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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 81

 

 

Introduction
1An exhortation to a solemn praising of God.
4God challenges that duty by reason of his benefits.
8God, exhorting to obedience, complains of their disobedience, which proves their own hurt.

Verse 1
Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.
A. M. 3489. B.C. 515. (Title.) Gittith
8:1; *title
A Psalm
Some suppose this Psalm to have been composed to be sung at the feast of Trumpets, before the time of David; and others think it was written at the removal of the ark to Mount Zion; but the most probable opinion is, that it was sung at the dedication of the second temple.
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
Sing
67:4; Jeremiah 31:7
our strength
18:1,2; 28:7; 52:7; Philippians 4:13
make
33:1-3; 46:1-7; 66:1; 100:1,2
the God
46:11; Genesis 50:17; Matthew 22:32

Verse 2
Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
92:3; 95:1,2; 149:1-3; Mark 14:26; Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16; James 5:13

Verse 3
Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Blow
98:6; Numbers 10:1-9; 1 Chronicles 15:24; 16:6,42; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 13:12,14
new
Leviticus 23:24,25; Numbers 10:10; 28:11; 2 Kings 4:23; Colossians 2:16
solemn
Numbers 15:3; Deuteronomy 16:15; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 8:13; Lamentations 2:6; Nahum 1:15

Verse 5
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.
in Joseph
77:15; 80:1,2; Amos 6:6
for a
78:6; Exodus 13:8,9,14-16; Deuteronomy 4:45; Ezekiel 20:20
through
or, against.
Exodus 12:12,27,29
where
114:1; Deuteronomy 28:49; Isaiah 28:11; Jeremiah 5:15; 1 Corinthians 14:21,22

Verse 6
I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
I removed
Exodus 1:14; 6:6; Isaiah 9:4; 10:27; Matthew 11:29
were delivered
Heb. passed away. from the pots.
68:13

Verse 7
Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah.
calledst
50:15; 91:14,15; Exodus 2:23; 14:10,30,31; 17:2-7
secret
Exodus 14:24; 19:19; 20:18-21
proved
Exodus 17:6,7; Numbers 20:13,24; Deuteronomy 33:8
Meribah
or, strife.

Verse 8
Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me;
Hear
50:7; Deuteronomy 32:46; Isaiah 55:3,4; John 3:11,32,33; Acts 20:21; 1 John 5:9
if thou wilt
13; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 5:27; Isaiah 1:19

Verse 9
There shall no strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god.
There shall
Exodus 20:3-5; 1 Corinthians 8:5,6
strange
Deuteronomy 6:14; 32:12; Isaiah 43:12; Malachi 2:11

Verse 10
I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.
I am
Exodus 20:2; Jeremiah 11:4; 31:31-33
open
37:3,4; John 7:37; 15:7; 16:23; Ephesians 3:19,20; Revelation 21:6; 22:17

Verse 11
But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.
people
106:12,13; Jeremiah 2:11-13; 7:23,24; Zechariah 7:11
would none
Exodus 32:1; Deuteronomy 32:15,18; Proverbs 1:30; Hebrews 10:29

Verse 12
So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
I gave
Genesis 6:3; Acts 7:42; 14:16; Romans 1:24,26,27; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-11
their own hearts' lust
or, the hardness of their hearts, or imaginations. they walked.
Exodus 11:9; Isaiah 30:1; Jeremiah 7:24; 44:16,17

Verse 13
Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!
Oh that
Deuteronomy 5:29; 10:12,13; 32:29; Isaiah 48:18; Matthew 23:37; Luke 19:41,42

Verse 14
I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries.
I should
Numbers 14:9,45; Joshua 23:13; Judges 2:20-23
turned
Amos 1:8; Zechariah 13:7

Verse 15
The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured for ever.
The haters
18:45; 83:2-18; Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 7:10; John 15:22,23; Romans 1:30; 8:7
submitted themselves
or yielded feigned obedience. Heb. lied.
18:44; 63:3; *marg:
time
102:28; Isaiah 65:22; Joel 3:20

Verse 16
He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
fed
147:14; Deuteronomy 32:13,14; Joel 2:24
finest of the wheat
Heb. fat of wheat. honey.
Judges 14:8,9,18; 1 Samuel 14:25,26; Job 29:6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 81:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-81.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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