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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 22

 

 

Introduction
1David complains in great discouragement.
9He prays in great distress.
23He praises God.

Verse 1
My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?
A. M. 2962. B.C. 1042. (Title.) Aijeleth. or, the hind of the morning
16; 42:1,2
my God
31:14-16; 43:1-5; Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34; Luke 24:44
why hast
26:9; 37:28; 71:11; 1 Samuel 12:22; Hebrews 13:5
far
11; 16:1
helping
Heb. my salvation.
Isaiah 46:13
words
32:3,4; 38:8; Job 3:24; Isaiah 59:11; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 2
O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
I cry
42:3; 55:16,17; 88:1; Luke 18:7; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Timothy 1:3
but
80:4; Lamentations 3:8,44
in the night
Luke 6:12; 18:7; 22:41-46
am not silent
Heb. there is no silence to me.
Matthew 26:44

Verse 3
But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
But
145:17; Isaiah 6:3; Revelation 4:8
that
50:23; 65:1; Deuteronomy 10:21

Verse 4
Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
44:1-7; Genesis 15:6; 32:9-12,28; Exodus 14:13,14,31; 1 Samuel 7:9-12; Romans 4:18-22; Hebrews 11:8-32

Verse 5
They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
cried
99:6,7; 106:44; Judges 4:3; 6:6; 10:10-16
and were
25:2,3; 31:1; 69:6,7; 71:1; Isaiah 45:17; 49:23; Romans 9:33; 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6

Verse 6
But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
I am
Job 25:6; Isaiah 41:14
a reproach
31:1; 69:7-12,19,20; 88:8; Isaiah 49:7; 53:3; Lamentations 3:30; Matthew 11:19; 12:24; Matthew 27:20-23; John 7:15,20,47-49; 8:48; Revelation 15:3; Hebrews 13:12

Verse 7
All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
laugh
35:15,16; Matthew 9:24; 27:29,39; Mark 15:20,29; Luke 16:14; 23:11,35-39
shoot out
Heb. open.
31:18; Job 16:4,10; 30:9-11; Isaiah 57:4; Matthew 26:66-68
shake
44:14; 109:25; Isaiah 37:22,23; Matthew 27:39,40; Mark 11:29-32

Verse 8
He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
He trusted
Heb. rolled himself on.
37:5; 55:22; Proverbs 16:3; *marg:; Matthew 27:42,43
let him
3:1,2; 42:10; 71:11; 91:14; Mark 15:30-32
seeing, etc
or, if he delight.
18:19; Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 3:17; 12:18; 17:5; Luke 23:35

Verse 9
But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.
that took
71:6; 139:15,16; Isaiah 49:1,2
thou didst
71:17; Isaiah 7:14,15; 9:6
make me hope
or, keep me in safety.
Matthew 2:13-15; Revelation 12:4,5

Verse 10
I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
cast
Isaiah 46:3,4; 49:1; Luke 2:40,52
thou
John 20:17
from
Jeremiah 1:5; Galatians 1:15

Verse 11
Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
Be not
10:1; 13:1-3; 35:22; 38:21; 69:1,2,18; 71:12; John 16:32; Hebrews 5:7
none to help
Heb. not a helper.
72:12; 142:4-6; Deuteronomy 32:36; Matthew 26:56,72,74

Verse 12
Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
Many
68:30; Jeremiah 50:11
strong
Deuteronomy 32:14,15; Isaiah 34:7; Ezekiel 39:18; Amos 4:1-3; Matthew 27:1; Acts 4:27

Verse 13
They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
gaped, etc
Heb. opened their mouths against me.
7; 35:21; Job 16:10; Lamentations 2:16; 3:46; Matthew 26:3,4,59-65
as a
21; 7:2; 17:12; 35:17; Ezekiel 22:27,28; 1 Peter 5:8

Verse 14
I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
I am
Joshua 7:5; Matthew 26:38; Luke 22:44; John 12:27
all
17; Daniel 5:6
out of joint
or, sundered. heart.
68:2; Joshua 7:5; Job 23:16; Mark 14:33,34

Verse 15
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
strength
32:3,4; Proverbs 17:22
tongue
69:3,21; Job 29:10; Lamentations 4:4; John 19:28
into the
30:9; 104:29; Genesis 3:19; 18:27; Job 7:21; 10:9; 34:15; Isaiah 53:12; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 27:50; 1 Corinthians 15:3

Verse 16
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
dogs
22:1; *title; 20; 59:6,14; Matthew 7:6; Philippians 3:2; Revelation 22:15
compassed
Luke 11:53,54
assembly
86:14; Jeremiah 12:6; Matthew 26:57; Mark 15:16-20; Luke 22:63-71; 23:4,5,10,11; Luke 23:23
they pierced
The textual reading is kaäri, "as a lion my hands and feet;" but several MSS., read kâroo, and others karoo in the margin, which affords the reading adopted by our translators. So the LXX. [oryxan cheiras mou kai podas] so also the Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic; and as all the Evangelists so quote the passage, and apply it to the crucifixion of Christ, there seems scarcely the shadow of a doubt that this is the genuine reading; especially when it is considered, that the other contains no sense at all. The whole difference lies between [vâv] wav and [yôwd] yood, which might easily be mistaken for each other.
Zechariah 12:10; Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:33; John 19:23,37; 20:25,27

Verse 17
I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
I may
102:3-5; Job 33:21; Isaiah 52:14
look
Matthew 27:36,39-41; Mark 15:29-32; Luke 23:27,35

Verse 18
They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23,24

Verse 19
But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
But
11; 10:1
O my
18:1; 21:1; 40:13,17; 69:13-18

Verse 20
Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.
soul
17:13; Zechariah 13:7
my darling, etc
Heb. my only one from the hand.
35:17
the dog

Verse 21
Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
me from
Luke 22:53; John 14:30; 2 Timothy 4:17; 1 Peter 5:8
horns
Numbers 23:22; Deuteronomy 33:17; Job 39:9,10; Isaiah 34:7; John 8:59; Acts 4:27; Acts 5:30-32

Verse 22
I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
I will
40:9; 71:18,19; John 7:25,26; Hebrews 2:11,12
my brethren
Matthew 12:48,49; 25:40; 28:10; John 20:17; Romans 8:29
in the
25; 40:9,10

Verse 23
Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
Ye that
115:11,13; 135:19,20; 145:19; 1 Chronicles 16:8-13; Luke 1:50
all ye
105:3-7; 106:5; 107:1,2; 135:19,20
glorify
50:23; Isaiah 25:3; Luke 2:20; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20; 10:31; Revelation 15:4
all ye the
30; 1 Chronicles 16:13

Verse 24
For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
For
6; 35:10; 69:29-34; Isaiah 50:6-9
neither
Luke 23:46
but
2; 34:6; 116:3-6; 118:5; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 25
My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
My praise
22; 35:18; 40:9,10; 111:1
I will
56:12; 65:1; 66:13,16; 116:14-19; 118:19,20; Ecclesiastes 5:4,5

Verse 26
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
The meek
69:32; Leviticus 7:11-17; Isaiah 25:6; 65:13; John 6:48-58
they
105:3,4
your
69:32; John 4:14; 6:51

Verse 27
All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
All the ends
2:8; 72:8,11; 86:9; 98:3; Isaiah 45:22; 46:8,9; 49:6,12
turn
Acts 14:15; 20:21; 26:18-20; Romans 16:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
and all
96:7; 102:22; 117:1; Revelation 7:9-12; 15:4

Verse 28
For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and he is the governor among the nations.
47:7,8; Daniel 7:14; Obadiah 1:21; Zechariah 14:9; Matthew 6:13; Revelation 11:15

Verse 29
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
that be
73:7; 78:31; Isaiah 10:16
shall
45:12; 72:10,11; Isaiah 60:3-5,16; Revelation 21:24
all they that
113:7; Isaiah 26:19; 29:4; Philippians 2:10; Revelation 20:12-15
bow
Isaiah 45:23; Romans 14:10-12
and none
49:6-9; Hosea 13:9; John 3:36; 11:25,26

Verse 30
A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
A seed
Isaiah 53:10; Hebrews 2:13
it shall
14:5; 24:6; 73:15; 87:6; Matthew 3:9; Galatians 3:26-29; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 31
They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
They
78:6; 86:9; 102:18; 145:4-7; Isaiah 44:3-5; 49:21-23; 54:1; 60:4; 66:7-9
his righteousness
Romans 1:17; 3:21-25; 5:19-21; 2 Corinthians 5:21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-22.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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