Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 13:31

Then the king arose, tore his clothes and lay on the ground; and all his servants were standing by with clothes torn.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Mourning;   Rending;   Tamar;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Beds;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Mourn;   Tamar;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Burial;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Tamar ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Amnon;   David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ta'mar;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Clothes, Rending of;   Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Absalom;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then the king arose, and tore his garments,.... In token of extreme grief and sorrow, as Jacob did when he was shown the coat of Joseph, supposing him to have been slain, as David thought all his sons were, Genesis 37:34,

and lay on the earth; on the bare ground, another token of mourning; so Job did on hearing the death of his sons, Job 1:20,

and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent: did as David did, in imitation of him, joining with him in expressions of sorrow; these were his courtiers, ministers of state, and principal officers in his household.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the n earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.

(n) Lamenting, as he that felt the wrath of God on his house, (2 Samuel 12:10).
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-13.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

The king rent his clothes with horror at such a deed, and sat down upon the ground, and all his servants (courtiers) stood motionless by, with their clothes rent as well. This is the rendering adopted by Bצttcher, as נצּב has frequently the idea of standing perfectly motionless (e.g., Numbers 22:23-24; Exodus 5:20, etc.).

Copyright Statement
The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-13.html. 1854-1889.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 13:31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.

Ver. 31. Then the king arose, and tare his garments.] To show that his heart was torn with extreme sorrow for so sad a disaster. It was the time when he took delight to hear of Uriah’s death: now he smarts for it.

And lay on the earth.] As not able to stand under so importable an affliction.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-13.html. 1865-1868.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

CHAPTER XIII.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

with their clothes rent = and rent their garments.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-13.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(31) Tare his garments.—Rather, rent his clothes, the words being the same as in the last clause of the verse.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.
arose
12:16; Genesis 37:29,34; Joshua 7:6; Job 1:20
all his servants
1:11; 3:31
Reciprocal: Judges 11:35 - rent his clothes

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:31". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-13.html.