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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 143

 

 

Introduction
1David prays for favour in judgment.
3He complains of his griefs.
5He strengthens his faith by meditation and prayer.
7He prays for grace;
9for deliverance;
10for sanctification;
12for destruction of his enemies;

Verse 1
Hear my prayer, O LORD, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, and in thy righteousness.
(Title
&) A Psalm. The LXX., Vulgate, Ethiopic, and Arabic state that this Psalm was composed by David on the rebellion of his son Absalom; and there are several passages in it which agree remarkably well with that period; for then he had most reason to fear lest God should deal with him according to his sins; which he deprecates with such a deep sense of his unworthiness, that it has hence been numbered among the penitential Psalms, of which it is the last. In it he prays to God for pardon, ver. 1; acknowledges the impossibility of being saved but by grace, ver. 2; deplores the lamentable effects of sin, ver. 3, 4; comforts himself with a retrospect of God's mercies of old, ver. 5; and prays, in a variety of expressions, for remission of sin, sanctification, and redemption, ver. 6-12.
thy faithfulness
31:1; 71:2; 2 Samuel 7:25; Daniel 9:16; 1 John 1:9

Verse 2
And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
enter not
130:3; Job 14:3
in thy sight
Exodus 34:7; Job 4:17; 9:2,3; 15:14; 25:4; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:20; Galatians 2:16; 1 John 1:10

Verse 3
For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.
the enemy
7:1,2; 17:9-13; 35:4; 54:3; 142:6
smitten
7:5; 2 Samuel 2:22; 18:11
made me
31:12,13; 88:4-6; Ezekiel 37:11

Verse 4
Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
is my spirit
55:5; 61:2; 77:3; 102:1; *title; 124:4; 142:3; Job 6:27
my heart
25:16; 102:3,4; 119:81-83; Luke 22:44

Verse 5
I remember the days of old; I meditate on all thy works; I muse on the work of thy hands.
remember
42:6; 77:5,6,10-12; 111:4; Deuteronomy 8:2,3; 1 Samuel 17:34-37,45-50; Isaiah 63:7-14; Micah 6:5

Verse 6
I stretch forth my hands unto thee: my soul thirsteth after thee, as a thirsty land. Selah.
stretch forth
44:20; 88:9; Job 11:13
my soul
42:1,2; 63:1; 84:2; Isaiah 26:8,9; 35:7; John 7:37

Verse 7
Hear me speedily, O LORD: my spirit faileth: hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.
Hear me
13:1-4; 40:13,17; 70:5; 71:12
my spirit
40:12; 69:3; Isaiah 57:16; Luke 21:26
hide not
22:24; 27:9; 69:17; Isaiah 8:17
lest I be like, etc
or, for I am become like, etc. unto them.
28:1; 88:4-6,10,11; Isaiah 38:18

Verse 8
Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.
to hear
30:5; 42:8; 46:5; *marg:; 59:16; Genesis 32:24-29; Hosea 6:3
cause me
10; 5:8; 25:4,5; 27:11; 32:8; 119:34,73; Proverbs 3:5,6; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17
for I lift
25:1; 86:4; Lamentations 3:41

Verse 9
Deliver me, O LORD, from mine enemies: I flee unto thee to hide me.
flee unto thee
Heb. hide me with thee.
34:2-4; 56:9; 61:3,4; 142:5; Proverbs 18:10; Hebrews 6:18

Verse 10
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
Teach
25:4,5,8,9,12; 119:5-7,12,35; 139:24; Micah 4:2; Matthew 28:20; Colossians 1:9,10; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2; Hebrews 13:21; 1 John 2:27
for thou art
22:1; 31:14; 63:1; 118:28; 140:6
thy spirit
Nehemiah 9:20; Isaiah 63:14; John 14:26; 16:13-15; Romans 5:5; 8:2,14-16,26; Romans 15:13,30; Galatians 5:22,23; Ephesians 4:30; 5:9; 2 Timothy 1:7
the land
Isaiah 29:10

Verse 11
Quicken me, O LORD, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble.
Quicken
85:6; 119:25,37,40,88,107; 138:7; Habakkuk 3:2; Ephesians 2:4,5
for thy righteousness
1; 9:7,8; 31:1; 71:2
bring
25:17; 34:19; 37:39,40; 91:15,16; Revelation 7:14-17

Verse 12
And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I am thy servant.
of thy mercy
54:5; 55:23; 136:15-20; 1 Samuel 24:12-15; 25:29; 26:10
for I am thy
116:16; 119:94

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 143:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-143.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 14th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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