Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:11

Anyone belonging to Jeroboam who dies in the city the dogs will eat. And he who dies in the field the birds of the heavens will eat; for the Lord has spoken it."'
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abijah;   Government;   Jeroboam;   Judgments;   Prophecy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Animals;   Dogs;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Cities;   Dog, the;   Reproof;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Baasha;   Dogs;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Jeroboam;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Dog;   Funeral;   Jeroboam;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Dog;   Jehu;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Burial;   Dog;   Nadab;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   Dog;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah ;   Ahijah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Kings;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahi'ah;   Dog,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Burial;   Dog;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abijah;   Ahijah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abijah;   Ahijah (the Prophet);   Birds;   Dog;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Shall the dogs eat - They shall not have an honorable burial: and shall not come into the sepulchres of their fathers.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The dogs are the chief scavengers of Oriental cities (compare Psalm 59:6, Psalm 59:14). And the vulture is the chief scavenger in the country districts, assisted sometimes by kites and crows (see Job 39:27-30, where the vulture, not the eagle, is intended). Vultures are very abundant in Palestine.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

FURTHER BAD NEWS FOR JEROBOAM

"Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat; for Jehovah hath spoken it. Arise, thou therefore, get thee to thy house: and when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die. All Israel shall mourn for him; for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward Jehovah, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam."

Jeroboam inquired of the prophet concerning one of his sons, but here he learned the fate of all of them, and these indeed were heavy tidings as the prophet had promised in 1 Kings 14:5.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat, and him that dieth in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat,.... The meaning is, that they should have no burial:

for the Lord hath spoken it; and therefore shall be fulfilled, for what he hath said he will do, Numbers 23:19.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: i for the LORD hath spoken [it].

(i) They will lack the honour of burial in token of God's curse.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-14.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for the LORD hath spoken it.

Eat — So both sorts shall die unburied.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:11 Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for the LORD hath spoken [it].

Ver. 11. Shall the dogs eat.] A fearful judgment, such as befell Euripides the poet, and Lucian the atheist, eaten alive by dogs, as it is storied.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

So both sorts shall die unburied.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.Dogs eat’ fowls of the air eat — The horrible punishment threatened in the law to the impious transgressor, (Deuteronomy 28:26,) and the foulest indignity that a conquered and slaughtered foe could be exposed to. Compare marginal reference and 1 Samuel 17:46. “Dogs are the chief scavengers of Oriental cities. Troops of dogs, more than half wild, scour the streets by night, clearing away all the offal and carrion that they can find. The vulture in the country districts, assisted sometimes by kites and crows, does the work of the dog in towns.” — Rawlinson.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

Him who dies of Jeroboam in the city will the dogs eat, and him who dies in the field will the birds of the heavens eat. For YHWH has spoken it.”

Furthermore the deaths of all his household would be violent. Thus if they died in the city their bodies would be left for the scavenger dogs which infested every city to eat. And if they died in the open countryside they would be left to the scavenging birds, for there would be no one to bury them. The picture was a dismal one, but it was the consequence of disobedience, and failing to walk in YHWH’s ways. It would in fact happen almost literally, for when Baasha assassinated Jeroboam’s son he then proceeded to murder all the other members of the royal family (1 Kings 15:29).

1 Kings 14:12-13

Arise you therefore, get you to your house, and when your feet enter the city, the child will die, and all Israel will mourn for him, and bury him, for he only of Jeroboam will come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing towards YHWH, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam.”

Furthermore he had no good news for them even as regards their ailing son. For as soon as she returned home her son would die. But he pointed out that he would be the fortunate one, for he alone of Jeroboam’s sons would be properly mourned and buried. He alone would come to a respectable grave. And that was because there was that in him, alone of all the house of Jeroboam, which pleased YHWH. Paradoxically then YHWH was in fact looking after his best interests in letting him die. He was doing it because of His love for him. While there was at this stage no inkling of the resurrection, David had made declarations in the Psalms that suggested some kind of continuing existence (Psalms 16:11; Psalms 17:15; Psalms 24:6), and that alone really makes sense of this promise. True believers knew that they were in the hand of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/1-kings-14.html. 2013.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Devour. They shall have the burial of asses, Jeremias xxii. 19.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for the LORD hath spoken it. No JFB commentary on this verse.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) Him that dieth.—The same judgment is repeated in 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:24. (Comp. also Jeremiah 36:30.) The “dogs” are the half-wild’ dogs, the scavengers of every Eastern city; the “fowls of the air” the vultures and other birds of prey. In ancient times the natural horror of insult to the remains of the dead was often intensified by the idea, that in some way the denial of the rites of burial would inflict suffering or privation on the departed soul. Whether such ideas may have lingered in the minds of the Israelites we have no means of knowing. But certainly their whole system of law and ritual was calculated to give due honour to the body in life, as consecrated to God; and this would naturally tend to teach them that the body was a part of the true man, and therefore to deepen the repugnance, with which all reverent feeling regards outrage on the dead.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for the LORD hath spoken it.
that dieth
16:4; 21:19,23,24; Isaiah 66:24; Jeremiah 15:3; Ezekiel 39:17-19; Revelation 19:17,18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:6 - for I am;  2 Kings 9:8 - I will cut off;  2 Kings 9:9 - like the house;  Job 27:15 - Those;  Isaiah 5:25 - torn;  Jeremiah 16:4 - as dung;  Jeremiah 34:20 - and their

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.