Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 5:22

Now the Philistines came up once again and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Philistines;   Prayer;   Rephaim;   War;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Philistines, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rephaim;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Philistia, philistines;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahijah;   Giants;   Philistia;   Rephaim, Valley of;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Philistines, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Israel;   Philistines;   Rephaim;   Samuel, Books of;   Titans;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Rephaim, Valley of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Rephaim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Philis'tines;   Reph'a-Im, the Valley of,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Rephaim, Vale of;   Samuel, Books of;   Titans;   War;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - David;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE PHILISTINES TRY AGAIN TO DEFEAT DAVID

"And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread out in the valley of Rephaim. And when David inquired of the Lord, he said, "You shall not go up; go around to their rear and come upon them opposite the balsam trees. And when you hear the sound of marching in the top of the balsam trees, then bestir yourself,' for then the Lord has gone out before you to smite the army of the Philistines. And David did as the Lord commanded him, and smote the Philistines from Geba to Gezer."

The big thing here is that God Himself achieved this victory over the Philistines. The noise of marching in the tops of the balsam trees probably threw a great panic into the hearts of the Philistines, just as the sound of many trumpets had done for the enemies of Gideon in his victory over the Midianites (Judges 7:15-23).

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-5.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the Philistines came up yet again,.... And, as Josephus saysF26Antiqu. l. 7. c. 4. sect. 1. , with an army three times larger than the former:

and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim; in the same place where they were before, 2 Samuel 5:20.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of g Rephaim.

(g) Meaning the valley of giants, which David called Baalperazim, because of his victory.
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-5.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

the Philistines came up yet again — The next year they renewed their hostile attempt with a larger force, but God manifestly interposed in David‘s favor.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

And spread themselves — The expression intimates, that they were very numerous, and made a very formidable appearance. So we read, Revelation 20:9, of the church's enemies going up on the breadth of the earth. But the wider they spread themselves, the fairer mark they are for God's arrows.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-5.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Ver. 22. And the Philistines came up yet again.] They will have the other bout, though to their bane. No warning will serve obdurate hearts Cimon the Athenian triumphed over the Persians twice in one day. David shall do little less over these foolhardy Philistines.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-5.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The Philistines came up again, doubtless with greater force, as those that saw their all lay at stake.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-5.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.Came up yet again — Probably soon after the defeat just recorded. They were chagrined at the loss of their gods, and probably David had not followed up his victory.

Thou shalt not go up — So as to meet and attack them face to face as before.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-5.html. 1874-1909.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

The Philistines came up yet again. The next year they renewed their hostile attempt with a larger force; but God manifestly interposed in David's favour; at least, a slight occurrence produced a panic, and David was directed to attack them suddenly from behind the mulberry trees.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) Came up yet again.—As David had not followed up his victory (probably because he was not yet in condition to do so) the Philistines repeated their attack in the same place.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
came up
1 Kings 20:22; 1 Chronicles 14:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Rephaims;  Joshua 15:8 - valley of the giants;  Joshua 17:15 - giants;  2 Samuel 21:15 - the Philistines;  2 Samuel 23:13 - the valley;  1 Chronicles 11:15 - in the;  Psalm 84:6 - Baca;  Isaiah 17:5 - the valley

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-5.html.