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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Hebrews 8

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1By the eternal priesthood of Christ the Levitical priesthood of Aaron is abolished;
7and the temporal covenant with the fathers, by the eternal covenant of the Gospel.

Verse 1
Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;
sum
Or, chief, principal point, in both which senses [ ()] is used by profane writers.
We have
7:26-28
who
1:3,13; 10:12; 12:2; Ephesians 6:20; Colossians 3:1; Revelation 3:21
the Majesty
1 Chronicles 29:11; Job 37:22; Psalms 21:5; 45:3,4; 104:1; 145:12; Isaiah 24:14; Micah 5:4

Verse 2
A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
minister
9:8-12; 10:21; Exodus 28:1,35; Luke 24:44; Romans 15:8
the sanctuary
or, holy things. the true.
9:11,23,24
which
11:10; 2 Corinthians 5:1; Colossians 2:11

Verse 3
For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
serve
5:1; 7:27
have
9:14; 10:9-12; John 6:51; Ephesians 5:2; Titus 2:14

Verse 4
For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
he should
7:11-15; Numbers 16:40; 17:12,13; 18:5; 2 Chronicles 26:18,19
there are priests
or, they are priests. gifts. [doron (dwÜron)] gifts, or offerings, comprehended propitiatory sacrifices as well as freewill-offerings.
See
11:4

Verse 5
Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
unto
[ ()skia
the example
9:9,23,24; 10:1; Colossians 2:17
See
Exodus 25:40; 26:30; 27:8; Numbers 8:4; 1 Chronicles 28:12,19; Acts 7:44
pattern
[tupos (tu/pov)] type, plan, or form.

Verse 6
But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
obtained
7-13; 2 Corinthians 3:6-11
the mediator
7:22; 12:24; Galatians 3:19,20
covenant
or, testament.
7:22; 9:15-20
was established
[nomotheteo (nomoqeteÑomai)] "was ordained (or established) by law."
upon
8:10-12; Romans 9:4; Galatians 3:16-21; Titus 1:2; 2 Peter 1:4

Verse 7
For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
had
6; 7:11,18; Galatians 3:21

Verse 8
For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
he saith
Jeremiah 31:31-34
the days
10:16,17; Jeremiah 23:5,7; 30:3; 31:27,31-34,38; Luke 17:22
a new
9:15; 12:24; Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6
covenant
Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 32:40; 33:24-26; Ezekiel 16:60,61; 37:26

Verse 9
Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
the covenant
9:18-20; Exodus 24:3-11; 34:10,27,28; Deuteronomy 5:2,3; 29:1,12; Galatians 3:15-19; Galatians 4:24
I took
Genesis 19:16; Job 8:20; *marg:; Song of Solomon 8:5; Isaiah 41:13; 51:18; Mark 8:23; Acts 9:8; 13:11
to lead
Exodus 19:4,5; Psalms 77:20; 78:52-54; 105:43; 136:11-14; Isaiah 40:11; 63:9; Isaiah 63:11-13
they continued
Exodus 32:8; Deuteronomy 29:25; 31:16-18; Joshua 23:15,16; 2 Kings 17:15-18; Psalms 78:10; Psalms 78:11,57; Isaiah 24:5,6; Jeremiah 11:7,8; 22:8,9; 31:32; Ezekiel 16:8,59; Ezekiel 20:37,38
regarded
Judges 10:13,14; Lamentations 4:16; Amos 5:22; Malachi 2:13

Verse 10
For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
this is
10:16,17
I will put
Gr. I will give.
Exodus 24:4,7; 34:1,27; Deuteronomy 30:6; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:40; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26,27; 2 Corinthians 3:3,7,8; James 1:18,21; 1 Peter 1:23
in
or, upon. I will be.
11:16; Genesis 17:7,8; Song of Solomon 2:16; Jeremiah 24:7; 31:1,33; 32:38; Ezekiel 11:20; 36:28; Ezekiel 37:27; 39:22; Hosea 1:10; 2:23; Zechariah 8:8; 13:9; Matthew 22:32; 1 Corinthians 6:16
they shall
Exodus 19:5,6; Romans 9:25,26; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 11
And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
they shall
Isaiah 2:3; 54:13; Jeremiah 31:34; John 6:45; 1 John 2:27
Know the
2 Kings 17:27,28; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 30:22; Ezra 7:25
for all
Isaiah 54:13; Jeremiah 24:7; Ezekiel 34:30; Habakkuk 2:14; 1 John 5:20
from
Jeremiah 6:13; 42:1,8; 44:12; Acts 8:10

Verse 12
For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
10:16,17; Psalms 25:7; 65:3; Isaiah 43:25; 44:22; Jeremiah 33:8; 50:20; Micah 7:19; Acts 13:38,39; Romans 11:27; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14; 1 John 1:7-9; 2:1,2; Revelation 1:5

Verse 13
In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
A new
he hath
7:11,12,18,19; 9:9,10
ready
Isaiah 51:6; Matthew 24:35; 1 Corinthians 13:8; 2 Corinthians 5:17

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-8.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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