Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:23

These were the chief officers who were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, who ruled over the people doing the work.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Chief;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Israel;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hiram ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Millo;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jerusalem;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Five hundred and fifty - See 1 Kings 5:16 note.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-9.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

ADDITIONAL NOTES REGARDING SOLOMON'S REIGN

"These were the chief officers which were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, who bare rule over the people that wrought in the work. But Pharaoh's daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo."

"The five hundred and fifty who bare rule over the people who wrought in the work." (1 Kings 9:23) These were the slave-drivers with their rods and whips. We may thank God that the sacred narrator spared us the knowledge of their names!

"Pharaoh's daughter" (1 Kings 9:24). See comment on this above under 1 Kings 9:15.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-9.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

These were the chief of the officers over Solomon's work,.... In building the above houses and cities:

five hundred and fifty which bore rule over the people that wrought in the work; in 2 Chronicles 8:10 they are said to be but two hundred and fifty; now it may be observed, as is by the Jewish writers, that there were three sorts of those rulers; the lowest rank and order of them consisted of 3300, the next of three hundred which were over the 3300, and being numbered with them made 3600, 2 Chronicles 2:18 and the highest rank of them were two hundred and fifty, and the middlemost and highest being joined together, as they are here, made five hundred and fifty. Abarbinel reconciles the places thus, the two hundred and fifty were only over those that wrought in the temple; and the five hundred and fifty here were those that were over such that were employed in the various parts of the kingdom.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

These [were] the chief of the officers that [were] over Solomon's work, i five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

(i) The overseers of Solomon's works were divided into three parts: the first contained 3300, the second 300, and the third 250 who were Israelites. Here are the two last parts, which make 550. See (2 Chronicles 8:10).
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

These were the chief of the officers — (See on 2 Chronicles 8:10).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:23 These [were] the chief of the officers that [were] over Solomon’s work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

Ver. 23. Five hundred and fifty.] Nothing so many as he had about his temple work. [1 Kings 5:16] These also took their turns, two hundred and fifty at a time, and fifty to be over them also. [2 Chronicles 8:10]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Object. They were only two hundred and fifty in 2 Chronicles 8:10.

Answ. First, Those might be officers of another sort; for they are not said to be over the work, as these are, but only over the people. Secondly, The two hundred and fifty were Israelites, who are therefore distinctly mentioned in that book, where many things are more exactly noted than in the former; and the other three hundred were strangers, who therefore are neglected in that more accurate account. Or, thirdly, There was but two hundred and fifty at one time, which is noted there, and two hundred and fifty at another time, (for it is apparent they did their work by turns,) and the other fifty either were superior to all the rest, or rather were a reserve to supply the place of any of the five hundred when there was occasion, which might frequently happen. And so this was an act not unbecoming Solomon’s wisdom, to make provision for emergencies.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23.Five hundred and fifty — See note on 1 Kings 5:16.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Officers of the crown. There were 250 over the army, (Paralipomenon) or 3,300, (3,600, Paralipomenon) including those who presided over the proselytes, chap. v. 16. (Calmet) --- These are employed while the temple was building. (Menochius)

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-9.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

These were the chief of the officers - (see the notes at 2 Chronicles 8:10.)

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(23) Five hundred and fifty.—In 1 Kings 5:16 we read of just six times as many officers as those here mentioned over the workers for the Temple. But in that passage there would seem to be reference to the special levy then raised; here the description is apparently of a regularly established system.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.
chief
5:16; 2 Chronicles 2:18; 8:10
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 8:11 - He will take;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.