Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:16

For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and captured Gezer and burned it with fire, and killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and had given it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Canaanites;   Elijah;   Gezer;   Pharaoh;   Solomon;   Thompson Chain Reference - Canaanites;   Conflagrations;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Gezer;   Pharaoh;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Marriage;   Megiddo;   Palestine;   Solomon;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kill, Killing;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Gezer;   Solomon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Gezer;   Palestine;   Philistia;   Shishak;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Chariots;   Economic Life;   Egypt;   Gezer;   Horam;   Shishak;   Solomon;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Gezer;   Israel;   Marriage;   Nimshi;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gezer, Gezrites ;   Hiram ;   Pharaoh ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Egypt;   Gezer;   Millo;   Pharaoh;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ge'zer;   Pha'raoh,;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alliance;   Canaan;   Dowry;   Gezer;   Jerusalem;   Solomon;   Solomon's Servants;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Pharaoh - had gone up, and taken Gezer - This city Joshua had taken from the Canaanites, Joshua 10:33; Joshua 12:12, and it was divided by lot to the tribe of Ephraim, and was intended to be one of the Levitical cities; but it appears that the Canaanites had retaken it, and kept possession till the days of Solomon, when his father-in-law, Pharaoh king of Egypt, retook it, and gave it to Solomon in dowry with his daughter.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-9.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire,.... Egypt lay lower than Canaan, and therefore Pharaoh is said to go up to it; what moved him to it is not certain; whether he went of himself provoked, or was moved to it by Solomon, who had married his daughter; however, so he did, and took the place, and burnt it:

and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city: for though it was given to the tribe of Ephraim, yet they could not drive the Canaanites out of it, who seem to have remained in it to this time; see Joshua 16:10.

and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife; not as a dowry with her, but as a present to her; perhaps some time after marriage.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:16 [For] Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it [for] a present unto his daughter, Solomon’s wife.

Ver. 16. For Pharaoh king of Egypt, &c.] At the request, likely, of his son-in-law Solomon, who was busied in his buildings.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Not now, but long before this time, and presently after the marriage of his daughter, as is most probable; and it is here mentioned only as the occasion of Solomon’s building it. Possibly the Canaanites of this place had been guilty of some heinous crime; and because Solomon thought not fit to destroy them himself, he desired Pharaoh to do it for him, or Pharaoh might offer his service herein for his daughter’s advantage.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

16.Pharaoh’ had’ taken Gezer — The date and circumstances of this conquest are wrapped in perfect mystery.

Canaanites that dwelt in the city — These had not been expelled in Joshua’s time. Joshua 16:10.

A present unto his daughter — “Though in the East husbands generally pay for their wives, yet dower is given in some cases. Sargon gave Cilicia as a dowry with his daughter when he married her to Ambris, king of Tubal. Antiochus Soter gave his claims on Macedonia as a dowry to his step-daughter Phila when she married Antigonus Gonatas. Coele-Syria and Palestine were promised as dowry to Ptolemy Epiphanes when he married Cleopatra, sister of Antiochus the Great.” — Rawlinson.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 9:16. For Pharaoh had gone up and taken Gezer, &c., and slain the Canaanites — For the Israelites did not dispossess the Canaanites, but they continued to dwell in Gezer in Joshua’s time and after, Joshua 16:10; 1:29. And, it seems, neither David nor Solomon expelled them, but only kept them under tribute; till Pharaoh, upon some provocation which is not recorded, extirpated them, and burned their city. This, Sir John Marsham thinks, was the first expedition which the Egyptians made out of their own country.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-9.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Wife. This custom distinguished princes from common people, who paid a dowry to their intended bride, 2 Machabees i. 14. Philadelphus gave hid daughter Bernice to Antiochus, of Syria, with an immense dowry, which caused her to be styled Phernophorus. The influence of these royal wives was more extensive than that of others of meaner birth, as we find in the daughter of Pharao, Jezabel, Athalia, &c. (Calmet)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

present = dowry.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(16) A present—that is, of course, a dowry, on her marriage with Solomon.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.
daughter
24; 3:1
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:10 - GeneralJoshua 10:33 - Gezer;  Joshua 16:10 - they drave;  Judges 1:29 - General1 Kings 9:15 - Gezer;  1 Chronicles 4:18 - Bithiah;  1 Chronicles 6:67 - Gezer

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.