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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 39

 

 

Introduction
1David's care of this thoughts.
4The consideration of the brevity and vanity of life;
7the reverence of God's judgments,
10and prayer, are his bridles of impatience.

Verse 1
I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.
A. M. 2970. B.C. 1034. (Title.) Jeduthun. Jeduthun, probably the same as Ethan, 1 Ch 6:44, was one of the sons of Merari, and is supposed to have been one the four masters of music, or leaders of bands, belonging to the temple service. It is therefore probable that David, having composed this Psalm, gave it to Jeduthun and his company to sing; and it is very likely, that it was written on the same occasion as the preceding
62:1; 77:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 16:41; 25:1-6
I said
119:9; 1 Kings 2:4; 2 Kings 10:31; Proverbs 4:26,27; Hebrews 2:1
that I
12:4; 73:8,9; 141:3; Proverbs 18:21; 21:23
my mouth, etc
Heb. a bridle, or muzzle, for my mouth.
James 1:26; 3:2-8
while
Amos 5:13; Micah 7:5,6; Colossians 4:5

Verse 2
I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred.
I was
38:13,14; Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 27:12-14
even
Matthew 7:6
my sorrow
Job 32:19,20; Acts 4:20
stirred
Heb. troubled.

Verse 3
My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue,
Jeremiah 20:9; Ezekiel 3:14; Luke 24:32

Verse 4
LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am.
make
90:12; 119:84; Job 14:13
how frail I am
or, what time I have here.

Verse 5
Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah.
Behold
90:4,5,9,10; Genesis 47:9; Job 7:6; 9:25,26; 14:1,2; James 4:14
as nothing
89:47; 2 Peter 3:8
verily
11; 62:9; 144:4; Ecclesiastes 1:2; 2:11; Isaiah 40:17
at his best state
Heb. settled.

Verse 6
Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.
a vain shew
Heb. an image. There is but the semblance of being: he appeareth for a little, and then vanisheth.
1 Corinthians 7:31; James 4:14
surely
Ecclesiastes 1:14; 2:17,18,20,21; 4:7,8; 6:11,12; 12:8,13; Isaiah 55:2; Luke 10:40-42; 12:20,21,29; 1 Peter 5:7
he heapeth
49:10,11; Job 27:16,17; Proverbs 13:22; 23:5; 27:24; Ecclesiastes 2:8,18-21,26; Ecclesiastes 5:14; Luke 12:20,21; James 5:3

Verse 7
And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in thee.
what wait
130:5,6; Genesis 49:18; Luke 2:25
hope
38:15; 119:81,166; Job 13:15; Romans 15:13

Verse 8
Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish.
Deliver
25:11,18; 51:7-10,14; 65:3; 130:8; Micah 7:19; Matthew 1:21; Titus 2:14
make
35:21; 44:13; 57:3; 79:4; 119:39; 2 Samuel 16:7,8; Joel 2:17,19; Romans 2:23,24

Verse 9
I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it.
38:13; Leviticus 10:3; 1 Samuel 3:18; 2 Samuel 16:10; Job 1:21; 2:10; 40:4,5; Daniel 4:35

Verse 10
Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand.
Remove
25:16,17; 1 Samuel 6:5; Job 9:34; 13:21
I am consumed
38:3,4
blow
Heb. conflict.
Job 40:8

Verse 11
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
When
38:1-8; 90:7-10; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 11:30-32; Hebrews 12:6; Revelation 3:19
his beauty, etc
Heb. that which is to be desired in him to melt away.
102:10,11; Job 4:19; 13:28; 30:30; Isaiah 50:9; Hosea 5:12
surely

Verse 12
Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were.
hold
56:8; 116:3; 2 Samuel 16:12; *marg:; 2 Kings 20:5; Job 16:20; Hebrews 5:7
for I am
119:19,54; Leviticus 25:23; 1 Chronicles 29:15; 2 Corinthians 5:6; Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 1:17; 2:11
as all
Genesis 47:9

Verse 13
O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.
spare
Job 10:20,21; 14:5,6
be no
Genesis 5:24; 42:36; Job 14:10-12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 39:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-39.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, September 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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