Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 5:21

They abandoned their idols there, so David and his men carried them away.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Iconoclasm;   Philistines;   Prayer;   Rain;   Thompson Chain Reference - Awakenings and Religious Reforms;   Iconoclasm;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Idolatry;   Philistines, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Philistia, philistines;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Philistia;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Philistines, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Israel;   Samuel, Books of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Rephaim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Philis'tines;   Reph'a-Im, the Valley of,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - War;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

They left their images - It was the custom of most nations to carry their gods with them to battle: in imitation of this custom the Israelites once took the ark and lost it in the field; see 1 Samuel 4:10, 1 Samuel 4:11.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And there they left their images - An indication of the precipitancy of their flight, and the suddenness with which the Israelites burst upon them like a “breach of waters.” The King James Version rendering “Burned them,” does not give a translation (compare the margin), but a gloss, warranted by the explanation given in marginal references

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-5.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they left their images,.... Their idol gods, which they brought with them to protect and defend them, and give them success; perhaps in imitation of the Israelites, who formerly brought the ark of God into their camp against the Philistines, 1 Samuel 4:3; and it appears to have been the custom of other countries, in later times, to bring their gods with them to battleF24"Omnigenumque Deum", &c. Virgil. Aeneid. l. 8. :

and David and his men burnt them: that is, his men burnt them at his command, 1 Chronicles 14:12; agreeably to the law of God, that so no profit might be made of them, Deuteronomy 7:5; the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, and others, render it, "and took them", or "carried them away"F25וישאם και ελαβοσαν αυτους, Sept. "tulit", V. L. Tigurine version, Montanus; "sustulit", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. ; as they might do, and, after they had exposed them in triumph, then burnt them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-5.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

there they left their images — probably their “lares” or household deities, which they had brought into the field to fight for them. They were burnt as ordained by law (Deuteronomy 7:5).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

Images — When the ark fell into the hand of the Philistines, it consumed them: but when these images fell into the hands of Israel, they could not save themselves from being consumed.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-5.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

Ver. 21. And there they left their images] Heb., Their terrors. (a) The Chaldee hath it, Their errors. See Psalms 16:4. {See Trapp on "Psalms 16:4"} These idols they had brought into the field with them, in hope of help by them; and perhaps in imitation of the Hebrews, who sometimes took the ark with them. It hath been before set forth how it befell the Popish Norfolk rebels in King Edward VI’s days, with their cart load of trinkets and relics brought into the battle, and there laid in the dust. (b)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-5.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Their images they seem to have brought into the field to fight for them, as the Israelites had formerly done the ark.

David burned them, as God had commanded, Deuteronomy 7:5.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-5.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.Their images — Their idol-gods, (1 Chronicles 14:13,) which they carried with them into battle, as Israel once did the ark, (1 Samuel 4:3,) expecting they would therefore be led to certain victory. The capture of them by the Israelites was a striking counterpart to the capture of the ark by the Philistines.

Burned them — As the law required. Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 7:25. The Hebrew text reads, took them away. “Burned” has been supplied from Chronicles.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-5.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 5:21. And there they left their images — Their gods, which they had brought into the field with them to be carried before their host. Such was the consternation into which they were thrown. Thus we read, 2 Chronicles 25:14, that the Edomites had their gods along with them when they fought with Amaziah. And perhaps they learned this from the Israelites, who carried the ark (the symbol of God’s presence) in their army when they went to fight with the Philistines; who saw it, and took it, as the Israelites now did their images, 1 Samuel 4:4-5, &c. But behold here the difference between the ark and these images! When the ark fell into the hands of the Philistines it consumed them; but when these images fell into the hands of the Israelites, they could neither hurt them, nor save themselves from being consumed.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-5.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Away, and burnt. (Par.[1 Paralipomenon xiv. 12.?) The ark had on the contrary proved fatal to the gods, and to the people of the Philistines; who might hence perceive the difference there was between the true God and their false gods.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-5.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

There they left their images - probably their lares or household deities, which they had brought into the field to fight for them. These were burnt, as ordained By law (Deuteronomy 7:5).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) Their images.—The Philistines took their idols with them to battle, as the Israelites had formerly taken the ark, and the suddenness and completeness of their defeat is shown by their leaving them on the field. The statement that David “burned” them is taken from 1 Chronicles 14:12, the Hebrew here being simply “took them away.” (See Deuteronomy 7:5.)

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
David
Deuteronomy 7:5,25; 1 Samuel 5:2-6; 1 Chronicles 14:11,12; Isaiah 37:19
burned them
or, took them away.
Isaiah 46:1,2; Jeremiah 43:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:30 - my gods;  2 Kings 10:26 - and burned them;  2 Kings 19:18 - have cast;  2 Chronicles 25:14 - his gods;  Jeremiah 22:28 - a despised

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-5.html.