Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 13:32

Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's brother, responded, "Do not let my lord suppose they have put to death all the young men, the king's sons, for Amnon alone is dead; because by the intent of Absalom this has been determined since the day that he violated his sister Tamar.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jonadab;   Rape;   Shammah;   Tamar;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jonadab;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Jonadab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Tamar;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abimelech;   David;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Jonadab;   Samuel, Books of;   Shammah;   Son of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jonadab ;   Shimea, Shimeah ;   Tamar ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Amnon;   David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jon'adab;   Ta'mar;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Absalom;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And Jonadab - said - Amnon only is dead - This was a very bad man, and here speaks coolly of a most bloody tragedy, which himself had contrived.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The history supplies another (compare 2 Samuel 13:3) instance of Jonadab‘s subtlety and sagacity. He at once gave the true explanation of the catastrophe at Baal-hazor, in spite of the false rumour.

By the appointment of Absalom … - Meaning that Absalom‘s resolution to slay Amnon had been formed at the time, and only waited an opportunity to give expression to it.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jonadab the son of Shimeah, David's brother,.... The same that advised Amnon to feign himself sick, to get Tamar sent to him, that he might enjoy her, 2 Samuel 13:3,

answered and said; said in answer to the report brought to the king, which threw him into such an agony:

let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; he did not believe it himself, and would not have the king entertain such a thought, and distress himself with it:

for Amnon only is dead; he is very positive, and speaks with great assurance; it looks as if he was in the secret, and knew of the plot against Amnon's life; and, if so, he must be a very wicked man, first to form a scheme whereby Amnon might come at Tamar to ravish her, and then be accessory to the murder of him, as he must, if he knew of the design against his life, and did not acquaint him and the king of it; and this seems to be confirmed by what follows:

for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined, from the day that he forced his sister Tamar; that is, the slaying of Amnon; the meaning is, either that Absalom had given orders to his servants to slay him, whenever they had an opportunity; or it was "in the mouth of Absalom"F16על פי אבשלום "in ore Absalom", V. L. Vatablus. , as it may be rendered; he used to declare it to his intimate friends, that it was the purpose and resolution of his heart to kill Amnon some time or another; and this he had taken up from the time of his sister Tamar's being forced, and because of that, of which Jonadab had intelligence by some means or another; and who speaks of this rape without any seeming emotion, as if he had no concern at all in it.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-13.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 13:32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David’s brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose [that] they have slain all the young men the king’s sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.

Ver. 32. And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah.] This cunning pated man, seeking somewhat to mitigate his uncle David’s extreme sorrow, which he had caused by his wicked counsel to Amnon, guesseth at the truth, and hitteth upon the right: whereunto, perhaps, he might be at some time by Absalom made privy. He had advised Amnon how to compass his unlawful lust: and now that he was slain, he could tell what was become of him: the devil can do the like. Great pity it was that David did no further sift him hereupon, to find out the bottom of the business, and to give him his due payment.

For by the appointment of Absalom.] Heb., By the mouth, i.e., by the purpose of his exulcerate heart, breaking forth haply some time at his lips.

From the day that he forced his sister Tamar.] So the Lacedemonian commonwealth was utterly overturned at Leuctra, for a rape there committed on the two daughters of Scedasus. So when a certain monk had ravished the sister of Zisca, that noble Bohemian, he took up arms against the monks, and those that favoured them; casting to the ground three hundred monasteries, and doing many great exploits against the Papists in Bohemia and Germany. But what an impenitent and impudent man was this Jonadab, that he could speak of the rape of Tamar, which he had contrived, together with the sad consequents, without any remorse or regret! And what sots are some Rabbis for saying that this Jonadab here was Nathan the prophet, who knew by the Spirit what was done at Baalhazor!

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 13:32. This hath been determined, &c.— What unparalleled impudence and effrontery was this! to speak with such calmness and unconcern of a horrid villany, which he himself had contrived, and of which he now saw the dreadful consequences! Could there be a more miscreant minister?

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Jonadab was a man of great craft and subtlety, and one that had exact knowledge of Amnon’s fact, and of Absalom’s temper.

By the appointment, or, by the command; Heb. mouth, put for command, Numbers 3:16. From the day; it was resolved from that time in his breast; but the word of command was not then given to others, for that would probably have hindered his design. But all this he seems to have spoken from a probable conjecture, rather than of certain knowledge, as appears by the sequel.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

32.Jonadab’ said — That subtle busybody, who is posted on all the secrets of the royal family, (2 Samuel 13:3-5,) now coolly explains the matter as only a thing that had long been determined.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-13.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Mouth. Chaldean [and] Syriac, "heart." Aquila, "because Absalom was in wrath against him." He had resolved upon his destruction. (Calmet) --- Perhaps he had expressed his intention to some of the court; and this Jonadab (by whose means the crime had been committed, ver. 5) had heard of it. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(32) Jonadab.—The same subtle counsellor who had led Amnon into his sin, now at once divined how the case really stood and reassured the king.

By the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined.—Literally, upon Absalom’s mouth it hath been set, an expression which has given rise to much variety of interpretation. The Authorised Version expresses the sense accurately.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.
Jonadab
Shimeah
1 Samuel 16:9
Shammah
David's brother. This was a very bad man: he had given his cousin Amnon the most detestable advice; and here speaks coolly of a most bloody tragedy of which he had been the cause.
appointment
Heb. mouth. determined. or, settled.
Genesis 27:41; Psalms 7:14; Proverbs 24:11,12
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:13 - Shammah;  Ecclesiastes 7:9 - anger

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-13.html.