Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 3:2

Sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahinoam;   Amnon;   David;   Polygamy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Hebron;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahinoam;   Ishbosheth;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Adonijah;   Bathsheba;   Concubine;   Marriage;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Adonijah;   Ahinoam;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amnon;   Palace;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahinoam;   Amnon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amnon ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ahinoam;   Amnon;   David;   Dwelling;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jez're-Elitess,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahinoam;   Amnon;   David;   Hebron (1);   Jerimoth;   Jezreelitess;   Samuel, Books of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahinoam;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amnon;   Birthright;   Hebron;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

REPORT OF SONS BORN TO DAVID AT HEBRON

"And sons were born to David at Hebron: his first-born was Amnon of Ahinoam of Jezreel; and his second, Chileab of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; and the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; and the sixth, Ithream, of Eglah, David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron."

In a collective sense, these sons of David were nothing special. Amnon raped his half-sister Tamar, the full sister of Absalom (2 Samuel 13:1) and was murdered by Absalom, who also rebelled against his father and sought to dethrone him. Practically nothing is known of Chileab, who is called Daniel in 1 Chronicles 3:1. Adonijah had himself proclaimed king during the final illness of David; but upon what pretext we are not told. It has been supposed that Chileab (his older brother) was dead; and, if so, he might have claimed to be David's oldest living son, the other older sons Absalom and Ammon both having been killed. Nothing is known either of Shephatiah or Ithream except what is stated here. Regarding Adonijah, Beecher declared that, "His conduct gives us no reason"[1] to have a high opinion of him. If we may judge, therefore, by the behavior of the three sons whose records have come down to us, the group of sons mentioned here could not have been, in any sense, ideal princes of David's kingdom.

Among David's many sins, his polygamy must be cited as one of the worst. "It resulted in friction, hatred, and division in his household."[2] Apparently, love for the women he married had little to do with David's marriages, in which financial, political and other motives also entered. For example, his marriage to a daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur, strengthened his relative position with regard to the house of Saul, because, "It cemented an alliance which helped to isolate Ishbosheth, since Geshur was an Aramaean state lying north of Gilead."[3] "Talmai's capital was Bashan where Og was once king (Deuteronomy 3:11)."[4]

"Ithream, of Eglah, David's wife" (2 Samuel 3:5). As Willis noted: "This statement that Eglah was David's wife is a mystery."[5] The statement applies equally to all six of the wives mentioned here, and commentators are puzzled by the appearance of these words regarding Eglah. Matthew Henry stated that, "Some think that `Eglah' is another name for Michal, David's first and most rightful wife, and that, although she had no child after mocking David, she might have borne a son before that."[6] To this writer, the most logical explanation, while unprovable, is that there were two prominent women named Eglah known to the people of that time, and that "David's wife" was added here to distinguish between them.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And unto David were sons born in Hebron,.... He was married before he came there, had wives in his state of exile, but had no children by them there, at least no sons; if any, only daughters:

and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; who being mentioned first, and her son his firstborn, seems to have been his wife before be took Abigail; he had not much comfort of this firstborn son of his; see 2 Samuel 13:1.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-3.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

unto David were sons born in Hebron — The six sons mentioned had all different mothers.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-3.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;

Ver. 2. And unto David were sons born in Hebron.] None born during his exile: a sweet providence.

And his firstborn was Amnon.] Who was none of the best; as was neither Absalom, Adoniah, &c. Heroum filii noxae. The white halcyons hatch black young ones.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-3.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.Unto David were sons born — This was one important way in which the house of David was made stronger, and to show this is manifestly the purpose of the writer in introducing here this list of David’s sons. Compare the list in 1 Chronicles 3:1-4.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-3.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Amnon, who was murdered by Absalom, for his incest, chap. xiii. 32. (Menochius)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;

Unto David were sons born in Hebron. The six sons mentioned had all different mothers.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-3.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;
sons born
1 Chronicles 3:1-4
Amnon
13:1-29; Genesis 49:3,4
Ahinoam
1 Samuel 25:43
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 17:17 - multiply wives;  Judges 8:30 - many wives;  1 Samuel 30:5 - two wives;  2 Samuel 11:27 - fetched her;  2 Samuel 12:2 - exceeding;  2 Samuel 15:10 - Hebron;  1 Kings 11:3 - seven hundred;  2 Chronicles 11:21 - eighteen wives

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-3.html.