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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ephesians 6

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The duty of children towards their parents;
5of servants towards their masters.
10Our life is a warfare, not only against flesh and blood, but also spiritual enemies.
13The complete armour of a Christian;
18and how it ought to be used.
21Tychicus is commended.

Verse 1
Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.
obey
Genesis 28:7; 37:13; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 21:18; 1 Samuel 17:20; Esther 2:20; Proverbs 1:8; 6:20; Proverbs 23:22; 30:11,17; Jeremiah 35:14; Luke 2:51; Colossians 3:20-25
in
5,6; Romans 16:2; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Colossians 3:16,17,23,24; 1 Peter 2:13
for
Nehemiah 9:13; Job 33:27; Psalms 19:8; 119:75,128; Hosea 14:9; Romans 7:12; 12:2; 1 Timothy 5:4

Verse 2
Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)
Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 27:16; Proverbs 20:20; Jeremiah 35:18; Ezekiel 22:7; Malachi 1:6; Matthew 15:4-6; Mark 7:9-13; Romans 13:7

Verse 3
That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
Deuteronomy 4:40; 5:16; 6:3,18; 12:25,28; 22:7; Ruth 3:1; Psalms 128:1,2; Isaiah 3:10; Jeremiah 42:6

Verse 4
And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.
ye
Genesis 31:14,15; 1 Samuel 20:30-34; Colossians 3:21
but
Genesis 18:19; Exodus 12:26,27; 13:14,15; Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:7,20-24; 11:19-21; Joshua 4:6,7; 4:21-24; 24:15; 1 Chronicles 22:10-13; 28:9,10,20; 29:19; Psalms 71:17; Psalms 71:18; 78:4-7; Proverbs 4:1-4; 19:18; 22:6,15; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Isaiah 38:19; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:15; Hebrews 12:7-10

Verse 5
Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;
be
Genesis 16:9; Psalms 123:2; Malachi 1:6; Matthew 6:24; 8:9; Acts 10:7,8; Colossians 3:22; 1 Timothy 6:1-3; Titus 2:9,10; 1 Peter 2:18-21
according
Philemon 1:16
with
1 Corinthians 2:3; 2 Corinthians 7:15; Philippians 2:12; 1 Peter 3:2
in
24; Joshua 24:14; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 86:11; Matthew 6:22; Acts 2:46; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 2 Corinthians 11:2,3
as
1:1-23; 1 Corinthians 7:22; Colossians 3:17-24

Verse 6
Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;
eye-service
Philippians 2:12; Colossians 3:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:4
doing
5:17; Matthew 7:21; 12:50; Colossians 1:9; 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:3; Hebrews 10:36; 13:21; 1 Peter 2:15; 4:2; 1 John 2:17
from
Jeremiah 3:10; 24:7; Romans 6:17; Colossians 3:23

Verse 7
With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:
good
Genesis 31:6,38-40; 2 Kings 5:2,3,13
as
5,6; 1 Corinthians 10:31

Verse 8
Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.
whatsoever
Proverbs 11:18; 23:18; Isaiah 3:11; Matthew 5:12; 6:1,4; 10:41,42; 16:27; Luke 6:35; Luke 14:14; Romans 2:6-10; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Colossians 3:24; Hebrews 10:35; 11:26
whether
Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11

Verse 9
And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.
ye
Leviticus 19:13; 25:39-46; Deuteronomy 15:11-16; 24:14,15; Nehemiah 5:5,8,9; Job 24:10-12; Job 31:13-15; Isaiah 47:6; 58:3-6; Amos 8:4-7; Malachi 3:5; Colossians 4:1; James 5:4
the same
5-7; Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31; James 2:8,13
forbearing
or, moderating.
Leviticus 25:43; 1 Samuel 15:17; Daniel 3:6,15; 5:19,20
knowing
Psalms 140:12; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Matthew 22:8,10; 24:48,51; Luke 12:45,46; John 13:13; 1 Corinthians 7:22
your Master
Some read, both your and their Master.
1 Corinthians 1:2; Philippians 2:10,11
neither
Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; Colossians 3:25

Verse 10
Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
Finally
2 Corinthians 13:11; Philippians 3:1; 4:8; 1 Peter 3:8
be
1:19; 3:16; Deuteronomy 20:3,4; 31:23; Joshua 1:6,7,9; 1 Samuel 23:16; 1 Chronicles 28:10,20; 2 Chronicles 15:7; Psalms 138:3; Isaiah 35:3,4; 40:28,31; Haggai 2:4; Zechariah 8:9,13; 1 Corinthians 16:13; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; 2 Timothy 2:1; 4:17; 1 Peter 5:10

Verse 11
Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
Put
4:24; Romans 13:14; Colossians 3:10
the whole
13; Romans 13:12; 2 Corinthians 6:7; 10:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:8
able
13; Luke 14:29-31; 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 7:25; Jude 1:24
the wiles
4:14; *Gr:; Mark 13:22; 2 Corinthians 2:11; 4:4; 11:3,13-15; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11; 1 Peter 5:8; 2 Peter 2:1-3; Revelation 2:24; 12:9; 13:11-15; 19:20; 20:2,3,7,8

Verse 12
For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
wrestle
Luke 13:24; 1 Corinthians 9:25-27; 2 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 12:1,4
flesh and blood
Gr. blood and flesh.
Matthew 16:17; 1 Corinthians 15:50; Galatians 1:16
principalities
1:21; 3:10; Romans 8:38; Colossians 2:15; 1 Peter 3:22
against the
2:2; Job 2:2; Luke 22:53; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:13
spiritual wickedness
or, wicked spirits. high. or, heavenly.
1:3

Verse 13
Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
take
11-17; 2 Corinthians 10:4
the whole
[panoplia (panopliða)] a complete suit of armour, both offensive and defensive, from [pan] all, and [hoplon (oèplon)] armour.
in the
5:6,16; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Amos 6:3; Luke 8:13; Revelation 3:10
done all
or, overcome all. to stand.
Malachi 3:2; Luke 21:36; Colossians 4:12; Revelation 6:17

Verse 14
Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
having
5:9; Isaiah 11:5; Luke 12:35; 2 Corinthians 6:7; 1 Peter 1:13
the breastplate
The [thorax (qwñrac)] or breastplate, consisted of two parts; one of which covered the whole region of the thorax or breast, and the other the back, as far down as the front part extended.
Isaiah 59:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8; Revelation 9:9,17

Verse 15
And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
your
Deuteronomy 33:25; Song of Solomon 7:1; Habakkuk 3:19; Luke 15:22
the gospel
Isaiah 52:7; Romans 10:15; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21

Verse 16
Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
the shield
The [ ()] was a large oblong shield, or scuta, like a door, [thura (qu/ra)] made of wood and covered with hides.
Genesis 15:1; Psalms 56:3,4,10,11; Proverbs 18:10; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 4:16-18; Hebrews 6:17,18; Hebrews 11:24-34; 1 Peter 5:8,9; 1 John 5:4,5
to quench
1 Thessalonians 5:19

Verse 17
And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
the helmet
1 Samuel 17:5,58; Isaiah 59:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8
the sword
Isaiah 49:2; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 2:16; 19:15
which
Matthew 4:4,7,10,11; Hebrews 12:5,6; 13:5,6; Revelation 12:11

Verse 18
Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
Praying
1:16; Job 27:10; Psalms 4:1; 6:9; Isaiah 26:16; Daniel 6:10; Luke 3:26,37; 18:1-7; Luke 21:36; Acts 1:14; 6:4; 10:2; 12:5; Romans 12:12; Philippians 4:6; Colossians 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:17; 2 Timothy 1:3
supplication
1 Kings 8:52,54,59; 9:3; Esther 4:8; Daniel 9:20; Hosea 12:4; 1 Timothy 2:1; Hebrews 5:7
in the
2:22; Zechariah 12:10; Romans 8:15,26,27; Galatians 4:6; Jude 1:20
watching
Matthew 26:41; Mark 13:33; 14:38; Luke 21:36; 22:46; Colossians 4:2; 1 Peter 4:7
all perseverance
Genesis 32:24-28; Matthew 15:25-28; Luke 11:5-8; 18:1-8
supplication
19; 1:16; 3:8,18; Philippians 1:4; 1 Timothy 2:1; Colossians 1:4; Philemon 1:5

Verse 19
And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
for
Romans 15:30; 2 Corinthians 1:11; Philippians 1:19; Colossians 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 5:25; 2 Thessalonians 3:1; Philemon 1:22; Hebrews 13:18
utterance
Acts 2:4; 1 Corinthians 1:5; 2 Corinthians 8:7
that I
Acts 4:13,29,31; 9:27,29; 13:46; 14:3; 18:26; 19:8; 28:31; 2 Corinthians 3:12; *marg:; 2 Corinthians 7:4; Philippians 1:20; 1 Thessalonians 2:2
the mystery
1:9; 3:3,4; 1 Corinthians 2:7; 4:1; Colossians 1:26,27; 2:2; 1 Timothy 3:16

Verse 20
For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
I am
Proverbs 13:17; Isaiah 33:7; 2 Corinthians 5:20
bonds
or, a chain.
3:1; 4:1; 2 Samuel 10:2-6; Acts 26:29; 28:20; Philippians 1:7,13,14; 2 Timothy 1:16; 2:9; Philemon 1:10
therein
or, thereof. boldly.
19; Isaiah 58:1; Jeremiah 1:7,8,17; Ezekiel 2:4-7; Matthew 10:27,28; Acts 5:29; 28:31; Colossians 4:4; Philippians 1:20; 1 Thessalonians 2:2; 1 John 3:16; Jude 1:3

Verse 21
But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:
that
Philippians 1:12; Colossians 4:7
Tychicus
Acts 20:4; 2 Timothy 4:12; Titus 3:12
beloved
Colossians 4:9; Philemon 1:16; 2 Peter 3:15
faithful
1 Corinthians 4:17; Colossians 1:7; 1 Timothy 4:6; 1 Peter 5:12

Verse 22
Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.
Philippians 2:19,25; Colossians 4:7,8; 1 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:17

Verse 23
Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Peace
Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3; Genesis 43:23; 1 Samuel 25:6; Psalms 122:6-9; John 14:27; Galatians 6:16; 1 Peter 5:14; Revelation 1:4
and love
Galatians 5:6; 1 Timothy 1:3; 5:8; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Timothy 1:14; Philemon 1:5-7

Verse 24
Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.
Grace
1 Corinthians 16:23; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Colossians 4:18; 2 Timothy 4:22; Titus 3:15; Hebrews 13:25
love
John 21:15-17; 1 Corinthians 16:22
in sincerity
or, with incorruption.
Matthew 22:37; 2 Corinthians 8:8,12; Titus 2:7
Amen
Matthew 6:13; 28:20

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ephesians 6:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ephesians-6.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, June 16th, 2019
Trinity Sunday
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