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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ephesians 4

 

 

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Introduction
1He exhorts to unity;
7and declares that God therefore gives divers gifts unto men;
11that his church might be edified,
16and grow up in Christ.
18He calls them from the impurity of the Gentiles;
24to put on the new man;
25to cast off lying;
29and corrupt communication.

Verse 1
I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
prisoner
3:1
of the Lord
or, in the Lord. beseech.
Jeremiah 38:20; Romans 12:1; 1 Corinthians 4:16; 2 Corinthians 5:20; 6:1; 10:1; Galatians 4:12; Philemon 1:9,10; 1 Peter 2:11; 2 John 1:5
walk
17; 5:2; Genesis 5:24; 17:1; Acts 9:31; Philippians 1:27; 3:17,18; Colossians 1:10; 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 4:1,2; Titus 2:10; Hebrews 13:21
vocation
4; Romans 8:28-30; Philippians 3:14; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; 2 Timothy 1:9; Hebrews 3:1; 1 Peter 3:9; 5:10; 2 Peter 1:3

Verse 2
With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;
lowliness
Numbers 12:3; Psalms 45:4; 138:6; Proverbs 3:34; 16:19; Isaiah 57:15; 61:1-3; Zephaniah 2:3; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 5:3-5; 11:29; Acts 20:19; 1 Corinthians 13:4,5; Galatians 5:22,23; Colossians 3:12,13; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:25; James 1:21; 3:15-18; 1 Peter 3:15
forbearing
Mark 9:19; Romans 15:1; 1 Corinthians 13:7; Galatians 6:2

Verse 3
Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
4; John 13:34; 17:21-23; Romans 14:17-19; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 12:12,13; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Colossians 3:13-15; 1 Thessalonians 5:13; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:17,18

Verse 4
There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
one body
2:16; 5:30; Romans 12:4,5; 1 Corinthians 10:17; 12:12,13,20; Colossians 3:15
one Spirit
2:18,22; Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11; 2 Corinthians 11:4
as
1; 1:18; Jeremiah 14:8; 17:7; Acts 15:11; Colossians 1:5; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; 1 Timothy 1:1; Titus 1:2; Titus 2:13; 3:7; Hebrews 6:18,19; 1 Peter 1:3,4,21; 1 John 3:3

Verse 5
One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
One Lord
Acts 2:36; 10:36; Romans 14:8,9; 1 Corinthians 1:2,13; 8:6; 12:5; Philippians 2:11; 3:8
one faith
13; Romans 3:30; 2 Corinthians 11:4; Galatians 1:6,7; 5:6; Titus 1:1,4; Hebrews 13:7; James 2:18; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1:3,20
one baptism
Matthew 28:19; Romans 6:3,4; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:26-28; Hebrews 6:6; 1 Peter 3:21

Verse 6
One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
God
6:23; Numbers 16:22; Isaiah 63:16; Malachi 2:10; Matthew 6:9; John 20:17; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 12:6; Galatians 3:26-28; 4:3-7; 1 John 3:1-3
who
1:21; Genesis 14:19; 1 Chronicles 29:11,12; Psalms 95:3; Isaiah 40:11-17,21-23; Jeremiah 10:10-13; Daniel 4:34,35; 5:18-23; Matthew 6:13; Romans 11:36; Revelation 4:8-11
and in
2:22; 3:17; John 14:23; 17:26; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 John 3:24; 4:12-15

Verse 7
But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.
unto
8-14; Matthew 25:15; Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:8-11,28-30
grace
3:8; 2 Corinthians 6:1; 1 Peter 4:10
the measure
3:2; John 3:34; Romans 12:3; 2 Corinthians 10:13-15

Verse 8
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
When
Psalms 68:18
he led
Judges 5:12; Colossians 2:15
captivity
or, a multitude of captives. and.
1 Samuel 30:26; Esther 2:18

Verse 9
(Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
he ascended
Proverbs 30:4; John 3:13; 6:33,62; 20:17; Acts 2:34-36
he also
Genesis 11:5; Exodus 19:20; John 6:33,38,41,51,58; 8:14; 16:27,28
the lower
Psalms 8:5; 63:9; 139:15; Matthew 12:40; Hebrews 2:7,9

Verse 10
He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
ascended
1:20-23; Acts 1:9,11; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 4:14; 7:26; 8:1; 9:23,24
that he
3:19; John 1:16; Acts 2:33; Colossians 1:19; 2:9
fill
or, fulfil.
Matthew 24:34; Luke 24:44; John 19:24,28,36; *Gr:; Acts 3:18; 13:32,33; Romans 9:25-30; 15:9-13; 16:25,26

Verse 11
And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
he
8; 2:20; 3:5; Romans 10:14,15; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Jude 1:17; Revelation 18:20; 21:14
evangelists
Acts 21:8; 2 Timothy 4:5
pastors
2 Chronicles 15:3; Jeremiah 3:15; Matthew 28:20; Acts 13:1; Romans 12:7; 1 Corinthians 12:29; Hebrews 5:12; 1 Peter 5:1-3

Verse 12
For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
perfection
Luke 22:32; John 21:15-17; Acts 9:31; 11:23; 14:22,23; 20:28; Romans 15:14,29; 1 Corinthians 12:7; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Philippians 1:25,26; 3:12-18; Colossians 1:28; 1 Thessalonians 5:11-14; Hebrews 6:1; 13:17
the work
Acts 1:17,25; 20:24; Romans 12:7; 1 Corinthians 4:1,2; 2 Corinthians 3:8; 4:1; 5:18; 6:3; Colossians 4:17; 1 Timothy 1:12; 2 Timothy 4:5,11
the edifying
16,29; Romans 14:19; 15:2; 1 Corinthians 14:4,5,12,14,26; 2 Corinthians 12:19; 1 Thessalonians 5:11
the body
4; 1:23; Colossians 1:24

Verse 13
Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:
we all
3,5; Jeremiah 32:38,39; Ezekiel 37:21,22; Zephaniah 3:9; Zechariah 14:9; John 17:21; Acts 4:32; 1 Corinthians 1:10; Philippians 2:1-3
in the unity
or, into the unity. the knowledge.
Isaiah 53:11; Matthew 11:27; John 16:3; 17:3,25,26; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Philippians 3:8; Colossians 2:2; 2 Peter 1:1-3; 3:18; 1 John 5:20
unto a
12; 2:15; 1 Corinthians 14:20; Colossians 1:28
stature
or, age. fulness.
1:23

Verse 14
That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
no more
Isaiah 28:9; Matthew 18:3,4; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2; 14:20; Hebrews 5:12-14
tossed
Acts 20:30,31; Romans 16:17,18; 2 Corinthians 11:3,4; Galatians 1:6,7; 3:1; Colossians 2:4-8; 2 Thessalonians 2:2-5; 1 Timothy 3:6; 4:6,7; 2 Timothy 1:15; 2:17,18; 3:6-9,13; 4:3; Hebrews 13:9; 2 Peter 2:1-3; 1 John 2:19,26; 4:1
carried
Matthew 11:7; 1 Corinthians 12:2; James 1:6; 3:4
by the
Matthew 24:11,24; 2 Corinthians 2:17; 4:2; 11:13-15; 2 Thessalonians 2:9,10; 2 Peter 2:18; Revelation 13:11-14; 19:20
lie
Psalms 10:9; 59:3; Micah 7:2; Acts 23:21

Verse 15
But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:
But
25; Zechariah 8:16; 2 Corinthians 4:2; 8:8
speaking the truth
or, being sincere.
Judges 16:15; Psalms 32:2; John 1:47; Romans 12:9; James 2:15,16; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 3:18
may
2:21; Hosea 14:5-7; Malachi 4:2; 1 Peter 2:2; 2 Peter 3:18
which
1:22; 5:23; Colossians 1:18,19

Verse 16
From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.
whom
12; John 15:5
fitly
Job 10:10,11; Psalms 139:15,16; 1 Corinthians 12:12-28; Colossians 2:19
the effectual
3:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:13
edifying
15; 1:4; 3:17; 1 Corinthians 8:1; 13:4-9,13; 14:1; Galatians 5:6,13,14,22; Philippians 1:9; Colossians 2:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; 3:12; 4:9,10; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Timothy 1:5; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 4:16

Verse 17
This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
I say
1 Corinthians 1:12; 15:50; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 3:17; Colossians 2:4
testify
Nehemiah 9:29,30; 13:15; Jeremiah 42:19; Acts 2:40; 18:5; 20:21; Galatians 5:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:6
in the
1 Thessalonians 4:1,2; 1 Timothy 5:21; 6:13; 2 Timothy 4:1
that ye
1:22; 2:1-3; 5:3-8; Romans 1:23-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Galatians 5:19-21; Colossians 3:5-8; 1 Peter 4:3,4
in the
Psalms 94:8-11; Acts 14:15

Verse 18
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
the understanding
Psalms 74:20; 115:4-8; Isaiah 44:18-20; 46:5-8; Acts 17:30; 26:17,18; Romans 1:21-23,28; 1 Corinthians 1:21; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Galatians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:5
alienated
2:12; Romans 8:7,8; Galatians 4:8; Colossians 1:21; 1 Thessalonians 4:5; James 4:4
because
Romans 1:21; 2:19; 1 John 2:11
blindness
or, hardness.
Daniel 5:20; Matthew 13:15; John 12:40; Romans 11:25; *marg:

Verse 19
Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
past
1 Timothy 4:2
given
17; Romans 1:24-26; 1 Peter 4:3
with
Job 15:16; Isaiah 56:11; 2 Peter 2:12-14,22; Jude 1:11; Revelation 17:1-6; 18:3

Verse 20
But ye have not so learned Christ;
Luke 24:47; John 6:45; Romans 6:1,2; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; Titus 2:11-14; 1 John 2:27

Verse 21
If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus:
heard
Matthew 17:5; Luke 10:16; John 10:27; Acts 3:22,23; Hebrews 3:7,8
as
1:13; Psalms 45:4; 85:10,11; John 1:17; 14:6,17; 2 Corinthians 1:20; 11:10; 1 John 5:10-12,20

Verse 22
That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
ye
25; 1 Samuel 1:14; Job 22:23; Ezekiel 18:30-32; Colossians 2:11; 3:8,9; Hebrews 12:1; James 1:21; 1 Peter 2:1,2
former
17; 2:3; Galatians 1:13; Colossians 3:7; 1 Peter 1:18; 4:3; 2 Peter 2:7
the old
Romans 6:6; Colossians 3:9
deceitful
Proverbs 11:18; Jeremiah 49:16; Obadiah 1:3; Romans 7:11; Titus 3:3; Hebrews 3:13; James 1:26; 2 Peter 2:13

Verse 23
And be renewed in the spirit of your mind;
be
2:10; Psalms 51:10; Ezekiel 11:19; 18:31; 36:26; Romans 12:2; Colossians 3:10; Titus 3:5
spirit
Romans 8:6; 1 Peter 1:13

Verse 24
And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
put
6:11; Job 29:14; Isaiah 52:1; 59:17; Romans 13:12,14; 1 Corinthians 15:53; Galatians 3:27; Colossians 3:10-14
new
2:15; Romans 6:4; 2 Corinthians 4:16; 5:17; 1 Peter 2:2
after
Genesis 1:26,27; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Colossians 3:10; 1 John 3:2
created
2:10; Galatians 6:15
righteousness
Psalms 45:6,7; Romans 8:29; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 1:8; 12:14; 1 John 3:3
true holiness
or, holiness of truth.
John 17:17

Verse 25
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
putting
Leviticus 19:11; 1 Kings 13:18; Psalms 52:3; 119:29; Proverbs 6:17; 12:19,22; 21:6; Isaiah 9:15; 59:3,4; 63:8; Jeremiah 9:3-5; Hosea 4:2; John 8:44; Acts 5:3,4; Colossians 3:9; 1 Timothy 1:10; 4:2; Titus 1:2,12; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
speak
15; Proverbs 8:7; 12:17; Zechariah 8:16,19; 2 Corinthians 7:14; Colossians 3:9
for
5:30; Romans 12:5; 1 Corinthians 10:17; 12:12-27

Verse 26
Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
ye
31,32; Exodus 11:8; 32:21,22; Numbers 20:10-13,24; 25:7-11; Nehemiah 5:6-13; Psalms 4:4; 37:8; 106:30-33; Proverbs 14:29; 19:11; 25:23; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Matthew 5:22; Mark 3:5; 10:14; Romans 12:19-21; James 1:19
let
Deuteronomy 24:15

Verse 27
Neither give place to the devil.
6:11,16; Acts 5:3; 2 Corinthians 2:10,11; James 4:7; 1 Peter 5:8

Verse 28
Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
him that
Exodus 20:15,17; 21:16; Proverbs 30:9; Jeremiah 7:9; Hosea 4:2; Zechariah 5:3; John 12:6; 1 Corinthians 6:10,11
steal no more
Job 34:32; Proverbs 28:13; Luke 3:8,10-14; 19:8
labour
Proverbs 13:11; 14:23; Acts 20:34,35; 1 Thessalonians 4:11,12; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-8,11,12
that he
Luke 3:11; 21:1-4; John 13:29; 2 Corinthians 8:2,12
give
or, distribute.
Romans 12:13; 2 Corinthians 9:12-15; 1 Timothy 6:18

Verse 29
Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
no
5:3,4; Psalms 5:9; 52:2; 73:7-9; Matthew 12:34-37; Romans 3:13,14; 1 Corinthians 15:32,33; Colossians 3:8,9; 4:6; James 3:2-8; 2 Peter 2:18; Jude 1:13-16; Revelation 13:5,6
that which
Deuteronomy 6:6-9; Psalms 37:30,31; 45:2; 71:17,18,24; 78:4,5; Proverbs 10:31,32; 12:13; Proverbs 15:2-4,7,23; 16:21; 25:11,12; Isaiah 50:4; Malachi 3:16-18; Luke 4:22; 1 Corinthians 14:19; Colossians 3:16,17; 4:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:11
to the use of edifying
or, to edify profitably.
12,16
minister
Matthew 5:16; 1 Peter 2:12; 3:1

Verse 30
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
grieve
Genesis 6:3,6; Judges 10:16; Psalms 78:40; 95:10; Isaiah 7:13; 43:24; 63:10; Ezekiel 16:43; Mark 3:5; Acts 7:51; 1 Thessalonians 5:19; Hebrews 3:10,17
whereby
1:13
the day
1:14; Hosea 13:14; Luke 21:28; Romans 8:11,23; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 15:54

Verse 31
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
bitterness
Psalms 64:3; Romans 3:14; Colossians 3:8,19; James 3:14,15
wrath
26; Proverbs 14:17; 19:12; Ecclesiastes 7:9; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20; Colossians 3:8; 2 Timothy 2:23; Titus 1:7; James 1:19; 3:14-18; 4:1,2
clamour
2 Samuel 19:43; 20:1,2; Proverbs 29:9,22; Acts 19:28,29; 21:30; 22:22,23; 1 Timothy 3:3; 1 Timothy 6:4,5
evil speaking
Leviticus 19:16; 2 Samuel 19:27; Psalms 15:3; 50:20; 101:5; 140:11; Proverbs 6:19; 10:18; Proverbs 18:8; 25:23; 26:20; Jeremiah 6:28; 9:4; Romans 1:29,30; 1 Timothy 3:11; 5:13; 2 Timothy 3:3; Titus 2:3; 3:2; James 4:11; 1 Peter 2:1; 2 Peter 2:10,11; Jude 1:8-10; Revelation 12:10
with
Genesis 4:8; 27:41; 37:4,21; Leviticus 19:17,18; 2 Samuel 13:22; Proverbs 10:12; 26:24,25; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Romans 1:29; 1 Corinthians 5:8; 14:20; Colossians 3:8; Titus 3:3; 1 John 3:12,15

Verse 32
And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
kind
Ruth 2:20; Psalms 112:4,5,9; Proverbs 19:22; Isaiah 57:1; *marg:; Luke 6:35; Acts 28:2; Romans 12:10; 1 Corinthians 13:4; 2 Corinthians 2:10; 6:6; Colossians 3:12,13; 2 Peter 1:7
tender-hearted
Psalms 145:9; Proverbs 12:10; Luke 1:78; James 5:11
forgiving
5:1; Genesis 50:17,18; Matthew 6:12,14,15; 18:21-35; Mark 11:25,26; Luke 6:37; Luke 11:4; 17:4; Romans 12:20,21; 2 Corinthians 2:7,10; Colossians 3:12,13; 1 Peter 3:8,9; 1 John 1:9; 2:12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ephesians 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ephesians-4.html.


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Friday, July 20th, 2018
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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