Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 5:18

Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Philistines;   Rain;   Rephaim;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Philistines, the;   Rephaim, or Giants, the;   Valleys;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rephaim;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Philistia, philistines;   Rephaim;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   Valley;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Giants;   Philistia;   Rephaim, Valley of;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Philistines, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Israel;   Rephaim;   Samuel, Books of;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Rephaim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Giants,;   Philis'tines;   Reph'a-Im, the Valley of,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adullam;   Rephaim, Vale of;   Samuel, Books of;   Titans;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Rephaim, Vale of;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. Or "of the giants", as Joshua 15:8; which lay to the west of Jerusalem; of which; see Gill on Joshua 15:8; the Philistines spreading themselves in it, shows that they were very numerous.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-5.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

valley of Rephaim — that is, “of giants,” a broad and fertile plain, which descends gradually from the central mountains towards the northwest. It was the route by which they marched against Jerusalem. The “hold” to which David went down “was some fortified place where he might oppose the progress of the invaders,” and where he signally defeated them.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Ver. 18. In the valley of Rephaim.] Of the Titans or giants, as the Septuagint rendereth it; or, "Of the dead." [Psalms 7:13] God had against these Philistine Theomachi; was "preparing for them the instruments of death," and would ere long lay them in that slimy valley where were many already like them. and more should come after them. [Job 21:31-32]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-5.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Or, of the giants; which lay westward from Jerusalem, and so was the ready way to Jerusalem, which it seems they designed to take.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-5.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18.Valley of Rephaim — An upland plain a little southwest of Jerusalem, hemmed in on all sides by low hills, so that it is properly called a valley.

See on Joshua 15:18, where it is translated “valley of the giants.”

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-5.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Raphaim. Septuagint, "of Titans," (Calmet) or giants who had dwelt there. (Menochius) --- It lay to the west (Menochius) or south of Jerusalem, and extended as far as Bethlehem. David was still more to the south, (Calmet) so that he seemed to be cut off from his capital. But it was secure enough. (Haydock) --- On this occasion, three of his brave men went through the midst of the enemies' ranks, to fetch water from the spring of Bethlehem, chap. xxiii. 16.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-5.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Rephaim. The descendants of the Nephilim through one "Rapha". See App-23and App-25. Compare 1 Chronicles 11:15.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Valley of Rephaim - i:e., of giants (2 Samuel 5:18; 2 Samuel 5:22; 1 Samuel 23:13; 1 Chronicles 11:5; 1 Chronicles 14:9; 1 Chronicles 14:13); of the giants (see the notes at Joshua 15:8; Joshua 18:16 [Septuagint, eis teen koilado toon Titanoon, into the valley of the Titans]; a broad and fertile plain, about a mile in length, which descends gradually from the central mountains toward the northwest. It was the southern entrance into Jerusalem, extending northward until a narrow ridge of rocks, which breaks abruptly into the deep ravine of the Hinnom, intercepted further progress (Robinson, 'Biblical Researches,' 1:, p. 323; 2:, p. 156; Porter's 'Handbook,' pp. 75, 104). The "hold" to which David went down 'was some fortified place, where he might oppose the progress of the invaders,' and where he signally defeated them [Septuagint, eis teen periocheen, to the enclosure]. But there is no mention of "the hold" in the parallel passage (cf. 1 Chronicles 14:8). The time chosen for this invasion was harvest, when the broad, fertile fields would present a great temptation to the cupidity of the restless marauders.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) Rephaim.—Translated in Joshua 15:8, the valley of the giants. It was a fruitful valley, stretching some three miles S. and S.W. from Jerusalem, and only separated from the valley of Hinnom by a narrow ridge. It gave ample room for a large encampment, and its situation is an additional proof that the capture of Jerusalem had already been made, since the Philistines came here “to seek David.” They had, however, encamped in the same place at earlier times also (see 2 Samuel 23:13).

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
the valley
23:13; Genesis 14:5; Joshua 15:8; 1 Chronicles 11:15; Isaiah 17:5
Reciprocal: Joshua 17:15 - giants;  2 Samuel 21:16 - the giant;  2 Samuel 22:38 - General1 Chronicles 14:9 - the valley

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-5.html.