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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 23

 

 

Introduction
1The miserable overthrow of Tyre.
15Her restoration and whoredoms.

Verse 1
The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.
A. M. 3289. B.C. 715. burden. Tyre, whose destruction by Nebuchadnezzar is here foretold, was a city of Phoenicia, on the shore of the Mediterranean, twenty-four miles south of Sidon, and thirty-two north of Accho or Ptolemais, according to the Antonine and Jerusalem Itineraries, about lat. 33 degrees 18' N. long. 35 degrees 10' E. There were two cities of this name; one on the continent called Palæ Tyrus, or Old Tyre, according to Strabo, thirty stadia south of the other, which was situated on an island, not above 700 paces from the main land, says Pliny. Old Tyre was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, after a siege of thirteen years, B.C. 573, which he so utterly destroyed, that it never afterwards rose higher than a village. But previous to this, the inhabitants had removed their effects to the island which afterwards became so famous by the name of Tyre, though now consisting only of about 800 dwellings
Jeremiah 25:15,22; 47:4; Ezekiel 26:1-28; Joel 3:4-8; Amos 1:9,10; Zechariah 9:2,4
Howl
15:2,8; Revelation 18:17-19
ye ships
2:16; 60:9; 1 Kings 22:48; 2 Chronicles 9:21; Psalms 48:7; Ezekiel 27:25
for it is
15:1; Jeremiah 25:10,11; Revelation 18:22,23
the land
12; Numbers 24:24; Jeremiah 2:10; Ezekiel 27:6; Daniel 11:30

Verse 2
Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished.
still
Heb. silent.
41:1; 47:5; Psalms 46:10; Habakkuk 2:20
the isle
Ezekiel 27:3,4; 28:2
the merchants
Ezekiel 27:8-36

Verse 3
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.
Sihor
1 Chronicles 13:5; Jeremiah 2:18
the harvest
32:20; Deuteronomy 11:10
she is
8; Ezekiel 27:33; 28:4; Joel 3:5; Revelation 18:11-13

Verse 4
Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.
I travail
Jeremiah 47:3,4; Ezekiel 26:3-6; Hosea 9:11-14; Revelation 18:23

Verse 5
As at the report concerning Egypt, so shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre.
at the
19:16; Exodus 15:14-16; Joshua 2:9-11
so shall
Ezekiel 26:15-21; 27:29-36; 28:19; Revelation 18:17-19

Verse 6
Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle.
Pass
10,12; 21:15
howl
1,2; 16:7

Verse 7
Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is of ancient days? her own feet shall carry her afar off to sojourn.
your
22:2
whose
Joshua 19:29
her own
47:1,2; Ecclesiastes 10:7
afar off
Heb. from afar off.

Verse 8
Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning city, whose merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the honourable of the earth?
Who hath
Deuteronomy 29:24-28; Jeremiah 50:44,45; Revelation 18:8
the crowning
Ezekiel 28:2-6,12-18
merchants
10:8; 36:9

Verse 9
The LORD of hosts hath purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, and to bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth.
Lord
10:33; 14:24,27; 46:10,11; Jeremiah 47:6,7; 51:62; Acts 4:28; Ephesians 1:11; Ephesians 3:11
to stain
Heb. to pollute.
2:11,17; 5:15,16; 13:11; Job 40:11,12; Daniel 4:37; Malachi 4:1; James 4:6
bring
Job 12:21; Psalms 107:40; 1 Corinthians 1:26-29

Verse 10
Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish: there is no more strength.
O daughter
no more
14; 1 Samuel 28:20; Job 12:21; Lamentations 1:6; Haggai 2:22; Romans 5:6
strength
Heb. girdle.
Psalms 18:32

Verse 11
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.
stretched
2:19; 14:16,17; Exodus 15:8-10; Psalms 46:6; Ezekiel 26:10,15-19; 27:34,35; Ezekiel 31:16; Haggai 2:7
the Lord
10:6; Psalms 71:3; Jeremiah 47:7; Nahum 1:14
against the merchant city
or, concerning a merchantman.
3; Hosea 12:7,8
the merchant city
Heb. Canaan.
Genesis 9:25; 10:15-19; Zechariah 14:21; Mark 11:17; John 2:16
strong holds
or, strengths.
Zechariah 9:3,4

Verse 12
And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed virgin, daughter of Zidon: arise, pass over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest.
Thou shalt
1,7; Ezekiel 26:13,14; Revelation 18:22
thou oppressed
37:22; 47:1,5; Jeremiah 14:17; 46:11; Lamentations 1:15
daughter
"The Sidonians," says Justin, "when their city was taken by the king of Ascalon, betook themselves to their ships; and landed and built Tyre;" Sidon was therefore the mother city.
2; Genesis 10:15-19; 49:13; Joshua 11:8
pass
1; Numbers 24:24; Ezekiel 27:6
there also
Deuteronomy 28:64-67; Lamentations 1:3; 4:15

Verse 13
Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, till the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; and he brought it to ruin.
land
13:19; Genesis 11:28,31; Job 1:17; Habakkuk 1:6; Acts 7:4
the Assyrian
Genesis 2:14; 10:10,11; 11:9; 2 Kings 17:24; 20:12; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Ezra 4:9,10; Daniel 4:30
for them
Psalms 72:9
and he
Ezekiel 26:7-21; 29:18

Verse 14
Howl, ye ships of Tarshish: for your strength is laid waste.
1,6; Ezekiel 27:25-30; Revelation 18:11-19

Verse 15
And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot.
Tyre shall
Jeremiah 25:9-11,22; 27:3-7; 29:10; Ezekiel 29:11
one king
Daniel 7:14; 8:21; Revelation 17:10
shall Tyre sing as an harlot
Heb. it shall be unto Tyre as the song of an harlot.
Ezekiel 27:25; Hosea 2:15

Verse 16
Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.
Proverbs 7:10-12; Jeremiah 30:14

Verse 17
And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.
visit
Jeremiah 29:10; Zephaniah 2:7; Acts 15:14
and she shall
Deuteronomy 23:18; Ezekiel 16:31; 22:13; 27:6-36; Hosea 12:7,8; Micah 1:7; 3:11; 1 Timothy 3:3,8; 1 Peter 5:2
shall commit
Nahum 3:4; Revelation 17:2-5; 18:9-14; 19:2

Verse 18
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
her merchandise
60:6,7; 2 Chronicles 2:7-9,11-16; Psalms 45:12; 72:10; Zechariah 14:20,21; Mark 3:8; Acts 21:3-5
it shall
Matthew 6:19-21; Luke 12:18-20,33; 16:9-13
for them
Deuteronomy 12:18,19; 26:12-14; Proverbs 3:9,10; 13:22; 28:8; Ecclesiastes 2:26; Malachi 3:10; Matthew 25:35-40; Luke 8:3; Acts 9:39; Romans 15:25-27; Galatians 6:6; Philippians 4:17,18
durable
Heb. old.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 23:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-23.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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