Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 3:20

Then Abner and twenty men with him came to David at Hebron. And David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abner;   Conspiracy;   Government;   Treason;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Michal;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abner;   Palestine;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Feast;   Rizpah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Lord's Supper. (I.);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Dwelling;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Alliances;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alliance;   Joab;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abner;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Covenant;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Twenty men - These were doubtless his official suite as Ish-bosheth‘s envoy to conduct Michal to David, but privy and consenting to his intrigue with David. It is remarkable that not a word should be said about the meeting of David and Michal.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-3.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DAVID PREPARED A FEAST FOR ABNER AND HIS MEN

"When Abner came with twenty men to David at Hebron, David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him. And Abner said to David, "I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may reign over all that your heart desires." So David sent Abner away, and he went in peace."

There was one big thing wrong with this arrangement, and that was the fact that, although David knew of Joab's murderous hatred of Abner, due to his having slain Asahel, he did not take Joab into his confidence here and brief him on what was afoot with Abner. In fact, some have supposed that, it is not unlikely that David had sent Joab on some kind of a foray in order to have him out of Hebron at the time of Abner's visit. As H. P. Smith stated it, "Not improbably David had so planned it."[21] This error on the part of David resulted in Abner's murder and the collapse of the prospective union of the two Israels.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him,.... Before he went privately to him, and conferred with him, but now, having gained so many of the Israelites in favour of David, he appeared more publicly and brought perhaps some of the principal of the nation with film, to join in the league and covenant to be made:

and David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast; not only in honour to them, as great personages, especially Abner, and as expressive of reconciliation; but as a token of the covenant they were entering into, and for the confirmation of it; it being usual to have feasts when covenants were made; see Genesis 26:28.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-3.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 3:20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that [were] with him a feast.

Ver. 20. And David made Abner … a feast] Which some think was not so well done, and the end of this transaction was tragic. (a)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-3.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Which in those times was customary when persons entered into covenant. See Genesis 26:30 31:44,46.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.Twenty men with him — To guard his person and confirm his words. What was the basis of the league between them, and what it all comprehended and provided for, we are not told.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-3.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Feast, through joy at the reception of his wife, and of such good news. (Menochius)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-3.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) Twenty men.—These were doubtless representative men, selected by Abner from Israel and Benjamin to accompany him and confirm his report. The feast which David made for them is not to be understood of mere conviviality, but of a solemn sacrificial feast, such as was customary in ancient times in connection with important negotiations. (See Genesis 26:30; Genesis 31:54; 1 Kings 3:15.)

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.
David
Genesis 26:30; 31:54; Esther 1:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:8 - feast;  2 Samuel 3:13 - Michal;  1 Chronicles 12:17 - If ye be come

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-3.html.