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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Samuel 8

 

 

Introduction
1David subdues the Philistines and the Moabites.
3He smites Hadadezer, and the Syrians.
9Toi sends Joram with presents to bless him.
11The presents and the spoil David dedicates to God.
14He puts garrisons in Edom.
16David's officers.

Verse 1
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
A. M. 2964. B.C. 1040. An. Ex. Is. 451. And after
7:9; 21:15-22
Metheg-ammah
or, the bridle of Ammah.
2:24; 1 Chronicles 18:1-17
Gath
In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, "David took Gath and her towns;" and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called Metheg-ammah in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.

Verse 2
And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.
he smote
Numbers 24:17; Judges 3:29,30; 1 Samuel 14:47; Psalms 60:8; 83:6; 108:9
measured
12:31
And so
6,12-14; 2 Kings 1:1; 3:4-27; 1 Chronicles 18:2
brought gifts
1 Samuel 10:27; 2 Chronicles 26:8; Psalms 72:10,11; Isaiah 36:16

Verse 3
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
Hadadezer
1 Chronicles 18:3
Hadarezer
Zobah.
10:6; 1 Samuel 14:47; 1 Kings 11:23,24; Psalms 60:1; *title
at the river
Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; Deuteronomy 11:24; 1 Kings 4:21; Psalms 72:8

Verse 4
And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.
from him
or, of his. chariots. As 1 Ch 18:4 seven hundred. In the parallel place in Chronicles it is "seven thousand horsemen, a far more probable number. The letter [Zayin] zayin, with a dot upon it stands for seven thousand, and the final letter Nûwn,] noon, for seven hundred: the great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other, and so produce an error in this place.
David houghed
Deuteronomy 17:16; Joshua 11:6,9; Psalms 20:7; 33:16,17
reserved
1 Kings 10:26

Verse 5
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
And when
1 Kings 11:23-25; 1 Chronicles 18:5,6; Isaiah 7:8
came
Job 9:13; Psalms 83:4-8; Isaiah 8:9,10; 31:3
Zobah
From 2 Ch 8:3, we learn that Zobah was the district in which Tadmor or Palymyra was situated; and consequently lay between the land of Israel and the Euphrates. The capital was probably the same as the Sabe mentioned by Ptolemy as a city of Arabia Deserta.

Verse 6
Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
garrisons
14; 23:14; 1 Samuel 13:3; 14:1,6,15; 2 Chronicles 17:2; Psalms 18:34-46
became
the Lord
14; 7:9; 1 Chronicles 18:13; Psalms 5:11,12; 121:7,8; 140:7; 144:1,2; Proverbs 21:31

Verse 7
And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
shields
1 Kings 10:16,17; 14:26,27; 1 Chronicles 18:7; 2 Chronicles 9:15,16

Verse 8
And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
Betah
Probably the same as Bathne in Syria, between Beroæea and Hierapolis.
1 Chronicles 18:8
Tibhath, Chun
Berothai. Berothai is probably the Barathena of Ptolemy, which he mentions, along with Sabe, as a city of Arabia Deserta, in the confines of the Palmyrenian district.
exceeding
1 Chronicles 22:14,16; 29:7; 2 Chronicles 4:1-18

Verse 9
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Toi
1 Chronicles 18:9
Tou
Hamath.
Amos 6:2

Verse 10
Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
Joram
1 Chronicles 18:10
Hadoram
salute him. Heb. ask him of peace.
Genesis 43:27; Isaiah 39:1
to bless him
1 Samuel 13:10; *marg:; 1 Kings 1:47; Psalms 129:8
had wars
Heb. was a man of wars. brought with him. Heb. in his hand were.

Verse 11
Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
Which
1 Kings 7:51; 1 Chronicles 18:11; 22:14-16; 26:26-28; 29:2; Micah 4:13

Verse 12
Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
Syria
10:11,14; 12:26-31; 1 Chronicles 18:11

Verse 13
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
gat him
7:9; 1 Chronicles 18:12; Psalms 60:1; *title
smiting
Heb. his smiting. the valley of salt.
2 Kings 14:7; 2 Chronicles 25:11
being
or, slaying.

Verse 14
And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
all they
Genesis 25:23; 27:29,37,40; Numbers 24:18; 1 Kings 22:47; 1 Chronicles 18:13; Psalms 60:8,9; Psalms 108:9,10
the Lord
6; Psalms 121:4-8

Verse 15
And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
over all Israel
3:12; 5:5
David executed
23:3,4; 1 Chronicles 18:14; Psalms 45:6,7; 72:2; 75:2; 78:71,72; 89:14; 101:1-8; Isaiah 9:7; Jeremiah 22:15,16; 23:5,6; Amos 5:15,24

Verse 16
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
Joab
19:13; 20:23; 1 Chronicles 11:6; 18:15-17
Jehoshaphat
1 Kings 4:3
recorder
or, remembrancer, or writer of chronicles.

Verse 17
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;
Zadok
1 Chronicles 6:8,53; 24:3,4
and Seraiah
1 Chronicles 18:16
Shavsha
scribe. or, secretary.

Verse 18
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
Benaiah
1 Kings 1:44; 2:34,35; 1 Chronicles 18:17
the Cherethites
15:18; 20:7,23; 23:20-23; 1 Samuel 30:14; Ezekiel 25:16; Zephaniah 2:5
chief rulers
or, princes.
20:26

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, July 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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