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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 27

 

 

Introduction
1The altar of burnt offering, with the vessels thereof.
9The court of the tabernacle inclosed with hangings and pillars.
18The measure of the court, and the furniture of brass.
20The oil for the lamp.

Verse 1
And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.
altar of shittim wood
20:24-26; 24:4; 38:1-7; 40:10,29; 2 Samuel 24:18; 2 Chronicles 4:1; Ezekiel 43:13-17; Hebrews 13:10

Verse 2
And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.
horns of it upon the four corners thereof
The horns might have been designed not only for ornament, but to prevent the sacrifices from falling off, and to tie the victim to, previous to its being sacrificed.
29:12; Leviticus 4:7,18,25; 8:15; 16:18; 1 Kings 1:50; 2:28; Psalms 118:27; Hebrews 6:18
overlay it with brass
Numbers 16:38,39; 1 Kings 8:64

Verse 3
And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.
his shovels
Leviticus 16:12; 1 Kings 7:40,45; 2 Chronicles 4:11; Jeremiah 52:18
basons
24:6
flesh-hooks
38:3; Numbers 4:14; 1 Samuel 2:13,14; 1 Chronicles 28:17; 2 Chronicles 4:16
firepans
1 Kings 7:45; 2 Kings 25:15; Jeremiah 52:19,20

Verse 4
And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.
a grate of network
35:16; 38:4,5
rings in the four corners thereof
25:12

Verse 5
And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.
compass of the altar
38:4

Verse 6
And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass.
staves for the altar
35:13-15; 30:4; Numbers 4:44

Verse 7
And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
bear it
25:28; 30:4; Numbers 4:13,14

Verse 8
Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.
as it was shewed
Heb. he shewed.
25:9,40; 26:30-37; 1 Chronicles 28:11,19; Matthew 15:9; Colossians 2:20-23; Hebrews 8:5

Verse 9
And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side:
the court
38:9-20; 40:8; 1 Kings 6:36; 8:64; 2 Chronicles 33:5; Psalms 84:10; 92:13; 100:4; Psalms 116:19; Ezekiel 40:14,20,23,28,32,44; 42:3,19,20; 46:20-24
hangings for
26:31-37; 36:17; 39:40

Verse 10
And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.
sockets shall be of brass
26:19-21
fillets shall be of silver
36:38; Jeremiah 52:21

Verse 14
The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
hangings of one side
9; 26:36

Verse 16
And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.
of blue
26:31,36
needle-work
28:39; 36:37; 39:29; Judges 5:30; Psalms 45:14

Verse 18
The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.
length of the court
fifty every where
Heb. fifty by fifty.

Verse 19
All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.
all the pins thereof
3; 35:18; 38:20,31; 39:40; Numbers 3:37; 4:32; Ezra 9:8; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 22:23-25; 33:20; Zechariah 10:4

Verse 20
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.
pure oil olive beaten
That is, such oil as could be easily expressed from the olives, after they had been bruised in a mortar; and which is much purer than that obtained after the olives are put under the press.
39:37; Leviticus 24:2-4; Judges 9:9; Psalms 23:5; Zechariah 4:11-14; Revelation 11:4
for the light
25:31-37
to cause the lamp
Josephus says, that the whole of the seven lamps burned all night; and that in the morning four were extinguished, and three burned the whole of the day. Such might have been the practice in his time; but it appears sufficiently evident from ch. 30:8, and 1 Sa 3:3, that they were anciently extinguished in the morning.
to burn
Heb. to ascend up.

Verse 21
In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
the tabernacle of the congregation
29:10,44; Leviticus 3:8; Numbers 8:9
without the vail
26:31-33; 40:3
testimony
16:34; 25:16,21
Aaron
30:8; 1 Samuel 3:3; 2 Chronicles 13:11; Malachi 2:7; Matthew 4:16; Luke 12:35; John 5:35; 2 Corinthians 4:6; 2 Peter 1:19; Revelation 2:1
evening
Genesis 1:5,8; Leviticus 24:3; Psalms 134:1
a statute for ever
28:43; 29:9,28; Leviticus 3:17; 16:34; 24:9; Numbers 18:23; 19:21; 1 Samuel 30:25

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 27:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-27.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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