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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 42

 

 

Introduction
1David's zeal to serve God in the temple.
5He encourages his soul to trust in God.

Verse 1
As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
A. M. 2983. B.C. 1021. (Title.) {Maschil,} or a Psalm giving instruction, of the sons, etc. Or, "An instructive Psalm," or didactic ode, "for the sons of Korah." It is generally supposed to have been written by David when driven from Jerusalem and beyond Jordan, by Absalom's rebellion
the sons
44:1; 45:1; 46:1; 47:1; 48:1; 49:1; 84:1; 85:1; *titles; Numbers 16:1,32; 26:11; 1 Chronicles 6:33-37; 25:1-5
panteth
Heb. brayeth. so panteth.
63:1,2; 84:2; 143:6,7; Isaiah 26:8,9

Verse 2
My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
thirsteth
36:8,9; 63:1; John 7:37; Revelation 22:1
living
Job 23:3; Jeremiah 2:13; 10:10; John 5:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
when
27:4; 84:4,10

Verse 3
My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?
tears
80:5; 102:9; 2 Samuel 16:12; *marg:
while
10; 3:2; 22:8; 79:10,12; 115:2

Verse 4
When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
When
Ruth 1:21; Job 29:2-25; 30:1-31; Lamentations 4:1; Luke 16:25
I pour
62:8; 1 Samuel 1:15,16; Job 30:16
for I
1 Chronicles 15:15-28; 16:1-43
with the voice
81:1-3; 122:1; Deuteronomy 16:11,14,15; 2 Chronicles 7:10; 30:23-26; Isaiah 30:29; Nahum 1:15

Verse 5
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.
Why art thou cast down
Heb. Why art thou bowed down.
11; 35:14; 43:5; 55:4,5; 61:2; 142:2,3; 143:3,4; 1 Samuel 30:6; Mark 14:33,34
hope
27:13,14; 37:7; 56:3,11; 71:14; Job 13:15; Isaiah 50:10; Lamentations 3:24-26; Romans 4:18-20; Hebrews 10:36,37
praise him
or, give thanks. for the help, etc. or, his presence is salvation.
44:3; 91:15,16; Numbers 6:26; Matthew 1:23; 28:20

Verse 6
O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
my God
22:1; 43:4; 88:1-3; Matthew 26:39; 27:46
therefore
77:6-11; Jonah 2:7
from the
61:2; 2 Samuel 17:22,27
Hermonites
Deuteronomy 3:8,9; 4:47,48
the hill Mizar
or, the little hill.
133:3

Verse 7
Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Deep calleth
Job 1:14-19; 10:17; Jeremiah 4:20; Ezekiel 7:26
water-spouts
A water-spout is a large tube formed of clouds by means of the electric fluid, the base being uppermost, and the point let down perpendicularly form the clouds. It has a particular kind of circular motion at the point; and, being hollow within, attracts vast quantities of water, which it frequently pours down in torrents upon the earth. These spouts are frequent on the coast of Syria; and no doubt the Psalmist had often seen them, and the ravages which they made.
all thy
69:14,15; 88:7,15-17; Lamentations 3:53-55; Jonah 2:3

Verse 8
Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life.
command
44:4; 133:3; Leviticus 25:21; Deuteronomy 28:8; Matthew 8:8
in the night
32:7; 63:6; 149:5; Job 35:10; Isaiah 30:29; Acts 16:25
the God
27:1; Colossians 3:3

Verse 9
I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
God
18:2; 28:1; 62:2,6,7; 78:35
Why hast
13:1; 22:1,2; 44:23,24; 77:9; Isaiah 40:27; 49:15
why go
38:6; 43:2; 88:9; Job 30:26-31
because
55:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; Lamentations 5:1-16

Verse 10
As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God?
As with
3; Proverbs 12:18; Luke 2:35
sword
or, killing. while.
3; Joel 2:17; Micah 7:10

Verse 11
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
cast down
5; 43:5
the health
Jeremiah 30:17; 33:6; Matthew 9:12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 42:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-42.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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