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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Hebrews 12

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1An exhortation to constant faith, patience, and godliness.
22A commendation of the new testament above the old.

Verse 1
Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
seeing
11:2-38
a cloud
Isaiah 60:8; Ezekiel 38:9,16
witnesses
Luke 16:28; John 3:32; 4:39,44; 1 Peter 5:12; Revelation 22:16
let us lay
Matthew 10:37,38; Luke 8:14; 9:59-62; 12:15; 14:26-33; 18:22-25; 21:34; Romans 13:11-14; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:5-8; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; 2 Timothy 2:4; 1 Peter 2:1; 4:2; 1 John 2:15,16
and the sin
10:35-39; Psalms 18:23
and let us
1 Corinthians 9:24-27; Galatians 5:7; Philippians 2:16; 3:10-14; 2 Timothy 4:7
with patience
6:15; 10:36; Matthew 10:22; 24:13; Luke 8:15; Romans 2:7; 5:3-5; 8:24,25; 12:12; James 1:3; 5:7-11; 2 Peter 1:6; Revelation 1:9; 3:10; 13:10

Verse 2
Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Looking
3; 9:28; Isaiah 8:17; 31:1; 45:22; Micah 7:7; Zechariah 12:10; John 1:29; 6:40; John 8:56; Philippians 3:20; 2 Timothy 4:8; Titus 2:13; 1 John 1:1-3; Jude 1:21
the author
or, the beginner.
2:10; Mark 9:24; Luke 17:5; Acts 5:31; *Gr:; Revelation 1:8,11,17; 2:8
finisher
7:19; 10:14; *Gr:; Psalms 138:8; 1 Corinthians 1:7,8; Philippians 1:6
for
2:7-9; 5:9; Psalms 16:9-11; Isaiah 49:6; 53:10-12; Luke 24:26; John 12:24,32; John 13:3,31,32; 17:1-4; Acts 2:25,26,36; Philippians 2:8-11; 1 Peter 1:11
endured
10:5-12; Matthew 16:21; 20:18,19,20,28; 27:31-50; Mark 14:36; John 12:27,28; Ephesians 2:16; 5:2; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18
despising
10:33; 11:36; Psalms 22:6-8; 69:19,20; Isaiah 49:7; 50:6,7; 53:3; Matthew 26:67; Matthew 26:68; 27:27-31,38-44; Mark 9:12; Luke 23:11,35-39; Acts 5:41; 1 Peter 2:23; 4:14-16
and is
1:3,13; 8:1; Psalms 110:1; 1 Peter 3:22

Verse 3
For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
consider
2; 3:1; 1 Samuel 12:24; 2 Timothy 2:7,8
contradiction
Matthew 10:24,25; 11:19; 12:24; 15:2; 21:15,16,23,46; 22:15; Luke 2:34; *Gr:; Luke 4:28,29; 5:21; 11:15,16,53,54; 13:13,14; 14:1; 15:2; 16:14; 19:39; Luke 19:40; John 5:16; 7:12; 8:13,48,49,52,59; 9:40; 10:20,31-39; 12:9; John 12:10; 15:18-24; 18:22
lest
5; Deuteronomy 20:3; Proverbs 24:10; Isaiah 40:30,31; 50:4; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Corinthians 4:1,16; Galatians 6:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:13

Verse 4
Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
2; 10:32-34; Matthew 24:9; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Timothy 4:6,7; Revelation 2:13; 6:9-11; 12:11; Revelation 17:6; 18:24

Verse 5
And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him:
ye have forgotten
Deuteronomy 4:9,10; Psalms 119:16,83,109; Proverbs 3:1; 4:5; Matthew 16:9,10; Luke 24:6,8
the exhortation
7; Proverbs 3:11,12
despise
Job 5:17,18; 34:31; Psalms 94:12; 118:18; 119:75; Jeremiah 31:18; 1 Corinthians 11:32; James 1:12; Revelation 3:19
nor faint
3,4; Joshua 7:7-11; 2 Samuel 6:7-10; 1 Chronicles 13:9-13; 15:12,13; Psalms 6:1,2; 2 Corinthians 4:8,9; 12:9,10

Verse 6
For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
whom
Deuteronomy 8:5; Psalms 32:1-5; 73:14,15; 89:30-34; 119:71,75; Proverbs 3:12; 13:24; Isaiah 27:9; Jeremiah 10:24; James 1:12; 5:11; Revelation 3:19
and scourgeth
7,8; 2 Samuel 7:14

Verse 7
If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?
endure
Job 34:31,32; Proverbs 19:18; 22:15; 23:13,14; 29:15,17; Acts 14:22
for what
1 Samuel 2:29,34; 3:13; 1 Kings 1:6; 2:24,25; Proverbs 13:24; 29:15

Verse 8
But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.
6; Psalms 73:1,14,15; 1 Peter 5:9,10

Verse 9
Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
fathers
John 3:6; Acts 2:30; Romans 1:3; 9:3,5
corrected
we gave
Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 27:16; Proverbs 30:17; Ezekiel 22:7; Ephesians 6:1-4
shall we not
Malachi 1:6; James 4:7,10; 1 Peter 5:6
the Father
Numbers 16:22; 27:16; Job 12:10; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 42:5; 57:16; Zechariah 12:1

Verse 10
For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.
after their own pleasure
or, as seemed good, or meet, to them. but he.
5,6
partakers
Leviticus 11:44,45; 19:2; Psalms 17:15; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Ephesians 4:24; 5:26,27; Colossians 1:22; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:15,16; 2:5,9; 2 Peter 1:4

Verse 11
Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
no chastening
Psalms 89:32; 118:18; Proverbs 15:10; 19:18
nevertheless
5,6,10
peaceable
Psalms 119:165; Isaiah 32:17; Romans 5:3-5; 14:17; 2 Corinthians 4:17; Galatians 5:22,23; James 3:17,18
exercised
5:14; 1 Timothy 4:7,8; 2 Peter 2:14; *Gr:

Verse 12
Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
3,5; Job 4:3,4; Isaiah 35:3; Ezekiel 7:17; 21:7; Daniel 5:6; Nahum 2:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:14

Verse 13
And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.
make
Proverbs 4:26,27; Isaiah 35:3,8-10; 40:3,4; 42:16; 58:12; Jeremiah 18:15; Luke 3:5
straight
or, even. lame.
Isaiah 35:6; Jeremiah 31:8,9
but let
Galatians 6:1; Jude 1:22,23

Verse 14
Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:
Follow
Genesis 13:7-9; Psalms 34:14; 38:20; 120:6; 133:1; Proverbs 15:1; 16:7; 17:14; Isaiah 11:6-9; Matthew 5:9; Mark 9:50; Romans 12:18; 14:19; 1 Corinthians 1:10; Galatians 5:22,23; Ephesians 4:1-8; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:22; James 3:17,18; 1 Peter 3:11
and holiness
10; Psalms 94:15; Isaiah 51:1; Luke 1:75; Romans 6:22; 2 Corinthians 6:17; 7:1; Philippians 3:12; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 4:7; 1 Peter 1:15,16; 3:13; 2 Peter 3:11,18; 3 John 1:11
no man
Genesis 32:30; Job 19:26; 33:26; Matthew 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 5:5; Galatians 3:21; 1 John 3:2,3; Revelation 21:24-27; 22:3,4,11-15

Verse 15
Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;
Looking
2:1,2; 3:12; 4:1,11; 6:11; 10:23-35; Deuteronomy 4:9; Proverbs 4:23; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27; 1 Corinthians 10:12; 2 Corinthians 6:1; 13:5; 2 Peter 1:10; 3:11,14; 2 John 1:8; Jude 1:20,21
any man
Luke 22:32; 1 Corinthians 13:8; Galatians 5:4
fail of
or, fall from.
Galatians 5:4
any root
3:12; Deuteronomy 29:18; 32:32; Isaiah 5:4,7; Jeremiah 2:21; Matthew 7:16-18
trouble
Joshua 6:18; 7:25,26; 22:17-20; Ephesians 5:3; Colossians 3:5
and thereby
Exodus 32:21; 1 Kings 14:16; Acts 20:30,31; 1 Corinthians 5:6; 15:33; Galatians 2:13; 2 Timothy 2:16,17; 2 Peter 2:1,2,18

Verse 16
Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
any fornicator
13:4; Mark 7:21; Acts 15:20,29; 1 Corinthians 5:1-6,9-11; 6:15-20; 10:8; 2 Corinthians 12:21; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:3,5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:3-7; Revelation 2:20-23; 21:8; 22:15
as Esau
Genesis 25:31-34; 27:36

Verse 17
For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.
when he
Genesis 27:31-41
he was
6:8; Proverbs 1:24-31; Jeremiah 6:30; Matthew 7:23; 25:11,12; Luke 13:24-27
for he
6:4-6; 10:26-29
place for repentance
or, way to change his mind.

Verse 18
For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
Exodus 19:12-19; 20:18; 24:17; Deuteronomy 4:11; 5:22-26; Romans 6:14; 8:15; 2 Timothy 1:7

Verse 19
And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
the sound
Exodus 19:16-19; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16
and the voice
Exodus 20:1-17,22; Deuteronomy 4:12,33; 5:3-22
they that
Exodus 20:18,19; Deuteronomy 5:24-27; 18:16

Verse 20
(For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
For they
Deuteronomy 33:2; Romans 3:19,20; Galatians 2:19; 3:10
if so much
Exodus 19:13,16

Verse 21
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
Moses
Exodus 19:16,19; Psalms 119:120; Isaiah 6:3-5; Daniel 10:8,17; Revelation 1:17

Verse 22
But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
ye are come
Psalms 2:6; 48:2; 132:13,14; Isaiah 12:6; 14:32; 28:16; 51:11,16; 59:20; Isaiah 60:14; Joel 2:32; Romans 11:26; Galatians 4:26; Revelation 14:1
the city
13:14; Psalms 48:2; 87:3; Matthew 5:35; Philippians 3:20; *marg:; Revelation 3:12; 21:2,10; 22:19
of the
3:12; 9:14; 10:31; Deuteronomy 5:26; Joshua 3:10; 2 Kings 19:4; Psalms 42:2; 84:2; Jeremiah 10:10; Daniel 6:26; Hosea 1:10; Matthew 16:16; Romans 9:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 7:2
an innumerable
Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10; Jude 1:14; Revelation 5:11,12

Verse 23
To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
the general
Psalms 89:7; 111:1; Acts 20:28; Ephesians 1:22; 5:24-27; Colossians 1:24; 1 Timothy 3:5
the firstborn
Exodus 4:22; 13:2; Deuteronomy 21:17; Psalms 89:27; Jeremiah 31:9; James 1:18; Revelation 14:4
which
Exodus 32:32; Psalms 69:28; Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3; Revelation 13:8; 20:15
written
or, enrolled. God.
6:10-12; 9:27; Genesis 18:25; Psalms 50:5,6; 94:2; 96:13; 98:9; Matthew 25:31-34; John 5:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:5-7; 1 Peter 2:23
the spirits
11:4,40; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 15:49,54; 2 Corinthians 5:8; Philippians 1:21-23; Philippians 3:12-21; Colossians 1:12; Revelation 7:14-17

Verse 24
And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
Jesus
7:22; 8:6,8; 1 Timothy 2:5
new
13:20; Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 31:31-33
covenant
or, testament.
9:15; Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20
to the blood
9:21; 10:22; 11:28; Exodus 24:8; 1 Peter 1:2
speaketh
11:4; Genesis 4:10; Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51

Verse 25
See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
See
8:5; Exodus 16:29; 1 Kings 12:16; Isaiah 48:6; 64:9; Matthew 8:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 1:22; Revelation 19:10; 22:9
refuse
Proverbs 1:24; 8:33; 13:18; 15:32; Jeremiah 11:10; Ezekiel 5:6; Zechariah 7:11; Matthew 17:5; Acts 7:35
if they
2:1-3; 3:17; 10:28,29
turn away
Numbers 32:15; Deuteronomy 30:17; Joshua 22:16; 2 Chronicles 7:19; Proverbs 1:32; 2 Timothy 4:4

Verse 26
Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
voice
Exodus 19:18; Psalms 114:6,7; Habakkuk 3:10
Yet once
27; Isaiah 2:19; 13:13; Joel 3:16; Haggai 2:6,7,22

Verse 27
And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
signifieth
Psalms 102:26,27; Ezekiel 21:27; Matthew 24:35; 2 Peter 3:10,11; Revelation 11:15; 21:1
are shaken
or, may be shaken.

Verse 28
Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
a kingdom
Isaiah 9:7; Daniel 2:44; 7:14,27; Matthew 25:34; Luke 1:33; 17:20,21; 1 Peter 1:4,5; Revelation 1:6; 5:10
have
or, hold fast.
3:6; 10:23
we may
Psalms 19:14; Isaiah 56:7; Romans 12:1,2; Ephesians 1:6; 5:10; Philippians 4:18; 1 Peter 2:5,20
with reverence
4:16; 5:7; 10:19,22; Leviticus 10:3; Psalms 2:11; 89:7; Proverbs 28:24; Romans 11:20; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 15:4

Verse 29
For our God is a consuming fire.
10:27; Exodus 24:17; Numbers 11:1; 16:35; Deuteronomy 4:24; 9:3; Psalms 50:3; 97:3; Isaiah 66:15; Daniel 7:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:8

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-12.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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