Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:22

But Solomon did not make slaves of the sons of Israel; for they were men of war, his servants, his princes, his captains, his chariot commanders, and his horsemen.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Chariot;   Officer;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Chariot;   War;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Army;   Captain;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Army;   Judges, the Book of;   Taxes;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Economic Life;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Israel;   Kings, Books of;   Slave, Slavery;   Solomon;   Tadmor;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Upper Room (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Army;   Hiram ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Millo;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;   Taxes;   War;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jerusalem;   Ruler;   Solomon;   Solomon's Servants;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Comparing this with 1 Kings 5:13-14, it would seem that a modified service of forced labor for one-third of each year was not regarded as reducing those who were subject to it to the condition of bondmen.

sa40

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-9.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen,.... For that was contrary to the law; they might be hired servants, but not bond servants, Leviticus 25:39.

but they were men of war; which he kept in pay, a standing army, maintained even in time of peace, in case of necessity, should an enemy attempt to invade or surprise them:

and his servants; in his family and court, who had offices and employments there:

and his princes; ministers of state, counsellors, governors of cities, &c.

and his captains; officers in his army:

and rulers of his chariots and his horsemen; war chariots and troopers; see 1 Kings 9:19.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:22 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen: but they [were] men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen.

Ver. 22. Did Solomon make no bondmen.] Yet were they discontented at his government: and ten whole tribes at once cast off his son and successor, choosing Jeroboam for their king.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.His servants — Holding positions of honourable trust in the court or in the royal service, and so distinguished from bondslaves.

Captains — Shalishim. See note on 2 Samuel 23:8.

Rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen — The word horsemen here, as in 1 Kings 9:19, should be rendered steeds, or cavalry, and the rulers of the chariots and cavalry were the chief officers in these departments of the army.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Bondmen. Paralipomenon, To serve in the king's works; for they were warriors, &c. The natural subjects performed the more honourable offices. (Haydock) --- Strangers pay tribute, Matthew xvii. 24. Sesostris, king of Egypt, caused many temples to be erected after his expeditions, with this inscription: "No native laboured on them." (Diodorus i.)

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

make no bondmen. According to Leviticus 25:39. The levy, of 1 Kings 5:13; 1 Kings 11:28, was a levy for free service. This was for bondservice (1 Kings 9:21).

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in this verse.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) No bondmen.—This exemption, however it may have continued in theory, must virtually have been set aside in the later days of Solomon. (See 1 Kings 12:4.) They are here described as occupying the position of a dominant race—as warriors, servants about the person of the king, princes, and officers in the array—like the free vassals under a feudal monarchy. But as the absolute power of the king increased, and with it, perhaps, the wealth and arrogance of his favourites and greater officers, the condition of the Israelites at large might be removed from serfship more in name than in reality. Even the subject races might be played of against them, as against the Macedonians in the later years of Alexander the Great, when his royalty passed into something like a true Oriental despotism. Certainly, in later times we find, both from the history and the prophetical books, that there was such a thing as serf ship of the poor to the princes. (Jeremiah 34:8-11; Nehemiah 5:11.)

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen: but they were men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen.
of the children
Leviticus 25:39
but they were men
4:1-27; 1 Samuel 8:11,12; 2 Chronicles 8:9,10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries;  1 Kings 11:26 - Solomon's servant;  1 Kings 12:4 - our yoke;  1 Chronicles 12:18 - captains of the band;  2 Chronicles 10:4 - grievous;  Song of Solomon 3:7 - threescore;  Jeremiah 34:14 - At the

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.