Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:14

And Hiram sent to the king 120 talents of gold.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Diplomacy;   Elijah;   Hiram;   Talent;   Treaty;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Money;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Coins;   Hiram;   Solomon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hiram;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Cabul;   David;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Hiram;   Israel;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hiram ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hiram;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Tyre;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alliance;   Hiram;   Solomon;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Sixscore talents of gold - This was the sum which Hiram had lent, and in order to pay this Solomon had laid a tax upon his people, as we afterward learn. The whole is very darkly expressed.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-9.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Hiram sent sixscore talents of gold - Apparently, to show that, although disappointed, he was not offended. The sum sent was very large - above a million and a quarter of our money, according to one estimate of the weight of the Hebrew gold talent; or about 720,000 according to the estimate adopted in Exodus 38:24-29 note. At any rate, it was more than equal to a sixth part of Solomon‘s regular revenue 1 Kings 10:14.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-9.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Hiram sent to the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold. Not after the cities had been given him, but before; and it may be rendered "had sent"F13ישלח "miserat", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. , and is the sum of the gold he furnished him with for the temple, 1 Kings 9:11 which, according to BrerewoodF14De Ponderibus & Pretiis, Vet. Num. c. 5. , was 540,000 pounds of our money; and, according to anotherF15Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr. vol. 3. p. 571. writer, it amounted to 1,466,400 ducats of gold, taking a talent at 12,220 ducats.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Hiram sent to the king d sixscore e talents of gold.

(d) For his tribute toward the building.

(e) The common talent was about 60 pound weight.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.

Sent — And this seems to be here added, both to declare the quantity of the gold sent, which had been only named before, verse11, and as the reason why he resented Solomon's action, because so great a sum required a better recompense.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-9.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:14 And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.

Ver. 14. And Hiram sent to the king.] Miserat autem, so Vatablus rendereth it, And Hiram had sent. &c., sc., before the offer of those twenty cities.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Or rather, for Hiram had sent. And this seems to be here added, both to declare the quantity of the gold sent, which had been only named before, 1 Kings 9:11, and as the reason why he resented Solomon’s action so ill, because so great a sum required a better recompence.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.Hiram sent’ gold — Probably not as a present, but as a loan; and the verse may be regarded as a fuller statement of his furnishing Solomon with gold, which is more briefly noticed in 1 Kings 9:11. In view of the vast profusion of gold with which Solomon adorned the temple and the palace, and other works throughout his whole kingdom, we need not wonder that he gathered gold from all possible quarters.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sent: referring to 1 Kings 9:11. Perhaps this was an advance for which the cities of 1 Kings 9:11 were the security.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.—The payment, on any calculation, was a large one, though little more than a sixth of Solomon’s yearly revenue. (See 1 Kings 10:14.) How it is connected with the previous verses is matter of conjecture. It may possibly be a note referring back to 1 Kings 9:11, and explaining the amount of gold which Hiram had sent. If this is not so, it would then seem to be a payment in acknowledgment of the cession of the cities, as being of greater value than the debt which it was meant to discharge. Hiram’s depreciation of the cities need not imply that he did not care to keep them. “It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.” (Proverbs 20:14). Josephus (Ant. viii. 5, 3), has a quaint story in connection with this intercourse between Hiram and Solomon (quoted from Dios), declaring that a contest in riddles took place between these kings, and that, when Hiram could not solve the riddles of Solomon, he “paid a large sum of money for his fine,” but adds that he afterwards retaliated on Solomon, by aid of Abdemon of Tyre. It appears by 2 Chronicles 7:2, that the cities were afterwards restored to Israel—how, and why, we know not.

(15 28) The rest of the chapter consists of brief historical notes, partly referring back to the previous records. Thus, 1 Kings 9:15 refers back to 1 Kings 5:13; 1 Kings 9:20-22 to 1 Kings 5:15; 1 Kings 9:24 to 1 Kings 7:8; 1 Kings 9:25 is a note connected with the history of the dedication of the Temple. The style is markedly different from the graphic and picturesque style of the passages preceding and following it.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.
11,28; 10:10,14,21
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:9 - she gave;  2 Chronicles 9:24 - every man;  Ecclesiastes 2:8 - silver

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.