Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:13

All Israel shall mourn for him and bury him, for he alone of Jeroboam's family will come to the grave, because in him something good was found toward the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abijah;   Burial;   Children;   Government;   Jeroboam;   Judgments;   Prophecy;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Baasha;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Jeroboam;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Grave;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jeroboam;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Jehu;   Rehoboam;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abijah;   Ahijah;   Burial;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abijah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abijah ;   Ahijah ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahi'ah;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abijah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ahijah (the Prophet);   Ancestor Worship;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

In him there is found some good thing - Far be it from God to destroy the righteous with the wicked; God respects even a little good, because it is a seed from himself. The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The child was evidently a prince of some promise. It is probable that he was heir to the throne.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-14.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

1 Kings 14:13

And all Israel shall mourn for him.

Early cut off, but long remembered

That the grace of God may convert a man in the prime of life, ay, and bring even a grey-headed sinner to the foot of the cross, is a truth of which, happily, examples can easily be found. But, while this is true, let it never be forgotten that the great majority of conversions take place in early life.

I. This description of his piety. “In him there is found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel.” What, think you, might this “good thing” be? Certainly, it was not his rank, nor wealth, nor power, nor intellect. And, as this “good thing” was not any mere material endowment, so neither was it any mere moral excellence, It does not mean simply that Abijah was what the world calls good-hearted, “a good-living lad”; that he was amiable and well-behaved; that, in the midst of abounding debauchery, he preserved his virtue unstained. This, indeed, would be much, but it would not be expressed in the peculiar language of the text; the “good thing” was a “good thing towards the Lord God of Israel,” a gracious, a spiritual, a Divine, a holy thing. It was a something that sprang not out of nature, nor of the flesh, something that his father did not give him, something that he never learnt from the royal but dissolute court of Israel.

1. There are two things which, when found in a man, are good and acceptable to God. The first Is true repentance, or what the Bible calls the “broken and contrite heart.” A second thing on which God specially sets the seal of His approbation is “faith in that one sacrifice which doth for sin atone.” Amongst all the princes of the royal house, Abijah alone refused to worship the golden calves which his father had made. Jewish writers tell us that Abijah would not bow down to the idols, but insisted on worshipping the true God at Jerusalem. His faith might have been but a little spark, but that secured his acceptance before God. But without these two things, “repentance from dead works, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ, there is nothing m you that God can approve.

II. But now there are one or two special lessons to be drawn from the case of Abijah

1. Real piety may exist under most adverse and unfavourable circumstances. Here was a youth, all of whose surroundings were of the worst possible character. An ungodly home, an idolatrous court, parents both wicked, every relative he had under the curse of God: why, you would say, piety could not live a day amid such conditions as these. The brightest diamonds have been found in the darkest mines, and the richest pearls in the deepest seas. Satan sometimes outwits himself. Sin is used to secure its own defeat. Even unconverted men are shocked by wickedness which exceeds their own,

2. Even a young and brief life may be fruitful in blessing. Young as he was, the whole nation mourned for him. In the highest view of it, the length of life is not to be judged by the number of its years. It is possible for the longest life to be briefer than the shortest; and the smoothcheeked youth may die older, that is, with more of life crowded into his brief history, than he whose stagnant and profitless existence drags on to an inglorious old age. That life is the longest--however limited the number of its years--in which God has been best served, and the world most benefited.

3. Piety in life is the only guarantee of peace in death. An early departure from this world is not a thing to be dreaded, provided your heart is right with God. (J. T. Davidson, D. D.)

Abijah’s grave

I. We have here a beautiful description of religion. It is “some good thing in the heart toward the Lord God of Israel.” Religion is “some good thing in the heart” (not merely towards our fellow-man, but) “towards the Lord God of Israel.”

II. Genuine piety may exist under very unfavourable circumstances. Men need not say, their surroundings in life are sufficient excuse for their ungodliness.

III. Again, true piety of one who was a child. Abijah is always mentioned in the context as a child.

IV. True piety commands the respect and reverence of the ungodly. The subjects of Jeroboam were wicked men, who had repudiated the temple at Jerusalem, and had gone from bad to worse. Yet, when the death of this pious child was announced, these wicked men evinced for him a reverential affection, which the context touchingly records. “All Israel shall mourn for him,” was the prediction of the blind prophet: and so it was. (W. F. Bishop.)

In him there is found some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel.--

Abijah; or, the pious youth in an ungodly family

This young prince was greatly respected in life, and in death he was highly honoured. He alone out of the house of his father died a natural death--he alone came to the grave in peace. Indeed, he only came to the grave at all.

I. That religion is a “good thing.” It is good in itself--in its very nature. What is true piety? It is a right state of the heart in regard to God.

1. Religion is a “good thing” because it comes from a good God. As to its origin, its first principle--it comes directly from Him. He is the fountain of all goodness.

2. Religion is a good thing, for it is good in its influence. Piety has the most beneficial influence upon the whole of our being; upon the faculties and ideas of our mind; upon the love and affections of our heart; upon the whole life and conduct.

3. Religion is good, because it leads into a good place. As all rivers run into the sea, whence they came, so the streams of goodness flow to the great ocean of love. God, like a mighty magnet, attracts the heart of the good man, and ere long He will draw him to the bosom of eternal love.

II. That religion is a good thing in man. “There is found in him,” etc. Piety is an inward principle. “The kingdom of heaven is within you.” “Christ in you the hope of glory.” Religion is essentially a matter of the heart. It proceeds from the centre to the circumference.

III. That religion is a good thing tending towards God. “Toward the Lord God of Israel.” There are people who have nothing good in them either towards God or man. Selfishness is their ruling principle. They never act from principle; they never ask, What is right, what is true? but “Will this course answer my purpose?--will it be of advantage to me personally?” They “live to themselves, and they die to themselves.” There are others who have something good in them towards man, but nothing towards God. The religious man seeks God’s glory in all things. The bias of his soul is also towards God; he moves Godward.

IV. That religion is a good thing ever manifest. “There is found in him,” etc. True religion always manifests itself where it exists; it is seen and felt. “The good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth good things.”

1. This “good thing” is “found “by the Searcher of hearts. He sees it first. He can see it when no one else can.

2. This “good thing” is “found” too by the man himself. He cannot remain ignorant long of the real state of his own heart. At first he may not possess a “full assurance of faith,” yet he must know his own moral state. He must know whether he is a hypocrite, or whether he is a true Christian.

3. It is “found” also by his fellow-creatures. Such a character tells powerfully upon a neighbourhood. He is influential. His “light is not hid under a bushel.” Religion is not a dead, worthless thing; no, it is a living principle. (H. P. Bowen.)

Abijah, or some good thing towards the Lord

I. Let us here admire what we cannot precisely describe.

1. There was in this child “some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel”; but what was it? A boundless field for conjecture opens before us. We know there was in him some good thing, but what form that good thing took we do not know. It was not merely a good inclination which was in him, nor a good desire, but a really good, substantial virtue.

2. Let us admire, also, that this “some good thing” should have been in the child’s heart, for its entrance is unknown. We cannot tell how grace entered the palace of Tirzah and gained this youthful heart. God saw the good thing, for He sees the least good thing in any of us, since He has a quick eye to perceive anything that looks towards Himself.

3. This “good thing” is described to us in the text in a certain measure. It was a good thing towards Jehovah, the God of Israel. The good thing looked towards the living God.

4. In this dear child that “good thing” wrought such an outward character that he became exceedingly well beloved. We are sure of that, because it is said, “All Israel shall mourn for him.”

5. The piety of this young child was every way of the right kind. It was inward and sincere, for the “good thing” that is spoken of was not found about him, but “in him.” He did not wear the broad phylactery, but he had a meek and quiet spirit.

II. Let us heartily prize what we are too apt to overlook.

1. Let us heartily prize “some good thing” towards the Lord God of Israel whenever we perceive it. All that is said of this case was that there was in him “some good thing”; and this reads as if the Divine work was as yet only a spark of grace, the beginning of spiritual life. There was nothing very striking in him, or it would have been more definitely mentioned.

2. Further, I am afraid we are too apt to overlook “some good thing” in a child. “Oh, only a child!” Pray, what are you? You are a man; well, I suppose that a man is a child who has grown older, and has lost many of his best points of character. A child is at no disadvantage in the things of God from being a child, for “of such are the kingdom of heaven.”

3. Another thing we are apt to overlook, and that is, “some good thing” in a bad house. This was the most wonderful thing of all, that there should be a gracious child in Jeroboam’s palace. The mother usually sways the house, but the queen was a princess of Egypt and an idolater.

III. Let us carefully consider what we cannot fully understand.

1. I want you first to consider the very singular fact which you cannot understand, that holy children should be often placed in ungodly families. God’s providence has arranged it so, yet the consequences are painful to the young believer.

2. The next thing that we cannot understand is this, that God’s dear little children who love Him should often be called to suffer. We say, “Well, if it was my child I should heal him and ease his sufferings at once.” Yet the Almighty Father allows His dear ones to be afflicted. There is a meaning in all this, and we know somewhat of it; and if we knew nothing we would believe all the same in the goodness of the Lord.

3. There is something more remarkable still, and that is that some of God’s dearest children should die while they are yet young.

4. Once more, it is a very singular thing that such a child as this should die and yet produce no effect whatever on his parents; for neither Jeroboam nor his wife repented of their sins because their child was taken home to God. (C. H. Spurgeon.)

The history of Abijah

I. There is “some good thing” spoken of “towards the Lord God of Israel.” I suppose that all who spiritually read their Bibles will acknowledge, by this “good thing” is not to be understood any mere external good thing, such as rank, title, influence, or his prospects. We cannot say these are good things; only as they are sanctified to us, they become good things. It is evidently a description of a righteous man. This young man was one that feared God and loved God; he knew God savingly. Nothing else can come up to the expression of there being “some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel”; nothing short of that can be a “good thing toward the Lord God of Israel.” It must be the new creation in the soul; it must be the principle of grace in the heart.

II. But this “good thing” was found in a place where it might have been but little expected. It was found in a place little calculated for its nourishment. If there is a spot on earth uncongenial to the life of God in the soul, it is within the precincts of a palace. The self-importance, the self-indulgence, the self-deception, the want of honesty so mark it. Yet here was the grace of God displayed. I see too the sovereignty of God’s grace in it. I see too the invincibility of His grace. Here is everything to impede, the most unlikely of all situations. One might as reasonably expect to find the most beautiful flower that seems to require great depth of earth, growing on the bare rock, as one might expect to find one of the Lord’s lilies growing in such a soil as this. Yet what can the grace of God not achieve? what can it not conquer?

III. Who it was that noticed it--who took notice of this “good thing”! Observe, it is spoken of as “some good thing.” Our translators have been so honest as to put the word “some” in italics; but there being no other word between “found” and “good thing,” the sense is this, “some good thing,” “a good thing.” When the Lord says “some good thing,” it gives one this idea. It might have been a very feeble work. Here was but “ some good thing,” a good thing; and that too was in a child; yet God the Spirit noted it. Why did He? Because it was His child; jeroboam’s child, Jeroboam’s after the flesh--His by adoption and by grace. (J. H. Evans, M. A.)

Abijah; or, early piety and evil parentage

Abijah was the good son of a bad father. His name meant “Jehovah is his father.” This name had probably been given before Jeroboam broke away from the service of Jehovah. The name and the character of the youth agreed. Abijah was possessed of real piety. To have religion is to possess the best thing possible. It is called a “good thing.” Similar descriptions of religion are given in other parts of Scripture. “That good thing which was committed to thee, keep.” Again, “Being confident that He who hath begun a good work in you will carry it on till the day of Christ.” “It is a good thing that the heart be established with grace.” “Mary hath chosen that good part that shall not be taken away.” Religion, is, undoubtedly, a “good thing,” in that it draws man near to God, leads to good actions, gives good aims. It has a good influence on a man’s companions, on the family, and on society. The possession of a real piety by Abijah brought him honour from men. He had found a deep place in the affections of the people. When he died all Israel mourned for him. Men would not have cared so much for him if he had been an indifferent, callous, wilful, cruel, passionate, self-indulgent youth. God, as well as man, honoured this early piety in Abijah. Christians should be earnest in seeking to lead others to early decision for Christ, remembering that youth is the most suitable because the most impressionable time. Religion is the best check to the weeds of evil, and it cannot be implanted too soon in the heart. As well forbear to teach the alphabet, or figures, or principles of science, or the customs of trade until manhood is reached, as forbear to instil in youth the principles of morality and the doctrines of Christ--doctrines which are the embodiment of the highest morality. No; these are flimsy objections. They are out of harmony with the Divine will and revelation. Abijah became pious none too soon. He died early. “Briers and thorns wither not so soon as lilies and roses.” Anyhow, Abijah was prepared to pass away, prepared to meet death. (F. Hastings.)

The piety of Abijah

Concerning the piety of Abijah, observe:

I. Its early existence. Piety, at any period of life, is pleasing. In old age, it is venerable. We cannot look on a Christian advanced in years, and more advanced in holiness, without feeling peculiar respect. In early youth, piety is chiefly amiable. It is the image of God restored on the soul, when its powers are most vigorous, when its passions are most warm, when its prospects of life are most fair and flattering.

II. Its sincerity. It was piety “in him,” not appended to him, or merely professed by him--“in him was found some good thing.” Of Job it is asserted, “the root of the matter” was found in him. That is not genuine piety which regards, with religious respect, any other but Jehovah; or which falls short of the one living and true God.

III. Its secrecy. This is what we cannot altogether commend. His goodness was real, but was in a great measure concealed. Small as might be his advantages of education, the Lord by His Spirit had taught him, had renewed his heart, and formed him for Himself. However secret a good work may be in the soul, however hid from the observation of men, it is visible to God: He beholds it with acceptance and pleasure. Yet remember, where “some good thing” exists, it is desirable it should more than exist--it ought to appear in corresponding fruits and effects. Good principle is valuable, but let it be seen in practice: good desires are laudable, but these should be attended with active efforts: good designs and resolves are entitled to commendation, but worthy deeds and useful service are much more beneficial.

IV. Its decision. There was evidently in his family much to oppose the spirit and practice of piety.

1. Rank opposed it. Men in elevated stations are rarely eminent for religion.

2. Idolatry opposed it. The insult offered to Jehovah which false worship implies, the absurdity and iniquity which it always involves, were directly inimical to spiritual devotion.

3. And wickedness opposed it. This doubtless prevailed in its varied forms, and to a serious degree, in the court of Jeroboam; for when men are alienated from the true God, none can say to what lengths they will run.

V. Its recompense. Abijah died, was buried, and all Israel mourned at his funeral. This may appear a singular recompense of piety; but the circumstances of the case must be considered. The Lord had threatened the utter destruction of the family of Jeroboam, on account of their sin. “Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat, and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat; for the Lord hath spoken it.” But Abijah was exempt from the threatening, and saved from the calamity. Is it nothing to attain in youth, fixedness of character? When a young man’s character is fixed, he sets out in life as he means to proceed; he acts on such principles and adopts such conduct as create no regret, and are followed with advantages of the utmost importance. Is reputation nothing? Most people profess to prize it; and, in early life, to be devoted to God, secures it. Is it nothing to be useful? In such a world as this, is it not of acknowledged importance to live to some good purpose? They, surely, are most likely to be thus honoured, who are the subjects of early and decided piety. Opposite characters are at best indolent and heedless; but, in general, their example and efforts are pernicious in a very serious degree. And is it nothing, when you quit the world, to leave behind a fair example? You feel it desirable that survivors have the recollection that in you was exemplified, though with lamented imperfections, a disciple of Jesus, a lover of His truth and of His ways. “The memory of the just is blessed.” (T. Kidd.)

Unexpected goodness

I. The scene of its development. It grew in very uncongenial soft. There are several stimulating instances where godliness has been pursued under difficulties. There were a “few names even in Sardis which had not defiled their garments.” These, in common with the one of the text, go to prove that religion can be practised under all imaginable circumstances. There are situations which make it very hard to be good, but none which make it impossible.

II. The seat of its power. “In him there is found,” etc. Out of the heart are the issues of life, keep it then with all diligence. Dwellers in the Isle of Anglesea say that they have a wonderful pool at the bottom of one of their native hills, into which if you throw pieces of old iron, or worthless tin, they will all come out in the course of time as precious copper. “All things work together for good, to them that love God.” Most assuredly then religion is the chief good--a good within, that overcomes all evils without--good for all, in all places, at all times, under all circumstances.

III. The sum of its quantity. It was not large by any means, but under such an inhospitable roof we are only astonished at finding any at all. “In him there is found some good thing.” (D. Thomas.)

Abijah; a good child in a bad home

1. What was the good thing referred to? The grace of God, or true religion. Religion is in itself a good thing--good for this life:

2. This good thing was in him. It was not a mere matter of outward show or of words.

3. This good thing had been put within him. We are not told how or when. But it certainly had been imparted to him. The gardener who wants to get very fine roses, first gets up the roots of the briar and plants them. The briar is then pruned and prepared for the rosebud. In a very skilful way the bud is inserted into the stem of the briar. The rosebud and the briar become one. But the rosebud rules, and makes the briar good. It is very likely St. James had seen some one doing this before he exhorted his hearers to receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. As the rosebud saves the briar from its degraded state, so the Word saves the soul that receives it. Abijah received the word of God’s grace, and it was in him a living power.

4. But this good thing went out toward God who gave it--towards the Lord God of Israel, not towards the gods his father had set up.

5. Some good was found. Not every good thing. Well is it not to despise the day of small things. Some good thing, however small, is the promise of greater. We cannot tell how much good may come of one word.

6. The good thing within him did not die when he was buried. The life of grace is one which the hand of death cannot touch. The memory of this good thing was a power for good in the lives of others who outlived him. All Israel mourned for him. Child though he was, he had exerted an influence for good.

Two or three lessons may be learned from this narrative:--

1. It is possible God may in His wise providence raise up in a bad family at least one true witness.

2. Such a witness may be but a child.

3. Such a youth may be alone in his testimony.

4. How much more possible is it to be a true witness in a good family where there are many faithful ones. (Henry Smith.)

The history and example of Abijah

I. That religion is a thing within us. Godliness is something in the heart and mind. Piety is an internal principle. It is the gift of God. It is the implantation or transfusion of a new nature. Then comes the inquiry--How is it to be had? in what manner is it to be gained? “If ye, being evil,” said Christ, “know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him!” How much more, I may add, will He give it to the inquiring, youthful, praying mind!

II. That religion is intrinsically good. It is called here “some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel.” It is intrinsically good. I mean, in its own nature and essence. Jesus Christ has pronounced it to be “the good part,” which shall never be taken away from us. And He likens it to a pearl, which it would be worth a man’s while to “sell all that he had” in order to gain. It is “good,” To whom is it good? It is “good” to yourselves. It is “good” for your souls. For the mind to be enlightened, for the will to be in subjection to the will of God, to reflect the beauty of Christ’s own image, to walk in the way which God’s own wisdom has appointed and ordained--is not this good for the soul? It is “good” to the eye of your parents. It is beautiful to the vision of your friends. It is lovely in the circle in which you move. They see the fruits of grace; they behold sweetness of temper, amiableness of demeanour, rectitude of conduct; they see high moral principles. How do they see all this? With indifference and insensibility? No, but with gladness and with gratitude. It is “good” to God. It is precious in the sight of God. You remember the twenty-eighth chapter of the Book of Job, where “wisdom” is said to surpass jewels and precious stones of every kind and description. What is this “wisdom”? The grace of God--internal purity. And as it is “good “for you in time, it will be better for you in eternity.

III. It has special regard to the Lord God of Israel. And here is its chief glory; this is the fairest, the most impressive aspect. You know how it is with the sun. Let the sun shine upon what it may--let the beams of the sun descend upon what they may--the object is illuminated; the object reflects the radiance more or less. I look upon God, according to this image, as the sun. Whensoever He comes in contact with the mind, He enlightens it; the mind reflects the brightness. And this is our chief good, this is our highest honour, this is our purest joy--that our religion has deeply and intimately to do with the Lord God of Israel.

IV. Real religion is very beautiful in youth.

V. Where it exists, in due time it will be discovered.

1. It may long be as the seed under ground, that has taken root, but has not yet sprung up. It will spring up; and you shall see the blade, then the ear, and after that the full corn in the ear. Here is the bud; just opened--not expanded. It can be seen. There shall be the blossom presently. There shall be the ripe fruit in due time. So, if it be in the heart and mind, there is a period of its discovery.

2. It may be found sometimes in circumstances where it was not looked for.

VI. Religion may not excempt you from death, for “the child died,” but it will secure to you a blessed immortality. (J. Stratten.)

Modest goodness

I. God can see the real thing in the obscure thing The “good thing” recorded in the text--that is, if any single special act is intended at all--is unknown. We are assured of the indwardness of his piety. The good thing was “in him.” He had a true heart, a right spirit, a righteous disposition and design. “The root of the matter” was in him. The root never shot up into a grand stem, never cast abroad strong branches, never held up a harvest of rich, ripe fruit; but whatever was above ground of beauty and promise, there was a living root below. Remember the inwardness of true goodness. Our goodness must not be merely a matter of social etiquette, of conventional propriety, of ecclesiastical prescription; it must unfold from the heart; it must be full of gratitude, love, trust, and hope. The living God loves living things, and most of all He loves living virtue. Neither was the goodness of Abijah lacking in outwardness. “It was found” in him. The original means the very opposite of what we might easily take it to mean. It was found in him without seeking; in other words, it was manifest and indisputable. And it is the same with genuine goodness; really in us, it will reveal itself. Some people are not naturally good organs for the expression of sublime thought, principle, feeling--they have defects of constitution, uncouthness of manner, educational limitations; but if they have the reality and enthusiasm of goodness it will be found in them without seeking, and their very frailty and failure of style will often prove a foil to set forth with greater impressiveness the Divine thing it cannot obscure. Do not believe in the goodness that ever fails to display itself. There may be grand character in a man when circumstances do not serve to bring that character out in its full majesty and beauty. But God knows all. The botanist will detect a rare flower where we should see only weeds and grasses; the geologist will discern a gem when we see only gravel; the astronomer’s eye will seize a star in what seems to us empty darkness; the mariner will descry a sail where we should see only mist and wave..Now, God delights in goodness, and in darkest corners and lowliest forms He recognises and blesses it. He knoweth the thought afar off, the latent quality, and reads the living epistle in invisible ink.

II. God can see many things in one thing. “Some good thing”; one good thing standing for many good things, for all good things. Our life does not afford occasion to illustrate many virtues, not to play many parts, not to achieve many works, and we are in danger of making ourselves unhappy over these limitations. God accepts your “only,” seeing He gave you no more than that. The assayer does not need to test the whole golden talent; a few ounces in the smelting-pot is enough: the draper does not need to unroll the whole web; a few yards will reveal the beauty and value of the fabric: the merchant does not need to examine the bulk throughout; a handful is enough to show the quality of wheat or wool. Life may afford few gifts, few opportunities, but the few are enough to show what we are made of, and what it is that we mean. God knows the quality of a man from the accomplishment of one simple calling. One act was quite enough to demonstrate the character of Grace Darling, and to cover her with glory. One act at Harper’s Ferry was quite enough to display the spirit of John Brown, and to give him rank with the immortals. And one calling worked out faithfully day by day is sufficient to reveal in any of us the hero, the saint, the martyr. “Faithful in a few things.” It is but “few things” that we have here; still we have enough. The painter has only a few colours out of which to paint his pictures, but what a wealth of glory he brings out from the meagre palette: the musician has but a few notes, and yet what a world of ravishing sound he brings out of the few chords! We have all but few things, some of us very few--few talents, few opportunities, few days--and yet if we are faithful and diligent we shall work out an exceeding and an eternal weight of glory. Faithful in a few things, He shall make us rulers over many.

III. God can see the greatest thing in the least thing. Just as we complain about the dulness of life and the narrowness of life, so we complain about the poverty of life--we cannot do magnificent things or give princely gifts. But we forget that God can see the great in the small, the greatest thing in the least. If the least thing has a great principle in it, it is great; if the least thing has a true love in it, it is great; if the least thing has a high aim in it, it is great; and although men may see only the least thing, God regards the essential thought and quality and aspiration, and blesses accordingly. See the Gospel story of the widow casting her two mites into the treasury.

IV. God can see the fulness of things in the first thing. Just as we complain about the dulness of life, the narrowness of life, the poverty of life, so do we complain about its brevity. But God can see the end in the beginning. In Abijah’s first act God saw the fulness of the longest life. In the acorn He sees the oak. Tradition tells us that Titian happened one day to see the sketches of a lad who had entered his school--or, as another account relates, the painter accidentally noticed a lad drawing roughly on the public wall--and the great artist divined at once that another painter of power had been horn into the world; and so it proved, for that boy was Tintoretto, who was destined to divide with Titian himself the artistic glory of Venice. That lad’s drawing was, be sure, rather a poor affair to a common eye, but the eye of a master saw in it galleries of masterpieces. This is but a faint image of God’s insight and foresight. In first rude sketches of character and action He distinguishes the artists, the cartoons, of eternity. Life may be short with us, but that is no matter; let us see to it that it be true. “And it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the Lord God of Israel. And the Lord said unto David my father, Whereas it was in thine heart to build an house unto My name, thou didst well that it was in thine heart” (1 Kings 8:17). We do not want great things to make us great, or to prove that we are great. The daisy--modest, wee crimson-tipped flower--was theme enough for Robert Burns to prove himself a prince of poets; a single string, stretched across a wooden shoe, was enough for Paganini to prove himself a prince of musicians; a bit of canvas, a few inches square, was enough for Raphael to prove himself a prince of painters; and in a dim corner, with a lowly task, with a short life, with no spectators but God and the holy angels, we may attain and reveal the veriest greatness of soul. “By patient continuance in well-doing” let us “seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life.” (W. L. Watkinson.)

The good thing

I. The good thing found in abijah.

1. There was nothing good in him by nature. The passions of envy, pride, and selfishness show themselves in early life. “Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child.” It is implanted in his nature, sunk deep into his heart. It entwines round his faculties like the ivy, and is rooted like the oak.

2. No good thing could have been produced in him by mere human efforts. The father of the faithful could not do it. Hence his prayer for the son of the bondwoman: “O that Ishmael might live before Thee!” The man after God’s own heart could not do it. Hence his lamentation over the death of his wicked son: “O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!”

3. The good thing that was in Abijah must have been infused by the Spirit of God. The principle of a natural man in religious actions is artificial; he is wound up like the spring of an engine to a certain power;. but as the motion of the engine ceases when the spring is down, so the motions of a natural man hold no longer than they give him pleasure, or contribute to his earthly profit; but the principle of a spiritual man is internal, and the first motion of this principle is toward God, so that he acts from Him and for Him.

4. Observe, this “good thing” was found in Abijah.

5. Observe, this good thing was found in Abijah “in the house of Jeroboam.” This circumstance teaches us two things.

II. The goodness of it.

1. It was a good thing for himself.

2. It was a good thing for others. As “one sinner destroyeth much good,” so one saint may (as an instrument in the hand of God) save from much evil. “I will bless thee,” said Jehovah to the patriarch Abraham, “and thou shalt be a blessing.” The circumstance of “all Israel mourning for him and burying him,” speaks volumes in his praise, and leads one to hope that his counsels were appreciated, and his prayers answered in the re-formation--if not in the saving conversion--of his survivors. (T. Hitchin, M. A.)

Grace in different degrees

Behold the goodness of God! a little good in him, and yet the great God takes notice of the little good in him. God found (as it were) one pearl in a heap of pebbles, one good young man in Jeroboam’s household, that some good in him towards the Lord God of Israel. In the whole verse, three parts:

I. A lamentation for the death of this son of Jeroboam. It is said, “All Israel shall mourn for him,” and so they did (verse 18)--which argued there was goodness in him; for if he had not been desired and prized while he lived, he would not have been so lamented at his death.

II. A limitation of his punishment; he only of Jeroboam’s family shall come to the grave, the rest of his posterity that died in the city, dogs should eat, and him that dieth in the field, should the fowls of the air devour (verse 11).

III. The commendation of his life, “In him was found some good,” etc (of this I am now to treat). He is commended by the Holy Ghost; for his goodness is set forth,

1. By the quality of his goodness; it was a good thing, not a good word only, or a good purpose or inclination, with which too many content themselves; but it was a good action.

2. By the quantity of it; it was but some little good thing that was found in him, and yet that little good God did not despise or overlook.

3. By the sincerity of his goodness; there are two notable demonstrations of this young man goodness:

1. It was towards the Lord God of Israel.

2. It was in Jeroboam’s house.

1. His goodness was towards the Lord God of Israel. This argued Paul’s sincerity, that in his speaking, writing, and actions he could and did appeal to God. That religion, saith the apostle, is pure and undefiled, that is so before God and the Father. Many hypocrites may be good towards men, who are not so towards God; to be rich indeed, is to be rich towards God. True repentance is repentance towards God; and he is unblamable indeed that is void of offence towards God, as well as towards men.

2. He was good in the house of Jeroboam. A wicked man may seem good in a good place, but to be good in a bad place argues men to be good indeed. To be good m David’s house, this was not so much; but for this young man to be good in the house of Jeroboam his father, whom the Scripture brands for his idolatry, that he made all Israel to sin, and yet could not make his son to sin; this argued he was sincerely good. There is only one difficulty in the text, viz.. What was that good thing that was found in Abijah? For answer to this, it is true, the Scripture doth not particularly express what that good thing was which was found in him: but Tostatus and Peter Martyr affirm from the Hebrew Rabbins, that when the Jews of the ten tribes did on their appointed times repair to Jerusalem to worship according to the command of God, and Jeroboam commanded soldiers to intercept them, this Abijah did hinder the soldiers to kill them, and gave them passes to go to Jerusalem to worship God, and encouraged them therein, notwithstanding the rage of his father, who had forsaken the true worship of God, and set up calves at Dan and Bethel. Others think the goodness of this young prince was in this, that he would not consent to his father in taking away the government from the house of David; but where the Scripture hath not a tongue to speak, we have not an ear to hear, and therefore we shall not undertake to determine what the Scripture hath not determined.

There are many collateral observations which I shall deduce from the several circumstances in the text, and but name some of them.

1. From the consideration that this good Abijah died: Good men, and useful and hopeful instruments may be taken away by death, when Wicked men may live long upon the earth. Bad Jeroboam lived long, his good son died soon; so true is that of Solomon. A righteous man may perish in his righteousness, when a wicked man may prolong his days in his wickedness. Briers and thorns and thistles wither not so soon as lilies and roses. They may be taken out of the world, of whom the world is not worthy; and they remain behind, who are not worthy to live in the world.

2. From the consideration of the death of godly Abijah, when wicked Nadab the other son of Jeroboam lived. Observe, That good children may be taken away by death from their parents, when ungodly children may live to be a shame and a curse to their parents. There are two other circumstances upon which I shall a little enlarge myself, before I come to the main point I intend to handle. From the age of this son of Jeroboam, who is here commended for his goodness, it is said, he was “a child” (verse 12). Whence it may be observed, It is very commendable to see goodness in young people: to see young men good men, is a very commendable thing. There were many good men in that time, but to be good so soon as Abijah was, when he was a child, the Scripture records this to his praise. I shall show you that it is a commendable thing to see young men good men. This I prove: First, because the Scripture makes very honourable mention of young men, when good men; as, first, of Obadiah, that he feared the Lord from his youth. And it is recorded to the honour of Timothy, that he knew the Holy Scriptures from a child. Jerome conceives that John was the most beloved disciple, because he was the youngest of all. Secondly, because God commends moral and common goodness in the young man in the Gospel, Christ is said to love him for his moral goodness and natural ingenuity.

1. The reason why it is so commendable in a young man to be a good man, is this, because their temptations are more, and their affections are stronger to carry them from God; youth hath a stronger aptitude and proclivity to sin than any other age.

2. The time of your youth is the freest age of your life to betake yourselves to the exercise of religion and duties of godliness.

3. Consider, if thou art not gracious in youth, the sins of thy youth may trouble thy conscience in thy old age. Many young men who are active and venturous in the heat of their youth, get those bodily bruises and blows that they feel the ache thereof to their dying day. A second remarkable circumstance is this, that this young Abijah was good in the house of Jeroboam. Whence observe, that it is a great commendation for men to retain their goodness whilst they live in bad places and families. To be a saint in Nero’s family is very commendable. And the reason thereof is,

1. Because many of God’s children have failed, and abated much of their goodness in bad places. How did Peter fall in the high priest’s hall! though when in good company he was zealous, yet there he denied Christ.

2. Because it is a clear evidence of the sincerity of a man goodness, to be good in a bad place. This shows thy grace to be grace indeed, when thou hast discouragements to be good, and then art holy. From hence learn the power and unloose-ableness of saving grace; grace keeps a man good in the worst times. Nehemiah in the court of Artaxerxes, Obadiah in Ahab’s court, Daniel in Nebuchadnezzar’s, the saints in Nero’s household, and Abijah in wicked and idolatrous Jeroboam’s house. Though it be a commendable thing to be good in bad places; vet you ought to bewail your living in bad places, it is your misery though not your sin; thus did Isaiah, “Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of unclean lips.” Hence we may gather, that it is our duty, the more bad the place or family is where God hath cast your dwelling, the better and more blameless you should labour to be; you will by this adorn your profession, stop the mouths of adversaries, allure and win others to embrace Christianity. Then certainly it is a vain plea for men to excuse their wickedness, because they live in bad places; this was Abraham’s fault, to excuse his lie by being at Gerar. Seneca blames men of laying the fault of their badness on the place where they live. “I am not ambitious by nature, but no man that lives at Rome can be otherwise. I am not given to costly and rich apparel, but I must do so when I am at Rome.” It is the badness of thy heart, and not the place that makes thee bad; no place, though never so good, can exempt a man from sin; the angels sinned in heaven, Adam in Paradise, Judas in Christ’s family, and no place though never so bad can excuse a man from sin. If it be so commendable to be good in bad places, then it is abominable to be bad in good places, to be dirty swine in a fair meadow. Oh how many are bad in good families, who despise good counsels, and hate the duties of religion in religious families! (C. Love.)

Grace with its different degrees

God doth not only exactly take notice of, but also tenderly cherish and graciously reward the smallest beginnings, and weakest measures of grace, which He works in the hearts of His own people. I might produce a cloud of testimonies to confirm this point. Our Saviour Christ said, that He “will not break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax.” Observe, it is not said, the strong oak shall not be broken; but the bruised reed shall not be broken. The green buds are regarded by Christ as well as the ripe and grown fruit. In opening of the doctrine, I shall endeavour to clear these two things:

1. That some of God’s people have but weak measures and small beginnings of grace.

2. Though there be but a little grace, yet God will regard and reward it.

1. That some of God s people have but a little grace--have but the beginnings of grace wrought in their souls. In the handling whereof are three things:

1. By the different names and titles that are given unto Christians in Holy Scriptures, arguing they are of different measure and growth of grace.

2. By the analogy that is between spiritual and natural differences of age, strength, and stature in man; the Holy Scriptures exactly sets down all the different degrees of grace under the similitude of the different ages of men.

A second question, how may a man know himself, that he is but of a little measure and small beginning in grace?

1. To be much in dependence on duties, argues thou art but weak in grace. A young Christian is like a young carpenter, he makes many chips and hath many blows, but doth not make such smooth work as an experienced carpenter, who will make fewer chips, and at fewer blows better work; so young Christians, they are much in the use of duty, but they are apt to rely upon duty; they think duties make them saints, and they are apt to make saviours of their duties. Young Christians are,

2. A weak Christian is not clearly insighted into the close and spiritual failings, which cleave to his performances. He doth see his gifts, and take notice of his affections, but he doth not see the vanity of his mind, the unsoundness of his mind, the unsoundness of his ends, his carnal dependence upon his duty, self-love, and vain-glory. An experienced Christian will take as much notice of his failing in duty, as of his ability in it.

3. To have a scrupulous conscience about matters of indifferency argues a weak Christian; for so the apostle calls them, weak in the faith, such as did bind conscience when the Scriptures left it free. One believer thought he might eat anything, and another doubted of lawfulness of eating sundry things. Now those that doubted, the apostle calls weak; and the weak conscience is apt to be defiled. Not to know our liberty, and to abuse our liberty, is an argument we have but little grace.

4. To be so intently set on the exercises of religion as to neglect our particular callings, is a sign we are but weak in grace. It was a good saying of that famous man of God, Dr. Sibs: “I like that Christian well, that will hear much and live much, that will pray much and work much.” In young converts their affections are strong and stirring, and they think they can never hear enough, and they many times do neglect the duties of their callings, which doth argue their weakness and infirmity. An experienced grown Christian is regular in his general and particular calling; so as the one shall not jostle and hinder the other.

5. To have men’s persons in admiration argues weakness in grace; such were the Corinthians, who had men’s persons in admiration. A solid Christian loves all good ministers, and can contemn none.

6. To be easily seduced and led away into error argues but weakness in grace. Those the apostle calls “children, who are tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine.” Weakness of head doth argue that grace is not very strong in thy heart.

7. Such as are only acquainted with the common principles of religion, without further search into the depths and mysteries of religion.

8. Weak Christians are strong in affections, and not in judgment, they have usually more heat than light; young Christians are like young horses, they have much metal, but are not so fit for a journey, because they are not so thorough-paced: there are many Christians that have much zeal and affection, but are not solid in their judgment; but this argues much weakness in grace.

9. A weak Christian is one that cannot bear reproof. Sharp weather will discover whether thou art of a weak or sound body. Be not then discouraged you that discern in yourselves but small measures of grace; look on your wants and imperfections, so as to grow in grace, and not to be content with any measure; but look not on the small beginnings in grace, as discouragement to you. When you see in a field a great oak, you may say this great tree was once but a small acorn. Those Christians who are now but small sprigs, may hereafter be tall cedars. Why doth God so order and ordain it, that among His own people all shall not be of an equal stature in Christ, but there are of them some in whom there shall be but the beginnings of grace found?

It is true, it is not with regeneration as it was in the creation; it is not with the trees of righteousness as it was with the trees of Paradise, which were created all perfect at the first: but it is not so in the work of grace, we are not perfectly sanctified, nor at once, but we perfect holiness in the fear of God, and that by degrees; and God hath given to some of His people but small beginnings and measures of grace, and that for these reasons:

1. To put a difference between our estate on earth and our being in heaven. In heaven we shall all have an equal stature in grace, though it be disputed that there are different degrees of glory. But in heaven the spirits of just men shall all be made perfect, and there we shall all come unto the measure, of the stature of the fulness of Christ. All believers here are justified by God alike. God doth not acquit the strong, and hold guilty the weak, but justification is alike to all, but our sanctification is not alike; but when we come to heaven, our sanctification shall be then as our justification is now, that is, perfect and equal, we shall have not only a perfection of parts, but of degrees.

2. This is to make men live in a continual dependence upon Divine influx and supplies from the Spirit of God.

3. For the greater ornament of the mystical body of Christ. In a natural body, if every member should be of an equal bigness, the body would be monstrous: but the body is so proportioned in its different members, that the lesser become serviceable to the greater, and so they all orderly discharge their mutual operations. As in music there would be no harmony if the strings were all of an equal bigness; but one string being the bass, and the other the treble, that makes the music to be more melodious; so it is in grace, the different degrees of grace makes the body of Christ more harmonious. It is here as in some curious piece of needlework; if all the silks were of one colour, it would not set out the work with so much lustre and amiableness as the variety of colours will do.

4. To make God’s people see a necessity of maintaining fellowship and communion together, to edify and build up each other. There would be no need of Christian discourse and holy fellowship, did not our weakness require it.

5. To set out the glory of God in all His glorious attributes.

That believers ought not to rest satisfied with the small measures of grace they have received; though a little grace may bring you to heaven, yet you are not to take up therewith, but if you have got a little grace, labour for more; and to quicken you hereunto, consider:

1. Small measures of grace are not so sensible and evidential to yourselves; little things because they are little are not seen: There may be little dust hovering up and down in the air, yet because it is small we see it not: this is the reason why Christians doubt; grace is little, and therefore it is not discerned.

2. Consider, that small measures of grace, though they may bring you to heaven, for they are not so useful to others; a weak Christian cannot do much good in Christian converse, because they want judgment and experience in the ways of God; and therefore such are not to be received to doubtful disputations, but are to be borne withal. Spiritual and strong Christians are most useful. Young converts are not fit for some exercises about religion; they are not fit to strengthen others.

3. Nor are small measures of grace so honourable to God. God is glorified, when His people bear much fruit. It is our duty to improve those small measures of grace which God hath given us. And consider, he that is faithful in a little, God will make him ruler over much. Use of grace will increase it; yet if thy grace be increased, ascribe all to God, it is God’s pound, and not thy pains hath gained. Use is of comfort to weak Christians, to those young Abijahs, in whom there is found but small little good.

Let such know to their comfort:

1. Though thy grace be but little in quantity, yet it is much in value. A pearl, though but little in substance, yet it is of great worth: so a little grace is of great value; the heart of a wicked man is nothing worth; you may have much knowledge and seeming grace, but no true worth. A shop full of barrels will not make a man rich, unless those vessels be full of commodities; gifts as to heaven are but the lumber of a Christian, it is grace that makes him rich towards God.

2. Though thy grace be little for the present, yet it will grow for the future to a greater measure. The little grain of mustard-seed (the least of seeds) will in time grow up to a tree.

3. The little measure of grace once begun in the soul shall be perfected. God will not break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax, until judgment be perfected in victory.

4. The weakest Christian hath grace alike for quality, though not for quantity: though thy grace be not so much, yet it is as true as others: though but a convert of yesterday, yet grace as true as if an old stander in religion--faith is alike precious in all believers for quality, though not for quantity. Faith in all believers is alike.

1. Consider, that things merely necessary and sufficient to maintain a natural life will not content a man; what man is content, though he hath clothes enough to hide his nakedness, and food enough to keep life and soul together--but he desires not only clothes for nakedness, but ornament, and only food for hunger and necessity, but delight? Now shall men be unbounded after their desires for outward things, and shall they sit down and say they have enough for heavenly things?

2. Consider, if thou contentest thyself with a small measure of grace, though thou shalt have the fruit of thy grace when thou diest, yet thou wilt want the comfort of thy grace whilst thou livest. It is strength of grace that gives assurance; weak grace will bring thy soul to heaven, but it is the strength of grace will bring heaven into thy soul. The work of righteousness shall be peace, and the effect of righteousness shall be quietness and assurance for ever. The second caution is, Take not those things to be evidences of the truth of grace, which are evidences only of the growth and strength of grace. Weak converts do involve themselves in a labyrinth of misery, in judging themselves by those symptoms which are evidences only of the strength of grace. Thou must not judge thyself whether thou art in the state of grace by this; as whether thou hast ravishing joys and comforts of the Holy Ghost: these are things that God indulgeth unto some few, and those of a long standing in the school of Christ. In a school, a scholar must not compare himself with one of the highest form: if thou wouldst judge of the truth of thy grace, judge by the lowest measure. The reason why hypocrites and low-form Christians do mistake, is this: hypocrites judge they have grace because they have gifts, and weak Christians judge they have no grace because they do not find such measures of grace in them as are in others. We do not use to say, it is not day because it is not noon. It is unthankfulness to God, and uncharitableness to ourselves, to argue a nullity of grace from the weakness of it. Do not conclude you have small measures of grace, because you have but small measures of comfort; this is the fault of young converts; they take measure of their grace by their comfort, which is a false and deceitful rule; growth of grace is not to be measured by the working of joy: the sweet blossom of joy may fall off, when the fruit of grace may come on; yea, sometimes Christians of the greatest measure of grace may have the least measure of comfort; and all to let us know, that as the being and exercise, so the comforts of our graces, come from free grace. Do not conclude the measure of thy grace little, because thou hast but a little measure of gifts. Gifts are the issues of time and experience, and the fruits of studies advantaged by the strength of natural parts. A man may have a quick and pregnant invention, a profound judgment, a retentive memory, a clear elocution and the like, and yet none of these things can be arguments of grace, but all are but natural endowments.

Gifts may be high, and grace may be low.

1. Comfort yourselves, ye weak Christians, for you have a strong God. In Jehovah is everlasting strength.

2. You have a strong Saviour, though your grace is weak; yet he is able to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him.

3. You lie under a strong Word, which is able to carry on the work of grace which is begun in you. The Word of God, though it be foolishness to them that perish, yet it is the power of God to them that are saved.

4. You are weak, but you stand on a sure foundation.

5. Weak believers are assisted by a strong Spirit. The Spirit of God is not only a Spirit of grace and supplication: but it is also a Spirit of power. I come now to the second part, which is this, that God doth exactly take notice, tenderly cherish, and graciously reward the least beginnings, and the smallest measures of grace in the hearts of His people.

In the prosecution of which point, I shall proceed in this method.

1. I shall prove the truth of it.

2. I will also endeavour to give you the grounds hereof, and then make application.

First, that God doth thus cherish the small beginnings of grace will appear, if we consider,

1. These Scripture instances, Matthew 12:20. He will not quench the smoking flax, that is, by the figure meiosis (as I have shown already) He will kindle it. He will not break the bruised reed, that is, He will strengthen it. God regards not the flame only, but the smoking of grace; not the ripe fruit, but the tender buds.

2. The truth of this point may be made out by those sweet and gracious promises God hath made to grace though weak. I will give you one instead of many, mentioned by the prophet Isaiah, “He shall feed His flock like a shepherd, He shall gather the lambs with His arm, and carry them in His bosom, and gently lead those that are with young.”

3. By counsels that Christ giveth to us, how we ourselves should carry ourselves to those that are weak, viz., to use them with all tenderness. Why doth God cherish the least measures of grace in His people? Because the least measure of grace is of a very great value; the least grace, and least measure or degree of it, is the purchase of Christ’s blood, and the merit of His great sufferings. The smallest spark of a diamond is precious; pearls and precious stones are but little for quantity, but great for quality and esteem. The least degree of grace is the work of God, and God will not forsake His own work. Little grace is of the same nature and excellency with the greatest degree of grace; for as the very filings of gold are of the same nature with gold, so the least measure of grace is grace. The faith of all believers is the same faith specifically, though not the same gradually; their faith is in all alike precious, but not alike strong. Because God is the author of weak grace as well as of strong. Solomon gives a good rule why the rich should not slight the poor, because God is the Author and Maker of them both. The Lord will perfect His work that concerneth His people, i.e., He will perfect and encourage the least beginnings of grace, because grace is His work in His servants. It is a very good argument in prayer, O Lord forsake not the work of Thy hands. Property is the ground of love, care and tenderness: as a man will look to a weak child, because it is his child, and will repair a weak house, because it is the house wherein he dwells. And that is the third demonstration of God’s tender care over His people, that the meanest measure of grace shall not be deserted or forsaken, because God is the author of it. A fourth reason may be drawn from the covenant of grace, the nature and tenor whereof is to accept of sincerity instead of perfection, desires for deeds, purposes for performances, pence for pounds, and mites for millions; and therefore God will accept and reward the least measure of grace, that is, in truth and sincerity. If God doth cherish and will reward the smallest measure of graces, then it will follow that God takes notice of the smallest sins to punish them. He that graciously eyes the very buddings of grace, will also justly eye the buddings of corruption in His own people. Learn from hence, that the same mind should be in Christians of greater growth to the weak, as was in Christ Jesus; who, though He be higher than the highest, yet He looks upon the poor and lowly without disdain, and so should we. Learn from hence, bow God doth by leisure and degrees carry on in the hearts of His people the work of grace unto further perfection. Mushrooms and such like worthless things, like Jonah’s gourd, may spring up in one night; but things of most moment are of longest growth before they come to perfection. And therefore let young converts learn from hence not to be discouraged.

God’s works both of nature and grace are perfected by degree.

1. Though God regards the least measure of grace, let not this make you regardless to grow in grace.

2. Though you have but a little grace, yet do not despise it, or disparage it. O do not despise the day of small things in thy soul. Do not tread upon the bunch of grapes, upon the new wine in the cluster, but say, there is a blessing in it. (C. Love.)

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Bibliographical Information
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "1 Kings 14:13". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-kings-14.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him,.... Give him an honourable interment, and follow him to the grave with lamentation, because he was the heir apparent to the throne, and an hopeful prince, of whom they had raised expectations; that when he came to the throne things would take a different turn, especially in matters of religion, and they might fear, he being removed, things would grow worse instead of better:

for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave; or be buried, the rest should be devoured by dogs or fowls:

because in him there is found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam; the principles of grace were implanted, and seeds of piety and religion sown in his heart; and there appeared a disposition of mind, and desires in him to the name of God, and the remembrance of it; or to his pure worship and service; it might be discerned that he had a dislike of idolatry, and a desire to have true religion restored. The Jews sayF11T. Bab. Moed Katon, fol. 28. 2. that this good thing in him was, that he was the means of removing the watch or guards that were placed in the way to hinder the Israelites from going up to the feasts of the Lord.

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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found k [some] good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

(k) In the midst of the wicked, God has some on whom he bestows his mercies.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-14.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him — the only one of Jeroboam‘s family who should receive the rites of sepulture.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

Shall mourn — For the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person, and for the sad calamities which will follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and virtue, might have prevented. So they should mourn, not simply for him, but for their own loss in him.

Grave — Shall have the honour of burial.

Some good — Pious intentions of taking away the calves, and of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and authority to do it, and of trusting God with his kingdom.

In the house — Which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad flock.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-14.html. 1765.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

ONE GOOD AMONG THE BAD

‘In him there is found some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.’

1 Kings 14:13

I. Look first at the description of Abijah’s piety.—The ‘good thing’ in him was not any material endowment, neither was it any moral excellence. The good thing was a ‘good thing toward the Lord God of Israel,’ a gracious, a spiritual, a Divine, a holy thing. There are two things which, when found in a man, are good and acceptable to God. (1) The first is true repentance, or what the Bible calls the ‘broken and contrite heart.’ (2) The second is ‘faith in that one sacrifice which doth for sin atone.’ Amongst all the princes of the royal house, Abijah alone refused to worship the golden calves which his father had made. In the Mosaic ritual he doubtless saw, though it might be with dim and imperfect vision, the sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Who should one day die for the sins of the world.

II. There are one or two special lessons to be drawn from the case of Abijah.—(1) Do we not learn how real piety may exist under most adverse and unfavourable circumstances? The brightest diamonds have been found in the darkest mines, and the richest pearls in the deepest seas. (2) Even a young and brief life may be fruitful in blessing. Young as Abijah was, the whole nation mourned for him. The length of life is not to be judged by the number of its years. That life is the longest in which God has been best served and the world most benefited. (3) Piety in life is the only guarantee of peace in death. An early departure from this world is not a thing to be dreaded, provided our heart is right with God. If you would come to your grave in peace, be it sooner or be it later, there must be found in you ‘some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel.’

(SECOND OUTLINE)

Note the three R’s in this child-prince’s life.

I. The Record of piety:

(a) A good thing.

(b) A good thing in him.

(c) A good thing in him towards the Lord God of Israel.

II. The Recommendation of his piety:

(a) It is found in his tender age.

(b) It is found in his princely rank.

(c) It is found in his ungodly parentage.

III. The Reward of his piety:

His early death, his honourable burial, and his enduring memorial. He is placed in this Book among the true worthies.

Illustration

‘The death of a beloved child, for whom God has prepared good, is often the only and the supreme means of turning away the heart of the parents from sin and the world, and of winning them to the life in God to which they are strangers. For many a child it is a Divine blessing when it is early taken out of this vain world, and called away from surroundings in which there is danger of the corruption both of soul and body.’

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Nisbet, James. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/1-kings-14.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 14:13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found [some] good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

Ver. 13. And all Israel shall mourn for him.] As great Britain was all in black for the loss of that hopeful Prince Henry. As Cardan sang at Edward VI’s death,

Flete nefas magnum, sed tote flebitis orbe

Mortales, vester corruit omnis honos.

Dignus Apollineis lacrymis doctaque Minervae

Flosculus, heu misero, concidit ante diem. ”

Briers, thorns, and thistles wither not so soon as lilies and roses. God’s darlings oft die betime: when worse men are preserved, or rather reserved, for further mischief to them.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

1 Kings 14:13

I. Look first at the description of Abijah's piety. The "good thing" in him was not any material endowment, neither was it any moral excellence. The good thing was a "good thing toward the Lord God of Israel," a gracious, a spiritual, a Divine, a holy thing. There are two things which, when found in a man, are good and acceptable to God. (1) The first is true repentance, or what the Bible calls the "broken and contrite heart." (2) The second is "faith in that one sacrifice which doth for sin atone." Amongst all the princes of the royal house, Abijah alone refused to worship the golden calves which his father had made. In the Mosaic ritual he doubtless saw, though it might be with dim and imperfect vision, the sacrifice of the Lamb of God, who should one day die for the sins of the world.

II. There are one or two special lessons to be drawn from the case of Abijah. (1) Do we not learn how real piety may exist under most adverse and unfavourable circumstances? The brightest diamonds have been found in the darkest mines, and the richest pearls in the deepest seas. (2) Even a young and brief life may be fruitful in blessing. Young as Abijah was, the whole nation mourned for him. The length of life is not to be judged by the number of its years. That life is the longest in which God has been best served and the world most benefited. (3) Piety in life is the only guarantee of peace in death. An early departure from this world is not a thing to be dreaded provided our heart is right with God. If you would come to your grave in peace, be it sooner or be it later, there must be found in you "some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel."

J. Thain Davidson, ForewarnedForearmed, p. 135.


References: 1 Kings 14:13.—J. H. Evans, Thursday Penny Pulpit, vol. ii., p. 169; Homiletic Quarterly, vol. i., p. 88; HomileticMagazine, vol. vii., p. 217; Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxix., No. 1745. 1 Kings 15:22.—Parker, Fountain, Oct. 30th, 1879.



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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/1-kings-14.html.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Kings 14:13. Because in him there is found some good thing toward the Lord It appears evidently from the same mode of expression, 2 Chronicles 19:3., that the meaning here must be, that he was the only person in the family, who had expressed a dislike to the worship of the calves; an inclination and intention to abolish it whenever he should come into power; and to admit, if not oblige, his subject to go up to Jerusalem to worship as the Lord prescribed.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-kings-14.html. 1801-1803.

Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae

DISCOURSE: 341

ABIJAH’S PIETY REWARDED

1 Kings 14:13. He only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, became in him there is found some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

MEN most addicted to wickedness, or most confident in their avowal of infidelity, no sooner come into circumstances of great affliction, than they feel the weakness of their principles, and their need of other supports than any they have yet experienced. In such seasons they secretly begin to see the value of that faith and piety, which they have been wont to deride. No man ever appeared more confident in his iniquities than Jeroboam; yet, when he was in deep affliction on account of the dangerous illness of his son Abijah, to whom did he go? to his idols? No; he knew that “an idol was nothing in the world.” Did he send for those whom he had constituted his priests? No; he expected no good whatever from them. But there was in the land a prophet of the Lord, even that very prophet, who, many years before, had been sent to declare to him his destined elevation to the throne of Israel. To him he sends in his affliction, even to him whom hitherto he had neglected and despised. But, ashamed to have his sentiments known, he will not go himself; nor will he send a servant, lest he should be betrayed: he therefore sends his wife, who, on the one hand, was as deeply concerned as himself about the issue of his son’s illness; and, on the other hand, was equally concerned to preserve an appearance of consistency in his conduct: her therefore he sends in disguise, that he may at once obtain the information he desires, and prevent the discovery which he fears. Unhappy and foolish man! What favour could he expect from God, when he was seeking him in such a way; when he did not even ask for any spiritual blessing, or desire to be instructed how to obtain one, but sought merely relief from a state of painful suspense? The answer was such as he might well expect; namely, that his unparalleled iniquities should be visited on him, and on his whole family. Respecting the son about whom he was so anxious, there was some exception: all the rest should die unlamented, and be devoured by birds and beasts; but he should come to the grave, because there was in him “some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel.”

We propose, in considering what is here said of young Abijah, to notice,

I. His commendation—

This appears at first sight exceeding low: and so indeed it is, if compared with a more advanced state of religion, even as an infant appears scarcely worthy of consideration, when compared with a person of mature age: but if compared, as it ought to be, with a state of spiritual death, it is really great, and worthy, if we may so speak, of the notice taken of it. Consider it,

1. As it was in itself—

[The state of a natural man is that of “enmity against God [Note: Romans 8:7.].” Now though the state of Abijah was the lowest that could consist with real piety, yet was it worthy of commendation when compared with that. There was certainly in Abijah a disapprobation of the reigning idolatry: there was also a sincere desire after God’s favour, and a secret purpose, if ever it should be in his power, to check the prevailing abominations. Less than this could not consist with sincerity of heart: and more than this does not appear to have manifested itself in him. But this involved in it a change of heart: this was a fruit of divine grace, and formed the first lineaments of the divine image on the soul: and hence it was that God so noticed and approved it.]

2. As existing under his peculiar circumstances—

[He was a young man, and at a time of life when contrary dispositions most generally prevail. This therefore rendered it the more pleasing to God, who, as the Father of his whole family, loves “the new-born babes” as truly, if not as ardently, as those who have attained to riper years. Besides, he was a youth of high distinction, the son of a king. Now, though “God is no respecter of persons,” but loves the poor as well as the rich, yet, inasmuch as the maintenance of holy principles is far more difficult in high life than it is in a humbler sphere, he approves most eminently that, which exerts itself under circumstances of greatest difficulty. Above all, he cultivated holy principles in a family and a nation sunk in all manner of iniquity. Now to withstand such a torrent, and to exhibit even the feeblest light in a place of such gross darkness, was a most honourable distinction; and it rendered him, who in another situation would have been undeserving of notice, a proper object of God’s approbation.

In this view his character is peculiarly deserving the attention of the young, and especially of those in the higher circles of life, and in places where impiety abounds: and happy will they be who have grace to seek such a distinction as his, and courage to maintain it — — —]

Small as his stature was in grace, he, even in this world, met with,

II. His reward—

The reward bestowed on him seems, like his attainments, of little value; for, as the body is insensible after death, and the soul is unconscious either of the honours that may be paid to the mortal frame, or the indignities it may suffer, it seems to signify very little, whether our body be committed to the grave, or be devoured by beasts. But there is in all of us a desire to have the customary respect paid to our body, after the departure of the soul from it: and, if we knew beforehand that after death it would be treated with all manner of indignities, we should feel life itself considerably embittered to us: we may therefore regard the distinction conferred on young Abijah, as of great value; more especially as it was intended to express the divine approbation of him, in opposition to the displeasure exercised towards his offending family. In this, at all events, it was of great use, in that it served to shew,

1. That God loveth piety wherever he beholds it—

[God himself is not only holy, but “The Holy One;” and wherever he beholds his own image, he delights in it. There is not a grace without some appropriate expression of God’s high regard for it. The poor, the meek, the contrite have all their peculiar promises, and are represented as possessing “ornaments, which in the sight of God are of great price” — — — and such is the estimation in which he beholds these dispositions, that he looks with peculiar complacency upon every person in whom they are found; nor can all the glorious angels around his throne divert his attention from them; yea rather, the angels themselves participate the pleasure, and derive new joys, even in the very presence of their God, from such a sight [Note: Isaiah 66:2; Luke 15:10.].]

2. That he will reward it, wherever it is found in the lowest degree—

[When God himself asks, “Who hath despised the day of small things [Note: Zechariah 4:10.]?” we may be sure that he himself does not. The smallest gift to a person for his sake, even “a cup of cold water, shall not lose its reward.” In like manner the silent thoughts of the heart are noticed by him with a view to their ultimate reward. The prophet tells us that not only they who spoke one to another, but they also “who thought upon his name,” had their thoughts recorded in the “book of his remembrance, and were to be his, in the day that he should count up his jewels [Note: Malachi 3:16-17.].” Nor can we doubt but that David’s desire to build the temple was as much accepted of God, and as liberally rewarded also, as was the actual raising of the edifice by Solomon.]

Address—

1. Those in whom there is no good thing towards the Lord God of Israel—

[Jeroboam’s family bore the name of Israelites, as we do of Christians; yet was there only one among them that had any good thing in him. And is not this the state of many individuals at least, if not of families, amongst us? How many are there who feel no concern about the iniquities of the land, no desire after God in their own souls, and no purpose ever to exert themselves in his sacred cause! — — — What then can such persons expect at the hands of God? What, but to be made monuments of his heavy displeasure? O that we would consider what his Prophets and Apostles have spoken respecting such characters, and that we would seek for mercy ere it be too late!]

2. Those in whom it is doubtful whether there be any good thing or not—

[There frequently are found some transient motions in the heart, like those in the stony-ground hearers, which yet are not regarded by God as good, because they have no solid principle as their foundation. And from hence arises a considerable difficulty in judging of our real state: our self-love is apt to flatter and deceive us. But let us remember that God “searcheth the heart and trieth the reins:” he “discerneth the thoughts and intents of the heart:” yea, he “weigheth the spirits,” and that too with such exactness as enables him to ascertain with infallible certainty whether there be in them the smallest measure of solid good. Let us fear lest we deceive our own souls, and lest, after all our favourable appearances, “our religion at last be found vain [Note: James 1:26.].” It is “by the fruits alone that the tree can be known,” and that we can ascertain with comfort to ourselves, that “the root of the matter is found in us [Note: Job 19:28.].”]

3. Those in whom there is evidently some good thing—

[Rejoice, and give glory to “God, who hath begun a good work in you.” But do not rest satisfied with any attainments. Have you reason to hope that you are “as new-born babes?” then “desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby.” Whereinsoever you have hitherto done well, seek to “abound more and more:” and let it be your daily endeavour so to “grow up into Christ in all things as your living Head,” that you may “come to a perfect man,” even to “the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.”]

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Simeon, Charles. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/1-kings-14.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All Israel shall mourn for him; either, first, for the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person; or, secondly, for the sad calamities which should follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and virtue might have prevented, whereof his death was a certain presage and evidence. So they should mourn, not simply for him, but for their own loss in him.

Shall come to the grave; shall have the honour of burial, denied to the rest, 1 Kings 14:11.

Some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel; some pious inclinations and intentions of taking away the calves, or of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and authority to do it, and of trusting God with his kingdom in that case.

In the house of Jeroboam; which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad stock.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Some good thing — His young heart had not yet become corrupted by his father’s crimes.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 14:13. All Israel shall mourn for him — For the loss of so worthy and hopeful a person, and for the sad calamities which will follow his death, which possibly his moderation, and wisdom, and virtue, might have prevented. So they should mourn, not simply for him, but for their own loss in him. He only shall come to the grave — Shall have the honour of burial. In him is found some good — Pious intentions of taking away the calves, and of permitting or obliging his people to go up to Jerusalem to worship, if God gave him life and authority to do it, and of trusting God with his kingdom. In the house of Jeroboam — Which is added for his greater commendation; he was good in the midst of so many temptations and wicked examples; a good branch of a bad stock.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-14.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Word from. Hebrew or "thought towards." (Grotius) --- He has entertained sentiments of piety (Calmet) in the midst of a wicked court; therefore, God will hasten to draw him out of the midst of iniquity. (Haydock) --- The Rabbins say that he had pulled down the walls, which his father had built, to prevent the people from going to Jerusalem. (Calmet) --- God was please to shew mercy to him. (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

grave = a burying-place. Hebrew. keber, not sheol.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

And bury him - the only one of Jeroboam's family who should receive the rites of burial (Deuteronomy 28:6).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) Because in him there is found some good thing.—There is something singularly pathetic in this declaration of early death, in peace and with due mourning, as the only reward which can be given to piety in the time of coming judgment. It is much like the prophetic declaration to Josiah at the time of the approaching fall of the kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 22:18-20). But, at the same time, we find in the Old Testament little indication of that general view of the prevalent sorrow and burden of life, which makes Herodotus, in his celebrated story of Cleobis and Bito (Book 1:100:31), imply that at all times early death is Heaven’s choicest blessing. Such a view, indeed, is expressed in such passages as Job 3:11-22, Ecclesiastes 4:1-3; but these are clearly exceptional. Life is viewed—sometimes, as in Psalms 88:10-12, Isaiah 38:18-19, even in contrast with the unseen world—as a place of God’s favour and blessing, which nothing but man’s wilful sin can turn to sorrow. The presence and the penalty of sin are recognised from the day of the Fall onwards, yet as only impairing, and not destroying, man’s natural heritage of joy.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
shall mourn
Numbers 20:29; Jeremiah 22:10,18
there is found
2 Chronicles 12:12; 19:3; Job 19:28; Ezekiel 18:14-32; Philemon 1:6; 2 Peter 2:8,9
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:22 - carcase;  1 Kings 13:30 - mourned over;  1 Kings 14:1 - the son;  1 Kings 14:17 - when she came;  2 Kings 13:9 - buried him;  2 Chronicles 22:9 - Because;  Ecclesiastes 12:1 - Remember;  Isaiah 57:1 - the righteous;  Ezekiel 18:20 - soul that;  Hebrews 11:38 - whom

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 14:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-14.html.