Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 15:32

It happened as David was coming to the summit, where God was worshiped, that behold, Hushai the Archite met him with his coat torn and dust on his head.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - David;   Diplomacy;   Friendship;   Hushai;   Mourning;   Rending;   Strategy;   Zadok;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Garments;   Prudence;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hushai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Zadok;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Friend, Friendship;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Archite;   Coat;   Hushai;   Nob;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Archite (the);   Hushai;   Olives, Mount of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Hushai;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Arbite;   Archite;   Hushai;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel ;   Archite ;   Hushai ;   Zadok ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Archi;   David;   Jerusalem;   Mourning;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahim'a-Az;   Ar'chite, the;   Hu'sha-I,;   Mourning;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Head;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Absalom (1);   Clothes, Rending of;   David;   Gesture;   Hushai;   Olives, Mount of;   Priests and Levites;   Samuel, Books of;   Zadok;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahimaaz;   Ahithophel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abiathar;   Archite;   Coat;   High Place;   Hushai;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Where he worshipped God - Though in danger of his life, he stops on the top of Mount Olivet for prayer! How true is the adage, Prayer and provender never hinder any man's journey! Reader, dost thou do likewise?

Hushai the Archite - He was the particular friend of David, and was now greatly affected by his calamity.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-15.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Render … “when David was come to the top of the mount where people worship God.” The top here, and in 2 Samuel 16:1, is used almost as a proper name. No doubt there was a high-place upon the top of the Mount of Olives.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-15.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

HUSHAI PLANNED TO FRUSTRATE THE COUNSEL OF AHITHOPHEL

"When David came to the summit, where God is worshipped, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet with him with his coat rent and earth upon his head. David said to him, "If you go with me, you will be a burden to me. But if you return to the city, and say to Absalom, `I will be your servant, O king; as I have been your father's servant in time past, so now I will be your servant,' then you will defeat for me the counsel of Ahithophel. Are not Zadok and Abiathar the priests with you there? So whatever you hear from the king's house, tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests. Behold, their two sons are with them there, Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son; and by them you shall send to me everything you hear." So Hushai, David's friend, came into the city, just as Absalom was entering Jerusalem."

"When David came to the summit where God was worshipped" (2 Samuel 15:32). The words `where God was worshipped,' refer to the fact that David and his company paused there to worship God, despite the fact of their lives all being in the most serious jeopardy. DeHoff said, "David was in danger of his life, but he stopped on Mount Olivet for prayer,"[25] a prayer, incidentally, which was answered by the events in this paragraph almost instantaneously. Yes, God was with David even in the manifold sorrows of this dreadful experience.

THE ECHO OF ALL THESE EVENTS IN THE PSALMS

"The rebellion of Absalom and the humiliating flight of David brought out all the better parts of the king's character and set him once more before us as a man after God's own heart; and this part of his life is richly illustrated by the Psalms which he wrote during the pressure of this great affliction. Psalms 41 shows how poignant was his anguish over Ahithophel's treachery."[26]

"Psalms 3 and Psalms 4 were David's morning and evening songs `when he fled from Absalom his son.' David's grief at the loss of his privileges of worship in Jerusalem. In Psalms 27, we have the contrast between Jehovah's abiding goodness and the inconstancy of man; and Psalms 61 and Psalms 62 were probably written at Mahanaim when David's anguish of mind had been assuaged."[27] In our commentary on the Psalms, we have explored many such thoughts as these.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-15.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount,.... Of the mount of Olives:

where he worshipped God; by prayer and praise; here very probably he composed and sung the third psalm Psalm 3:1, which, as the title shows, was made when he fled from Absalom:

behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him, with his coat rent, and earth upon his head; in token of mourning, and as a bringer of bad tidings, see 2 Samuel 1:2; perhaps he was an inhabitant of Archi, at least originally, which lay on the borders of the tribe of Ephraim, Joshua 16:2; from whence he had his name.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-15.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped — looking towards Jerusalem, where were the ark and tabernacle.

Hushai the Archite — A native of Archi, on the frontiers of Benjamin and Ephraim (Joshua 16:2). Comparing the prayer against Ahithophel with the counsel to Hushai, we see how strongly a spirit of fervent piety was combined in his character with the devices of an active and far-seeing policy.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-15.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 15:32 And it came to pass, that [when] David was come to the top [of the mount], where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:

Ver. 32. Where he worshipped God.] Looking toward the ark which was yet in sight; and himself not like to see it again in haste. His prayer might be like that of Pareus driven from Heidelberg as above said.

Da veniam, exaudi gemitus dextramque precantis,

Et pro me gnati suscipe λυπρα tui.

Hushai the Archite came to meet him.] As a sensible return of prayer.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-15.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 15:32. Behold, Hushai the Archite came When David heard that Ahithophel was among the conspirators, he saw his danger in all its strength. A hot-headed young man, high in vanity, extravagant in hope, and easily overset with success, was not an object of much terror to a man of David's great experience and consummate wisdom; but the prowess, popularity, and numbers of such a man, conducted by the calm skill and prudence of an Ahithophel, was sufficient matter of just fear. David, however, sunk not under it; but had recourse, as usual, to the protection of that God who only could relieve him, and who had never failed him in distress; beseeching Him, who leadeth counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools, to confound and infatuate the counsel of Ahithophel. God, in answer to his prayers, sends him a friend; Hushai met him on the top of the hill, with expressive signs of sympathetic sorrow, willing to join his suffering king: but David has more useful employment for him at Jerusalem; by pretending to serve Absalom, he might defeat the advice of Ahithophel, and, getting into the secrets of the Cabinet, by Zadok's sons, inform David of them. The dissimulation of Hushai, and the advice of David, in this case, will hardly admit of excuse. Thus far we may say, that David, with respect to Absalom, was not only a king, but a father attacked by his own son; that he always preserved a great affection for him, and did not design to injure him in the least, but rather proposed to hinder him from doing more mischief, and to bring him to his duty again. But we are to follow no man any farther than as he corresponds with the great copy of all morality given us in the Gospel. Nothing can justify deceit, lying, or treachery.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-15.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He worshipped God; looking towards Jerusalem, where the ark and tabernacle was. Compare 1 Kings 8:44,48 Da 6:10.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-15.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

32.To the top — Of Mount Olivet.

Where he worshipped God — “Though in danger of his life he stops for prayer! How true is the adage, ‘Prayer and provender never hinder any man’s journey!’” — Clarke.

Hushai the Archite — Like Ahithophel he was one of David’s friends and counsellers, and a native of Archi, a place north of Jerusalem and not far from Ataroth. Joshua 16:2.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-15.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 15:32. The top of the mount, where he worshipped — Looking, doubtless, toward Jerusalem, where the ark and tabernacle, which he had made for it, were. Hushai, the Archite came to meet him — Probably he was from Archi, a city in the tribe of Ephraim, (see Joshua 16:2,) and coming to Jerusalem, was made one of David’s privy council because of his wisdom; otherwise, it is not likely that Absalom would so readily have entertained him, and admitted him to his secrets. The coming of Hushai just at this time seems to have been ordered by God’s peculiar providence, in answer to David’s prayer mentioned in the preceding verse. With his coat rent, and earth upon his head — In token of his great sorrow on David’s account.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-15.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The Lord, before he lost sight of the holy city, where the ark was kept. (Calmet) --- Arachite, a convert, (Menochius) from Arach, or Edessa. (St. Jerome, Trad. in Genesis x.)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-15.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the top. Doubtless a high place where God was worshipped. Nob was near where the Tabernacle once stood.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

Hushai. David"s friend. Compare 2 Samuel 15:37; 2 Samuel 16:16. 1 Chronicles 27:33.

Archite. Probably -a native of Archi, on frontier of Benjamin and Ephraim.

coat = the long tunic with sleeves.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:

Top of the mount, where he worshipped - looking toward Jerusalem, where were the ark and tabernacle.

Hushai the Archite - a native of Archi, on the frontiers of Benjamin and Ephraim (Joshua 16:2).

With his coat rent, [ kutaan

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(32) Where he worshipped God.—Rather, where men worship. The original indicates a customary act. David had taken the road over the crest of the Mount of Olives, and there, in all probability, was one of those “high places” which abounded in Israel.

Hushai the Archite.—His place is mentioned in Joshua 16:2 as on the border between Ephraim and Benjamin, and he may have been at his own home when the rebellion broke out. His coming appears as the beginning of the answer to David’s prayer in 2 Samuel 15:31.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:
the top
30; 1 Kings 11:7; Luke 19:29
he worshipped
1 Kings 8:44,45; Job 1:20,21; Psalms 3:3-5,7; 4:1-3; 50:15; 91:15
Hushai
16:16-19
Archite
Joshua 16:2
coat rent
1:2; 13:19
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:12 - with earth;  2 Samuel 16:17 - why wentest;  2 Samuel 17:5 - Hushai;  1 Chronicles 27:33 - Hushai;  Psalm 109:4 - but I

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-15.html.