Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:15

Now this is the account of the forced labor which King Solomon levied to build the house of the Lord , his own house, the Millo, the wall of Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Elijah;   Gezer;   Hazor;   Jerusalem;   Megiddo;   Millo;   Solomon;   Tax;   Thompson Chain Reference - Millo;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Tribute;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Hazor;   Megiddo;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hazor;   Jerusalem;   Megiddo;   Palestine;   Solomon;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Building;   Gezer;   Megiddo;   Millo;   Solomon;   Taxes;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hazor;   Jerusalem;   Megiddo;   Millo;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Chariots;   Economic Life;   Gezer;   Hazor;   Megiddo;   Solomon;   Transportation and Travel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Fortification and Siegecraft;   Hazor;   Israel;   Jerusalem;   Megiddo;   Solomon;   Tribute, Toll, Taxing;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gezer, Gezrites ;   Hazor ;   Hiram ;   Megiddo, Megiddon ;   Millo;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gezer;   Hazor;   Millo;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ge'zer;   Ha'zor;   Mil'lo;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Tribute;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adoniram;   Army;   Fortification;   Hazor;   Jeroboam;   Jerusalem;   Megiddo;   Millo;   Palestine (Recent Exploration, I.e. as of 1915);   Reason;   Solomon;   Solomon's Servants;   Tribute;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Armageddon;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

This is the reason of the levy - That is, in order to pay Hiram the sixscore talents of gold which he had borrowed from him (Hiram not being willing to take the Galilean cities mentioned above; or, having taken them, soon restored them again) he was obliged to lay a tax upon the people; and that this was a grievous and oppressive tax we learn from 1 Kings 12:1-4, where the elders of Israel came to Rehoboam, complaining of their heavy state of taxation, and entreating that their yoke might be made lighter.

And Millo - This is supposed to have been a deep valley between Mount Sion and what was called the city of Jebus, which Solomon filled up, and it was built on, and became a sort of fortified place, and a place for public assemblies. - See Calmet.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-9.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Levy - See the marginal reference note.

Millo - See 2 Samuel 5:9 note. The Septuagint commonly render the word ἡ ἄκρα hē akra “the citadel,” and it may possibly have been the fortress on Mount Zion connected with the Maccabean struggles (2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Chronicles 11:8 had been hasty, and had now - fifty years later - fallen into decay. Solomon therefore had to “repair the breaches of the city of David” 1 Kings 11:27.

Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer were three of the most important sites in the holy land. For the two first places, compare the marginal references and notes.

Gezer was a main city of the south. It was situated on the great maritime plain, and commanded the ordinary line of approach from Egypt, which was along this low region. The importance of Gezer appears from Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12, etc. Its site is near Tell Jezer, and marked now by Abu Shusheh. Though within the lot of Ephraim Joshua 16:3, and especially assigned to the Kohathite Levites Joshua 21:21, it had never yet been conquered from the old inhabitants (marginal references), who continued to dwell in it until Solomon‘s time, and apparently were an independent people 1 Kings 9:16.

Pharaoh took it before the marriage of Solomon with his daughter, and gave it “for a present” - i. e., for a dowry. Though in the East husbands generally pay for their wives, yet dower is given in some cases. Sargon gave Cilicia as a dowry with his daughter when he married her to Ambris king of Tubal: and the Persian kings seem generally to have given satrapial or other high offices as dowries to the husbands of their daughters.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-9.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

SOLOMON'S BUILDING OF MANY CITIES

"And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised, to build the house of Jehovah, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Meggido, and Gezer. Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a portion unto his daughter, Solomon's wife. And Solomon built Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether, and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land, and all the store-cities that Solomon had, and the cities for his chariots, and the cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion."

"And this is the reason of the levy" (1 Kings 9:15). The `reason' mentioned here was rather complex. First, his indebtedness to Hiram king of Tyre for all that gold; and secondly, that immense building program involving many cities, not merely these specifically mentioned. but many, many others! To all of those suggested here, we must also add those twenty cities that Solomon unsuccessfully tried to unload on Hiram king of Tyre (2 Chronicles 8:1-2).

Our narrator here offers this immense building program as "the reason" why Solomon raised a levy, that, of course, being a reference to the slaves of all Canaanites and the forced labor battalions of the Israelites themselves.

It is rather strange that the daughter of Pharaoh is repeatedly mentioned as "Solomon's wife," a distinction that she shared with 699 other women! It is not clear whether "her house" was a separate palace, or if it was the residence of the whole harem.

"And (the) Millo" (1 Kings 9:15). "The Millo, always with the definite article, is supposed to be some mound, or the filling up of a ravine in Jerusalem."[7]

This writer cannot think of any compelling reason why a Christian should have the slightest interest in any detailed knowledge of all these cities that Solomon built and in those houses that he built for his pleasure, and for his horsemen, and for his chariots!

SOLOMON'S ENSLAVEMENT OF THE REMAINING CANAANITES

In our Commentary on Judges, we gave a great deal of attention to the gross sin of the Israelites in their greedy and unscrupulous enslavement of the Canaanites, instead of putting them to death as God had commanded them; and here we find that Solomon terminated that shameful procedure by enslaving the final remnants of any Canaanites left in Palestine.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-9.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And this is the reason of the levy which King Solomon raised,.... Both of men to work, 1 Kings 5:13, and of money to defray the expense:

it was for to build the house of the Lord; the temple:

and his own house; or palace:

and Millo; which he repaired: See Gill on 1 Samuel 5:9.

and the wall of Jerusalem; which, as Abarbinel says, was a large building, there being three walls one within another:

and Hazor; a city in the tribe of Naphtali, and which had been a royal city with the Canaanites; see Joshua 11:1.

and Megiddo; which was in the tribe of Manasseh, Joshua 17:11.

and Gezer; which was in the tribe of Ephraim, and formerly a royal city of the Canaanites, Joshua 10:33.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And this [is] the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and f Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

(f) Millo was as the town house or place of assembly which was open above.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

Raised — Both the levy of men; of which, chap5:13, and the levy of money upon his people and subjects. He raised this levy, both to pay what he owed to Hiram, and to build the works following.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-9.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:15 And this [is] the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

Ver. 15. And this is the reason of the levy,] sc., That Hiram, since he would not have those cities, might have his money repaid him, that had been bestowed - and much more - upon those buildings.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Kings 9:15. And this is the reason of the levy Therefore this was the reason of the levy or tribute. That is, the money which Solomon borrowed of Hiram, 1 Kings 9:14 was the reason of his raising the tribute upon his people. Houbigant.

And Millo See 2 Samuel 5:9. מלוא Millo was a place in Jerusalem in which the people of Israel assembled, when there was any consultation to be made about public affairs. It is derived from the Hebrew word מלא male, which signifies full, because the people filled the place.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-kings-9.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The levy which king Solomon raised; both the levy of men, of which 1 Kings 5:13, and the levy of money upon his people and subjects, which is sufficiently evident from many scriptures. And this sentence may look both backward and forward. He raised this levy, both to pay what he owed to Hiram, which is mentioned before; and to build the works here following.

Millo seems to have been an eminent, and large, and strong fort or castle in Jerusalem, as may be gathered from 1 Kings 11:27 2 Chronicles 32:5.

Hazor, in Naphtali. See Joshua 11:10 Joshua 19:36.

Megiddo, in that part of the tribe of Manasseh within Jordan; of which see Joshua 17:11.

Gezer, in Ephraim, Joshua 21:21. It now was, and long had been, in the possession of the Canaanites, Joshua 16:10 Jude 1:29, and permitted so to be by David and Solomon, either by neglect, or because they were busied in greater and more necessary employments.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.The reason of the levy — The levy of men mentioned 1 Kings 5:13 was used, as we here learn, for building other works than the temple.

Millo — The fortress on Zion, which had, perhaps, become somewhat dilapidated. See note on 2 Samuel 5:9.

Wall of Jerusalem — He repaired the breaches in the wall which David built, and also extended the walls, and probably in some places built entirely new and nobler ones. Compare 1 Kings 11:27.

Hazor — The ancient capital of Jabin, in the north of Palestine. See on Joshua 11:1.

Megiddo — In the great plain of Esdraelon. See on Joshua 12:21.

Gezer — A city west or northwest of Jerusalem, and between it and the Mediterranean Sea. See on Joshua 10:33.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 9:15. This is the reason of the levy, &c. — That the raising of a great tribute upon the people, and employing so many men in his works, might not seem strange, the sacred writer here shows the cause of it; which was, his great and numerous buildings, suitable to the high dignity to which God had advanced him. The Hebrew word, מס, mass, here rendered levy, as Mr. Selden hath shown, by many instances, is not only used for pecuniary tribute, but also for bodily labour; it means a levy of men as well as a levy of money. And he thus interprets this clause: This is the cause of requiring the labour of so many men; it was to build, &c. Having thus declared the cause, the historian proceeds (1 Kings 9:20) to relate who they were that he employed in this service. And Millo — David had built round about Zion, from Millo inward, (2 Samuel 5:9,) but had left the structure of Millo itself imperfect, which Solomon now completed, with a particular respect to Pharaoh’s daughter, whose house was near it, 1 Kings 9:24. It seems, from 1 Kings 11:27, and 2 Chronicles 32:5, to have been an eminent, large, and strong fort, or castle, in that part of Jerusalem termed the city of David, where the fortress which David took from the Jebusites anciently stood. Here, it is thought, the people of Israel assembled when there was any consultation to be made about public affairs. The name מלוא, Millo, appears to be derived from the word מלא, malee, which signifies full. Kimchi thinks it was so called because it was frequently full of people, being “locus amplus et latus, comitiis et conventibus publicis destinatus,” a large and open place, appointed for holding public courts and assemblies. And the wall of Jerusalem — Which was a great structure: for there were three walls, one within another, as Abarbinel and Joseph Ben-Gorion explain it; the inner wall encompassing the house of God and the house of the king; the middle wall encompassing the houses of great persons; (termed the College, 2 Kings 22:14;) and the third the houses of all the people. And Hazor — Which had been a very eminent city, and the head of some kingdoms before the conquest of Canaan, (Joshua 11:10,) and was given to the tribe of Naphtali, Joshua 19:36. Megiddo — A city in the tribe of Manasseh, Joshua 17:11. And Gezer — In the tribe of Ephraim, Joshua 21:21.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-9.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Offered, or paid back to Hiram, for what he had lent. (Tirinus) --- Hebrew, "And this is the reason of the levy (or tribute) which king Solomon imposed, in order to build," &c. (Haydock) --- We have seen that Adoniram was at the head of this department, chap. v. 14. The people bore these burdens with patience, till the works of Mello gave Jeroboam an occasion of stirring them up to rebellion, chap. xi. 27. Mello was a palace, fortification, (Calmet) or bridge, erected in the vale, (Salien) from the palace to the temple, (Menochius) lying between Sion and the old Jerusalem. David had begun to build here, and Solomon perfected the works. Ezechias repaired the wall, 2 Paralipomenon xxxii. 5. In this palace Joas was slain, 4 Kings xii. 20. (Calmet) --- Heser, or Asor, Josue xv. 23., and xix. 36. (Haydock) --- There was a town of this name in the tribe of Juda, and another in that of Nephthali. --- Gazer had been taken by Josue, but the Chanaanites had again made themselves masters of it.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

reason = account, or schedule.

Levy: i.e. tribute of men. Same word as 1 Kings 5:13-18; not the same word as 1 Kings 9:21.

Millo = the Millo. Part of Jebusite city, or the filling up between Jebus and Moriah. Hezekiah strengthened it. Shechem had a "Millo" (Judges 9:6). Compare 1 Kings 9:24; 1 Kings 11:27. 2 Samuel 5:9. 1 Chronicles 11:8. 2 Chronicles 32:54.

the wall. Begun by David (2 Samuel 5:9. 1 Chronicles 11:8). Solomon closed the breaches (1 Kings 11:27).

Hazor, an old Canaanitish town (Joshua 11:1).

Megiddo, the same (Joshua 12:21. Judges 1:27; Judges 5:19, and 1 Kings 4:12).

Gezer. Gezer was formerly under the suzerainty of Egypt. Correspondence of the time of Amen-hotep III and IV, about 1450 B.C, has been found at Tel-el-Amarnah explorations, which mentions Yapakhi as "king" of Gezer. Letters from Abdkhiba, king of Jerusalem, complain of the Gezerites. First mentioned in Joshua 10:33. Conquest only partial (Joshua 16:10. Judges 1:29). Allotted to Levites (Joshua 21:21). In excavation by Palestine Exploration Fund a contract was found, dated 649 B.C. (in Assyrian). Gezer then still under an Egyptian Governor. Another contract, dated 647 B. C, was found, showing an Assyrian occupation in the time of Manasseh. This may explain the "captains" of 2 Chronicles 38:11.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

This is the reason of the levy. A levy refers both to men and money; and the necessity for Solomon making it, arose from the many gigantic works he undertook to erect.

Millo - part of the fort of Jerusalem, on Mount Zion (2. Sam. ; 1 Chronicles 11:8); or a row of stone bastions around Mount Zion, Millo being the great corner-tower of that fortified wall (1 Kings 11:27; 2 Chronicles 32:5).

The wall of Jerusalem - either repairing some breaches in it (1 Kings 11:27), or extending it, so as to enclose Mount Zion.

Hazor - fortified on account of its importance as a town in the northern boundary of the country.

Megiddo - now Lejjun-lying in the great caravan road between Egypt and Damascus-was the key to the north of Palestine by the western lowlands, and therefore fortified.

Gezer - or Gazer [ Gaazer (Hebrew #1507)], on the northern border of Benjamin, in the Shephelah, or maritime plain, between Beth-horon the nether and the Mediterranean; and though assigned as a Levitical city, it continued to be occupied by the Canaanites. It was the scene of many a severe contest between the Hebrews and the Philistines (2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 20:4), until at last, having fallen by right of conquest to the king of Egypt, who for some cause attacked it, it was given by him as a dowry to his daughter, and fortified by Solomon. [This sacking of Gezer by the Egyptian monarch is rendered in the Alexandrine version of the Septuagint literally from the Hebrew original, as in our own. It is omitted in the Vatican here, but is narrated in the Septuagint addition to Joshua 16:10, where, however, it is represented as a stronghold of the Canaanites and Perizzites.]

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) The levy.—This (see 1 Kings 5:13; 1 Kings 5:15) was both of Israelites and of the subject races, first originated for the building of the Temple, afterwards extended to the other great building works.

The building works enumerated are, first in Jerusalem, then in various parts of the country of critical importance, either for war or for commerce.

Millo, or (as it always has the definite article), “the Millo.” The Hebrew word seems to signify “piling up,” or “heaping up,” and its most simple meaning would be a “fortified mound.” From the mention, however, in Judges 9:6; Judges 9:20, of the “house of Millo,” in connection with the men of Shechem, it has been supposed to be a Canaanitish word; and it is possible that “the Millo” of Jerusalem may have been the name of a quarter of the old Jebusite city, especially as it is first used in connection with the narrative of its capture (2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Chronicles 11:8). That it was a part of the fortification of “the city of David” is clear by this passage, by 1 Kings 9:24 and 1 Kings 11:27, and by 2 Chronicles 32:5; and the LXX. invariably renders it “Acra,” or “the-citadel,” a name always applied in the later history to the fortification on Mount Zion. Josephus, in describing the works of Solomon, merely says that he made the walls of David higher and stronger, and built towers on them. From the derivation of the word it is possible that the work was the raising a high fortification of earth crowned with a wall, where the hill of Zion slopes down unto the valley known subsequently as the Tyropœon.

Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.—These cities were all of important geographical positions, and all had belonged to the subject races.

Hazor was in the north, on high ground near the waters of Merom. It had been the city of Jabin, head of the northern confederacy (Joshua 11:1). After the great victory over this confederacy, Joshua burnt Hazor (Joshua 11:13), and the territory was assigned to Naphtali (Joshua 19:36). But it must have been regained by its old possessors, and rebuilt, for it appears again under another Jabin in Judges 4. It was evidently important, as commanding the great line of invasion through Hamath from the north. Hence it was fortified by Solomon, and probably the native inhabitants were dispossessed.

Megiddo lay in the great plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon, the battle-field of Northern Palestine, commanding some of the passes from it into the hill country of Manasseh, to which tribe it was assigned after the conquest (Joshua 17:11). But it was not subdued by them (Joshua 17:12-13; Judges 1:27-28), and, with Taanach, appears as a hostile city in the Song of Deborah (Judges 5:19). Now it was fortified, and is named subsequently as an Israelite city (2 Kings 9:27; 2 Kings 23:29). In later times the Romans seem to have occupied it, and their name for it, Legio (now el-Łejjûr), superseded the old title.

Grezer or Gazer, was near Bethlehem, close to the maritime plain. Its king was conquered by Joshua (Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12), and the city was allotted to the Levites in the territory of Ephraim (Joshua 21:17), but it remained unsubdued (Judges 1:29). From the notice in the next verse, it must have been in rebellion against Israel, perhaps in the early and more troubled days of Solomon; and was accordingly taken by the Egyptian army (which could easily march up the plain, and attack it therefrom). The passes here were of critical importance, as appears in the Philistine wars (1 Chronicles 20:4; 2 Samuel 5:25), in relation to any advance from the plain.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
A. M. 2989-3029. B.C. 1015-975. the reason
21; 5:13
to build
10; 6:38; 7:1; 2 Chronicles 8:1
Millo
Millo is said to have been a deep valley, between the ancient city of Jebus and the city of David on mount Zion. This Solomon filled up, and built upon; and it became a fortified place, and a place for public assemblies.
24; 11:27; Judges 9:6,20; 2 Samuel 5:9; 2 Kings 12:20
the wall
Psalms 51:18
Hazor
Probably the city Hazor in Naphtali, and the famous capital of Jabin, situated in the lake Merom or Semechon, and placed by Josephus south of Tyre, near Ptolemais.
Joshua 11:1; 19:36; Judges 4:2; 2 Kings 15:29
Megiddo
4:12; Joshua 17:11; Judges 5:19; 2 Kings 9:27; 23:29,30; 2 Chronicles 35:22; Zechariah 12:11
Gezer
16,17; Joshua 10:33; 16:10; 21:21; Judges 1:29; 1 Chronicles 6:67; 20:4
Reciprocal: Joshua 16:3 - Bethhoron;  1 Samuel 27:8 - the Amalekites;  1 Kings 3:1 - the wall;  1 Kings 4:6 - tribute;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke;  1 Kings 12:25 - built;  1 Chronicles 7:29 - Megiddo;  1 Chronicles 11:8 - Millo

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.