Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 7:1

Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the Lord had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
New American Standard

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Nathan;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Nathan;   Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Nathan;   Prophecy, prophet;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - False Prophet;   Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - David;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Temple;   Holman Bible Dictionary - David;   Nathan;   Oracles;   Samuel, Books of;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   Jerusalem;   Nathan;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Prophet;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Temple;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - David;   Nathan (1);   Samuel, Books of;   Tent;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ark of the Covenant;   David;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

When the king sat in his house - That is, when he became resident in the palace which Hiram, king of Tyre, had built for him.

And the Lord had given him rest - This was after he had defeated the Philistines, and cast them out of all the strong places in Israel which they had possessed after the overthrow of Saul; but before he had carried his arms beyond the land of Israel, against the Moabites, Syrians, and Idumeans. See 2 Samuel 8:1-14.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-7.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

There is no indication how soon after the bringing up of the ark these things occurred, but it was probably at no long interval.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-7.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

MESSIAH THE SON OF DAVID PROMISED

"This chapter is a milestone of O.T. revelation."[1] "Nathan's prophecy here (2 Samuel 7:1-17) is in many ways the most important (part) of the books of Samuel."[2] Our own conviction is that there is not a more important prophecy of the Messiah anywhere in the O.T.

There are also two exceedingly important considerations which must be observed if one hopes to understand what is written here. First, the real explanation of what God said here is to be found in the writings of subsequent prophets of the O.T. and especially in the inspired writings of the sacred authors of the N.T. In the second place, those commentators who have attempted to deny the Messianic thrust of this chapter on the basis of certain words or phrases of the O.T. text should not be allowed to challenge what the inspired authors of the N.T. declare to be the truth. As we have often pointed out in our series of writings, one word from the N.T. outweighs a ton of scholarly comments to the contrary!

On the basis of some passages in the O.T., as it has come down to us, some of those denials might appear plausible, but such plausibility is checkmated and denied by the simple fact that, this is by no means a perfect text which has reached us. H. P. Smith referred to a number of passages here as "evidently corrupt";[3] Caird also labeled a number of verses as "corrupt," "interpolations," "difficult," or disputed.[4] Adam Clarke, one of the great scholars of modern times, also effectively challenged the mistranslation which has clouded the meaning of 2 Samuel 7:14.[5] We have mentioned this as background for our absolute confidence in the N.T. explanations and references to what the Lord says in this chapter. If one really wishes to know what is said here, he will find the sure and certain answer in the N.T.

DAVID PROPOSED TO BUILD THE LORD A HOUSE

"Now when the king dwelt in his house, and the Lord had given him rest from all his enemies round about, the king said to Nathan the prophet, `See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent.' And Nathan said to the king, `Go, do all that is in your heart; for the Lord is with you.'"

"When the king dwelt in his house" (2 Samuel 7:1). This "house" referred to here was that magnificent palace built of the cedars of Lebanon; and we agree with Willis that, "David's conscience began to hurt him,"[6] due to the contrast between his own palatial residence and the humble quarters where the ark of God was kept. David is not here quoted as saying that he intended to build a better place for the ark, but Nathan the prophet (mentioned here for the first time in the Bible) properly understood what was on the king's mind.

"Go, do all that is in your heart" (2 Samuel 7:3). It is significant that Nathan did not here speak as God's messenger, but as merely a friend of the king. He did not say, "Thus saith the Lord." Such an omission justifies our rejection of the false notion that this passage shows that, "We are not intended to regard every utterance of a prophet in Scriptures as the infallible Word of God."[7] Such a viewpoint applies only to statements in which the prophet speaks merely as a man and without the formula, "Thus saith the Lord."

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-7.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house,.... Which Hiram's servants had built for him, having no occasion to go out to war:

and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies; both at home and abroad; though this rest and peace did not last long; for the next chapter gives an account of each of the people he was engaged in war with, 2 Samuel 8:1.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-7.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 7:1-3. Nathan approves the purpose of David to build God a house.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

CONTENTS

This chapter affords a pleasing view of David's mind. His zeal for God's honour and glory, prompts him to the desire of building an house for the Lord. He confers with Nathan the prophet on the subject. The Lord at night reveals his will on this occasion, and commands him to communicate the same to David. Upon receiving this message, David goeth in before the Lord, and offers a Most delightful prayer.

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-samuel-7.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

Sat — That is, was settled in the house which Hiram's men had built for him, then he reflected upon the unsettled state of the ark.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-7.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

Ver. 1. When the king sat in his house.] His newly built house of cedar; and considered that God and his ark dwelt in tabernaculo pelliceo et papillione, in a meaner tabernacle.

And the Lord had given him rest.] So that he abounded with leisure; and could relax a while.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-7.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 7:1. When the king sat in his house Dwelt in his house. Houb. i.e. enjoyed himself in peace and repose in the house which Hiram had built for him. Dr. Delaney supposes, it was during this peace that he composed the 92nd Psalm.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

2 SAMUEL CHAPTER 7

David being at rest desires to build God a house; which Nathan at first approves of; afterwards, in obedience to the word of God, forbiddeth him 2 Samuel 7:1-11. He promiseth him benefits and blessings in his seed, Solomon and the Messiah, who should build the house of God, 2 Samuel 7:12-17. David’s prayer and thanksgiving, 2 Samuel 7:18-29.

When the king sat in his house, i.e. was settled and warm in the house which Hiram’s men built for him, 2 Samuel 5:11; then he reflected upon the unhandsome and unsettled state of the ark. From all his enemies, Philistines, Moabites, and others; so that they durst not invade his land, as they had formerly done; for though you read of David’s wars with them, 2Sa 8, yet in them David was the aggressor, and entered their lands.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-7.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

DAVID’S PURPOSE TO BUILD THE TEMPLE, AND NATHAN’S MESSAGE FROM GOD CONCERNING IT, 2 Samuel 7:1-17.

1.Sat in his house — Became established in his royal palace on Zion.

Had given him rest — It was a time of national peace and quiet, not, however, after all David’s wars.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-7.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Enemies, before he had made war upon the surrounding nations, 1 Paralipomenon xviii. 1.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

came to pass. This chapter takes its place with Gen 15. It is the unconditional Covenant with David, to give him the Throne; as that was with

Abraham, to give him the Land.

the king. Thus now dignified.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-7.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

When the king sat in his house - not while he was musing at home, but after he had become established in the splendid mansion he had built. The date of the memorable transactions recorded in this chapter must he fixed at a period soon after the accession of David to the throne of all Israel. The narrative, as given both in this passage and in the Book of Chronicles, follows apparently, in the natural order of events, the conquest of Jerusalem, the building of his palace, and the removal of the ark to the metropolis of the kingdom. Nay, it is expressly said, 1 Chronicles 17:1, that immediately consequent on the completion of the palace, the king announced his purpose to erect a new and permanent sanctuary. To these considerations, which seem clearly to determine the early date of the temple-scheme, may be added a circumstance of a different kind, namely, that Solomon, the son and the destined successor of David, was not yet born.

It has been objected that David's purpose to erect the temple is here said to have originated when "the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies." There is nothing said of this in the parallel passage of Chronicles (1 Chronicles 17:1); and we find him involved in contests with many of the neighbouring states (2 Sam

8), which were followed by foreign wars and intestine troubles during all his life. But the statement, that he had "rest round about from all his enemies," referred to an interval of peace which occurred shortly after his succession, on the discomfiture of the Philistines, with whom, according to Josephus, the Syrians and Phoenicians were combined in two successive campaigns (see the notes at 2 Samuel 5:17-25) - a defeat so complete that they ceased for a long time to invade the Hebrew territory. This interval of peace was remarkable; and David most probably fancied it to be the period referred to by Moses (Deuteronomy 12:10-11) for the erection of a national place of worship.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(1) Had given him rest.—No intimation is given of how long this may have been after the events narrated in the last chapter; but it is evident that this narrative is placed here, not because it followed chronologically, but because it is closely related in subject, and the historian, after telling of the removal of the ark, wished to record in that connection David’s further purposes in the same direction. It must have been after the successful close of David’s principal foreign wars—“rest round about from all his enemies”—and the future in 2 Samuel 7:10 does not necessarily imply that it was before the birth of Solomon; yet it is more likely to have been in a time of quiet prosperity, before the troubles of his latter years.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
the king
1 Chronicles 17:1-15; Daniel 4:29,30
the Lord
Joshua 21:44; 23:1; 1 Kings 5:4; 2 Chronicles 14:6; Psalms 18:1; *title; Proverbs 16:7; Luke 1:74,75
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:15 - rest;  2 Samuel 7:11 - have caused;  2 Samuel 12:1 - the Lord;  1 Chronicles 22:18 - and hath;  1 Chronicles 23:25 - The Lord;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - I had in mine heart;  2 Chronicles 9:29 - Nathan;  2 Chronicles 20:30 - his God;  Esther 1:2 - sat;  Job 34:29 - When he giveth;  Psalm 21:8 - GeneralPsalm 89:23 - I will;  Psalm 132:2 - he sware;  Malachi 3:16 - and the;  Matthew 25:16 - went;  Acts 7:46 - found

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.