Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 22:1

Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adaiah;   Bozkath;   Jedidah;   Josiah;   Scribe (S);   Secretary (Recordist);   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Josiah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Adaiah;   Bozkath;   Hezekiah;   Jedida;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Adaiah;   Boscath;   Jaazaniah;   Jedidah;   Jeremiah;   Jezreel;   Josiah;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Shaphan;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Adaiah;   Bozkath;   Canon of the Old Testament;   Deuteronomy;   Gedaliah;   Hexateuch;   Idolatry;   Israel;   Jedidah;   Jerusalem;   Josiah;   Nations;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adaiah ;   Bozkath, Boscath ;   Jedidah ;   Josiah ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Josiah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ada'iah;   Bos'cath;   Boz'kath;   Jed'idah;   Josi'ah;   Tyre;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Moses, the Man of God;   Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adaiah;   Bozkath;   Jedidah;   Josiah;   Queen Mother;   Relationships, Family;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Adaiah;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for February 22;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Josiah was eight years old - He was one of the best, if not the best, of all the Jewish kings since the time of David. He began well, continued well, and ended well.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-22.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE BEGINNING OF THE REIGN OF JOSIAH; AND THE DISCOVERY OF THE HOLY BOOKS OF MOSES;

JOSIAH CAME TO THE THRONE AT AGE EIGHT

"Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign; and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath. And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left."

"He reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem" (2 Kings 22:1). The date of this reign by Montgomery was 639-608 B.C.[1] "The death of Josiah may be accurately dated by the Babylonian Chronicle in 609 B.C; therefore, he became king in 639 B.C."[2] This period of almost forty years was a crucial one in world history. "The Scythian invasion, the fall of Assyria, the formation of the Median empire, and the foundation of the Babylonian empire by Nabopolasar all occurred during this time."[3]

The righteousness of this monarch is recorded here in words that are matched only by the sacred records regarding the reign of Hezekiah, the great-grandfather of Josiah.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-22.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign,.... And must be born when his father was but sixteen, for Amon lived but twenty four years, 2 Kings 21:19,

and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem; and so must die at thirty nine years of age:

and his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath; a city of the tribe of Judah; see Gill on Joshua 15:39.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-22.html. 1999.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Josiah

called Josias, Matthew 1:10.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 22:1". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-22.html. 1917.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE BOY-MONARCH

‘Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign.’

2 Kings 22:1

For all the years Josiah had been represented as one of the models of the Bible. Nothing appears in his history which the Lord seems to have disapproved. Four things there are in our verse which show the remarkableness of this boy-monarch’s piety; these we note in turn.

I. First, he was so young in years.—He was only sixteen at the time when he ‘began to seek after the God of David his father.’ It is a fine thing to have an ambition to be good and great when one is as yet a mere boy. Once, as Goethe’s mother saw him crossing a street with his boyish companions, she was struck with the extraordinary gravity of his carriage of himself. She asked him laughingly whether he expected to distinguish himself from the others by his sedateness. The little fellow replied: ‘I begin with this; later on in life I shall probably distinguish myself in far other ways from them.’

II. Next, Josiah’s piety was remarkable because he had had no paternal help.—Two generations of awful wickedness lay behind him; Amon was his father, and Amon was the son of Manasseh. Josiah had no Bible; in those days the ‘book of the law’ was lost. Jedidah is mentioned in the story; the name means ‘beloved of Jehovah’; and we really have a hope that Josiah felt the prayers and counsels of a pious mother.

When one is puzzled and baffled, perhaps even scandalised, by an older person’s behaviour, let him bear in mind that he was never bidden to imitate anybody but Jesus Christ. Once a man told Augustine that a strong wish was in his heart to become a Christian, but the imperfections of other people who professed religion kept him back; and the excellent preacher replied thus: ‘But you, yourself, lack nothing; what a neighbour lacks, be you for yourself; be a good Christian in order that you, by your consistency, may convince the most calumnious pagan!’

III. Josiah’s piety was also remarkable because he was reared in a palace of indolence and luxury.—He was a king’s heir, and was exposed to all the indulgence of easy-going life and the flatteries of court.

All this must be met by a resolute and devout heart. A youth with a real love for God and love for man has no miserable aristocracy of human rank in his disposition. In modern times, when the Duke of Gaudia arrived at Lisbon, and was waited upon by a man of quality who had received a royal order for that purpose from King Don John III, he noted that this suave companion kept giving him repeatedly the title of ‘most illustrious Lord,’ even when he did no more than ask him if he was not fatigued by his journey; at last the duke told the courtier frankly that he was not so very tired yet, only wearied by so much illustriousness heaped on him.

IV. Again, Josiah’s piety was remarkable because he was entrusted with the throne so early in his career.—He became king at eight years of age. Unlimited power came into his hands when he was as yet a mere child. Around him were the old vicious parasites of the realm, the veteran placemen who had been living and fattening on his father’s favour.

Often a boy is a regular little tyrant, lording it over nurse, or brothers and sisters—older as well as younger—or whomsoever else he can make subject to his will for the time being. A child of eight years old needs to know how to rule well in his sphere. A responsibility for good government is on him. He ought to be made to feel it betimes. And Josiah bore gravely, as a boy, the burden of royalty.

Illustrations

(1) ‘Even a child maketh himself known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right. Commonly it is before a child is eight years old that his character receives its permanent impress for good or evil, and that his line of conduct for life is indicated. Already he is either doing that which is right in the sight of the Lord, or doing that which is wrong in the Lord’s sight. How is it about the children of that age who are under your control?’

(2) ‘Much depends on the way one starts. It is said that, when the old Rudolph of Hapsburg was to be crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle, there was an imminent moment in which the pageant halted, for the imperial sceptre was mislaid by the attendants, and could not be found. The emperor was just in the act of investing the princes with their honours. With an admirable presence of mind, and in the true spirit of high religious chivalry of those times, he turned to the altar before which he stood; and, seizing from it the crucifix itself, exclaimed, “With this will I govern!”’

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Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/2-kings-22.html. 1876.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

CONTENTS

We are brought acquainted in this chapter with Josiah, the good king. Many of his pious deeds are recounted. The book of the law is found by Hilkiah. Shaphan reads in it before the king. Josiah's pious weeping in the rehearsal. He sendeth with humbleness to inquire of the Lord. The Lord's answer.

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-kings-22.html. 1828.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 22:1 Josiah [was] eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name [was] Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.

Ver. 1. Josiah was eight years old.] Josiah he was called by God two or three hundred years before he was born. [1 Kings 13:2] His name signifieth, The salvation of God: and he answered his name better than did Probus the emperor; of whom, notwithstanding, the historian saith, (a) that if Honest had not been his name, yet it might well have been his surname. Some say, but not so well, that he was called Josiah, q., Jah-scai, that is, the gift of God, or, q., Jah-esch, that is, the fire of God, sc., for his zeal, which is called the flame of God. [Song of Solomon 8:6]

And his mother’s name was Jedidah,] i.e., The Lord’s darling, as his grandmother’s name was Hephzibah; [2 Kings 21:1] a couple of good women likely, doing the same for Josiah as afterward Eunice and Lois did for young Timothy.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-22.html. 1865-1868.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Eight years. After he had reigned other eight, being still but a boy, he began more seriously to seek the Lord, and purified his dominions, and the neighbouring country, from all the vestiges of idolatry, 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 3. He was one of the three most excellent kings of Juda, (Haydock) and might be said to be the last; as those who followed were displaced at pleasure by Egypt, &c. (Du Hamel)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-22.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

eight years. Manasseh began at twelve, bred under godly Hezekiah. Josiah began at eight, bred by ungodly Amon. Contrast the two characters.

Boscath. In Judah. Compare Joshua 15:39.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-22.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign. Happier than his grandfather Manasseh, he seems to have fallen, during his minority, under the care of better guardians, who trained him in the principles and practice of piety; and so strongly had his young affections been enlisted on the side of true and undefiled religion, that he continued to adhere all his life, with undeviating perseverance, to the cause of God and righteousness.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-22.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

XXII.

THE REIGN OF JOSIAH (2 Kings 22, 2 Kings 23:30; comp. 2 Chronicles 24, 25)

(1) Josiah.—The name seems to mean “Jah healeth.” (Comp. Exodus 15:26; Isaiah 30:26.)

Eight years old.—The queen-mother was probably paramount in the government during the first years of the reign.

Boscath.—In the lowland of Judah (Joshua 15:39).

He reigned thirty and one years.—And somewhat over. (Comp. Jeremiah 1:2; Jeremiah 25:1; Jeremiah 25:3; according to which passages it was twenty-three years from the thirteenth of Josiah to the fourth of Jehoiakim.)

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-22.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.
A. M. 3363-3394. B.C. 641-610. Josiah. This prince was one of the best, if not the best, of all the Jewish kings since the time of David. He began well, continued well, and ended well
1 Kings 13:2; 2 Chronicles 34:1,2-33; Jeremiah 1:2; Zephaniah 1:1; Matthew 1:10
Josias
eight years old
11:21; 21:1; Psalms 8:2; Ecclesiastes 10:16; Isaiah 3:4
Boscath
This was a city in the plain country of the tribe of Judah; and is mentioned in the parallel passage along with Lachish and Eglon.
Joshua 15:39
Bozkath
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 3:14 - Josiah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 22:1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-22.html.