Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 5:19

Then David inquired of the Lord , saying, "Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You give them into my hand?" And the Lord said to David, "Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Philistines;   Prayer;   Rain;   Thompson Chain Reference - Direction, Divine;   Divine;   Guidance, Divine;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Philistines, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Philistia, philistines;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abiathar;   Ahijah;   King;   Philistia;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abiathar;   Philistines, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Israel;   Magic, Divination, and Sorcery;   Samuel, Books of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abiathar;   Rephaim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Abi'athar;   Philis'tines;   Reph'a-Im, the Valley of,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Inquire;   Samuel, Books of;   Urim and Thummim;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

David inquired of the Lord - He considered himself only the captain of the Lord's host, and therefore would not strike a stroke without the command of his Superior.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-5.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And David inquired of the Lord,.... By Abiathar, and the Urim and Thummim, in the ephod he had on:

saying, shall I go up to the Philistines? who by this time were gone from the valley to an higher place, to Mount Perazim, as in Isaiah 28:21,

wilt thou deliver them into my hand? here two questions are put together, and an answer returned to both, contrary to a notion of the Jews; see Gill on 1 Samuel 23:11,

and the Lord said to David, go up, for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand; by which oracle he had both the mind of God that he should go up, and was assured of victory.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And David f enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

(f) By Abiathar the priest.
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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-5.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

Ver. 19. And David enquired of the Lord.] Without whose direction he would not attempt anything; but said in effect, as 4:8, "If thou wilt go with me, then I will go; but if thou wilt not go with me, I will not go."

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-5.html. 1865-1868.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 5:19. David inquired of the Lord — Though David went into a strong hold, he did not trust to that, nor intended merely to stand upon his defence. But yet he would not give them battle till he had asked counsel of God, and was encouraged by him to do it.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-5.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah.(App-4.). See note on Chron. 2 Samuel 14:10.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-5.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
enquired
2:1; 1 Samuel 23:2,4; 30:7,8; James 4:15
And the Lord
23; Judges 20:28; 1 Samuel 28:6; 30:8; 1 Kings 22:6,15-23; Proverbs 3:6
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:34 - for I have;  Deuteronomy 33:7 - let his hands;  Joshua 6:2 - I have;  Joshua 9:14 - asked not;  1 Samuel 14:37 - Shall I go;  2 Samuel 21:1 - of the Lord;  1 Kings 8:44 - whithersoever;  1 Chronicles 14:10 - inquired;  1 Chronicles 22:18 - before the Lord;  2 Chronicles 18:4 - Inquire;  Psalm 18:29 - by thee;  Psalm 144:10 - that giveth

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-5.html.