to him in Jerusalem.
17David, directed by God, smites the Philistines at Baal-perazim;
22and again at the mulberry trees.

Verse 1
Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
1 Chronicles 11:1-3; 12:23-40
19:13; Genesis 29:14; Deuteronomy 17:15; Judges 9:2; Ephesians 5:30; Hebrews 2:14

Verse 2
Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
leddest out
Numbers 27:17; 1 Samuel 18:13,16; 25:28; Isaiah 55:4
7:7; 1 Samuel 16:1,12,13; 25:30; Psalms 78:70-72; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 34:23; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Micah 5:4; Matthew 2:6; John 10:3,4,11
a captain
1 Samuel 9:16; 13:14; 2 Kings 20:5; Isaiah 55:4; Hebrews 2:10

Verse 3
So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
So all
Exodus 3:16; 1 Chronicles 11:3
1 Samuel 11:15; 2 Kings 11:17; 2 Chronicles 23:16; Nehemiah 9:38
Judges 11:11; 1 Samuel 23:18
2:4; 1 Samuel 16:13

Verse 4
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
Luke 3:23
1 Chronicles 26:31; 29:27

Verse 5
In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
seven years
2:11; 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4

Verse 6
And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
Genesis 14:18; Joshua 10:3; Judges 1:8; Hebrews 7:1
the Jebusites
Joshua 15:63; 18:28; Judges 1:8,21; 19:10-12
which spake, etc
Dr. Kennicott's amended translation is as follows: "Who spake unto David, saying, Thou shalt not come in hither; for the blind and the lame shall drive thee away, by saying, David shall not come in hither." ver. 8. "And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, and through the subterraneous passage reacheth the lame and the blind, who hate the life of David, (because the blind and the lame said, he shall not come into the house,) shall be chief and captain. So Joab, the son of Zeriah, went up first, and was chief."
Jeremiah 37:10
thinking, David cannot
or, saying, David shall not, etc.

Verse 7
Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
Psalms 2:6; 9:11; 48:12; 51:18; 87:2; 132:13; Isaiah 12:6; 59:20; Micah 4:2; Romans 9:33; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
the same
9; 6:10; 1 Kings 2:10; 3:1; 8:1; 1 Chronicles 11:7; 2 Chronicles 5:2; 24:16

Verse 8
And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
Joshua 15:16,17; 1 Samuel 17:25
he shall be
1 Chronicles 11:6-9
Wherefore, etc
or, Because they had said, even the blind and the lame, he shall not come into the house.

Verse 9
So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
Judges 9:6,20; 1 Kings 9:15,24; 11:27; 1 Chronicles 11:8; 2 Chronicles 32:5

Verse 10
And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
went on, and grew great
Heb. went going and growing.
3:1; Job 17:9; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 9:7; Daniel 2:44,45; Luke 2:52
the Lord
Genesis 21:22; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; Romans 8:31

Verse 11
And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
1 Kings 5:1,2,8,9; 1 Chronicles 14:1
Heb. hewers of the stone of the wall. they built.
7:2; 1 Kings 7:1-12; Ecclesiastes 2:4-11; Jeremiah 22:14-16

Verse 12
And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
7:16; 1 Chronicles 14:2
his people
1 Kings 10:9; 2 Chronicles 2:11; Esther 4:14; Isaiah 1:25-27; Daniel 2:30

Verse 13
And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
Genesis 25:5,6; Deuteronomy 17:17; 1 Chronicles 3:9; 14:3-7; 2 Chronicles 11:18-21; 13:21

Verse 14
And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
the names
1 Chronicles 3:5-9; 14:4
or, Shimea.
1 Chronicles 3:5
12:1-7; Luke 2:31
12:24,25; Matthew 1:6

Verse 15
Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
or, Elishama.
1 Chronicles 3:6; 14:5

Verse 16
And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
or, Beeliada.
1 Chronicles 14:7
1 Chronicles 3:8

Verse 17
But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.
But when
1 Chronicles 14:8,9; Psalms 2:1-5; Revelation 11:15-18
the hold
23:14; 1 Chronicles 11:16

Verse 18
The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
the valley
23:13; Genesis 14:5; Joshua 15:8; 1 Chronicles 11:15; Isaiah 17:5

Verse 19
And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
2:1; 1 Samuel 23:2,4; 30:7,8; James 4:15
And the Lord
23; Judges 20:28; 1 Samuel 28:6; 30:8; 1 Kings 22:6,15-23; Proverbs 3:6

Verse 20
And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.
that is, The plain of breaches.
Isaiah 28:21

Verse 21
And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
Deuteronomy 7:5,25; 1 Samuel 5:2-6; 1 Chronicles 14:11,12; Isaiah 37:19
burned them
or, took them away.
Isaiah 46:1,2; Jeremiah 43:12

Verse 22
And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
came up
1 Kings 20:22; 1 Chronicles 14:13

Verse 23
And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
Joshua 8:2,7; 1 Chronicles 14:14; Matthew 9:29,30; 8:23-25; John 9:6,7
the mulberry trees
The word bechaïm, rendered mulberry trees, is rendered by Aquila, [apion] pear-trees, as the LXX. also render in 1 Ch 14:14, 15; and so the Vulgate in both places has pyrorum. The Rabbins, however, believe bacha signifies the mulberry-tree; with whom Ursinus agrees. It more probably denotes a large shrub which the Arabs still call baca, from its distilling an odoriferous gum, from bachah to distil, as tears. Of this opinion is Celsius, who quotes a passage from Abulfadi, who describes it as a balsam shrub, having longish leaves, and bearing a large fruit with an acrid taste. M. Forskal mentions a tree by the name of bæca, with leaves rather ovated, smooth, entire: its berries are poisonous to the sheep.

Verse 24
And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
2 Kings 7:6
thou shalt bestir
Judges 4:14; 7:15; 1 Samuel 14:9-12; 1 Chronicles 14:15; Philippians 2:11,12

Verse 25
And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.
1 Chronicles 14:16
Joshua 16:10


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 23rd, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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