Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 13:19

Tamar put ashes on her head and tore her long-sleeved garment which was on her; and she put her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adultery;   Ashes;   Mourning;   Rape;   Rending;   Tamar;   Thompson Chain Reference - Clothes Rent;   Clothing;   Dead, the;   Joy-Sorrow;   Mourning;   Rending of Clothes;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Head;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Mourning;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Family Life and Relations;   Woman;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ashes;   Mourn;   Tamar;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Headdress;   Tire;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Gestures;   Head;   Rape;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ashes;   Head;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Hand ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amnon ;   Ashes;   Tamar ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Amnon;   David;   Mourning;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Am'non;   Mourning;   Ta'mar;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Ashes;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ashes;   Color;   Gesture;   Hand;   Head;   Samuel, Books of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ashes;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Absalom;   Coat;   Costume;   Esther, Apocryphal Book of;   Hand;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Laid her hand on her head - To hold on the ashes (see the marginal references).

Went on crying - i. e. “went away, crying out as she went.”

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Tamar put ashes on her head,.... In token of sorrow and distress; see Joshua 7:6,

and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her; signifying that her virginity was rent from her in a forcible manner, or that she was ravished:

and laid her hand on her head; through grief and shame; see Jeremiah 2:37,

and went on crying; from Amnon's house to her brother Absalom's, as one abused and injured.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-13.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

Put ashes — To signify her grief for some calamity which had befallen her, and what that was, concurring circumstances easily discovered.

Head — In token of grief and shame, as if she were unable and ashamed to shew her face.

Crying — To manifest her abhorrency of the fact, and that it was not done by her consent.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that [was] on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

Ver. 19. And Tamar put ashes on her head.] Most grievously bewailing in the open street the loss of her virginity; exclaiming against Amnon, as Chrysostom thinketh, and saying that he had ravished her, lest she should be thought to have been put away as a whore.

And rent her garment of divers colours] To show that her virginity had been by force rent from her.

And laid her hand on her head.] To cover her face, that seat of shamefacedness. See Jeremiah 2:37.

And went on crying.] She cried not out before, that she might have been rescued: but now, like one grown desperate, as not caring what became of her, she made known by her crying what abuse she had suffered.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-13.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Put ashes on her head, and rent her garment; to signify her grief for some calamity which had befallen her, and what that was concurring circumstances did easily discover.

Laid her hand on her head, in token of grief and shame, as if she were unable and ashamed to show her face. See Jeremiah 2:37.

Went on crying, to manifest her abhorrency of the fact, and that it was not done by her consent.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Ashes on her head’ rent her garment’ hand on her head — Signs of humiliation, agony, and despair. See references.

Went on crying — Screaming aloud through the streets of the city, frantic over the disgrace and violence she had so cruelly received.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 13:19. Tamar put ashes upon her head — To signify her grief for some calamity which had befallen her, and what that was, concurring circumstances easily discovered. And laid her hand on her head — In token of shame and sorrow, as if she were unable to show her face. And went on crying — To manifest her abhorrence of the fact, and that it was not done by her consent.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-13.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Head, as if to hide her face, Ezechiel xxvii. 30., and Jeremias ii. 37. So Mezentius: "Canitiem immundo deformat pulvere et ambas

Ad Cœlum tendit palmas."----- (Virgil, Æneid x.) See Homer, Iliad 2. (Calmet)

--- Crying, that no one might think she had consented. (Menochius) --- She probably went directly to her brother's house, and related the affair to him; or he met her in this condition. (Salien)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

laid her hand. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, put for "grieved".

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours ... laid her hand on her head, and went on crying - i:e., sobbing. Oriental manners would probably see nothing beyond a strong sense of the injury she had sustained, if Tamar actually rent her dress. But as her veil is not mentioned, it is probable that Amnon had turned her out of doors without it, and she raised her hand with the design to conceal her face. By these signs, especially the rending of her distinguishing robe, Absalom at once conjectured what had taken place. Recommending her to be silent about it, and not publish her own and her family's dishonour, he took no notice of it to Amnon. But all the while he was in secret 'nursing his wrath, to keep it warm,' and only 'biding his time' to avenge his sister's wrongs, and by the removal of the heir-apparent, perhaps further also his ambitious designs.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) Went on crying.—Literally, went going and cried; i.e., as she went away she cried aloud. Tamar put on every external mark of the deep grief within; and this was not only fitting in itself, but was a proper means to obtain justice for her wrongs.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.
put ashes
1:2; Joshua 7:6; Job 2:12; 42:6
laid her
Jeremiah 2:37
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:13 - GeneralLeviticus 13:45 - his clothes;  1 Samuel 4:12 - with earth;  2 Samuel 15:32 - coat rent;  1 Kings 20:41 - the ashes away;  2 Chronicles 11:12 - he put shields;  Esther 4:1 - with ashes;  Job 2:8 - he sat;  Lamentations 2:10 - cast up;  Malachi 2:13 - covering;  Revelation 18:19 - they cast

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-13.html.