Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 3:3

and his second, Chileab, by Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abigail;   Absalom;   Chileab;   Daniel;   David;   Geshur;   Maachah;   Polygamy;   Talmai;   Thompson Chain Reference - Absalom;   Foes of the Home;   Geshur;   Home;   Polygamy;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abigail;   Absalom;   Daniel;   Geshur, Geshuri, Geshurites;   Ishbosheth;   Maacah or Maachah;   Marriage;   Talmai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abigail;   Absalom;   Adonijah;   Bathsheba;   Concubine;   Marriage;   Syria;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Concubinage;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Chileab;   Daniel;   Maachah;   Talmai;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abigail;   Abijah;   Absalom;   Adonijah;   Chileab;   Daniel;   Geshur;   Maachah;   Talmai;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Aramean;   Chileab;   Daniel;   Maacah;   Palace;   Queen;   Talmai;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abigail,;   Absalom;   Aram, Aramaeans;   Ashurites;   Chileab;   Geshur, Geshurites;   Marriage;   Talmai;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abigail ;   Chileab ;   Daniel;   Geshur ;   Maacah, Maachah ;   Talmai ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abigail;   Absalom;   Daniel;   David;   Dwelling;   Geshur;   Maacah;   Nabal;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ab'igail;   Dan'iel;   Ma'acah;   Ma'achah;   Tal'ma-I;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abigail;   Abijah;   Absalom (1);   Ashhur;   Ashurites;   Bridge;   Carmelite;   Chileab;   David;   Geshur;   Jerimoth;   Maacah;   Samuel, Books of;   Talmai;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abigail;   Absalom;   Aram;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abigail;   Absalom;   Aram-Geshur;   Chileab;   Daniel;   Genealogy;   Gentile;   Geshur, Geshurites;   Marriage;   Paradise;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Chileab - In the duplicate passage (see the margin.) David‘s second son is called Daniel (God is my judge), a name given to him in commemoration of the death of Nabal 1 Samuel 25:39. Chileab seems to be made up of the three first letters of the following Hebrew word, through an error of the transcriber, and intended to be erased.

Talmai king of Geshur - Talmai was the name of one of the sons of Anak at Hebron Numbers 13:22; this Talmai was perhaps of the same race.

Geshur - Where he reigned was in Bashan, and we know from Deuteronomy 3:11, that Og, king of Bashan, was of the “remnant of the giants.” See 1 Samuel 27:8 note.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-3.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite,.... That is: who had been the wife of Nabal. This son's name is called Daniel, 1 Chronicles 3:1; and was the first name he had, and which his father gave him, because as if he should say, "God hath judged me", and pleaded the cause of his reproach from Nabal, 1 Samuel 25:39; but why he should be called Chileab is not easy to say; the name is commonly thought to signify "like unto his father", or "all father": had all the features of his father, and was exceedingly like him; the Jews have a fabulous story concerning thisF23Jarchi, Kimchi, & Abarbinel in loc. , not worth relating:

and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; in 1 Samuel 27:8 we read of David's invading the land of the Geshurites; and the Jews sayF24Tanchuma apud Abarbinel in loc. that he then took the daughter of this king captive, and she being a beautiful woman married her, after made a proselyte according to the law in Deuteronomy 21:10; but it should be observed that David slew all the women of that country, and left not any alive; and besides that lay to the south of Judah, whereas this Geshur, of which Talmai was king, was a part of Syria, 2 Samuel 15:8; and lay to the north of the land of Israel; and with this king David hereby entered into an alliance, to strengthen his interest against Ishbosheth in those parts; of the trouble he met with from Absalom, see 2 Samuel 13:1, &c. contrary to the expectations he had raised when he gave him the name of Absalom, or Leabsalom, as in 1 Chronicles 3:2; that is, one given "for his father's peace".

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And his second, b Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

(b) Who is also called Daniel, (1 Chronicles 3:1).
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Chileab — (“his father‘s picture”) - called also Daniel (1 Chronicles 3:1).

Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur — a region in Syria, north of Israel. This marriage seems to have been a political match, made by David, with a view to strengthen himself against Ish-bosheth‘s party, by the aid of a powerful friend and ally in the north. Piety was made to yield to policy, and the bitter fruits of this alliance with a heathen prince he reaped in the life of the turbulent Absalom.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-3.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

Geshur — A part of Syria, northward from the land of Israel. Her he married, as it may seem, in policy, that he might have a powerful friend and ally to assist him against Ishbosheth's party in the north, whilst himself opposed him in the southern parts. But he paid dear for making piety give place to policy, as the history of Absolom sheweth.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-3.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

Ver. 3. And his second, Chileab,] alias Daniel. [1 Chronicles 3:1] By his name he should be like his father: he died early. ‘ Oν φιλει Yεος θνησκειιεος

And the third, Absalom the son of Maacah.] More like his mother. Partus fere seqitur ventrem. Ingenium atque indoles plerunque matrissat. His name signifieth, The father’s peace: but he proved like the sea called Pacific, which is troublous above measure.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-3.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Chileab, called also Daniel, 1 Chronicles 3:1.

Geshur; a part of Syria, northward from the land of Israel, Deuteronomy 3:14 Joshua 12:5. See 2 Samuel 13:37 14:23 15:8. Her he married, as it may seem, in policy, that he might have a powerful friend and ally to assist him against Ish-bosheth’s party in the north, whilst himself opposed him in the southern parts. But he paid dear for making piety give place to policy herein, as the history of Absalom showeth. There were other Geshurites southward from Canaan, whom David invaded, 1 Samuel 27:8, and it is not impossible but they were a colony of those in the north.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

3.Daughter of Talmai — When and how David came to meet Talmai, and to form this alliance with the king of Geshur, history nowhere informs us, and speculation about it is useless.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-3.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Cheleab, or Daniel, 1 Paralipomenon iii. 1. Septuagint, "Dalnia." (Calmet) --- Alexandrian, "Dalouja." (Haydock) --- Others, "Abia." --- Gessur, not far from Damascus. The lady probably first embraced the true religion, though the Scripture seldom enters into these details. (Calmet) --- David is never blamed for marrying strange women. Salien supposes that he entered into this alliance before the civil war broke out, that Isboseth, who had fixed his court at Mahanaim, might have an opponent near at hand. The fruits of this marriage were very unfortunate, and brought great distress upon David: so little do men know what will be the event of the most splendid connections! (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

wife of Nabal. Figures of speech Epitheton and Ampliatio (App-6), by which Abigail is still so called by way of explanation. See note on 1 Samuel 30:5.

Absalom. Born in the Jubilee year, 958-957. Hence his name.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

Chileab (his father's picture) - called also Daniel (1 Chronicles 3:1). (The Jewish account of the origin of these names is given by Bochart, 'Hierozoicon,' 2:, 55, p. 663.)

Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur - a region in Syria, north of Israel. This marriage seems to have been a political match, made by David with a view to strengthen himself against Ish-bosheth's party, by the aid of a powerful friend and ally in the north. Piety was made to yield to policy, and the bitter fruit of this alliance with a pagan prince he reaped in the life of the turbulent Absalom. Absalom denotes 'father of peace,' or 'father's peace.' The name was a complete misnomer; because the bearer became the disturber of David's happiness and a rebel to his government.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-3.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
Chileab
1 Chronicles 3:1
Daniel
Abigail.
2:2; 1 Samuel 25:3,42
Absalom
13:20-28; 14:24-33; 15:1-18; 17:1-14; 18:9-18,33
Talmai
13:37,38
Geshur
Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:13; 1 Samuel 27:8
Reciprocal: Joshua 12:5 - unto the;  Joshua 13:2 - Geshuri;  1 Samuel 30:5 - two wives;  2 Samuel 13:1 - Absalom;  2 Samuel 14:23 - Geshur;  2 Samuel 15:10 - Hebron;  1 Kings 1:6 - bare him

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-3.html.