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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 82

 

 

Introduction
1The psalmist, having exhorted the judges,
5and reproved their negligence,
8prays God to judge.

Verse 1
God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.
A. M. 3108. B.C. 896. (Title.) A Psalm. Some refer this psalm to the time of David, and others to that of Hezekiah; but it is more probable that it was composed when Jehoshaphat reformed the courts throughout his kingdom
2 Chronicles 19:6,7
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
God, etc
Or, "God standeth in the assembly of God, ail, he judgeth among the judges." Elohim: God is among His own people; and presides especially in those courts of justice which Himself has established.
Exodus 18:21; 2 Chronicles 19:6,7; Ecclesiastes 5:8
the gods
6,7; 138:1; Exodus 21:6; 22:28; John 10:35

Verse 2
How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.
How
62:3; Exodus 10:3; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 17:17
judge
58:1,2; Exodus 23:6,7; Leviticus 19:15; Micah 3:1-3,9-12
accept
Deuteronomy 1:17; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 34:19; Proverbs 18:5; Galatians 2:6

Verse 3
Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.
Defend
Heb. Judge.
10:18; Deuteronomy 10:18; Isaiah 1:17,23
do
Jeremiah 5:28; 22:3,16; James 1:27

Verse 4
Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.
Deliver
72:12-14; Job 29:12,16,17; Proverbs 24:11,12
rid
140:12; Nehemiah 5:1-13; Job 5:15,16

Verse 5
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
They
That is, the judges know not.
know not
53:4; Proverbs 1:29; Micah 3:1; Romans 1:28
walk
Proverbs 2:13; 4:19; Ecclesiastes 2:14; John 3:19; 12:35; 1 John 2:11
all the, etc
All the civil institutions of the land totter.
11:3; 75:3; Ecclesiastes 3:16; Isaiah 5:7; 2 Timothy 2:19
out of course
Heb. moved.

Verse 6
I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.
1; Exodus 22:9,28; John 10:34-36

Verse 7
But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.
But
49:12; Job 21:32; Ezekiel 31:14
like men
Or, "like Adam," ke├Ądam.
and fall, etc
Or, "as fall as one of them, O ye princes."
83:11

Verse 8
Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.
Arise
7:6; 44:26; 96:13; 102:13; Isaiah 51:9; Micah 7:2,7; Zephaniah 3:8
thou
2:8; 22:28; Revelation 11:15

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 82:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-82.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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