Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 13:28

Absalom commanded his servants, saying, "See now, when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say to you, ‘Strike Amnon,' then put him to death. Do not fear; have not I myself commanded you? Be courageous and be valiant."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Absalom;   Assassination;   Deception;   Fratricide;   Homicide;   Rape;   Revenge;   Servant;   Tamar;   Wine;   Thompson Chain Reference - Family;   Fratricide;   Home;   Murder;   Murderers;   Treachery;   Trouble;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Revenge;   Servants;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Wine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - David;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Family Life and Relations;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Amnon;   Sheep;   Tamar;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Laban (2);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Samuel, Books of;   Tamar;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amnon ;   Tamar ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Amnon;   David;   Sheep;   Shepherd;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Am'non;   Mephib'osheth;   Ta'mar;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crime;   Drunkenness;   Good;   Leasing;   Samuel, Books of;   Sheep;   Wine;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Absalom;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Now Absalom had commanded his servants,.... Before he and his guests were set down to the entertainment:

saying, mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine; as he was determined to make him if possible, and as he supposed he would be, knowing his inclination to drink:

and when I say unto you, smite Amnon, then kill him; smite him that he die, and be sure he is dead before you leave him:

fear not, have not I commanded you? who am your lord, the king's son, and will then be heir to the crown; fear not, I will protect you; let all the blame be laid to me, if any; I will be answerable for it, you have nothing to do but to obey my commands:

be courageous, and be valiant; show yourselves to be men of courage and valour, not fearing the king's sons, or any in company, or what will be the consequences of it; do your business effectually, and leave all with me; it is very reasonably supposed that Absalom had not only in view to revenge the rape of his sister, but to get himself next heir to the crown.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not m I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.

(m) Such is the pride of the wicked masters, that in all their wicked commandments they think to be obeyed.
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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 13:28-36. Amnon is slain.

Absalom had commanded his servants, saying  …  when Amnon‘s heart is merry with wine  …  kill him, fear not — On a preconcerted signal from their master, the servants, rushing upon Amnon, slew him at the table, while the rest of the brothers, horror-struck, and apprehending a general massacre, fled in affrighted haste to Jerusalem.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-13.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

Absalom then commanded his servants to put Amnon to death without fear, as he had commanded, as soon as his heart should become merry with wine and he (Absalom) should tell them to smite him. The arrangement of the meal is passed over as being quite subdrdinate to the main purpose of the narrative; and the clause added by the lxx at the close of 2 Samuel 13:27, καὶ ἐποίησεν ἈβεσσαλὼϚ πότον κατὰ τὸν τοῦ βασιλέως, is nothing more than an explanatory gloss, formed according to 1 Samuel 25:36. The words “Have not I commanded you?” implied that Absalom would take the responsibility upon himself.

Copyright Statement
The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-13.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.

Merry — When he least suspects, and will be most unable to prevent the evil.

I — I who am the king's son, and, when Amnon is gone, his heir: who therefore shall easily obtain pardon for you, and will liberally reward you.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon’s heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.

Ver. 28. Now Absalom had commanded his servants.] His assassins, whom some conceive to have been Geshurites of his mother’s country, ready to flee thither with him, as 2 Samuel 13:37.

When Amnon’s heart is merry with wine.] See on 2 Samuel 13:13.

And when I say unto you, Smite Amnon.] So cowardly he was that he durst not do it himself, saith Pellican.

Then kill him, fear not.] This bloody command he uttered in plainer terms than did Tarlton, bishop of Winchester, when he gave order for the death of King Edward in these words unpointed, and therefore of doubtful interpretation, Edvardum occidere nolite timere bonum est.

Have not I commanded you?] Am not I the next heir to the crown? and so shall be able both to secure you and reward you.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-13.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

When Amnon’s heart is merry with wine; when he least suspects, and will be most unable to prevent the evil.

Have not I commanded you; I who am the king’s son, and, when Amnon is gone, his heir; who therefore shall easily obtain pardon for you, and will liberally reward you?

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

28.Have not I commanded you — No guilt will be on you, for I take all the responsibility on myself; only obey you my orders.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-13.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

It is I: the blame will fall on me; I will rescue all from danger. These servants were probably infidels, of Gessur, and fled with their master. (Menochius)

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

valiant = sons of valour.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.

When Amnon's heart is merry with wine ... kill him, fear not. On a preconcerted signal from their master, the servants, rushing upon Amnon, assassinated him at the table, while the rest of the brothers, horror-struck, and apprehending a general massacre, fled in frightened haste to Jerusalem.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-13.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
commanded
11:15; Exodus 1:16,17; 1 Samuel 22:17,18; Acts 5:29
heart is merry
11:13; Genesis 9:21; 19:32-35; Judges 19:6,9,22; Ruth 3:7; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 1 Kings 20:16; Esther 1:10; Psalms 104:15; Ecclesiastes 9:7; 10:19; Daniel 5:2-6,30; Nahum 1:10; Luke 21:34
fear not
Numbers 22:16,17; 1 Samuel 28:10,13
have not I
or, Will you not, since I have, etc.
Joshua 1:9
valiant
Heb. sons of valour.
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:41 - then;  Exodus 1:18 - Why have;  Leviticus 19:18 - not avenge;  Numbers 35:20 - if he thrust;  Deuteronomy 27:24 - GeneralJoshua 8:8 - I have;  Judges 16:25 - their hearts;  1 Samuel 18:22 - servants;  1 Samuel 30:16 - eating;  2 Samuel 3:33 - as a fool dieth;  2 Samuel 12:10 - the sword;  2 Samuel 12:11 - I will raise;  2 Samuel 14:30 - go and set;  2 Samuel 15:10 - spies;  2 Samuel 23:5 - Although;  1 Kings 16:9 - drinking;  1 Kings 20:12 - drinking;  Job 1:18 - eating;  Proverbs 18:19 - brother;  Proverbs 20:1 - GeneralProverbs 23:29 - Who hath woe;  Proverbs 23:34 - thou;  Ecclesiastes 7:4 - the heart;  Ecclesiastes 7:9 - anger;  Isaiah 5:14 - he that rejoiceth;  Isaiah 21:4 - the night;  Ezekiel 22:11 - his sister;  Hosea 7:6 - they;  Amos 8:10 - I will turn;  Luke 12:20 - God;  1 Peter 4:3 - excess

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-13.html.