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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 34

 

 

Introduction
1David praises God, and exhorts others thereto by his experience.
8They are blessed that trust in God.
11He exhorts to the fear of God.
15The privileges of the righteous.

Verse 1
I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) Abimelech. or, Achish. This is the second of the alphabetical Psalms (the first being Ps 25:); each verse beginning consecutively with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The verse, however, which begins with [^w^, vâv] {wav,} and which should come in between the fifth and sixth, is totally wanting; but as the 22nd, which now begins with [^p^, pê] {pay, podeh,} "redeemeth," is entirely out of the series, it is not improbable that it was originally written {oophodeh,} "and redeemeth" and occupied that situation, in which connection it reads admirably.
Genesis 20:2; 26:1; 1 Samuel 21:13-15; Proverbs 29:25
See on Ps
71:8,14,15; 145:1,2; Isaiah 24:15,16; Acts 5:41; 16:25; Ephesians 5:20; Colossians 3:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 2:13

Verse 2
My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad.
make
44:8; 105:3; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 9:24; 1 Corinthians 1:31; 2 Corinthians 10:17
the humble
22:22-24; 32:5,6; 119:74; 142:7; 1 Timothy 1:15,16

Verse 3
O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together.
magnify
35:27; 40:16; 69:30; Luke 1:46; Acts 19:17; Philippians 1:20
let us
33:1,2; 66:8; 103:20-22; 148:1-14; 1 Chronicles 29:20; 2 Chronicles 29:30; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 19:5,6

Verse 4
I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.
sought
18:6; 22:24; 31:22; 77:1,2; 116:1-6; Jonah 2:2; Matthew 7:7; Luke 11:9; 2 Corinthians 12:8,9; Hebrews 5:7
from
27:1,2; 46:2; 56:3; 1 Samuel 27:1; Isaiah 12:2; 2 Corinthians 7:5,6; 2 Timothy 1:7

Verse 5
They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.
They
123:1,2; Isaiah 45:22; Hebrews 12:2
and were
13:3; 18:28; 97:11; Esther 8:16
lightened
or, flowed unto him. their.
83:16; 2 Samuel 19:5

Verse 6
This poor man cried, and the LORD heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
This
3:4; 10:17; 40:17; 66:16-20
saved
17-19; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 22:1; Revelation 7:14-17

Verse 7
The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
The angel
91:11; 2 Kings 6:17; 19:35; Daniel 6:22; Matthew 18:10; Luke 16:22; Hebrews 1:14
encampeth
Genesis 32:1,2; Zechariah 9:8

Verse 8
O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.
taste
63:5; 119:103; Song of Solomon 2:3; 5:1; Hebrews 6:4,5; 1 Peter 2:2,3; 1 John 1:1-3
Lord
36:7,10; 52:1; Jeremiah 31:14; Zechariah 9:17; 1 John 4:7-10
blessed
2:12; 84:12

Verse 9
O fear the LORD, ye his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.
fear
22:23; 31:23; 89:7; Genesis 22:12; Isaiah 8:13,14; Hosea 3:5; Revelation 15:3,4
for
23:1; Luke 12:30-32; Romans 8:32; 1 Corinthians 3:22,23; Philippians 4:19

Verse 10
The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good thing.
lions
104:21; Job 4:10,11; Luke 1:51-53
but
84:11; Matthew 6:32

Verse 11
Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.
Come
Proverbs 4:1; 7:24; 8:17,32; 22:6; Ecclesiastes 11:9,10; 12:1; Isaiah 28:9; Matthew 18:2-4; Mark 10:14-16; John 13:33; 2 Timothy 3:15
I will
32:8; 111:10; Proverbs 1:7; 2:1-9

Verse 12
What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see good?
What
21:4; 91:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; 30:20; 1 Peter 3:10,11
that he
4:6; Job 7:7; Ecclesiastes 2:3; 12:13

Verse 13
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.
Keep
39:1; Proverbs 18:21; Matthew 12:35-37; James 1:19,26; 3:2,5-10
speaking
55:11; Proverbs 12:7,19,22; 19:9; Isaiah 63:8; Colossians 3:9; 1 Peter 2:1,22; Revelation 14:4,5

Verse 14
Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Depart
37:27; Job 28:28; Proverbs 3:7; 8:13; 13:14; 16:16,17; Isaiah 1:16,17; Romans 12:9; 2 Timothy 2:19; 1 Peter 3:11
do
Acts 10:38; Galatians 6:10; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 13:16; 3 John 1:11
seek
120:7; Matthew 5:9; Romans 12:18; 14:17; 2 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:17,18

Verse 15
The eyes of the LORD are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry.
The
33:18; Job 36:7; 1 Peter 3:12
and
6,17; 130:2; 2 Chronicles 6:40; Isaiah 37:14-21; Daniel 9:17-23

Verse 16
The face of the LORD is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.
face
Leviticus 17:10; 26:17; Jeremiah 44:11; Ezekiel 14:7,8; Amos 9:4
to cut
10:16; Job 18:17; Proverbs 10:7; Ecclesiastes 8:10; Jeremiah 17:13

Verse 17
The righteous cry, and the LORD heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles.
The righteous
There is no word for the righteous in the present Hebrew text; but it is preserved in all the versions; and it was probably lost from its similitude to tzâäkoo, "they cry:"--tzâäkoo tazddeekim, "the righteous cry."
cry
6,15,19; 91:15; 145:18-20; 2 Chronicles 32:20,21,24; Isaiah 65:24; Acts 12:5-11

Verse 18
The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.
is nigh
75:1; 85:9; 119:151; 145:18; Isaiah 55:6
unto them, etc
Heb. to the broken of heart.
51:17; 147:3; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18
such as, etc
Heb. the contrite of spirit.
2 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Ezekiel 36:26,31

Verse 19
Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.
Many
71:20; Job 5:19; 30:9-31; 42:12; Proverbs 24:16; John 16:33; Acts 14:22; 2 Corinthians 4:7-12,17; 11:23-27; 1 Thessalonians 3:3,4; 2 Timothy 3:11,12; Hebrews 11:33-38; James 5:10,11; 1 Peter 4:12,13; Revelation 7:14-17
but
6,17

Verse 20
He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.
35:10; 91:12; Daniel 6:22-24; John 19:36

Verse 21
Evil shall slay the wicked: and they that hate the righteous shall be desolate.
Evil
37:30-40; 94:23; Isaiah 3:11
they
37:12-15; 40:15; 89:23; 1 Samuel 19:4,5; 31:4; 1 Kings 22:8,37; Luke 19:14,27; Luke 19:41-44; John 7:7; 15:18-23; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,9
desolate
or, guilty.
Exodus 20:7

Verse 22
The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.
redeemeth
31:5; 71:23; 103:4; 130:8; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 4:9; 1 Kings 1:29; Lamentations 3:58; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9
none
9:9,10; 84:11,12; John 10:27-29; Romans 8:31-39; 1 Peter 1:5

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 34:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-34.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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